• Monotheism - philosophical positionconveying religious faith over reason andreligion over science.• Polytheism - belief in the existence of manygods.• Atheism - lack of belief in existence of Gods.• Deism - religious-philosophical trend, which iscommon to the belief that you can reasonablyjustify the existence of only non-personal God• Panentheism- the theological andphilosophical views or religious the identifyingGod with the world, understood as nature.
Animism is a belief in soul and spirits. Consistin imputation a soul to animals, plant andeven things.The word ‘animism’ derive from Latin andmeans breath, light breeze, soul.Black- animismPink- ChristianityGreen- BuddhismOrange- IslamBlue- Judaism
Babismo is a religious movement. Itwas arisen by Ali Muhammad fromShiraz. Believers of babismo believedin God who is the Creator, and theyassume that the end will beconnected with destruction ofeverything what is human.Number 19 is very important. It wasacclaimed by them for sacred. That’swhy the year was divided for 19months and every of them wasdivided for 19 days.
Buddhism is a ethnic-philosophic system oracclaimed by a lot ofpeople as religion.Siddartha Gautamaa(Buddha) was a founderand a creator of Buddhism.He walked and he taughtpeople rules of his ownreligion. Buddha’s sciencewas written in Kangyur andTengyur.
Christianity is one of the mainmonotheistic religions. It arose onNear East in Palestine. Christianityrelies on Jesus’ science contained inGospel. This religion has got a few offactions:•Catholicism•Protestantism•Orthodox Church•Anglicanism•And others.There are three the most importantpersonages for Christians:•God the Father•Son of God (Jesus Christ)•Holy Ghost
This is the second of the mostpopular religions in the worldafter Christianity. Islam is themonotheistic religion articulatedby the Qur’an. The birth of Islamare inextricably linked to the riseof the Koran written in 633 -after the death of Muhammad.Muslims believe that God is oneand incomparable and thepurpose of existence is toworship God. Muslims alsobelieve that Islam is thecomplete and universal versionof a primordial faith that wasrevealed at many times andplaces before, including throughAbraham, Moses and Jesus,whom they consider prophets.
Judaism is the oldest monotheistic religion.The founder of the Jewish religion, declaringthe one God Yahweh (the name of YahwehJews do not pronounce it), it is believedMoses. Its followers are all over the world,now there are many in the United States -5.6 million, Israel - 4.7 million. Jewish law(halacha) regulates the Jews lives in suchdetail that it is difficult to separate religionfrom the teaching profession temporal. It isbased on Mosaic Pentateuch (Torah),interpreted in the Talmud, halakhic. TheTalmud is divided on the 613commandments halakhah (mitzvot): 248orders and 365 prohibitions.
There are many Hindu sects, differing inboth beliefs about God, and practices.Their followers mainly combines:1. Respect for the sacred books - Fri2. Belief in reincarnation3 .Belief in the law of action andreaction (karma)4. The quest for liberation,understood differently by differentfactions.In Hinduism there is a belief in gods -devas (deities male) and devi (femaledeity), which are usually treatedeither as emanations of the one God,or (rarely) as being lower(corresponding to the angels inAbrahamic religions). Theiropponents are evil Asuras.