Ch.3 Indian Society Under Siege in
the United States and Canada
Pioneers settle out west between the end of the civil
war and the turn of the century.
They intrude on Native Indians grounds
Conflict between settlers and Indians ensue.
Federal Government tries to civilize Indians progress
Confine Indians to small reservation areas away from
Indians refused and revolt.
Between 1867 and 1890. Thousands died until Federal
Govt. superior force defeated Indians.
Ch. 3 cont…
In Canada, the national govt. settled Indians territories
while suppressing rebellions.
Avoided violent conflicts.
Due to large amounts of available land for smaller population.
In 1969, past the Ensfranchisement Att that works with
existing rules regarding tribal membership and protection
of Indian lands.
Got enactment would resolved Indian matters and turned
attention to other issues.
Violence occurs on the Plains in 1885; Indians have built a
strong militant force.
Government wins violent battle and sentences tribe leaders
to long prison terms.
Ch. 3 cont…
There were a few key differences between Indian
relations with Canada and America.
America experienced much more violent
Rapid westward expansion backed by federal
Specifically moved Indians away from whites.
Canadian Govt. was slow to be involved in Indian
More concerned with American takeover that
The nations developed differing ethnic policies
Americans disenfranchised mixed race
Canada nationally recognized French-Indians
Metis citizens with separate rights.
Ch.13 Americans, European, & the
1920’s middle class Americans experienced a revolution in morals
Transition from victorian values to new modern ideals
Fueled by post-WWI prosperity, rebellion against prohibition, new
attitudes towards promiscuity and accessibility automobile
Non-conventional becomes trendy; flappers, speakeasies,
divorce, leisure instead of attending church services.
Culture clash between traditionalist & modernists
Henry Ford, William Jennings Bryan lived on hard work and bibles
Fear of widespread “new hedonism” encourages:
Immigration restrictions, KKK revival in North, and major violator
of Victorian ideals and movies
Ch. 13 cont…
1920’s movies visually expressed and portrayed
modernism to the nation.
Advertisements promised flirting, drinking,
smoking, dressing, and undressing “all
enduring one terrific smashing climax that
makes you gasp”
Sociologists Hebert Bulmer's survey of high
school and college age citizens demonstrated
they had begun emulating behaviors they saw
However, most Americans sought
experimentation while remaining respectable.
Results in “formula pictures”, male
heroes/villains, virginal girlfriends & seducing
Hollywood employed European actors as more
sinful than “innocent Americans”.
Americans could live vicariously thru Euro.
Stars ease into modern sexual acceptances.
American produced comedies thrived in Europe
Open-land and action of comedians/westerns appealed
to “passionate” Europeans.
European lifestyle of customs traditions, procedures was
offset by American motion/freedom
Foreign showings of Americans films generated
over 1/3 of American industry profits.
Accounted for high profits, high salaries, and glamorous
lifestyle of actors and moguls.
Europeans desired “wild, raw new people of
western world” to entertain theme.
Ch. 16 Roosevelt &
As at the lowest point of the Great Depression in 1933,
Germany and U.S. were suffering most.
25% or more were unemployed, industrial
production slowed tremendously.
Citizens living in poverty, resentment & despair- during
a depression, easily accept “confident and charismatic”
Franklin Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler are similar in
rhetorical and personal appeal.
Both came to their positions following proceeding
unpopular and inadequate leaders.
Neither had will develop economic solutions.
Their policies incorporate work programs, subsidizing
farms, and deficit spending with an emphasis ideals all
rural, simple lifestyles.
Advocates of government regulations of business and
Their professional propaganda increase feelings and
confidence among every people.
Brought Masses to behave in their policies while
supporting them thru crisis.
Neither man seemed too qualified for national leadership.
Roosevelt attended elite & prestigious schools- two terms as NY
governor, didn’t accomplish much.
Unknowledgeable man to be elected mostly due to Hoover’s “do-
nothingness” and an overall public opinion than any change in the
White House would be productive.
Hitler grew up lower middle class; lazy student and dropped out at 14.
