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Editing Presentation






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Editing Presentation Editing Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Editing How...? What...? When...? Where...? Which…? Who...? Why...?
  • Contents Definition and Key Themes The Principles of Editing Editing Techniques Editing Transitions Web Pages and Links
  • Editing What is it…? - Write your own definition for video editing… - Video editing can be described as the process of piecing together raw video footage in order to create a complete video product. - Editing itself is a powerful tool. It can manipulate time, space and interpretation within a media product (e.g. films, television programmes, radio programmes, newspaper articles, video games, etc.).
  • Editing Key themes relating to editing… - Storyline - Narrative * What is the difference between these two key terms…? - Storyline = The plot. - Narrative = The arrangement of events that reveal and complete the storyline.
  • Editing Storyline and narrative… - Open-ended storyline - Closed storyline - Linear narrative - Non-linear narrative
  • Editing Storyline and narrative… - Open-ended = A storyline that is left incomplete. This could be to continue the story in a subsequent programme, or to allow audiences to complete the storyline using their own imagination. - Closed = A storyline that is left complete, with no questions left unanswered. - Linear = Events, of the storyline, that unfold in a chronological order. - Non-linear = Events, of the storyline, that unfold in a non-chronological order.
  • Editing The principles of editing 1. Storytelling Fist of Fury (1972) Dir: Lo Wei Combination of shots (good and bad uses) - Editing is used to piece together scenes in a logical sequence to tell a story. 2. Combination of shots - Editors will combine a mixture of shot types and angles (seamlessly) in order to draw in the viewer and establish settings, feelings and relationships. - A combination of shots should be edited together in a logical order (e.g. long shot  mid shot  close-up  extreme close-up).
  • Combination of shots
  • Editing The principles of editing 3. Creating pace Taio Cruz – Break Your Heart (2009) Creating pace in a music video - In order to create a sense of pace or speed within a video, the editing techniques used must match the sounds or music used within the video. 4. The 180o rule - This rule states that once two (or more) actors have been established on a certain side of the screen, then they must remain on that side throughout the edit.
  • Editing The 180o Rule - This rule applies to camera work and editing when filming two or more characters (during interviews, interrogations, conversations, etc.). Movie Making Techniques – The 180o Rule
  • Breaking the 180o Rule The Shining (1980) Dir: Stanley Kubrick Lèon: The Professional (1994) Dir: Luc Besson
  • Editing Editing techniques Bad continuity Match-on-action examples Continuity editing Ensuring the mise-en-scène is kept constant throughout the cuts. Match on action An action that begins in one shot, is continued or completed in the next shot, which is from a different angle. Parallel editing Cutting between two or more storylines that are occurring at the same time, but in different places. Cutaway Cutting away from the main subject to show other things happening around it.
  • Parallel Editing
  • Cutaways The Longest Yard (2005) Dir: Peter Segal Main subject(s) Cutaway Cutaway
  • For a Few Dollars More (1965) Dir: Sergio Leone
  • Editing Editing techniques Jump cut The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) Dir: Peter Jackson Match cut Graphic (match) cut (with a dissolve) A way of reducing a long take by editing out one or more sections. Match cut An action that is shown in one scene will then be repeated in a similar fashion in the next scene. Graphic (match) cut An object / shape in one shot, ‘transforms’ into something similar in the next shot. Shot-reverse-shot Character A looks at character B, who is off-screen. Shot cuts to character B looking at character A off-screen. Back to original shot.
  • Shot-Reverse-Shot
  • Editing Editing transitions Wipes Fade out / fade in A gradual transition from one shot to another; one darkens and the next brightens. Dissolve One scene fades out while another fades in over the top of it (the two scenes mix into each other). Wipe The subsequent scene literally wiping over the previous scene. Fade out / fade in
  • Editing Editing transitions The Lion King (1994) Dir: Rob Minkoff, Roger Allers Superimposition The Matrix (1999) Dir: Andy Wachowski, Larry Wachowski Slow motion / fast motion Superimposition One image is placed on top of another. Slow motion / fast motion Slowing down or speeding up time or an action. Ellipsis The editing out of a period of time or series of events, leaving the viewer to fill in the narrative using their own imagination. Bruce Almighty (2003) Dir: Tom Shadyac Ellipsis
  • Editing Exercise * Note down what you think the purpose and/or effects of the following editing techniques are… - Cutaway - Jump cut - Shot-reverse-shot - Fade in / fade out - Dissolve - Slow motion / fast motion
  • Editing Techniques & Effects
  • Editing Exercise * You will watch an extract of a film / TV drama. * You must note down all of the editing principals and editing techniques that are used. * If you have identified the editing techniques used, you can go on to explain the effects of these editing techniques within the programme.
  • Web Pages The Cutting Edge: The Magic of Movie Making New Media Rights – Video Editing Techniques Basic editing techniques explained Yale University – Editing Techniques