The Role of the EU in the conflict regions in the South Caucasus Introduction to the European Union 01 February 2013 By : Zaur Natsvlishvili Teona ZurabaSvili Keti TsirekidzeIlia state University
The main task of EU Foreign and Security Policy is: to preserve peacep Re strengthen international security V promote international cooperation develop and consolidate democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
The EU has sent peacekeeping missions to several of the world’s trouble spots: 23 civilian missions and military operations on 3 continentso August 2008, ceasefire between Georgia and Russia, (EU monitoring mission in Georgia);o Post-tsunami peace building in Aceh;o Protecting refugees in Chad,o Fighting piracy off Somaliao The Horn of Africa.
The High RepresentativeCatherine Ashton -to bring more coherenceto the EUs foreign policies.
The Georgian-Ossetian and Georgian-Abkhaz Conflicts South Ossetia - January 1991 to June 1992 Abkhazia - August 1992-September 1993 The Georgian-Russian Conflict August 2008
The EU’s Role Today and actionsThe Commission since 1995The EU’s Special Representative (The EUSR) since 2003European Neighbourhood Policies (ENP) In 2004/2005 The ESDP Mission EUMMThe EU Institute for Security Studies (The EU ISS)
main organization leading the mediation efforts The main achievement of the international mediation efforts by OSCE and the Russian Federation was the ceasefire agreement of 1994.
The EU’s official position regarding the Karabakh conflict has been articulated most clearly in the bilateral ENP Action Plans negotiated with Armenia and Azerbaijan. In these political documents guiding the deepening of EU relations with the two countries since 2006, the EU states its “continued and strong commitment to the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, drawing on the instruments at the EU’s disposal, and in close consultation with the OSCE”
The documents further add that “The EU is ready to consider ways to strengthen further its engagement in conflict resolution and post conflict rehabilitation”. The specific measures envisioned are focused mainly on supporting the OSCE Minsk Group, namely through the work of the EU Special Representative (EUSR) for the South Caucasus, on increased support to people-to-people contacts, and on the availability to contribute substantial assistance to post-conflict rehabilitation processes
support to the official mediation process promotion of confidence-building measures assistance to reconstruction in a post-conflict scenario
2010 saw little progress in the Minsk Group-mediated talks. Both capitals argue they have offered the maximum concessions. President Aliyev publicly stated that he largely accepted the basic principles as elaborated in February 2010, while President Sargsyan remained noncommittal. The Azerbaijani leadership has begun to warn that diplomacy has been in vain and threaten that it may withdraw from negotiations if Yerevan continues “simulating talks”.