America Compared


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America Compared

  1. 1. Michael Zin Hist. 141
  2. 2. Ch.3 Indian Society Under Siege in the United States and Canada  Pioneers settle out west between the end of the civil war and the turn of the century.  They intrude on Native Indians grounds  Conflict between settlers and Indians ensue.  Federal Government tries to civilize Indians progress Indian-White relationships.  Confine Indians to small reservation areas away from white society.  Indians refused and revolt.  Between 1867 and 1890. Thousands died until Federal Govt. superior force defeated Indians.
  3. 3. Ch. 3 cont…  In Canada, the national govt. settled Indians territories while suppressing rebellions.  Avoided violent conflicts.  Due to large amounts of available land for smaller population.  In 1969, past the Ensfranchisement Att that works with existing rules regarding tribal membership and protection of Indian lands.  Got enactment would resolved Indian matters and turned attention to other issues.  Violence occurs on the Plains in 1885; Indians have built a strong militant force.  Government wins violent battle and sentences tribe leaders to long prison terms.
  4. 4. Ch. 3 cont…  There were a few key differences between Indian relations with Canada and America.  America experienced much more violent conflicts.  Rapid westward expansion backed by federal laws.  Specifically moved Indians away from whites.  Canadian Govt. was slow to be involved in Indian conflicts.  More concerned with American takeover that Indian revolt  The nations developed differing ethnic policies  Americans disenfranchised mixed race people.  Canada nationally recognized French-Indians Metis citizens with separate rights.
  5. 5. Ch.13 Americans, European, & the Movies  1920’s middle class Americans experienced a revolution in morals and manners  Transition from victorian values to new modern ideals  Fueled by post-WWI prosperity, rebellion against prohibition, new attitudes towards promiscuity and accessibility automobile provided  Non-conventional becomes trendy; flappers, speakeasies, divorce, leisure instead of attending church services.  Culture clash between traditionalist & modernists  Henry Ford, William Jennings Bryan lived on hard work and bibles literal interpretation.  Fear of widespread “new hedonism” encourages:  Immigration restrictions, KKK revival in North, and major violator of Victorian ideals and movies
  6. 6. Ch. 13 cont…  1920’s movies visually expressed and portrayed modernism to the nation.  Advertisements promised flirting, drinking, smoking, dressing, and undressing “all enduring one terrific smashing climax that makes you gasp”  Sociologists Hebert Bulmer's survey of high school and college age citizens demonstrated they had begun emulating behaviors they saw onscreen.  However, most Americans sought experimentation while remaining respectable.  Results in “formula pictures”, male heroes/villains, virginal girlfriends & seducing “other woman”  Hollywood employed European actors as more sinful than “innocent Americans”.  Americans could live vicariously thru Euro. Stars ease into modern sexual acceptances.
  7. 7. Ch.13 cont…  American produced comedies thrived in Europe  Open-land and action of comedians/westerns appealed to “passionate” Europeans.  European lifestyle of customs traditions, procedures was offset by American motion/freedom  Foreign showings of Americans films generated over 1/3 of American industry profits.  Accounted for high profits, high salaries, and glamorous lifestyle of actors and moguls.  Europeans desired “wild, raw new people of western world” to entertain theme.
  8. 8. Ch. 16 Roosevelt & Hitler  As at the lowest point of the Great Depression in 1933, Germany and U.S. were suffering most.  25% or more were unemployed, industrial production slowed tremendously.  Citizens living in poverty, resentment & despair- during a depression, easily accept “confident and charismatic” politicians.  Franklin Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler are similar in rhetorical and personal appeal.  Both came to their positions following proceeding unpopular and inadequate leaders.  Neither had will develop economic solutions.  Their policies incorporate work programs, subsidizing farms, and deficit spending with an emphasis ideals all rural, simple lifestyles.  Advocates of government regulations of business and labor.  Their professional propaganda increase feelings and confidence among every people.  Brought Masses to behave in their policies while supporting them thru crisis.
  9. 9. Ch.16 cont…  Neither man seemed too qualified for national leadership.  Roosevelt attended elite & prestigious schools- two terms as NY governor, didn’t accomplish much.  Unknowledgeable man to be elected mostly due to Hoover’s “do- nothingness” and an overall public opinion than any change in the White House would be productive.  Hitler grew up lower middle class; lazy student and dropped out at 14.  Roamed Vienna for five years while cultivating his anti-semetic and ultra- nationalist views.  WWI army service resulted in his political involvement and formation of National Socialist Party. Hitler was elected by a country that valued hard work, education, and respectable culture despite these conditions.  These men practically appealed to their opposites.  Roosevelt- industrial workers, farmers, unemployed  Hitler- shopkeepers and peasants; later industrialist & the military.
