Unit 6- Cancer and CVD• Meet Bobby……He died of Pancreatic Cancer at a young age.• What are the risk factors?• How could he have prevented his outcome?
Risk Factors • There is a 5-10% chance that there is a family history of pancreatic cancer. At this time no specific genes have been identified.• Most cases before age 40 are uncommon. The common age is approximately 60 yrs of age and after.• Diets low in fruits and veggies, high in red meat, high in sugar-sweetened drinks, particularly fructose in crease risk.• Smoking-Cigarette smoke also has a risk ration and is dependent upon length of time and/or type of smoking (non-smoking to heavy smoking).• Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus also play a factor. New studies indicate obese and over weight young adults are at a greater risk for pancreatic cancer.
Warning Signs and Symptoms• Referred to as the “Silent Killer”-Not often diagnosed until it is in advanced stages.• Pain in the upper abdomen, typically radiates to the back.• Loss of appetite, Nausea and/or vomiting.• Significant weight loss.• Painless jaundice-yellowing of skin.• Spontaneous blood clots-Trousseau Sign• Diabetes Mellitus-Elevated Blood Sugar Levels• Clinical Depression-Can present before cancer is diagnosed• Typically pancreatic cancer metastasizes to regional lymph nodes, later to the liver and less common the lungs. Occasionally the bones or brain.
Prevention• According to the American Cancer Society there are no established guidelines for preventing pancreatic cancer. Although cigarette smoking has been reported as responsible for 20-30% of pancreatic cancers.• To help prevent the disease a person should keep a healthy weight, increase consumption of fruit and vegetables. Decrease intake of red meat.• Consume vitamins in food, such as vitamin D, B12, B6 and folate. These help reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer.• Had he managed his diet better he could have reduced his risk of getting the disease.• He also could have cut out the cigarette smoking he’d been doing since the age of 16.
Where He’d Be Today?• Had Bobby cut out the smoking he’d been doing for so long he would have decreased the risk of getting pancreatic cancer by as least 20%.• He could be playing baseball or football. He could be a father or husband at this time. However, because the lifestyle he chose was less than appealing and he has family history of this cancer, it seemed like only a matter of time.