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Presentation for JOUR203 Introduction to Multimedia course at University of Maryland.

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  1. 1. Ethical photography Jour 203 Fall 2012
  2. 2. The NPPA code of ethics
  3. 3. Not immediatelyobvious Someone noticed a difference between this
  4. 4. … and thisNot immediatelyobvious Someone noticed a difference between this:
  5. 5. Jezebel did a good animation toshow the differences between thetwo pictures:
  6. 6.  “NPPA rule #1. “Be accurate and comprehensive in the representation of subjects.” Making Faith Hill slimmer is neither accurate nor comprehensive.Is that unethical?
  7. 7.  The Faith Hill photos were shot in a studio. Studio shoots are staged and don’t fall under NPPA rule #2: “Resist being manipulated by staged photo opportunities.”Studio vs. Street
  8. 8. Watch this example of a staged photo op.You’ll note that many of the photographers did NOT resist being manipulated and snapped away.Resist staged photo ops
  9. 9.  3. Be complete and provide context when photographing or recording subjects. Avoid stereotyping individuals and groups. Recognize and work to avoid presenting ones own biases in the work.NPPA rule #3
  10. 10. From a post by DivyaManian on
  11. 11.  “Photographers are guilty of taking photos out of context to create impact… We rarely see good examples of photos with any real context. The context has been handed over entirely to the writer. Extreme close-up photos have extreme impact but, out of context, may lack any story-telling ability. Relating the subject to its surroundings can help tell the story of the subject, but impact is still needed.” (From Stanley Learys blog)Context in photos
  12. 12. 4. Treat all subjects with respect and dignity. Give special consideration to vulnerable subjects and compassion to victims of crime or tragedy. Intrude on private moments of grief only when the public has an overriding and justifiable need to see.NPPA Rule #4
  13. 13. At a glance, would you say thisgirl was treated with respect?
  14. 14. This is what the photo should havelooked like.
  15. 15. Someone turned the girl around toface the photographers and putthe stolen frame under her arm.
  16. 16.  5. While photographing subjects do not intentionally contribute to, alter, or seek to alter or influence events. 6. Editing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects.NPPA rules #5 and 6
  17. 17. A long-time photographer for the Sacramento Bee took this picture…
  18. 18. … and this picture…
  19. 19. … and made this picture.
  20. 20.  He no longer works for the Sacramento Bee. More egregious examples of photo manipulation: the technique was popular among the Soviets. Time Magazine manipulated this shot of O.J. Simpson.Don’t manipulate images. Ever.
  21. 21.  7. Do not pay sources or subjects or reward them materially for information or participation. 8. Do not accept gifts, favors, or compensation from those who might seek to influence coverage. 9. Do not intentionally sabotage the efforts of other journalists.Last three rules
  22. 22.  More info: Manipulated picture More manipulated pictures