  10. 10. Ch. 16 cont…  Roosevelt’s concerns for the common citizen in charming personality won Americans.  Hitler’s opposition to the rich and powerful rhetoric led Germans into Nationalistic Society.  National approval of these leaders upon election based on hope for future of prosperity.  Also impress citizens with latest technologies.  Rhetoric of the leaders were on the extremes  Roosevelt’s low-key fireside chats.  Hitler’s enormous exhibitions and parade.  Both develop public works programs to ease unemployment.  Hitler’s motor designed the national auto network.  Roosevelt created countless alphabetical agencies: WPA, PWA, CCC, TVA.
  11. 11. Ch. 19 American & Soviet Cold War Empires  In the years following WWII, it became clear that global cooperation could not be achieved.  As U.S. and Soviet Union approach competition to spread the political practices.  Despite how great U.S. and Soviet Union were, their spheres of influence war was not comparable.  Whole picture is not fighting for democracy or communism, it’s for an empire.  Author defines empire a single state that shapes the behavior of others.  Informal empires much more effective and lasting then formal empires.  American/Soviet has heavy influence throughout majority of 20th century.
  12. 12. Ch.19 cont…  Soviet Empire is more statistically designed.  Stalin’s authoritarian/imperials vision  Developed his own logic, but was dethroned by Bolshevik revolutionists.  Lenin incorporates satellite nations for a multi-ethnic Union if Soviet Socialist Republics  Stalin returns to power after Lenin’s death  USSR would no longer be union of equals, but function around central Russian empire.  Stalin Constitution of 1936 specifically addresses rights of non-Russian nations to secede from Union.  Counselees w/ Stalin’s “great purges” and officials spread of Russian nationalism that remains constant until Stalin’s death.  His rule created an atmosphere in which seceding would not be considered for far of Stalin’s wrath, yet the option to existed.  Stalin’s utilized ideology of Marxism and tsarist imperialism in hopes to revolutionize the world & expand influence of USSR.  Believed Americans would accept new Russian territories achieved in 1939 German-Soviet Pact.
  13. 13. Ch.19 cont…  Western views of USSR  Stalin expanded Russian imperialism; question to what empire while others were extent they would expand collapsing. their borders.  Opposition to Soviet  Stalin knew exactly where he imperialism took longer to wanted Soviet borders develop due to widespread changed; was move vague on appeal of Marxism-Lenism. their generals sphere of  Some were also unaware of communist influence repressive Soviet influence  Did not specify how soon or until after they were under what circumstances subjected to it. he’d execute his plan  Not willing to challenge forces in the west; would stop where America of Britain “made their interest clear”
  14. 14. Ch. 24 Globalization & American  Globalization is a term referring to an immense acceleration of the movement of goods, capital, information, and people globally.  This concept is not new; was seen during British imperialization of the New World in the 1500’s.  Separate societies/tribes contacted one another through either disease, war, or trade.  A large portion of the world becomes interconnected financially  Post-WWII dramatic developments were in place to make globalization “thicker quicker”.  Effects would be difficult to predict and complex in nature.
  15. 15. Ch.24 cont…  America prevailed during WWII to become the global economic power at war’s end.  Oversaw free trade by developing world bank  Began information and technology revolution that replaced industrial manufacturing  American ethnic diversity and openness to technological advancements was vital in the international success of American-produced entertainment.  Some aspects of American culture appeal to others countries: drug regulation by the FDA and fraud prevention by the SEC.  However, some U.S. practices bring puzzlement to some nation  Feet and pounds vs.. global use of the metric system.
  16. 16.  Globalization is not necessary the spread of American Ch.24 cont…  Empire. Alexander Motyl defines an empire as having primary political influence.  True global power has three dimension:  Military, economic and international relations are all vital in an empire.  America dominants military power, is a key player in the economy, but has limited international relations  America is also vulnerable to globalization  Economic competition/inequality  Management of problems requires some transnational cooperation.  New system shaved global power must be implemented.  American power is great enough to ward off challenges, but not powerful enough to provide solutions for global problems.  Americans must end their imperial “delusions” for necessary global negotiation and compromise