Dominican Republic
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Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Presentation Transcript

  • Dominican Republic By: Kyle Pollitt (en.18dao.net)
  • Geography  The island of Hispaniola is the second largest island in the Caribbean with approximately 18,704 square miles. This is about the size of Vermont and New Hampshire together. Hispaniola is the only island in the Caribbean that contains 2 separate countries. The Dominican Republic claims about 2/3 of the eastern part of the island while Haiti occupies the western 1/3. The north coast of the island is flanked by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Ocean flanks the south coast. (hispaniola.com, Dave’s Photos)
  • Geography  The Dominican Republic has a diverse geography ranging from arid semi-desert plains to valleys of tropical rain forests. There are 3 mountain ranges that run parallel to each other in an east/west direction with the highest mountain peak of over 10,000 feet. There are 870 miles of coastline beaches that boast pristine soft sand and great surf. (dominicanrepublic.com, Dave’s photos) View slide
  • People • The original natives of the island of Hispaniola were called Tainos. 73% of modern Dominicans are a mixed race; the product of the Spanish and European conquerors mixed with their African slaves. The majority of Dominicans live in urban and city areas. The 2009 population census was 9.65 million people with about 2 million living within the greater Santo Domingo area. (dominicanrepublic.com, state.gov, Dave’s photos) View slide
  •  Most Dominicans work in the People service industry, which includes tourism, transportation, banking, retail, etc. Others work in manufacturing, construction, agriculture, and mining. Those who work in agriculture produce some of the world’s best cocoa and coffee beans as well as their superior tobacco. Although repeatedly destroyed by hurricanes, the Dominican farmers are experts in cultivating and nourishing their crops. The major language spoken is Spanish and almost all Dominicans are Roman Catholics although all religions are welcome in the Dominican Republic. School is required for all children through grade 6 and the literacy rate is 84.7%. (www.state.gov, www.nationsencyclopedia.com, Dave’s Photos,)
  •  The capitol of the Culture Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo, was called the first city of the Americas. Modern Dominican’s live very diverse lifestyles. Basic infrastructure of clean water, plumbing, electricity, roads and health care are seriously lacking just outside the luxury tourist resorts. Most live in poverty and appreciate foreign assistance by church missionaries and health professionals. (dominicanrepublic.com, Dave’s photos)
  • Culture • Dominican male children know that American baseball could be their ticket out of poverty. Baseball is a huge spectator sport on the island and the Dominican Republic has several professional teams. Many American Major League Baseball clubs have built sports centers there and have farm teams to tap into the talent rich Dominican players. (usatoday.com, Dave’s photos)
  • History  The island of Hispaniola has a checkered history of conquering and ceding from different governments. After discovery by Columbus in 1492, the island was occupied by the French and the Spanish; was eventually split to form the 2 separate countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic; was conquered by Haiti in 1822 until the Dominican Republic forces returned it to an independent state in 1844. Dominicans voluntarily returned to the Spanish Empire in 1861 until independence was once again restored in 1865. Many difficulties led to a U.S. occupation from 1916 – 1924 when a democratically elected government was established. (www.state.gov)
  • History  The Dominican Republic has since gone through decades of corrupt government leaders but the political conditions seem to have improved with a new constitution that was ratified in 1994 and changed again during the 2000 – 2004 presidency. The current government is a system almost identical to the U.S. and the newly elected president Leonel Fernandez Reyna has established a strong relationship with the United States (state.gov, consuladordmiami.org )
  • Sources  www.hispaniola.com/dominican_republic/info/location  www.dominicanrepublic.com  www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35639.htm  www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Dominican- Republic-AGRICULTURE.html  www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/2008-04-29- 2778253130_x.htm  http://www.consuladordmiami.org/images/leonel .jpg  http://en.18dao.net/images/e/ec/Map- Dominican_Republic.jpg  Dr. David Schumacher’s personal photos
  • Beisbol (Baseball) By: Kyle Pollitt Scene.zvents.com
  • The Beisbol Craze • The people of the Dominican Republic are crazy about beisbol. Beisbol is not a national pastime it’s a national passion. The Dominican Republic has 6 professional teams in its baseball league dating back to 1907. caribbean-dominican-republic.com & Dave’s photos
  •  Boys learn very quickly that Cultural Influence baseball could be their ticket out of poverty and off the island. Since most students do not attend school past the 6th grade, becoming a baseball player is the teenager’s life ambition. Those 16 or 17- year-old prospects that are good enough are picked to enter one of the American training camp programs and paid $800.00 a month. Years later they may show up in the team’s farm system and then in the big leagues. Many of the club’s academic and community outreach programs will be coordinated with the assistance of students from the San Diego State University usatoday.com, sandiego. padres.mlb.com, & newscenter.sdsu.edu sports program.
