Popular ideas about_language with questions
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Popular ideas about_language with questions

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  • 1. POPULAR IDEAS ABOUT LANGUAGE KEY CONCEPTS PALING 2007
  • 2. LANGUAGE AND THOUGTH
    • There is a close relationship
    • Language explains reactions not emotions
    • 3 Hypothesis: they are separated but dependent; they are identical; they are in a middle point
    • Sapir-Whorf: Lang. Determines the way we think
  • 3. LANGUAGE AND THOUGTH
    • What kind of thinking does language involve?
    • Which are the hypotheses about the relationship between language and thought?
    • Which are the principles in the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?
    • Which are the examples that Whorf used to illustrate his  view
    • What does the weaker version of Sapir-Whorf generally accepted say about language?
  • 4. FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE
    • Communication of ideas in an emotional way
    • As a means of social interaction in order to keep comfortable relationships between people
    • Control of reality or forces (magic, religion)
    • Recording facts to keep information for further generation
    • Help us in the process of thinking. An “inner speech” that evokes a secuence of thoughts.
    • Expression of personal identity: who we are and where we belong.
  • 5. THE FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE
    • Why is language called referential, propositional or ideational?
    • Why do we use some linguistic expressions of emotions?
    • How does social interaction affect our use of language?
    • What happen to women of Central Africa?
    • Why do children repeat rhythms?
  • 6. THE MAGIC OF LANGUAGE
    • Is present in its written and oral form.
    • The special powers language has.
    • Verbal taboos to refer to certain forbidden acts. Characterised by the use of euphemisms and circumlocutions.
    • Proper names have a particular significance in their use: avoid the use of names of dead people.
  • 7. THE MAGIC OF LANGUAGE
    • What is the relationship between "the magic of language" and some religious beliefs?
    • What does verbal taboos refer to?
    • According to verbal taboos, what are the main forbidden themes? How does society deal with them?
    • What is the relationship between death and verbal taboos?
    • What is the difference between euphemisms and circumlocutions? Give some examples.
  • 8. THE EQUALITY OF LANGUAGES
    • Language functions in their own communities according to their psychological and social needs.
    • A primitive language is percieved as having a simple grammar, a limited vocabulary and also is associated to the use of gestures.
    • Languages are percieved as excellent because of tradition, and the influence they have had on literature and the new generations.
  • 9. THE EQUALITY OF LANGUAGES
    • How does language relate to our religious, spiritual or supernatural beliefs?
    • Why do we store information? What kind of record keeping do we have and what are its characteristics?
    • How useful can  expressing our thoughts aloud be?
    • What can our uses of language tell about us?
    • What does the concept of "inner speech" consist of?
  • 10. THE ACADEMIES/ LANGUAGE CHANGE
    • Academy: institution created to protect the prescriptive stadars of a language.
    • In England there were proposals for an acadamy in the 17th century. There were two different points of view: if the language had to be protected or if changes had to be allowed.
    • People who’re against change think that it means deterioration and decay.
    • Problems of linguistic change: It’d cause unintelligibility, ambiguity and social division.
    • Nowadays it’s important to teach the standrs of a language but also how to recognize some varieties of it.
  • 11. THE ACADEMIES/ LANGUAGE CHANGE
    • What is a linguistic academy? What is its purpose?
    • Which was the first linguistic academy? Where was it created?
    • Some people think language change is not good. Why do they think that?
    • Which are some of the problems that linguistic change can cause?
    • What would be a solution in multi-ethnic societies to deal with possible problems of language change?
  • 12. THE PRESCRIPTIVE TRADITION
    • No part of society or social behaviour is extempt (Bloomfield created three levels of response people give to language)
    • Differences between prescrive and proscribe usages of language rely on rules, these can be follow and the others avoided.
    • Radical Liberalism: Grammarians are seen as people who do not care about standars of language.
    • Elitist Conservatism: They are adherents to historical tradition and therefore follow rules about language.
  • 13. THE PRESCRIPTIVE TRADITION
    • According to L. Bloomfield: What are the three levels given to  people's response to language?
    • What do we mean with proscribe usages of language? Give some examples in Spanish and English
    • In your own words, give a brief definition of prescriptivism and descriptivism.
    • What would be a concrete example of how are both approaches of language realized in writing?
    • What are the "political names" given to the opposition between prescriptivism and descriptivism?