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  • People are interested in issues or events that directly or indirectly affect them. No matter how stale it seems, for example, every paper will run a story on oil price hike because it will ultimately trigger a string of events that will change their ways of life.
  • Humor is a great unifying instrument. Filipinos especially like to laugh about themselves and their plights (no matter how serious these are). The underlying value of humorous stories is that it gives a lighter side to the news and can give quite a relief from everyday seriousness.
  • WHO – is the main character of the story WHAT – is the central action of the story. (What is your character in this story doing or trying to do?) WHY – is the because or motivation. (Why is this person doing what he is doing?)
  • WHO – is the main character of the story WHAT – is the central action of the story. (What is your character in this story doing or trying to do?) WHY – is the because or motivation. (Why is this person doing what he is doing?)
  • WHO – is the main character of the story WHAT – is the central action of the story. (What is your character in this story doing or trying to do?) WHY – is the because or motivation. (Why is this person doing what he is doing?)
  • WHO – is the main character of the story WHAT – is the central action of the story. (What is your character in this story doing or trying to do?) WHY – is the because or motivation. (Why is this person doing what he is doing?)
  • WHO – is the main character of the story WHAT – is the central action of the story. (What is your character in this story doing or trying to do?) WHY – is the because or motivation. (Why is this person doing what he is doing?)
  • Lead Paragraph tells the story. Without it listeners may be misled and will find it hard to grasp immediately the news. The lead paragraph usually consists of the 5 Ws and 1 H– Who, What, When, Where, Why… and How?
  • Lead Paragraph tells the story. Without it listeners may be misled and will find it hard to grasp immediately the news. The lead paragraph usually consists of the 5 Ws and 1 H– Who, What, When, Where, Why… and How?
  • Lead Paragraph tells the story. Without it listeners may be misled and will find it hard to grasp immediately the news. The lead paragraph usually consists of the 5 Ws and 1 H– Who, What, When, Where, Why… and How?
  • Lead Paragraph tells the story. Without it listeners may be misled and will find it hard to grasp immediately the news. The lead paragraph usually consists of the 5 Ws and 1 H– Who, What, When, Where, Why… and How?
  • Lead Paragraph tells the story. Without it listeners may be misled and will find it hard to grasp immediately the news. The lead paragraph usually consists of the 5 Ws and 1 H– Who, What, When, Where, Why… and How? However, not all of the 5 Ws and 1 H should be in your lead paragraph. Sometimes, a wrap or voice over report consists of two lead paragraphs before the report shall be introduced by the anchor.
  • Features: Widely used and work best in newspapers. Requires a news writer to open his/her story a quick statement of an event’s principal facts Arrangement of details is according to the degree of importance— most to the least important .
  • Features: Works best in broadcast news The details are spread out within the news item Details are presented one at a time using short, direct and simple sentences. Requires repetition of important names or terms for every recall.
  • How do you end your story? Next to beginning the story, this is the part that even the most seasoned writers find difficult to accomplish. Sometimes a writer can go on and on and suddenly, for lack of any idea of how to end gracefully, abruptly stops and ends the story haphazardly. A story should always come full circle. The writer should make it a point to tie his ending with his beginning—again, keeping in mind his objectives for writing.
  • Can you spot the difference between the two besides the difference in structure? Sentences written in the active voice are often more emphatic and shorter than passive sentences. Verbs in sentences written in the active voice also tend to be more dynamic– the verbs become working verbs! Does this mean that we should always construct sentences in the active voice?
  • Write down the spoken word onto the paper CONTRACTIONS: You should sound colloquial (conversational)
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • Use simple words so nearly everyone can understand Use familiar words to achieve clarity
  • There is no reason to do ad lib on the content of the story hence correction or improvement of the script should be done prior the newscast. Ad lib, to link a script to the next script, is a continuity script and should be in script form—not an ad lib.

Transcript

  • 1. LECTURE-WORKSHOP FOR UMT E-MEDIA. SEMESTER-3 Radio News Reporting
  • 2. What is NEWS?
