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  1. 1. ISLAM
  2. 2. Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran. Muslims believe that God is one andincomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God.
  3. 3. The word Islam in arabic means „surrend to God”. Apologists and Muslim missionaries often deduce the word Islam from the word salām - peace. The purpose of Islam and the teachings done by the prophet Mahomet wasto join all Arabic people into one large Muslim family. The faith, however, spread onto the entire world. Nowadays, Arabs are 15% up to 20% adherents of Islam.
  4. 4. Arabs (originalmeaning: "nomads")– are the group ofpeople of the Semiticorigin, inhabiting theArabian Peninsulafrom the ancienttimes. A majority ofArabs are whitepeople, but Negroid-look Arabs can alsobe met in Africa. Arabs in traditional dresses (1910)
  5. 5. Beginnings and the development of IslamIn the 7th century AD on the area of the Arabian Peninsula anew monotheistic religion came into existence - Islam.Muhammad was its founder – he was one of the mostimportant religious reformers in the history of the world. Hewas born in 570 and was an orphan. When he married the richwidow - Khadijah, he could start his philosophicalcontemplations, and then according to the traditional legendsArchangel Gabriel appeared before Mahomet and portrayedhim the Allah who from now on was supposed to be the onlyGod for all Arabs.
  6. 6. Symbols of the IslamA shahadah written in black letters on the white background, or withwhite letters on the black background is an appropriate symbol of theIslam. However, the crescent (hilal) is more often treated as thesymbol of the Islam. Fundamentally, from a historical point of view itis wrong, because the crescent was not a symbol of the religion, butsymbol of the caliphate only. In the social awareness however, alsoin Muslim countries, the hilal was the main symbol of this religion,and in this shape appears in most of the heraldry of Islamic states(e.g. in emblems and on flags of Maldives, Pakistan, Algeria, Turkey,Tunisia and other), as well as the analogy to the symbol of the RedCross – the international Christian movement.
  7. 7. Symbols ofIslam
  8. 8. The Islam has shared its roots with the Judaism andthe Christianity. According to Mahomets revelation spresented to Jews and Christians by Abraham, Moses and Jesus should be repeated and supplemented. Muslims believe that verses of the Koran were gradually shown to Mahomet by Archangel Gabriel between 610 AD, and his death on 8th June, 632. The base of Islam are the five principles: oOne and only God, o praying five times a day, ofast in the Ramadan, ocharity for poor opilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.
  9. 9. Beginning of the Ramadan
  10. 10. ClergymenA separate group of clergymen doesnt exist in the SunniIslam. Imam (guide, the boss) isnt a priest, but a member ofthe community of believers which is leading prayers. Theimam does not have to be a theologian, but should have theextensive knowledge of principles of Islam and the Koran;must be clever as well. Muezzin isnt also a clergyman.Experts of the Islam posses a huge respect as they aretreated as „the successors of prophets".
  11. 11. 1. Is the Islam monotheistic religion? 2. How is the scripture of the Islam called? 3. How are the adherents of Islam called? 4. What does the word „Islam” mean in Arabic? 5. How much % of Islam adherents are of Arab origin? 6.What five principles are the base of Islam?7. Is there a separate group of clergymen appearing in the Sunni Islam? 8. Must the Imam be a theologian? 9. What skills are needed to become an imam? 10. Were Arabs originally called nomads?
  12. 12. NataliaBaczewska