Judaism by Pavlina Paschalidou

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Judaism by Pavlina Paschalidou

  1. 1. JUDAISM PAVLINA PASCHALIDOU B’4
  2. 2. CONTENT ● History ● Teaching of Judaism ● Countries where Judaism is popular ● Sources
  3. 3. HISTORY ● Judaism dates back to around 1800 BC. It is the traditional religion of the Jews. The column of Merneftha, which dates back to around 1800 BC is one of the oldest records of Jews in Israel which developed the monotheistic religion of Judaism. As result of the conquests and extensions accepted by 8th century BC, made the appearance of the Jewish Diaspora. Defeats between Jews and Romans wars in the 70's and 135 AD contributed significantly to population size and geographic distribution diaspora, as significant numbers of the Jewish population of Israel were exiled and sold as slaves throughout the empire. Since then the Jews have lived throughout Europe and the broader Middle East, surviving through events racism, hardships, poverty, and even genocide waves with some periods of cultural, economic and individual prosperity. On Salonica synagogues and preached by the Apostle Paul. The time in several synagogues worship was held in the Greek language and so many people had the opportunity to know the truths the Bible and to prepare for the meeting with the true God. This is why the Apostle Paul went to the synagogues in every city you visit, since there was fertile ground to find resonance the Christian Gospel. Israel is the only country where Jews are the majority of population.
  4. 4. TEACHING OF JUDAISM 1. There is only one God and God provides standards of right and wrong that people should follow. 2. Treat others well. 3. Honor the Sabbath. Judaism teaches that Jews should spend one day a week, the Sabbath, focusing on things other than work and material concerns. This is the origin of the idea of a weekly day of rest that is part of many religions and is widely followed in many parts of the world. 4. Pray. Pray before and after meals, before beginning a journey, when they see a natural wonder, and at other times when they need help or want to express thanks. 5. Judaism teaches that studying the Hebrew Bible and other Jewish texts leads to wisdom and good deeds, so Jewish
  5. 5. COUNTRIES WHERE JUDAISM IS POPULAR ● Israel is the only country in the world today where Jews are the majority of the population. ● In America, Jews make up perhaps 2% of the population, and in the world as a whole, maybe 0.2%. It is against Saudi law for any Jew to set foot in the country, and in Jordan and the Palestinian Authority, it is a capital crime to sell land to a Jew.
  6. 6. SOURCES ● http://blogs.sch.gr/106dimat/files/2012/05/% CE%99%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%B4%CE% B1%CF%8A%CF%83%CE%BC%CF%8C% CF%82.pdf ● http://www.icsresources.org/content/curricula /KeyTeachings.pdf

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