    • The dog bites a man.
    • A man bites a dog.
  • 3. What is NEWS?
    • News is a report of information about recent events or happenings.
    • Brief Summary of days stories.
  • 4. EXPLANATION
    • In the UK, the brief news summary is known as news bulletin.
    • In the US the bulletin may refer to the one item snap of breaking news. In UK parlance that would be known as newsflash.
  • 5. Selection of News Items
    • Objectivity
    • Impartiality
    • Professionalism.
  • 6. Elements of News
    • Timeliness (Suitability)
    • Prominence (Distinction)
    • Proximity (immediacy
    • Novelty (innovation)
    • Significance (Importance)
    • Impact (Consequence)
  • 7. Elements of News
    • Conflict (Clash)
    • Expedition (Suspense)
    • Concentration (Human Interest)
    • Development (Progress)
    • Wit (Humour)
  • 8. EXERCISE
    • Look for a partner who’s not very close/familiar to you.
    • Interview each other.
    • Determine something newsworthy of the person you are talking with.
    • Write a 3 to 5-paragraph news about your partner.
    • Presentation of your news.
  • 9. News Process
    • News Gathering
    • Reporting
    • News Writing/Reporting
    • News Presentation
  • 10. News Gathering
    • Sources Of News Production System
    • Reporters
    • The wire copy and News agencies
    • Despatches
    • Press Releases
    • News Conferences.
    • DGPR
  • 11. News Gathering
    • PID
    • Network and pooling Scheme
    • Politicians
    • Feeds From Foreign correspondence
    • Freelancer Contributors/ Stringers/ Tip Offs
    • Pressure Groups: Tip Offs.
  • 12. News Gathering
    • Events and the Emergency Services: Police, Fire Brigade and Government and voluntary ambulances services.
    • Monitoring Reports:
    • (Material from interactive social media): Facebook, Blogs, internet Press Exposure, Google, AOL, Webcast, Podcast..
    • Internet free library / Free press internet
    • Teletext.
  • 13. News Process
    • News Writing
          • Determine the focus sentence
          • Radio News Script format
          • Writing the lead paragraph
          • News Story Form and Organization
            • Inverted Pyramid vs. Square Format
            • Importance of Script
            • Cardinal Rule in Writing for Radio
          • Cebuano News Writing/Reporting
    • News Presentation/Reporting
  • 14. News Process
    • News Writing
          • Determine the focus sentence
            • It helps you decide what you must include .
            • It helps you decide what you can leave out .
            • It helps you decide what order to set out the facts to lead the listener through the story logically.
            • It sums up the essentials of your story in one sentence that answers these three questions: Who , What , and Why ?
  • 15. Focus Sentence
    • Examples:
    • Ahmad teaches Writing for Radio because he wants journalists to tell compelling radio stories.
    • People in Lahore are planning to march this evening because they want immediate end of load shedding in entire area.
  • 16. Focus Sentence
    • Examples:
    • Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada seeks full media coverage of the trial of his cases to inform the public of the status of his case.
    • Giant broadcasting network ABS-CBN has vowed to remain free from government’s censorship especially during the times when the public needs most of the information.
  • 17. Focus Sentence
    • Focus: Indonesian authorities are speeding up the naming of all of its islands to prepare the country in territorial disputes resolution.
    • Indonesia islands/morning prime News/ March 8, 2006
    • The United Nations has asked Indonesia to speed up the naming of all of its islands.
    • Marine Affairs and Fisheries Minister Freddy Numberi says the country has until 2007 to submit the names to the U-N.
    • Freddy says barely half of the more than 17-thousand islands in Indonesia have been named.
  • 18. Focus Sentence
    • He said local authorities are now being tasked to name their respective islands rather than wait for the Ministry of Home Affairs to do it.
    • Freddy warned that the delay in naming the islands will jeopardize Indonesia’s claim over these islands before an international forum. Other countries have also claims over some of the islands.
