Popular ideas about_language with questions


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Popular ideas about_language with questions

  2. 2. LANGUAGE AND THOUGTH <ul><li>There is a close relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Language explains reactions not emotions </li></ul><ul><li>3 Hypothesis: they are separated but dependent; they are identical; they are in a middle point </li></ul><ul><li>Sapir-Whorf: Lang. Determines the way we think </li></ul>
  3. 3. LANGUAGE AND THOUGTH <ul><li>What kind of thinking does language involve? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the hypotheses about the relationship between language and thought? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the principles in the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the examples that Whorf used to illustrate his  view </li></ul><ul><li>What does the weaker version of Sapir-Whorf generally accepted say about language? </li></ul>
  4. 4. FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE <ul><li>Communication of ideas in an emotional way </li></ul><ul><li>As a means of social interaction in order to keep comfortable relationships between people </li></ul><ul><li>Control of reality or forces (magic, religion) </li></ul><ul><li>Recording facts to keep information for further generation </li></ul><ul><li>Help us in the process of thinking. An “inner speech” that evokes a secuence of thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>Expression of personal identity: who we are and where we belong. </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE <ul><li>Why is language called referential, propositional or ideational? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we use some linguistic expressions of emotions? </li></ul><ul><li>How does social interaction affect our use of language? </li></ul><ul><li>What happen to women of Central Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do children repeat rhythms? </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE MAGIC OF LANGUAGE <ul><li>Is present in its written and oral form. </li></ul><ul><li>The special powers language has. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal taboos to refer to certain forbidden acts. Characterised by the use of euphemisms and circumlocutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper names have a particular significance in their use: avoid the use of names of dead people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE MAGIC OF LANGUAGE <ul><li>What is the relationship between &quot;the magic of language&quot; and some religious beliefs? </li></ul><ul><li>What does verbal taboos refer to? </li></ul><ul><li>According to verbal taboos, what are the main forbidden themes? How does society deal with them? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the relationship between death and verbal taboos? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between euphemisms and circumlocutions? Give some examples. </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE EQUALITY OF LANGUAGES <ul><li>Language functions in their own communities according to their psychological and social needs. </li></ul><ul><li>A primitive language is percieved as having a simple grammar, a limited vocabulary and also is associated to the use of gestures. </li></ul><ul><li>Languages are percieved as excellent because of tradition, and the influence they have had on literature and the new generations. </li></ul>
  9. 9. THE EQUALITY OF LANGUAGES <ul><li>How does language relate to our religious, spiritual or supernatural beliefs? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we store information? What kind of record keeping do we have and what are its characteristics? </li></ul><ul><li>How useful can  expressing our thoughts aloud be? </li></ul><ul><li>What can our uses of language tell about us? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the concept of &quot;inner speech&quot; consist of? </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE ACADEMIES/ LANGUAGE CHANGE <ul><li>Academy: institution created to protect the prescriptive stadars of a language. </li></ul><ul><li>In England there were proposals for an acadamy in the 17th century. There were two different points of view: if the language had to be protected or if changes had to be allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>People who’re against change think that it means deterioration and decay. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of linguistic change: It’d cause unintelligibility, ambiguity and social division. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays it’s important to teach the standrs of a language but also how to recognize some varieties of it. </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE ACADEMIES/ LANGUAGE CHANGE <ul><li>What is a linguistic academy? What is its purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>Which was the first linguistic academy? Where was it created? </li></ul><ul><li>Some people think language change is not good. Why do they think that? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are some of the problems that linguistic change can cause? </li></ul><ul><li>What would be a solution in multi-ethnic societies to deal with possible problems of language change? </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE PRESCRIPTIVE TRADITION <ul><li>No part of society or social behaviour is extempt (Bloomfield created three levels of response people give to language) </li></ul><ul><li>Differences between prescrive and proscribe usages of language rely on rules, these can be follow and the others avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>Radical Liberalism: Grammarians are seen as people who do not care about standars of language. </li></ul><ul><li>Elitist Conservatism: They are adherents to historical tradition and therefore follow rules about language. </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE PRESCRIPTIVE TRADITION <ul><li>According to L. Bloomfield: What are the three levels given to  people's response to language? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we mean with proscribe usages of language? Give some examples in Spanish and English </li></ul><ul><li>In your own words, give a brief definition of prescriptivism and descriptivism. </li></ul><ul><li>What would be a concrete example of how are both approaches of language realized in writing? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the &quot;political names&quot; given to the opposition between prescriptivism and descriptivism? </li></ul>