National Institute of Business Department of English Year III, Semester IIBachelor’s Degree of Education in TEFL A19 MORNING ASSIGNMENT Subject: Literature Studies Topic: An author and his book“CHARLES DICKENS and A Christmas Carol” Submitted to : Mr. Them Bunroth Submitted by: Ms. Oum vidasophea Ms. Aon somavotey Ms. Neom yang Mr. Mom meayeat Academic year : 2011-2012
ABOUT THE AUTHORCharles Dickens Birth Name:Charles John Huffham Dickens Date of Birth:7 February 1812, Portsmouth,Hampshire,England,UK Date of Death:9 June 1870, Gads Hill, Rochester, Kent, England,UK (cerebral haemorrhage)
• Dickens was born in a poor family.• He was a second child of eight children.• His father was a clerk and his mother was a factory worker• In 1824, Dickens worked in the factory ( shoes polish) with his mother while his father was being in prison.
In the age of 12 he lived alone. In 1824- 1827 Dickens returned school in London. In the age of 15 he forced to leave school and worked as an office boy . In the following year he becamea freelance reporter and stenographer(using shorthand to transcribe documents)at the law courts of London.
By 1832 he had become a reporter for two London newspapers. in the following year, began to contribute a series of impressions and sketches to other newspapers and magazines, signing some of them "Boz." These scenes of London life went far to establish his reputation and were published in 1836 as Sketches by Boz, his first book. On the strength of this success Charles married Catherine Hogarth. Together they had ten children.
In 1837 a form of serial publication became a standard method of writing and producing fiction in the Victorian period. In the same year he was an editor of Bentleys Miscellany magazine and then he started his new novel “Oliver Twist’” In 1842 Dickens was as popular in America as he was in England, went on a five-month lecture tour of the United States, speaking out strongly against slavery and in support of other reforms. • Dicken was in 1839
On his return he wrote American Notes, a book that criticizes American life as being culturally backward and materialistic. His next novel, Martin Chuzzlewit (1843–1844), describes the hero finding that survival on the American frontier is more difficult than making his way in England. During the years in which Chuzzlewitappeared, Dickens also publishedtwo Christmas stories,A Christmas Carol and The Chimes.
After a year abroad in Italy and writing Pictures from Italy (1846), Dickens published installments of Dombey and Son, which continued till 1848. Dickenss next novel, David Copperfield (1849–1850), is the first complete record of the typical course of a young mans life in Victorian England. This autobiographical novel fictionalized elements of Dickenss childhood, his pursuit of a journalism career, and his love life. Though Copperfield is not Dickenss greatest novel, it was his personal favorite. In 1850 Dickens began a new magazine, Household Words. His editorials and articles touched upon English politics, social institutions, and family life.
In 1859 his London readings continued, and he began a new weekly, All the Year Round. The first installment of A Tale of Two Cities appeared in the opening number, and the novel continued through November. In 1863, he did public readings both in Paris and London. “Our Mutual Friend” was begun in 1864, and appeared monthly until November 1865. In the same year, Dickens was in poor health, due largely to consistent overwork.
In 1865, an incident occurred which disturbed Dickens greatly, both psychologically and physically. After rail crash
1866 brought another series of public readings in England and Scotland, and still more public readings, in England and Ireland, were undertaken in 1867. Dickens was now really unwell but carried on, compulsively, against his doctors advice Dickenss health was worsening, but he took over still another physically and mentally exhausting task, editorial duties at All the Year Round. During 1869, his readings continued, in England, Scotland, and Ireland, until at last he collapsed, showing symptoms of mild stroke. Further provincial readings were cancelled, but he began upon The Mystery of Edwin Drood.
Dickenss final public readings took place in London in 1870. He suffered another stroke on June 8 at Gads Hill, after a full days work on Edwin Drood, and died the next day. He was buried at Westminster Abbey on June 14, and the last episode of the unfinished Mystery of Edwin Drood appeared in September
Fiction A Christmas Carol A Message from the Sea A Tale of Two Cities All The Year Round American Notes Barnaby Rudge Bleak House David Copperfield Dombey and Son Great Expectations Hard Times Holiday Romance Hunted Down Little Dorrit Martin Chuzzlewit Master Humphreys Clock Mudfog and Other Sketches Nicholas Nickleby Oliver Twist
Our Mutual Friend Reprinted Pieces Sketches by Boz Stories About Children Every Child Can Read The Battle of Life The Chimes The Cricket on the Hearth The Haunted Man and the Ghosts Bargain The Lazy Tour of Two Idle Apprentices The Mystery of Edwin Drood The Old Curiosity Shop The Pickwick Papers The Uncommercial Traveller
ABOUT THE STORY A Christmas Carol is a novella by English author Charles Dickens first published by Chapman & Hall on 19 December 1843. The story tells of sour and stingy Ebenezer Scrooges ideological, ethical, and emotional transformation after the supernatural visits of Jacob Marley and the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present, and Yet to Come. The novella met with instant success and critical acclaim. . A Christmas Carol remains popular, has never been out of print, and has been adapted to film, stage, opera, and other media.
A Christmas Carol Plot SummaryEbenezer Scrooge is a miserly old man who believes that Christmas isjust an excuse for people to miss work and for idle people to expecthandouts. He doesnt believe in all of the good cheer and charity that theseason promotes, and he makes sure everyone knows it.That night, Scrooge is visited by the ghost of his former businessassociate, Jacob Marley -- a man who was as greedy and cold asScrooge is. Marley warns Scrooge that if he continues to live soselfishly, he will spend eternity wearing the chains that his greed hasbuilt.Three ghosts visit Scrooge successively: the Ghost of Christmas Past,the Ghost of Christmas Present, and the Ghost of Christmas Yet toCome. They show Scrooge his error in valuing money over people.Scrooge is frightened by the bleak picture of his life and promises tochange his ways.Scrooge awakes on Christmas morning a new man. He becomes jollyand charitable, and truly turns into the man he promised the ghosts hewould become. He carries the spirit of Christmas with him all the yearround.
THIS IS MY FAVORITE STORYAfter reading this story.. I can learn a lot fromit because It provide good moral to human kind.. a message of hope its message that anyone can change their situation, outlook, or mentality. the story reminds us about our action. Whatever we did in the past will give us the result in the future.
Happiness can not buy on the market. It is not too late if you want to change from bad guy to good guy. Illustrate us how it is important for us to help out those who are less fortunate.