What was Rizal’s reason for going back to tha Philippines? What was the purpose of La Solidaridad? What made Rizal think that the battle was in the Philippines not in Madrid? What was the price of Rizal’s entrapment? What are the reasons for Rizal’s exile in Dapitan? How does Rizal live his life in Dapitan?
The DECOY, TRIALS, and GRUDGES Three reasons for going back to the Philippines: FIRST: he wanted to talk to Governor General Despusol about his Borneo Colonization Project. SECOND: he would establish La Liga Filipina to unite the Filipino people in the truest sense of unity and solidarity against violence and deprivation. THIRD: he would like to prove to Eduardo de Lete that the criticism published against him in La Solidaridad had no basis but only pure speculation.
“The battle is in the Philippines. From there, we will meet, we will help one another. Together, we will fight and sacrifice for the sake of our homeland - Rizal to his fellow Filipino patriots in Europe“ I believe that La Solidaridad is no longer the instrument for struggle… the fight is no longer in madrid; it is in the Philippines.” - Rizal’s letter to Blumentrit
Reasons why Rizal knew that his homecoming in the Philippines would mean danger to his life. -He was forced to indict two letters. Entrusted to Dr. Lorenzo Cruz, the letters will be given to his parents, brothers, sisters, friends, and most of all to his beloved native land if he were already dead.
In his letter to his family and friends, he divulged his belief to die for a noble deed. For his letter to his fellow countrymen, he shared with them that he only followed the dictum of his conscience and that he would rather choose to die for his loved ones and for his native soil.
In the Pier, Spanish soldiers with some of the officers of the civil guards came to inspect them.He met the Governor in the Malacañang Palace to request for the postponement of the exile of his father, sisters, and his brother –in- laqw Ubaldo. He was able to convince the Governor.He was informed by the Governor that the inspectors find “Pobres Prailes” (Pitiful Friars), in his baggage. The friars learned about, they blasted with so much anger.
According to Father Pablo Pastells’(Superior of the Jesuit Organization in the Philippines) – Rizal couuld only reside in a missionary house providing that the following conditions were met: 1. if Rizal will retract from all his acusations against the CATHOLIC Church and if would declare pro-Spanisish and anti-rebellion. 2. of Rizal would follow the ordinances of the Catholic Church and if he would confess for all the sins he committed throughout his life. 3. if his attitude of a person who was submitting himself to the custody of the Catholic Church and to the jurisdiction of the Spanish Government.
Rizal disagreed to the aforesaid conditions.As a result, Rizal was ordered to reside atCaptain Carnicero’s house.
- Captain Carnicero gave Rizal a completefreedom. Rizal was free to go anywhere and hewas only given once a week to report. -Rizal created a poem for Captain Carnicero.It was entitled “DON RICARDO CARCINERO”which he presented on Carcinero’s birthday onAugust 26, 1892. -May 4, 1893, Captain Carnicero left Dapitanand a very strict commandant in the person ofCaptain Juan Sitges replaced him. After somedays, he became close to Rizal and he regainedRizal’s freedom.
He established his own house, surrounded with plants, and fruit bearing trees at the nearby seashore. He also made a house for his young student boys. Rizal devoted all his precious time in treating his patients, research-study, and in the development of his knowledge in art, literature, education, language, and science. He also dedicated his time to farming, business activities, civic projects, as well as exchanging letters with Blumentrit, Joest, Rost, Meyer, knuttel, Kheil, and with other scientist in Europe.
as a dodtor, Rizal did not choose a patient based on his social status. He treated his patient no matter how poor he was. He did not ask payment from poor patients, amd instead he had given them free nedicines. His mother, Doña Teodora and his sister Maria arrived in Dapitan in August, 1893. He treated his mother for the third time. Doña Teodora and mria reside with Rizal in Dapitan for one and a half year, because his mother’s eyes were infected.
He was able to establish waterworks system in Dapitan, so that its residents could have clean water to drink. Mr. H. F. Cameron, an American Engineer, praised Rizal for the wonderful invention.
he devoted his time for so many months treating the malaria epidemic that was spreading throughout the place. Another project was the beautification of Dapitan. Rizal made artistic innovation at the Dapitan Park to augment its beautiful surrounding. Rizal use the five hundred pesos that he received from his Englishman patient, in putting up oil lamps at the dark streets of Dapitan.
he establish his own school. He only accepted boy students being chosen from well-known families. He didn’t ask the students for payment but instead ask them to help in his projects, farm and garden. He taught them Reading, Writing, Languages, (Spanish and English), etc.
Rizal sent different specimens of plants, creatures , insects, etc. in different museums in Europe. In return, the museums send them science books, and medical instruments as a payment. He mastered different languages, mastering 22 languages. He donated several artifacts in Dapitan’s beautification.
In his sixteen hectares of land in Dapitan, he established his own house, hospital, and school. Planted cacao, coffee, sugarcane, coconut and different fruit bearing trees. He shared his capital in the selling of fish, copra and abaca. He invented a cigarette box that he offered to Blumentritt. He also invented a machine for the production of ladrilyo.
First, he published books and articles in other countries that criticized the Mother Spain -He made criticism on Catholicism and the Spanish friars. Second, some prohibited reading materials like the “Pobres Prailes” were fouind in his baggage Third, he offered his novels “El Filibusterismo” to the three priest-martyrs named Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora.
He was exiled to Dpitan because of the confiscated reading material. La Liga Filipina’s purposes: 1. to establish unity with the town officials in the introduction of new reforms to the government; 2. to unite the Filipino people across the Archipelago through strong solidarity; 3. to help one another in time of exigencies; 4. to defend the Filipino people in any form of crime or injustice; and 5. to develop their living condition through farming, commerce, and industry.
Rizal’s homecoming plays a significant role in the lives of the Filipinos. His writings serve as valuable weapon for us to gain freedom. Jose Rizal, didn’t give up in fighting for our native land. Realizing the sacrifices that he had gone through, as a Filipino, we must show our love and respect to our country. Rizal’s priciples was so tough that he fight for his right and he fight for the sake of the Philippines, knowing that it would lead danger to his life.