1

13
2

CORRUPTION AND SOLUTION
3

INTRODUCTION
4

AIM
 Define corruption, explain its types and
suggest solutions.
5

SEQUENCE
 Definition
 Socio-Economic Approaches

 Corruption Perception Index
 Pillars of Integrity
Cont…
6

SEQUENCE
 Types of Corruption
 Solution / Recommendations

 Prevention, Integrity Tools and Activities
 Conclusion
CORRUPTION
 Morally Wrong Doing
• Dishonest behavior

• Foulness behavior

7
8

SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPROACHES


Corruption as the result of individual
rational decisions.
 ‘The abuse of public office f...
9

SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPROACHES


Critiques:
 Focusing on individual’s motivation

divorces him/ her from their community.
...
10

CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX
11

PILLARS OF INTEGRITY : TI
12

TYPES OF CORRUPTION
 Administrative corruption
 Political corruption

 Grand corruption
 Petty corruption

 Publi...
13

TYPES OF CORRUPTION
 Administrative Corruption:
Alters the implication of policies.
 Such as getting license even if...
14

TYPES OF CORRUPTION
 Political Corruption:
Influences the formulation of laws,
regulation and polices.
 Such as rewo...
15

TYPES OF CORRUPTION


Grand Corruption:
Involve substantial amount of money
and usually high level officials
 Such a...
16

TYPES OF CORRUPTION


Petty Corruption:
Involve a smaller sums and typically
more junior officials
• Petty
corruption...
17

TYPES OF CORRUPTION


Public Corruption:
Public office is misused
for private gain.
 Such as police receive a

money...
18

SOLUTION
19

PREVENTIVE MEASURES : TI

Public & Private Sectors
Civil Society

Codes of Conduct

Transparency,
Integrity, &
Account...
PREVENTION, INTEGRITY TOOLS
AND ACTIVITIES : TI


National Dialogue
 Surveys
 National Integrity Workshops



National...
21

RECOMMENDATIONS


On individual Level



On Government Level
22

RECOMMENDATIONS
Individual Level







Think about final day
Stop going for immediate solutions
Public Awarenes...
23

RECOMMENDATIONS
Government Level


Prevent and combat corruption more
efficiently and effectively



International c...
24

CONCLUSION
25
26
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Corruptionand its sollution

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Corruptionand its sollution

  1. 1. 1 13
  2. 2. 2 CORRUPTION AND SOLUTION
  3. 3. 3 INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. 4 AIM  Define corruption, explain its types and suggest solutions.
  5. 5. 5 SEQUENCE  Definition  Socio-Economic Approaches  Corruption Perception Index  Pillars of Integrity Cont…
  6. 6. 6 SEQUENCE  Types of Corruption  Solution / Recommendations  Prevention, Integrity Tools and Activities  Conclusion
  7. 7. CORRUPTION  Morally Wrong Doing • Dishonest behavior • Foulness behavior 7
  8. 8. 8 SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPROACHES  Corruption as the result of individual rational decisions.  ‘The abuse of public office for private gains’ (World Bank)  The misuse of entrusted power for private gain (TI)
  9. 9. 9 SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPROACHES  Critiques:  Focusing on individual’s motivation divorces him/ her from their community.  Assumes a shared understanding of ‘public office’.  May explain corruption but very poor at explaining integrity.  May explain corruption but very poor at explaining integrity.
  10. 10. 10 CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX
  11. 11. 11 PILLARS OF INTEGRITY : TI
  12. 12. 12 TYPES OF CORRUPTION  Administrative corruption  Political corruption  Grand corruption  Petty corruption  Public corruption
  13. 13. 13 TYPES OF CORRUPTION  Administrative Corruption: Alters the implication of policies.  Such as getting license even if he doesn’t qualify for it
  14. 14. 14 TYPES OF CORRUPTION  Political Corruption: Influences the formulation of laws, regulation and polices.  Such as reworking all licenses and gaining the sole right to operate the gas station monopoly
  15. 15. 15 TYPES OF CORRUPTION  Grand Corruption: Involve substantial amount of money and usually high level officials  Such as Swiss accounts case and Mehran bank scandal.
  16. 16. 16 TYPES OF CORRUPTION  Petty Corruption: Involve a smaller sums and typically more junior officials • Petty corruption basically use in a low level business
  17. 17. 17 TYPES OF CORRUPTION  Public Corruption: Public office is misused for private gain.  Such as police receive a money for personal gain and drop any criminal offence.
  18. 18. 18 SOLUTION
  19. 19. 19 PREVENTIVE MEASURES : TI Public & Private Sectors Civil Society Codes of Conduct Transparency, Integrity, & Accountability Integrity of Judiciary & Prosecution Service Prevention of Money-Laundering
  20. 20. PREVENTION, INTEGRITY TOOLS AND ACTIVITIES : TI  National Dialogue  Surveys  National Integrity Workshops  National Action  Enforce code of conduct  The Integrity Pledge  National Integrity Steering Committee (NISC) &National Integrity Unit (NIU) 20
  21. 21. 21 RECOMMENDATIONS  On individual Level  On Government Level
  22. 22. 22 RECOMMENDATIONS Individual Level       Think about final day Stop going for immediate solutions Public Awareness Corruption killing at the cutting edge Shaping of minds through education Media and religious scholars
  23. 23. 23 RECOMMENDATIONS Government Level  Prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively  International cooperation and technical assistance including asset recovery by Inter pole  Integrity, accountability and proper management of public affairs and property
  24. 24. 24 CONCLUSION
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
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