Editing 
How...? What...? When...? Where...? Which…? Who...? Why...?
Contents 
Definition and Key Themes 
The Principles of Editing 
Editing Techniques 
Editing Transitions 
Web Pages
Editing 
What is it…? 
- Write your own definition for video editing… 
- Video editing can be described as the process of ...
Editing 
Key themes relating to editing… 
- Storyline 
- Narrative 
* What is the difference between these two key terms…?...
Editing 
Storyline and narrative… 
- Open-ended storyline 
- Closed storyline 
- Linear narrative 
- Non-linear narrative
Editing 
Storyline and narrative… 
- Open-ended = A storyline that is left incomplete. This could be to continue the story...
Editing 
The principles of editing 
1. Storytelling 
- Editing is used to piece together scenes in a (usually) logical seq...
Combination of shots
Editing 
The principles of editing 
3. Creating pace 
- In order to create a sense of pace or speed within a TV programme ...
Editing 
The principles of editing 
4. The 180o rule 
- This rule states that once two (or more) actors have been establis...
Breaking the 180o Rule 
The Shining (1980) Dir: Stanley Kubrick 
Lèon: The Professional (1994) Dir: Luc Besson
Editing 
Editing techniques 
Continuity editing 
Ensuring the mise-en-scène is kept constant throughout the cuts – that is...
Editing 
Editing techniques 
Match on action 
An action that begins in one shot, is continued or completed in the next sho...
Editing 
Editing techniques 
Parallel editing 
Cutting between two or more storylines that are occurring at the same time,...
Editing 
Editing techniques 
Cutaway 
Cutting away from the main subject to show other things happening around it. 
Main s...
For A Few Dollars More (1965) Dir: Sergio Leone 
Main subject(s)
Cutaway
Cutaway
Cutaway
Back to main subject(s)
Editing 
Editing techniques 
Jump cut 
A way of reducing a long take by editing out one or more sections. 
Breathless (196...
Editing 
Editing techniques 
Match cut 
An action that is shown in one scene will then be repeated in a similar fashion in...
Editing 
Editing techniques 
Shot-reverse-shot 
Character A looks at character B. The shot then cuts to character B lookin...
Editing 
Editing transitions 
Fade out / fade in 
A gradual transition from one shot to another; one darkens and the next ...
Editing 
Editing transitions 
Superimposition 
One image is placed on top of another. 
Slow motion / fast motion 
Slowing ...
Editing 
Exercise 
* Note down what you think the purpose and/or effects of the following editing techniques are… 
- Cutaw...
Editing Techniques & Effects
Editing 
Exercise 
* You will watch an extract of a film / TV drama. 
* You must note down all of the editing principals a...
The Cutting Edge: The Magic of Movie Making 
New Media Rights – Video Editing Techniques 
Basic editing techniques explain...
Editing Presentation
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  • Photography & Photographic Practice
  • Editing Presentation

    1. 1. Editing How...? What...? When...? Where...? Which…? Who...? Why...?
    2. 2. Contents Definition and Key Themes The Principles of Editing Editing Techniques Editing Transitions Web Pages
    3. 3. Editing What is it…? - Write your own definition for video editing… - Video editing can be described as the process of piecing together raw footage, which has been captured on a video camera, in order to create a complete video product. - Editing itself is a powerful tool. It can manipulate time, space and interpretation within a media product (e.g. films, television programmes, radio programmes, newspaper articles, video games, etc).
    4. 4. Editing Key themes relating to editing… - Storyline - Narrative * What is the difference between these two key terms…? - Storyline = The plot. - Narrative = The arrangement of events that reveal and complete the storyline.
    5. 5. Editing Storyline and narrative… - Open-ended storyline - Closed storyline - Linear narrative - Non-linear narrative
    6. 6. Editing Storyline and narrative… - Open-ended = A storyline that is left incomplete. This could be to continue the story in a subsequent programme, or to allow audiences to complete the storyline using their own imagination. - Closed = A storyline that is left complete, with no questions left unanswered (regarding the storyline). - Linear = Events, of the storyline, that unfold in a chronological order. - Non-linear = Events, of the storyline, that unfold in a non-chronological order.
