7 wonders of the world by group1

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  • 1. SevenSeven Wonders ofWonders of the Worldthe World
  • 2. Great Wall of ChinaGreat Wall of China The Great Wall of China is almost 9000 km long and is theThe Great Wall of China is almost 9000 km long and is the longest in defensive fortification in the world.longest in defensive fortification in the world. ItsIts primary taskprimary task was to defend against invaders from thewas to defend against invaders from the „„Great SteppeGreat Steppe”” (Mongolia, Manchuria, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan ... etc).(Mongolia, Manchuria, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan ... etc). The wonder of the world was being built by human hand forThe wonder of the world was being built by human hand for over 2,000 years.over 2,000 years. It contains not only a stone fortification, butIt contains not only a stone fortification, but also natural dam rivers and mountainsalso natural dam rivers and mountains.. The first section of the wall already erected in the third centuryThe first section of the wall already erected in the third century BCBC. A. About one million workers died of exhaustion while buildingbout one million workers died of exhaustion while building this construction.this construction. Most of them were walled up in the wall, butMost of them were walled up in the wall, but not allnot all not weaken the structure.not weaken the structure.
  • 3. Peace of the Great Wall can be noticed on thePeace of the Great Wall can be noticed on the ''SilkSilk Route'Route'. Every year a marathon takes place. Every year a marathon takes place there. Peoplethere. People claim that the wall seen from spaceclaim that the wall seen from space is a fake.is a fake.
  • 4. PetraPetra Petra is a ruin of Nabateans city.Petra is a ruin of Nabateans city. To reach it, you have toTo reach it, you have to overcome only a narrow rocky path that leads to it. Most ofovercome only a narrow rocky path that leads to it. Most of the buildings have been carved in the rocks. They were sothe buildings have been carved in the rocks. They were so beautiful,beautiful, that over time they gave the place the nicknamethat over time they gave the place the nickname ''RqmcoRqmco' what' what means multicolored.means multicolored. Petra was repeatedly besieged, but even such personalities as:Petra was repeatedly besieged, but even such personalities as: Cleopatra, Herod the Great, Octavian Augustus, Pompey theCleopatra, Herod the Great, Octavian Augustus, Pompey the Great, failed to captureGreat, failed to capture the city.the city. Petra was a trophy until it was reached by a Roman emperorPetra was a trophy until it was reached by a Roman emperor Trajan, then Hadrian, and at the end Saladin who destroyedTrajan, then Hadrian, and at the end Saladin who destroyed the city.the city.
  • 5. In Petra you can find remains of temples, palaces,In Petra you can find remains of temples, palaces, tombs and a theatre that could seat uptombs and a theatre that could seat up to 10 000to 10 000 people.people.
  • 6. Monument of Christ the RedeemerMonument of Christ the Redeemer It is the symbol and the most impressive part of Rio de Janeiro,It is the symbol and the most impressive part of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Brazil. The mThe monument is located on a granite top with a relativeonument is located on a granite top with a relative height of 710 m aslheight of 710 m asl.. The final project of Christ with outstretched arms wasThe final project of Christ with outstretched arms was designed by Hector da Silvadesigned by Hector da Silva and designed by a Frenchand designed by a French sculptor.sculptor. Formal unveiling of the statue was followed three timesFormal unveiling of the statue was followed three times in history.in history. Last time did it Pope John Paul II.Last time did it Pope John Paul II. Prior to his arrivalPrior to his arrival the figure had been washed and cleaned thoroughly.the figure had been washed and cleaned thoroughly.
  • 7. The statue is located on the 7-meter pedestal. TheThe statue is located on the 7-meter pedestal. The head is 3.5 m tall and weighs 35 tons, each handhead is 3.5 m tall and weighs 35 tons, each hand weightsweights 9 tons, and the extent of the figure is 23 m.9 tons, and the extent of the figure is 23 m.