  • Dominican Parks  The Dominican Republic is home to 20 major league American sponsored baseball training parks. The San Diego Padres opened their park in April of 2008. The $8 million dollar facility is located in the Najayo community in San Cristobal. The all inclusive 15 acre park includes 2 regulation size playing fields, a half field, indoor batting cages, a clubhouse, weight and training rooms, dining hall,housing for 60 players as well as coaches and managers, offices and classrooms to further the players’ education particularly in learning English. sandiego.padres.mlb.com, goodwillambassablog.com, & Dave’s photos
  • MLB Players  Although the Padres don’t have anyone on their 40 man roster from the Dominican Republic, there have been 494 Dominicans who have played for Major League Baseball teams since 1958.  Among the most famous are Sammy Sosa, Alex Rodriguez, Pedro Martinez, and Manny Ramirez. baseball-almanac.com & wikimedia.org
  • Sources  www.caribbean-dominican-republic.com/baseball.htm  www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/2008-04-29-2778253130_x.htm  www.sandiego.padres.mlb.com/news/press_releases/press_release.jsp? ymd=20090122&content_id=3764360&vkey=pr_sd&fext=.jsp&c_id= sd  www.baseball- almanac.com/players/birthplace.php?loc=Dominican%20Republic  http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/07/Tigres_Del_L icey_Logo.png  http://newscenter.sdsu.edu/sdsu_newscenter/images/stories/ res300xy-str-071609-dominican.jpg  http://goodwillambassablog.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/pad res-logo.jpg  http://scene.zvents.com/wp- content/uploads/2008/06/baseball.jpg  Dr. David Schumacher’s personal photos
  • Agriculture By: Kyle Pollitt Jhltd.net
  • Trade Exports  In the Dominican Republic agriculture remains one of the primary occupations and trade exports produce $6.484 billion per year for the island economy. Almost 30% of the total land area is suitable for crop production and 17% of the labor force is involved in farming. Despite being hampered by droughts, hurricanes, slumping world prices, and child/forced labor issues the value of the agricultural output has grown an average of 7.1% annually. nationsencyclopedia.com & ahm-honduras.com
  • Coffee and Sugar  Two of the leading agriculture exports are coffee and sugar. In 2001, exports of exceptional Dominican coffee generated $11 million. In 2007, 10,122,000 pounds of coffee was exported. The unique growing conditions combining altitude, latitude, rainfall and soil all add up to a distinctive coffee described as smooth, bright, and with medium body. The Dominican Republic is second only to Cuba in the Caribbean for their sugar cane production and is the largest single supplier of sugar to the U.S. The State Sugar Council operates 12 sugar mills and accounts for more than 1/2 of the total production which reached 248,000 tons in 2006. dominicancoffee.com, 3.bp.blogspot.com & samsclub.com
  • Cigars  Cigar aficionados around the world seek to smoke cigars from tobacco grown in the Dominican Republic. 81 companies are listed on the Dominican cigar website including the premium labels of Arturo Fuentes, Ashton, Montecristo, and Hoyo de Monterrey. Dominican tobacco farmers are masters at cultivating the finest crops. Growing tobacco starts with planting a seed under straw. When the seed germinates it is transplanted to a field. The plant grows rapidly and produces a bud that must be removed in order for the plant to use its energy to grow lush leaves. The harvesting process is done in 6 phases and leaves are hung to dry for 6 to 8 weeks before being sorted for quality. Fermentation can take up to 2 years when the tobacco leaves are shipped to a factory for hand rolling. dominicancigars.com & mikescigars.com
  • • Cocoa is another Dominican cash crop that is traded worldwide. Cacao trees flourish on the island and produce a very high quality of cocoa beans. Large pods about the Cocoa Beans size of a football are carefully harvested by hand using a machete. Each pod contains between 20 to 50 beans and it takes about 80 beans to make a typical American chocolate bar. According to Transfair USA the farmers see about 1 cent per candy bar. Another issue with agriculture is the practice of using child and forced labor on the farms. The YACAO Project now grows many cocoa beans, which is a co-op of small-scale farmers who ensure fair and equal salary for work. The 365 Organic Swiss chocolate bar that can be purchased at Whole Foods has a no slave labor guarantee. faircompanies.com, articales.webraydian.com, wholefoods.com, & nutritiondietshealth.com
  • Sources  http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Dominican-Republic- AGRICULTURE.html  http://www.dominicancoffee.com/Ingles/charaters.html  http://www.dominicancigars.com/home.cigar_school.grown_harvest.ht ml  http://www.faircompanies.com/blogs/view/blood- chocolate_production_as_a_crime/  http://www.articales.webraydian.com/articale21583- Dominican_Republic_The_Home_of_the_Best_Cocoa_Beans_in_the_ World.html  www.wholefoods.com  http://www.nutritiondietshealth.com/wp- content/uploads/2008/11/cocoa-beans-diet-blood-flow-health-nutrition- vitamins-cure.jpg  http://www.mikescigars.com/images/cat_images/68.jpg  http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_vSgKcoOFeJI/RoLnmxP3i9I/AAAAAAAAA Dg/2kE0Fvp9P0U/s400/A_small_cup_of_coffee.JPG  http://graphics.samsclub.com/images/products/0004920004754_LG.jpg  http://www.jhltd.net/images/sugarcane3.jpg  http://www.ahm-honduras.com/inversion/imagenes/export.jpg