Zinc Fertilizer Program


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Andrew Green, Ph.D., Director, Environment & Sustainability, International Zinc Association
Joint meeting, Toronto 2009

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  • My objectives today on the Zinc Nutrient Initiative are: Adding zinc to fertilizers is economic for the farmer and thus economic for the fertilizer companies as the farmer will have more money to spend on fertilizers Zinc additions to fertilizers will ultimately help save lives The International Fertilizer Association and the International Zinc Association should act now to make this happen.
  • Agronomists have been able to identify the key factors that show zinc deficiency.
  • Zinc Fertilizer Program

    1. 1. Andrew Green, Ph.D. Director, Environment & Sustainability Joint ESD/TMD meeting Toronto, 2009 Zinc Fertilizer Program
    2. 2. <ul><li>Problem – zinc deficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Solution – Zinc in fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Approach - Zinc Nutrient Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Status </li></ul>
    3. 3. Version 3, Alloway 2008 World Map – Zinc Deficiency Soils Humans
    4. 4. +Zn -Zn Zn Deficiency: The most common micronutrient deficiency in the agricultural soils
    5. 5. Examples of Zinc Deficiency Rice plants in paddy field Severe Zn deficiency Zn treated plot Pictures: Potash & Phosphate Institute; Int’l Rice Research Institute Wheat
    6. 6. Zn Zn Zn Zn <ul><li>high CaCO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>high pH </li></ul><ul><li>clay soils </li></ul><ul><li>low organic matter </li></ul><ul><li>low soil moisture </li></ul><ul><li>high Fe and Al oxides </li></ul>Zn Enhanced Zn adsorption and precipitation SOIL Limited Zn uptake Major Soil Factors Affecting Zn Uptake Zn Zn
    7. 7. Applying Zinc to Crops: A Sustainable Solution to Zinc Deficiency +Zn -Zn
    8. 8. Untreated Zinc Seed Treatment Maize, Paraguay, 1996 Modified slide from Dr. Kevin Moran: “ Farming for Health ”, Oslo, Oct.-2005
    9. 9. Use of Zn-containing NP and NPK fertilizers in Turkey after NATO-Zinc Project Source: Ministry of Agriculture, 2006; TOROS Fertilizer, 2008 Yıllar “ Success Story … ”
    10. 10. <ul><li>4-yr program </li></ul><ul><li>Initial focus in Asia – China, India, Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Overall budget of 1.96 million US </li></ul><ul><li>Market target is 150,000 tpy zinc </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>2 basic “pull” market strategies </li></ul><ul><li>In countries with major subsidy programs, convince gov officials to add zinc to national fertilizer programs </li></ul><ul><li>- based on increased crop productivity </li></ul><ul><li>- nutritional value/health aspects </li></ul><ul><li>- helps with food security programs </li></ul><ul><li>- China and India </li></ul><ul><li>- India has now added a pilot zinc subsidy program resulting in ~ 50,000 tpy </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>2 nd “pull” market strategy </li></ul><ul><li>In countries without this, convince farmers of need for adding zinc to fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>- based on increased crop productivity </li></ul><ul><li>- increased earnings </li></ul><ul><li>- longer term effort creating demand from bottom up </li></ul><ul><li>- Thailand, Brazil </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Demonstration crop trials </li></ul><ul><li>Communication activities </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops/seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Country-based marketing </li></ul>Approach
    14. 15. Year 1 activities
    15. 16. Int’l Zinc Assoc . OMEX Agrifluids Ltd . England Mosaic Co. USA K+S KALI GmbH Germany Harvest Plus Zinc Fertilizer Program ( www.harvestzinc.org ) CHINA CAU: China Agric. University INDIA IARI: Indian Agr ic. Res. Inst. TURKEY Ministry of Agriculture THAILAND Chiang Mai University PAKISTAN NARC: Nat. Agr ic. Res. Cen. MOZAMBIQUE IIAM : Inst Inv Agr Moz BRAZIL APTA : Agência Paulista Tec Agr . Collaborating Countries / Institutions Int’l Fertilizer Ind. Assoc. France Int ’l Plant Nutr. Inst. USA ZIMBABWE Soil Fertility Cons. for Southern Africa Coordinating Institution
    16. 17. Demonstration Field Trails <ul><ul><li>Rice and wheat field experiments with and without Zn applications in 2 different locations in India, China and Thailand/Laos , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>study the effects of Zn fertilization on yield and nutritional status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increase local awareness of the importance of zinc fertilization </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Will provide guidance for safe levels of contaminants </li></ul><ul><li>Helps ensure safety & sustainability of Zn product </li></ul><ul><li>Working on revision to provide safe and practical guidance </li></ul>Zinc Fertilizers: Code of Practice
    18. 19. <ul><li>Communication Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Case-study on success story in Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Technical brochure </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of articles/book </li></ul><ul><li>Fact sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletter </li></ul><ul><li>website: zinc-crops.org </li></ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars/workshops </li></ul>
    19. 20. Communication Activities:
    20. 21. Communication Activities:
    21. 22. Communication Activities: Numerous key publications in trade and academic journals
    22. 23. www.zinc-crops.org
    23. 24. <ul><li>Zinc in fertilizer symposium held </li></ul><ul><li>Booth at fertilizer conference to distribute information </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews with local media </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings held with stakeholders </li></ul>Thailand
    24. 25. Zinc Fertilizer Seminar - India <ul><li>April 28 th in New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Held in collaboration with the </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer Association of India </li></ul><ul><li>Gov. participation including </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Commissioner & </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Secretary </li></ul><ul><li>> 120 participants </li></ul>
    25. 26. China: Zinc Fertilizer Seminar <ul><li>Seminar planned in Beijing, China – Dec 12th </li></ul><ul><li>100-150 invited guests only </li></ul><ul><li>Will include key representatives </li></ul><ul><li>from government, academia and </li></ul><ul><li>fertilizer industry </li></ul>
    26. 27. World Fertilizer Conference <ul><li>Held by The Fertilizer Institute in DC, next week </li></ul><ul><li>700-800 participants, commercial focus </li></ul><ul><li>IZA will have booth for distribution of information </li></ul><ul><li>Attending IPNI Board of Directors meeting </li></ul>
    27. 28. Stakeholder Outreach <ul><li>International Fertilizer Association </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Agriculture Organization </li></ul><ul><li>IPNI (International Plant Nutrition Institute) </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations -CFC (Common Fund for Commodities) </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton Foundation /Gates Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. AID </li></ul><ul><li>The Sulfur Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer Companies </li></ul>
    28. 29. Creation of Fertilizer Task group <ul><li>Organized through IZA and IFA </li></ul><ul><li>Includes 2 CEO’s from fertilizer industry – India & Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Don Lindsay, Teck & Santiago Zaldumbide </li></ul><ul><li>Will provide input on overall direction & champion efforts within the 2 industries </li></ul>
    29. 30. Next Steps <ul><li>Identify and hire local development/market people for China, India and Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Expand efforts in China, India and Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>- increased number of crop trials </li></ul><ul><li>- continued involvement with stake-holders </li></ul><ul><li>Add Brazil and S. Africa to target countries </li></ul><ul><li>- crops trials and seminars </li></ul>