  • 8. Machu PicchuMachu Picchu The best preserved city of the Incas to the present day.The best preserved city of the Incas to the present day. It wasIt was built in the fifteenth century, according to sensationallybuilt in the fifteenth century, according to sensationally developed plan and was abandoned of unknown reasons indeveloped plan and was abandoned of unknown reasons in 1537.1537. Machu Picchu was discovered by an ordinary thiefMachu Picchu was discovered by an ordinary thief,, whowho in the agreement with the Peruvian government and the localin the agreement with the Peruvian government and the local president 'president 'legally'legally' tradedtraded the finding. The material used to buildthe finding. The material used to build the city is bright granite.the city is bright granite. The highest place in Machu Picchu is an astronomicalThe highest place in Machu Picchu is an astronomical observatory - Intihuatana -place where the sun stops. A stoneobservatory - Intihuatana -place where the sun stops. A stone pillar was carved in a solid rock.pillar was carved in a solid rock.
  • 9. The stairs can be seen everywhere. ResearchersThe stairs can be seen everywhere. Researchers have found 1200 oneshave found 1200 ones.. In the past they were usedIn the past they were used for communication among different levelsfor communication among different levels of the city.of the city.
  • 10. Chichén ItzáChichén Itzá The city was found by the Maya in Mexico in 450.The city was found by the Maya in Mexico in 450. It wasIt was developed tdeveloped the most in X-XIth century.he most in X-XIth century. Chichén Itzá literallyChichén Itzá literally means 'Origins of Itzá people.means 'Origins of Itzá people. The name comes from the twoThe name comes from the two holy tanksholy tanks.. These tanks were used for sacrifices.These tanks were used for sacrifices. The mostThe most famous building in Chichén Itzá is El Castillo - Temple Cuculcan.famous building in Chichén Itzá is El Castillo - Temple Cuculcan. It was built on theIt was built on the pyramid consisted of nine terraces.pyramid consisted of nine terraces. Each ofEach of the pyramid's four sides has 91 steps which, when addedthe pyramid's four sides has 91 steps which, when added together and including the temple platform on top as the finaltogether and including the temple platform on top as the final 'step', produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the'step', produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the number of days of the solar year).number of days of the solar year).
  • 11. A natural depression with a depth of 40m and 60mA natural depression with a depth of 40m and 60m in diameter was found in the city.in diameter was found in the city. Probably duringProbably during the drought virgins were thrown there to ask thethe drought virgins were thrown there to ask the god for rain.god for rain.
  • 12. ColosseumColosseum The Roman amphitheater built by the Flavian. It was able toThe Roman amphitheater built by the Flavian. It was able to seat up to 73,000 spectators.seat up to 73,000 spectators. ItIt had his own undergroundhad his own underground system of corridors.system of corridors. Gladiator fights, shows in a special pool, huntings of wildGladiator fights, shows in a special pool, huntings of wild animals were organized ianimals were organized in the amphitheatre.n the amphitheatre. Christians wereChristians were murdered in this place, too. The name comes from the Greekmurdered in this place, too. The name comes from the Greek ''KolossosKolossos'' what meanswhat means ''great'great'.. In 528 the last Olympics wereIn 528 the last Olympics were held here.held here.
  • 13. Since the second half of the 18th century on GoodSince the second half of the 18th century on Good Friday the Way of the Cross has been led by theFriday the Way of the Cross has been led by the pope in this place.pope in this place.
  • 14. Tadz MahalTadz Mahal Enchanted Love in marble ... can be described as aEnchanted Love in marble ... can be described as a mausoleum built by Szachdżahanamausoleum built by Szachdżahana in memory of a loved wifein memory of a loved wife Mumtaz MahalMumtaz Mahal.. She was 36 years old and gave birth to 14She was 36 years old and gave birth to 14 children. She died when the last child was born. The legendchildren. She died when the last child was born. The legend says that before death,says that before death, herher husbandhusband gavegave three promises:three promises: hehe will never marry again, he will take care of children and he willwill never marry again, he will take care of children and he will build a building that will commemorate herbuild a building that will commemorate her. He. He fulfilled all thefulfilled all the promises.promises. He built the splendidHe built the splendid palacepalace that has no equivalentthat has no equivalent in the world.in the world.
  • 15. TaTadzdz Mahal was being built for 22 years by aboutMahal was being built for 22 years by about 25 thousand workers.25 thousand workers. It isIt is made of marble.made of marble.
  • 16. ThanksThanks for thefor the AttentionAttentionGROUP1 Agnieszka Bednarz (Poland) Ewa Kijas (Poland) Karolina Barglik (Poland) Amanda Arvelo Bethencourt (Spain) Yara María Zamora (Spain) Elizabeth Santana (Spain) Miriam (Germany)