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Grammar book Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Spanish 3Grammar BookZachary Hoggs
  • 2. Table of Contents1. Present Tense2. Stem Changers3. Irregular YO verbs4. Saber vs. conocer5. Reflexive verbs6. "Se" impersonal7. Verbs like gusta(an)8. Dipthongs9. Irregular verbs (ger/gir, uir/guir, cer/cir)10. Hacer expressions (Hace+ __________+Que+_____)11. Imperfect12. Preterite Tense13. Car/Gar/Zar14. Cucaracha Verbs15. Snake/Snakey16. Comparatives/Superlatives17. Future
  • 3. Present Tense -ar -er irYo O O OTú -as -es -esÉl/Ella/Usted -a -e -eNosotros/as -amos -emos -imosEllos/Ellas/Ust -an -en -enedes Hablar: Ver: Vivir: Hablo Veo Vivo Hablas Ves Vives Habla Ve Vive Hablamos Vemos Vivimos Hablan Ven Viven
  • 4. Stem Changers Verbs that have a spelling change when conjugated in all forms except nosotros, and vosotros. e -> ie (Querer) e -> i (Pedir) o -> ue (Dormir) u -> ue (Jugar)
  • 5. Irregular VerbsIrregular verbs in the present tense.  Go Verbs  Verbs that have a –go ending in the “yo” form.  Hacer -> hago  Poner -> Pongo  Tener -> Tengo Zco Verbs  Verbs that add a “Z” berfor the “C” in the “yo” form.  Producir -> Produzco  Traducir -> traduzco  Introducir -> Introduzco
  • 6. Sober V.S Conocer Saber:  Use saber to express knowledge, or lack of knowledge, of information, or the performance of a skill.  No sé donde está  Sé cocinar como un chef.  Sé todo el alfabeto en español. Conocer:  Use to express familiarity with a person, place, or thing.  Conoces a mi hermana?
  • 7. Reflexives  In a reflexive sentence the subject is the same as the object.  Reflexive verbs are followed by a reflexive pronoun.Subject Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun ExampleYo Me Me peino el peloTú Te Te peinas el pelo.Él/Ella/Usted Se Ella se peina el pelo.Nosotros/as Nos Nos peinamos el pelo.Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Se Ellos se peinan el pelo.
  • 8. “Se” Impersonal Verbs that are not directed towards a specific person, place, or thing.
  • 9. Dipthongs Some verbs require an accent to place stress on proper syllables for correct pronunciation. A dipthong is a weak vowel(I,y,u) and a strong vowel(a,e,o) or two weak vowels coming together to form one syllable. An accent is placed on the weak vowel. Esquiar-”To ski”  Esquío  Esquías  Esquíos  Esquiamos  esquían
  • 10. Ger/Gir Verbs Inthe present tense, verbs that end with -ger or –gir changes the g to a j in the yo form Coger  Exigir  Cojo  Exijo  Coges  Exiges  Coge  Exige  Cogemos  Exigimos  Cogen  Exigen
  • 11. Imperfecto Used to explain what continuously happened, to describe people or places, explain a feeling, tell the time of day, to tell what an action was interrupted by, or to describe a setting in the past. -ar -er/-ir Yo -aba -ía Tú -abas -ías Él/Ella/Usted -aba -ía Nosotros/as -abamos --íasmos Ellos/Ellas/Us -aban --ían tedes
  • 12. Hace+ ____ + Que+ ____ Shows length of time in which the action has taken place. Hace+ (time) + que + (Present tense form of verb)
  • 13. Preterite Pasttense Known beginning, and ending “Snapshot” of time
  • 14. Trigger words for Preterite Ayer Anoche Anteayer La semana pasada…..
  • 15. Preterite endingsE I Aste IsteO io Amos imos Aron Ieron
  • 16. Irregulares EN YO: Car - que Gar - gue Zar - ce
  • 17. Spock: Irregular Hacer Ir Ser Dar Ver
  • 18. Cucaracha Andar-anduve Estar-estuve Pder-pude Poner-puse Querrer-quise Saber-supe Tener-tuve Venir-vine Conducir-conduje Producir-produje Traducir-traduje Trajer-traje Decir-dice
  • 19. Snake/ Snakey Stem Changers(3rd person)  Dormir -> DuermoY Changers Leer: lei leimos leiste leyo leyeron
  • 20. Comparatives/SuperlativesMas/Menos +_________+ que More/less thanTan+ ______ + como As ____ as• Tantos+ _______ (noun) + como
  • 21. El Futuro Infinitive + s Emos n Ir + a + infinitive = Immediate future