    7. 7. Editing The principles of editing 1. Storytelling - Editing is used to piece together scenes in a (usually) logical sequence to tell a story. 2. Combination of shots - Editors will combine a mixture of shot types and angles in order to draw in the viewer and establish settings, feelings and relationships. - A combination of shots should be edited together in a logical order. For example, LONG SHOT  MID-SHOT  CLOSE-UP  EXTREME CLOSE-UP. A combination of shots (good and bad) in Fist of Fury (1972) Dir: Lo Wei
    8. 8. Combination of shots
    9. 9. Editing The principles of editing 3. Creating pace - In order to create a sense of pace or speed within a TV programme or film, the editing techniques used must match the sounds or music used within the video. Taio Cruz – Break Your Heart (2009) Creating pace in a music video Framelines TV – Fast and Slow Cutting
    10. 10. Editing The principles of editing 4. The 180o rule - This rule states that once two (or more) actors have been established on a certain side of the screen, then they must remain on that side throughout the edit. - This rule applies to camera work and editing when filming two or more characters (during interviews, interrogations, conversations, etc.). Framelines TV – The 180o Rule
    11. 11. Breaking the 180o Rule The Shining (1980) Dir: Stanley Kubrick Lèon: The Professional (1994) Dir: Luc Besson
    12. 12. Editing Editing techniques Continuity editing Ensuring the mise-en-scène is kept constant throughout the cuts – that is, the settings, the props and the costumes. BBC’s Great Movie Mistakes For further continuity errors, try: www.moviemistakes.com
    13. 13. Editing Editing techniques Match on action An action that begins in one shot, is continued or completed in the next shot, which is from a different angle. Horrors of War (2006) Dir: Peter John Ross & John Whitney
    14. 14. Editing Editing techniques Parallel editing Cutting between two or more storylines that are occurring at the same time, but in different places.
    15. 15. Editing Editing techniques Cutaway Cutting away from the main subject to show other things happening around it. Main subject(s) Cutaway Cutaway The Longest Yard (2005) Dir: Peter Segal
    16. 16. For A Few Dollars More (1965) Dir: Sergio Leone Main subject(s)
    17. 17. Cutaway
    18. 18. Cutaway
    19. 19. Cutaway
    20. 20. Back to main subject(s)
    21. 21. Editing Editing techniques Jump cut A way of reducing a long take by editing out one or more sections. Breathless (1960) Dir: Jean-Luc Goddard
    22. 22. Editing Editing techniques Match cut An action that is shown in one scene will then be repeated in a similar fashion in the next scene. Graphic (match) cut An object / shape in one shot, ‘transforms’ into something similar in the next shot. A graphic (match) cut with a dissolve Match cuts from the John Lewis 150th anniversary advert (2014)
    23. 23. Editing Editing techniques Shot-reverse-shot Character A looks at character B. The shot then cuts to character B looking at character A. Then back to the original shot. Two subjects talking Shot Reverse Shot
    24. 24. Editing Editing transitions Fade out / fade in A gradual transition from one shot to another; one darkens and the next brightens. Dissolve One scene fades out while another fades in over the top of it – the two scenes mix into each other (see the graphic match cut example). Wipe The subsequent scene wipes over the prior scene. Wipes from Star Wars A fade up during the opening scene of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)
    25. 25. Editing Editing transitions Superimposition One image is placed on top of another. Slow motion / fast motion Slowing down or speeding up time or an action. Ellipsis The editing out of a period of time or series of events, leaving the viewer to fill in the narrative using their own imagination. Superimposition in The Lion King (1994) Dir: Roger Allers & Rob Minkoff Slow motion in The Matrix (1999) Dir: Andy & Laurence Wachowski An ellipsis in Bruce Almighty (2003) Dir: Tom Shadyac
    26. 26. Editing Exercise * Note down what you think the purpose and/or effects of the following editing techniques are… - Cutaway - Jump cut - Shot-reverse-shot - Fade in / fade out - Dissolve - Slow motion / fast motion
    27. 27. Editing Techniques & Effects
    28. 28. Editing Exercise * You will watch an extract of a film / TV drama. * You must note down all of the editing principals and editing techniques that are used. * If you have identified the editing techniques used, you can go on to explain the effects of these editing techniques within the programme.
    29. 29. The Cutting Edge: The Magic of Movie Making New Media Rights – Video Editing Techniques Basic editing techniques explained Yale University – Editing Techniques Web Pages

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