Roamed Vienna for five years while cultivating his anti-semetic and ultra-
WWI army service resulted in his political involvement and formation
of National Socialist Party. Hitler was elected by a country that valued
hard work, education, and respectable culture despite these conditions.
These men practically appealed to their opposites.
Roosevelt- industrial workers, farmers, unemployed
Hitler- shopkeepers and peasants; later industrialist & the military.
Ch. 16 cont…
Roosevelt’s concerns for the common citizen in charming
personality won Americans.
Hitler’s opposition to the rich and powerful rhetoric led
Germans into Nationalistic Society.
National approval of these leaders upon election based on hope
for future of prosperity.
Also impress citizens with latest technologies.
Rhetoric of the leaders were on the extremes
Roosevelt’s low-key fireside chats.
Hitler’s enormous exhibitions and parade.
Both develop public works programs to ease unemployment.
Hitler’s motor designed the national auto network.
Roosevelt created countless alphabetical agencies: WPA, PWA, CCC,
Ch. 19 American & Soviet Cold War
In the years following WWII, it became clear that global
cooperation could not be achieved.
As U.S. and Soviet Union approach competition to spread
the political practices.
Despite how great U.S. and Soviet Union were, their
spheres of influence war was not comparable.
Whole picture is not fighting for democracy or
communism, it’s for an empire.
Author defines empire a single state that shapes the behavior of
Informal empires much more effective and lasting then formal
American/Soviet has heavy influence throughout majority of 20th
Soviet Empire is more statistically designed.
Stalin’s authoritarian/imperials vision
Developed his own logic, but was dethroned by
Lenin incorporates satellite nations for a multi-ethnic
Union if Soviet Socialist Republics
Stalin returns to power after Lenin’s death
USSR would no longer be union of equals, but
function around central Russian empire.
Stalin Constitution of 1936 specifically addresses rights
of non-Russian nations to secede from Union.
Counselees w/ Stalin’s “great purges” and officials
spread of Russian nationalism that remains
constant until Stalin’s death.
His rule created an atmosphere in which seceding would
not be considered for far of Stalin’s wrath, yet the option
Stalin’s utilized ideology of Marxism and tsarist
imperialism in hopes to revolutionize the world &
expand influence of USSR.
Believed Americans would accept new Russian
territories achieved in 1939 German-Soviet Pact.
Western views of USSR Stalin expanded Russian
imperialism; question to what empire while others were
extent they would expand collapsing.
their borders. Opposition to Soviet
Stalin knew exactly where he imperialism took longer to
wanted Soviet borders develop due to widespread
changed; was move vague on appeal of Marxism-Lenism.
their generals sphere of Some were also unaware of
communist influence repressive Soviet influence
Did not specify how soon or until after they were
under what circumstances subjected to it.
he’d execute his plan
Not willing to challenge
forces in the west; would stop
where America of Britain
“made their interest clear”
Ch. 24 Globalization & American
Globalization is a term referring to an immense
acceleration of the movement of goods, capital,
information, and people globally.
This concept is not new; was seen during British
imperialization of the New World in the 1500’s.
Separate societies/tribes contacted one another through
either disease, war, or trade.
A large portion of the world becomes interconnected
Post-WWII dramatic developments were in place to
make globalization “thicker quicker”.
Effects would be difficult to predict and complex in nature.
America prevailed during WWII to become the global
economic power at war’s end.
Oversaw free trade by developing world bank
Began information and technology revolution that replaced
American ethnic diversity and openness to technological
advancements was vital in the international success of
Some aspects of American culture appeal to others countries:
drug regulation by the FDA and fraud prevention by the SEC.
However, some U.S. practices bring puzzlement to some
Feet and pounds vs.. global use of the metric system.
Globalization is not necessary the spread of American
Alexander Motyl defines an empire as having primary
True global power has three dimension:
Military, economic and international relations are
all vital in an empire.
America dominants military power, is a key player in
the economy, but has limited international relations
America is also vulnerable to globalization
Management of problems requires some transnational
New system shaved global power must be
American power is great enough to ward off challenges,
but not powerful enough to provide solutions for global
Americans must end their imperial “delusions” for
necessary global negotiation and compromise