    • Freddy is optimistic Indonesia would be able to submit on time the names of its islands.
    • -30-
    • Next: Radio News Script Format
  • 19. Radio News Script Format
    • SCRIPT-ONLY
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • NightClub fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this evening.
    • They’re angry at the government over last week’s nightclub fire.
    • It killed more than 180 people.
    • The protestors are complaining that authorities let the club operate with locked emergency doors, flammable sound proofing and dangerous overcrowding.
  • 20. Radio News Script Format
    • Most of the victims were in their teens. But some were children and babies.
    • That’s because witnesses say the club operated a makeshift child-care centre.
    • Yesterday for a second straight day, many protestors marched toward City Hall to call for the mayor to resign for allowing the club to
    • exist.
    • Police have arrested the owner of the club.
    • The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters [end]
  • 21. Radio News Script Format
    • SCRIPT CLIP
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • NightClub fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this
    • evening.
    • They’re angry at the government over last week’s nightclub
    • fire.
    • It killed more than 180 people.
    • The protestors are complaining that authorities let the club operate with locked emergency doors, flammable sound proofing and dangerous overcrowding.
    • THE GROUP’S SPOKESMAN—PETER PAN—SAYS IT’S DISGUSTING.
    • =====================================
    • VOICECLIP: PETER PAN (:15 secs.)
    • CUE IN : WE’RE DISGUSTED BY THE ACTIONS OF CITY HALL…
    • CUE OUT : …HEADS IN CITY HALL MUST ROLL.
    • ====================================
  • 22. Radio News Script Format
    • SPOKESMAN OF THE PROTESTORS—PETER PAN—TALKING TO REPORTER KENNETH GALANO…
    • Most of the victims were in their teens. But some were children and babies.
    • That’s because witnesses say the club operated a makeshift child-care center.
    • Yesterday for a second straight day, many protestors marched toward City Hall to call for the mayor to resign for allowing the club to
    • exist.
    • Police have arrested the owner of the club.
    • The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
  • 23. Radio News Script Format
    • WRAP/VOICE REPORT
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • NightClub fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this evening TO CALL FOR THE MAYOR’S RESIGNATION…
    • KENNETH GALANO HAS THIS REPORT FROM CITY HALL…
    • =====================================
    • VOICE REPORT: NIGHTCLUB FIRE/KENNETH (1:00min)
    • CUE IN: They’re angry at the government over…
    • CUE OUT: The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
    • Kenneth Galano reporting from City Hall.
    • =====================================
    • KENNETH GALANO REPORTING FROM CITY HALL…
    • next
  • 24. Lead Paragraph
    • WRAP/VOICE REPORT
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • NightClub fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this evening TO CALL FOR THE MAYOR’S RESIGNATION…
    • KENNETH GALANO HAS THIS REPORT FROM CITY HALL…
    • =====================================
    • VOICE REPORT: NIGHTCLUB FIRE/KENNETH (1:00min)
    • CUE IN: They’re angry at the government over…
    • CUE OUT: The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
    • Kenneth Galano reporting from City Hall.
    • =====================================
    • KENNETH GALANO REPORTING FROM CITY HALL…
  • 25. Lead Paragraph
    • WRAP/VOICE REPORT
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • NightClub fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this evening TO CALL FOR THE MAYOR’S RESIGNATION…
    • KENNETH GALANO HAS THIS REPORT FROM CITY HALL…
    • =====================================
    • VOICE REPORT: NIGHTCLUB FIRE/KENNETH (1:00min)
    • CUE IN: They’re angry at the government over…
    • CUE OUT: The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
    • Kenneth Galano reporting from City Hall.
    • =====================================
    • KENNETH GALANO REPORTING FROM CITY HALL…
    Who?
