PARALLEL BEFORE REBIRTH Bethrothal feast represents the Last Supper Betrayal by 3 friends parallels the Denial by Saint Peter (archetypal) Three nails into Jesus, three betrayals that affected Dantes. Dantes starves himself similar to Jesus’s fasting prior to revelation Dantes descent to jail parallels Jesus’s death
Monte Cristo literally translates into Mountain of Christ. Cavalry was the mountain where Christ was crucified (Dumas, 451) Franz thinks that the Count of Monte Cristo is no friendlier than the Cavalry was to Christ (Dumas, 308).
PARALLEL AFTER REBIRTH Dantes’s escape from prison represents Jesus’s resurrection (olderand newer Dantes) Lost identity of Dantes compared to the missing body of Jesus Monte Cristo’s use of the elixir of life to save lives, and oftentimes bring them back from the “dead.” Jesus resurrected thedaughter of Jairus (which is told in the three gospels). Father-Son relationship
DIVINE JUSTICE Human Justice vs. Divine Justice The Count of Monte Cristo believes that human justice isinsufficient to what his betrayers deserve. On pages 551-556, theCount expresses his view of punishment as an “eye for an eye” whichis similar to what God has ordained upon wrongdoers.http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=ANQQlP23Dh02:45 Abbe Faria asks Dantes about who caused his imprisonment8:20 –Abbe Faria gives Dantes his final lesson
GOOD VS. EVIL Irony of the situation: good doers poor; wrongdoers rich Pede claudo: “retribution will come slowly but surely” (551) “The wicked do not die in that way: God seems to take themunder his protection to use them as the instruments of hisvengeance.” (550) “a rightesous man is rewarded and a wicked one punished.” (247)
GOOD VS. EVIL God’s duty to punish the evil, and bless the good. However, withFernand, Villefort, and Danglars, they all appeared successful. Count also believes that it is his duty (to act as God’s agent) in order to serve theappropriate justice to his betrayers: Fernand, Villefort, and Danglars. “I am thehammer of God” “I am the angel of the Lord” (553) “I was as powerful as if God had allowed me to be born on the steps of athrone.” (458) “Mankind will not be perfect until it can create and destroy like God. It canalready destroy: that’s half the battle.”
Dantes wants to punish the evil doers, and reward the good. He iswilling to do anything in order to accomplish this goal of revenge onhis conspirators. Abbe Faria incites a sense of revenge in Dantes upon thoseresponsible for his imprisonment.
FATE, PROVIDENCE, DESTINY Fate decides the future, and is usually predetermined (fatalism). Loss of hope. Hope is reinvigorated after submission to God. Difficulty, gratitude, etc, characters look up towards the heavens. Various cultures: Parisian, Italian, & Oriental
Devotion to destiny, seeking justice over his enemies would consumethe Count’s life. The Count of Monte Cristo convinces himself that his acts areapproved by God. Throughout the book, the Count’s faith in God and Christianityincreases. Some cases, he assumes the role of God, almost controlling fatefor vengeance, by using items like the elixir oflife, generosity, manipulation, etc.
TEN COMMANDMENTS You shall have no other god before God You shall not make images of God You shall no take the name of the Lord in vain Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy Honor you father and mother You shall not murder You shall not commit adultery You shall not steal You shall not lie or bear false witness You shall not desire another man’s wives.
In Edmond Dantes’s decline to the belly of the whale, representsDantes’s descent to the pits of Hell. His reemergence represents his rise to Heaven. Throughout the book, various characters look towards the Heavens asa sign of gratitude towards God/Providence. Similar to light/dark imagery in that Heaven often representslight, morning, and blessings. Whilst Hell represents the dark, evils, andnight.