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  • 1. Where can we go from here?
    Library Resource Management Systems: New Challenges, New Opportunities
    October 8-9, 2009
    Marshall Breeding
    Director for Innovative Technology and Research
    Vanderbilt University Library
    Library Technology Guides
    http://www.librarytechnology.org
  • 2. Forging a path through a maze of options
  • 3. Trajectory
    Changing roles of libraries and the nature of their collections demand corresponding changes in supporting technologies
    Enormous challenges to deliver appropriate:
    Discovery platforms
    Business automation systems
    Yet…turnover of library automation products very slow
  • 4. Library Context
    • Academic libraries: increased emphasis on enterprise interoperability
    • 5. All Libraries: Transition to larger proportions of non-print content
    • 6. Emphasis on full-text delivery: e-journals, e-books, digitized books
    • 7. Shrinking library budgets: Cuts made in these economic times may never be recovered
    • 8. Public Libraries: operational efficiency
    • 9. All libraries: higher levels of resource sharing
  • Technology context
    • New Technology Cycle
    • 10. Cloud computing:
    • 11. Platform-as-a-service (Amazon EC2)
    • 12. Storage services (C3)
    • 13. Software-as-a-service
    • 14. Delivery to mobile devices
    • 15. Enterprise level infrastructure
    • 16. Legacy:
    • 17. Local/departmental computing
    • 18. Client/server
    • 19. Local servers
  • Business and procurement cycles
  • 20. General Business Trends
    Very complex market
    Local national and regional companies & Global competitors
    Increasingly consolidated and global
    Concentration of library automation into a smaller niche of companies
  • 21. Predominance of Proprietary ILS products
    The vast majority of libraries choose to license proprietary ILS products from established vendors
    Some of these companies continue to see growth in new client libraries
    Defections to competitors and open source currently happen at relatively low levels
    Many unannounced open source projects may alter this trend
  • 22. Dynamics of library automation changing
    Commercial companies developing and supporting proprietary products prevail
    Open source ILS procurements
    Non-profit OCLC cooperative positioned to play a larger role
  • 23. Technology and product strategies
    Evolved products?
    Can the existing slate of major ILS products morph over time to meet the ever widening gaps between design and functionality and changing library requirements
    Fresh starts possible?
  • 24. Evolutionary path
    Unicorn -> Symphony
    INOVAQ > Innopac -> Millennium/Encore
    Urica -> Spydus
    VUBIS -> Vubis Smart -> V Smart
    ALEPH 100… ALEPH 500/Verde/SFX -> URM
  • 25. Forging a fresh path
    OLE – Ready to launch 2-year build phase
    Open Source
    URM -- (New or evolved?)
    Commercially licensed open platform
    Web-scale library automation
    OCLC WorldCat Local cooperative library management system
  • 26. Research and development activities
    Do the systems libraries really need exist yet?
    Research and Development essential to develop systems to meet the needs of libraries and issues identified in this Forum
    Where will this take place?
    Companies?
    Libraries?
    Vendor / Library collaboration
  • 27. The Business of Open Source ILS
    Library procurement of open source ILS
    Commercial support companies
    Small and fragmented
    Many open source implementations taking place independent of commercial support contracts
  • 28. Open Source ILS Companies
    Exists at the lower bounds of sustainability, with some showing significant growth.
    Fragmented approach can diffuse already limited resources
  • 29. Open source alternatives gaining increasing support
    Many libraries energized to take on local development projects
    Traditional vendors interested in making best use of open source components
    The direct adoption of open source products represents only one aspect of open source in the library automation industry.
  • 30. Support by Grant-making bodies
    • Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
    • 31. Georgia Public Library Systems recognized with Award for Technology Collaboration ($50,000)
    • 32. OLE (Open Library Environment)
    • 33. $475,700 Phase I
    • 34. ?? Phase II
    • 35. eXtensible Catalog
    • 36. $283,000 Phase I
    • 37. $749,000 Phase II
    • 38. IMLS
    • 39. “Empowered by Open Source”
    • 40. $998,556
    • 41. Led by King County + Peninsula Library System in California, the Ann Arbor District Libraryin Michigan and the Orange County Library System in Florida
  • A conversation about software licensing
    Move beyond Open Source / Proprietary software as philosophical arguments.
    SaaS largely neutralizes the pragmatic differences
    Software choices made on the merits of functionality
    Company choices made on the merits of their service delivery
  • 42. Discovery / Library Business Automation
    Now viewed as separate problem
    Many interdependencies
    Current model of feeding discovery systems from many underlying repositories
    ILS / e-journal collections / collections of digital objects
    Will models of resource management change to consolidate the repositories?
    Realign Discovery and management?
  • 43. Discovery interface arena
    Technology platforms becoming more mature
    Major projects and products to bring full text article-level content within the primary purview of the discovery interface.
    Next challenge: Full text indexes of books
  • 44. New options and opportunities springing up
    Many opportunities for libraries to contribute
    Partnerships with vendors
    Development partner / Beta test site
    Participation in open source initiatives
    Contribute to new and existing projects
    VuFind, Blacklight, OLE, Evergreen Koha
  • 45. Service oriented architecture
    Preferred technology for new development projects
    Web Services
    Can function as the glue that ties legacy systems together
    Building blocks of composed applications in an SOA environment
    Legacy software will be around for a very long time.
  • 46. Issues for Standards
    • Library infrastructure may be positioned for many major shifts
    • 47. Will new models of automation be served by existing standards and best practices?
    • 48. What will be the points of interoperability that will require technical agreements, best practices, standards as library automation models morph?
    • 49. Help NISO and other relevant organizations broker technical agreements in time to drive, not hold back, new initiatives.
    • 50. Increased library involvement will be extremely helpful
  • 51.
  • 52.
  • 53.
  • 54. Many paths forward…