  • 26. Lead Paragraph
    • WRAP/VOICE REPORT
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • Night Club fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this evening TO CALL FOR THE MAYOR’S RESIGNATION…
    • KENNETH GALANO HAS THIS REPORT FROM CITY HALL…
    • =====================================
    • VOICE REPORT: NIGHTCLUB FIRE/KENNETH (1:00min)
    • CUE IN: They’re angry at the government over…
    • CUE OUT: The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
    • Kenneth Galano reporting from City Hall.
    • =====================================
    • KENNETH GALANO REPORTING FROM CITY HALL…
    Who? What?
  • 27. Lead Paragraph
    • WRAP/VOICE REPORT
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • Night Club fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this evening TO CALL FOR THE MAYOR’S RESIGNATION…
    • KENNETH GALANO HAS THIS REPORT FROM CITY HALL…
    • =====================================
    • VOICE REPORT: NIGHTCLUB FIRE/KENNETH (1:00min)
    • CUE IN: They’re angry at the government over…
    • CUE OUT: The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
    • Kenneth Galano reporting from City Hall.
    • =====================================
    • KENNETH GALANO REPORTING FROM CITY HALL…
    Who? What? When?
  • 28. Lead Paragraph
    • WRAP/VOICE REPORT
    • Afternoon News/March 1, 2005
    • Night Club fire/script-only
    • Kenneth
    • Protesters in Buenos Aires are planning another march this evening TO CALL FOR THE MAYOR’S RESIGNATION …
    • KENNETH GALANO HAS THIS REPORT FROM CITY HALL…
    • =====================================
    • VOICE REPORT: NIGHTCLUB FIRE/KENNETH (1:00min)
    • CUE IN: They’re angry at the government over…
    • CUE OUT: The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
    • Kenneth Galano reporting from City Hall.
    • =====================================
    • KENNETH GALANO REPORTING FROM CITY HALL…
    • Next : News Story Form and Organization
    Who? What? When? Why?
  • 29. News Story Form & Organization
    • Inverted Pyramid
    most important facts supporting details additional details more details
  • 30. News Story Form & Organization
    • Square Format
    story lead fact 2 and detail fact 3 and detail rounding off
  • 31. Ending Your Story
    • Summary Ending
    • Climax Ending
    • Stinger
    • Un-ending
  • 32. Ending Your Story
    • Summary Ending
    • Like the summary lead, the summary ending wraps up the story with the most important facts.
    • Ex.:
    • Yesterday for a second straight day, many protestors marched toward City Hall to call for the mayor to resign for allowing the club to
    • exist.
    • Police have arrested the owner of the club.
    • The fire is one of Argentina’s worst disasters.
  • 33. Ending Your Story
    • Climax Ending
    • The writer focuses in the peak of the event, ironically creating an anti-climatic effect in the reader.
    • Ex.:
    • What finally brought down the seemingly indestructible monument to penal abuse was a footage videotaped last month of guards clubbing naked prisoners. President Ernesto Perez Balladares chose Dec. 10, International Human Rights Day, to blow up what a grafitto called the ANTECHAMBER OF HELL. Sighed hotdog vendor, Pablo Rodriguez: “Too much suffering, too much disgrace. It’s finally over.”
  • 34. Ending Your Story
    • Stinger Ending
    • The writer ends with something totally unsuspected by the reader.
    • Ex.:
    • And so Ramon, the shy and lovable Ramon, ended up to be the vicious rapist hunted for in at least three states.
  • 35. Ending Your Story
    • Un-ending
    • This type of ending purposely ends on a limb, creating suspense and interest in a follow up.
    • Ex.:
    • Informants are often reluctant to come forward, whether out of fear, loyalty or a general aversion to getting involved, and this case has provided its own reasons for tipsters to be wary. Many sources who gave the FBI information on Jewell, ranging from his work history to his living habits, must be wondering today if the leads they provided helped keep the investigation focused in a probably innocent man. Still, the FBI is hoping that popular interest in seeing the real bomber punished and the lure of a $500,000 bounty, will keep those calls and photos coming.
