Flandriako hondakinen kudeaketa aurkezpena - 2 lore marien

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Flandriako hondakinen kudeaketa aurkezpena - 2 lore marien

  1. 1. Prevention and management of household waste in Flanders Lore Mariën OVAM (Flemish Public Waste Agency) 27.04.2009
  2. 2. 3 Overview A. Responsibility for waste management B. Waste treatment in Flanders 1992-2007 C. Flemish waste management according to the waste hierarchy I. prevention and re-use II. selective collection and recycling III. residual waste treatment: incineration and landfilling D. Conclusions
  3. 3. 4 A. Responsibility for waste management  Belgium= Federal state with 3 regions: 3 regional + 1 federal authority  Waste management = regional competence  OVAM is the regional authority responsible for making policy on waste in Flanders  Municipalities are responsible for the execution of the collection and treatment of household waste
  4. 4. 5 B. Waste treatment in Flanders 1995-2007 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 year kgperinhabitant landfilled MBT incinerated recycled
  5. 5. 6 C. Waste management according to the waste hierarchy I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives Re-use shops  100 shops  7.19 kg/inhabitant collected in 2007  furniture, EEE, toys, clothes, etc.  susidies for re-use shops
  6. 6. 7 I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives Home composting  25% of the Flemish households (mainly in rural areas)  5 compost masters per 10,000 inhabitants  communication campaigns, training and household waste charging are crucial Neighbourhood composting in urban areas
  7. 7. 8 I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives  ‘Please no publicity’ stickers  Communication campaigns on waste prevention  Financial support for local authorities which launch waste prevention initiatives  Cooperation agreements containing prevention measures between local authorities and the OVAM
  8. 8. 9 I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives Promotion of ecodesign  ecodesign awards for students and professionals  ecolizer Eco-efficiency scan Green procurement: - office supplies - cleaning products - electric/electronical equipment - varnish and lacks
  9. 9. 10 I. Prevention and re-use: future objectives Increase sustainable production and consumption in absolute and relative terms more innovation retail sector offers and sells more sustainable products by 2015 more sustainable products consumed by 2015 central role of the government in sustainable consumption via green public procurement
  10. 10. 11 I. Prevention and re-use: future objectives Far-reaching decoupling between economic growth and waste production by 2010 i.e. stabilisation of waste generation compared to 2000 at 560 kg/inhabitant  2% prevention (dry fraction) per year  25% of households engage in high-quality home composting  10 kg/inhabitant is collected for re-use  increase in the number of companies participating in selective collection
  11. 11. 12 II. Selective collection and recycling Selective collection schemes to allow for separation at the source  a) kerbside collection  b) municipal recycling yards  c) collection via retailers Polluter pays principle  household waste charging based on volume or weight  recycling fees  extended producer responsibility Differentiated tarification  = mixed household waste is more expensive to discard than selectively collected waste
  12. 12. 13 II. Selective collection and recycling a) kerbside collection Kerbside collection  mixed waste (charged)  plastic bottles, metal packaging and drinking cartons (€ 0.125 per 60 l bag)  paper and cardboard (free)  glass bottles (free)  vegetable, fruit and garden waste (charged)  bulky waste (free or charged) Others  bottle banks (free)  textile containers (free)
  13. 13. 14 II. Selective collection and recycling: charges for mixed waste collection Bag (60 l): between € 0.75 and € 2.5 Container (120 l)  taxation per volume: € 2.5 - € 3.76  taxation per weight: € 0.15 - € 0.2/kg  taxation per offer: € 0.25 - € 1 solutions for urban areas  collective containers  subterranean containers
  14. 14. 15 II. Selective collection and recycling: correlation between price and amount of waste generated 116 107 102 93 82 101 76 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 € 0 - 0,99 bag € 1 - 1,24 bag € 1,25 - 1,49 bag € 1,50 bag > € 1,50 bag volum e chip weight chip kg/inhabitant
  15. 15. 16 II. Selective collection and recycling: illegal and evasive behaviour  5 to 10 % of the population is responsible for illegal behaviour  75 % of the illegally disposed waste consists of waste without municipal taxation => no link between ‘expensive’ waste bag or container and illegal behaviour  Municipalities need to punish illegal behaviour  ‘Waste tourism’ can be avoided by using the same tariffs in neighbouring municipalities
  16. 16. 17 II. Selective collection and recycling b) recycling yards 337 container parcs (308 municipalities) which collect 50% of the household waste A wide range of waste streams are separately collected in those parks: construction and demolition waste, cooking oils, batteries and accumulators, polystyrene, WEEE, paper and cardboard, PE foils, metals, textiles, fluorescent tubes, light bulbs, wood, green waste, car tyres, bicycle tyres, asbestos, gypsum, bitumen, hazardous waste and non-recyclable combustible wastes