  • 36. News Sentence Structure
    • Passive sentences
        • Follows the Object-Verb-Subject agreement
        • Example:
        • O V S
        • A man was bitten by the dog.
    • Active sentences
        • Follows the Subject-Verb-Object agreement
        • Example:
        • S V O
        • The dog bites a man.
  • 37. Importance of Script
    • It ensures smooth continuity of the program
        • Smooth flow of things from beginning to end
        • Avoidance of “dead air”
        • Keeps from saying anything irrelevant
    • It aids in proper program timing
        • Ensures program not to go overtime or undertime
        • It approximates the total program length
  • 38. Importance of Script
    • It ensures accuracy of information
        • Written facts are far better than be dependent on the announcer’s memory.
        • Summarizes facts in magazines, books or pieces of paper
    • It helps in presenting information in an organized manner
        • Guides in discussing information in a logical order.
  • 39. The Cardinal Rule in Writing for Radio
    • IT’S SPOKEN (“Write for the ear, not for the eye”)
        • Think it, say it, then write!
        • Use contractions
        • Change complex words to simpler ones
        • Punctuate for sound
        • Avoid sound clashes
        • Provide a pronunciation guide
  • 40. CONTRACTIONS
    • No Contractions
    • I will
    • It is
    • She is
    • He would not
    • Dalan
    • Sumala
    • Gikawatan og
    • Using Contractions
    • I’ll
    • It’s
    • She’s
    • He wouldn’t
    • Da’an
    • Suma’a
    • Gikawata’g
  • 41. COMPLEX WORDS
    • Complex Words
    • Nictitate
    • Halitosis
    • Monosodium Glutamate
    • Law of Supply and Demand
    • Simple Words
    • Wink
    • Bad breath
    • Seasoning or Vetsin
    • Increase in demand
  • 42. PUNCTUATE FOR SOUND
    • ! – indicates inflection—something to emphasize.
    • ? - signifies questions
    • /,… - indicate pause
    •  - in a happy mood
  • 43. AVOID SOUND CLASHES
    • Avoid alliterations— repetition of the initial sound of nearby words or syllables.
    • Wilma and William watched the window washers walk with Walter.
  • 44. Avoid Sound Clashes
    • Be careful of sibilant (s,z,sh,zh,ch,j) and popping (b, p) sounds
    • She saw some shiny shells shimmering on the shore while she sat sipping her champagne.
    • Bobby blew and blew some big, bright blue bubbles.
  • 45. Avoid Sound Clashes
    • Watch out for tongue twisters .
    • Thirty thrifty rural residents rented thirty-three tricycles.
    • Sherry Sue sure showed some spirit studying Statistics she’s taking this summer.
    • Ang relo ni Roy Royal.
  • 46. Avoid Sound Clashes
    • Avoid repeating words or using words that have the same sound.
    • The local building was built by a local builder.
  • 47. Pronunciation Guide
    • It is important not to mispronounce names of persons, places or things
    • Antilles ( An-til-lez )
    • Pneumonia ( noo-mo-nia )
    • Tawo ( taw’ )
  • 48. Pronunciation Guide
    • Break down scientific and technical terms that are difficult to read.
    • Extraterritoriality ( ex-tra-ter-ri-to-ria-li-ty )
    • Deoxyribonucleic acid ( deo-xy-ri-bo-nuc-lic acid )
  • 49. Cebuano Journalism
    • Sentence Structure:
    • S V O
    • I am going to the Carbon Market.
    • Ako moadto sa Carbon Market.
    • V S O
    • Moadto ko sa Carbon Market
  • 50. News Process
    • News Gathering
    • News Writing
    • News Presentation/Reporting
          • Live Reports
            • Scripts, Outline, Raw Notes
            • Live interviews (Expert, M-O-T-S)
          • Canned Reports
            • Pre-recorded in tape or CD/USB stick
          • Newscasting
            • Anchors read scripts most of the time
            • Ad libs are not permitted unless there are technical problems.