  17. 17. 18 II. Selective collection and recycling c) collection at retailers WEEE batteries and accumulators ink-cartridges pharmaceuticals car tyres
  18. 18. 19 II. Selective collection and recycling extended producer responsibility Producers are financially responsible for the collection and treatment of their products once they have become waste (‘acceptance obligation’) Printed paper, batteries and accumulators, waste pharmaceuticals, end-of-life vehicles, waste tyres, waste electrical and electronic appliances, lighting equipment, waste industrial and cooking oils
  19. 19. 20 Composition of mixed waste bag 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 1995 2006 biowaste paper/carboard glass metals plastics textiles hazardous mixed fraction inert fraction others
  20. 20. 21 II. Selective collection and recycling future objectives Limit residual household waste to 150 kg/inhabitant/year Each individual municipality has less than 180 kg residual waste per year per inhabitant BUT: A correction factor may be applied in the case of big cities (flats, tourism,…) By 2010 75% of the household waste is collected selectively for the purpose of re-use and recycling
  21. 21. 22 Example of waste collection in big cities Antwerp: + 470.000 inhabitants  lots of nationalities, lots of poverty:districts with 30% migration/year  toerism, students How to manage the waste stream? Since 1998 selective collection of waste  several systems and 9 container parks Priority:push back illegal duming and street litter refusing to collect waste that is offered in the wrong bag Results: 61,5% of the waste was recycled in 2007 (~72% in global for Flanders).
  22. 22. 23 Experiments with kerbside collection in Antwerp 1. containers/bags on the street 2. containers in special areas (closed for strangers) 3. subterranean containers
  23. 23. 24 1. Containers/bags on the street
  24. 24. 25 2. Containers in special areas
  25. 25. 26 Evaluation Not aesthetic takes a lot of free space difficult to charge the right people (DIFTAR)
  26. 26. 27 3. Subterranean containers - BEFORE -
  27. 27. 28 3. Subterranean containers -PLACING-
  28. 28. 29 3. Subterranean containers -PLACING-
  29. 29. 30 3. Subterranean containers -AFTER-
  30. 30. 31 3. Subterranean containers -MIXED WASTE-
  31. 31. 32 3. -VEGETABLE, FRUIT, GARDEN WASTE
  32. 32. 33 3. Subterranean containers -PAPER-
  33. 33. 34 3. -PLASTIC BOTTLES, METAL PACKAGING, DRINK CARTONS
  34. 34. 35 Acces by prepaid badge
  35. 35. 36 Example of glass container - free of charge-
  36. 36. 37 Example of glass container - free of charge-
  37. 37. 38 Emptying
  38. 38. 39 Emptying
  39. 39. 40 Emptying
  40. 40. 41 Emptying
  41. 41. 42 Emptying Nog foto gaan nemen ?? 19 maart 200719 maart 2007
  42. 42. 43 Evaluation aesthetic in the middel of a square: social control place saving: the square can still maintain his function costsaving:  placing of the container is expensive: 10.000 euro BUT  very cheap in the use: in 1 move the truck can pick up the weight of 120 sacks of waste
  43. 43. 44 III. Residual waste treatment: incinerating It is prohibited to incinerate:  selectively collected wastes that can be recycled  with the exception of some high calorific wastes for renewable energy purposes  unsorted household waste  unsorted industrial waste Motivated derogation possible
  44. 44. 45 III. Residual waste treatment: landfilling It is prohibited to landfill:  unsorted household and industrial waste  wastes that were selectively collected for the purpose of recovery  combustible residues from the sorting of household waste or comparable industrial waste  waste pharmaceuticals  Motivated derogation possible
  45. 45. 46 III. Residual waste treatment steering of landfill and incineration costs ‘Smart’ taxes  make landfilling more expensive than incineration  make (co)incineration more expensive than recycling  steer the market towards the treatment option with the lowest environmental impact Restrictive permitting policy for landfills increases landfilling costs
  46. 46. 47 III. Residual waste treatment examples of landfilling and incineration costs Tariff Tax Total Landfilling municipal waste 60 75 135 Incineration of municipal waste 70 - 130 7 77 - 137
  47. 47. 48 D. Conclusions for us Maybe Flanders is now a ‘champion’ in selective collection but we must stay alert! Prevention of waste is the main challenge for the coming years
  48. 48. 49 D. Conclusions for you Lessons from the Flemish experience: Work on all levels of the waste hierarchy Source separation of crucial importance  sensibilisation campaigns  selective collection schemes  polluter pays principle Limit residual waste treatment capacity to the minimum Make landfilling expensive and ban it for as many wastes as possible
  49. 49. 50 Thank you for your attention More information about our household waste management plan? See english brochure on our website: http://www.ovam.be/jahia/Jahia/cache/offonce/pid/176? actionReq=actionPubDetail&fileItem=1591 Lore Mariën OVAM ++32 15 284 504 lore.marien@ovam.be

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