Two Reviews Today – a course review. 50 min, then break, 50 min and then a greasy lunch. Tomorrow, taking tests… a life time skill to beating them and maximizing your mark. Tomorrow’s review is an afternoon review.
Marks from all students around the Province of British Columbia
Notice how many students entered with A’s but left with Bs’ Don’t squander your year of work…
Today…. Review of Essays Some Concepts missed on Multiple Choice Review of Course through PMs Break – Snacks provided. Review Mock Final Review exam questions
GERMS - P Geographic Economic Religious Military Social and Political
The most important three.. Social Economic Political (the other three can become obvious)
Essays Marked Most were well done. Only three or four solid “6”’s out of the over 60 that I marked. That being said, there were very few “2”s and “3”s given out. There were common mistakes
Strengths Good thesis. Most people attempted to write at least something. Most people created outlines. Some people included information found on the Multiple Choice sections
Common Mistakes related to the essay…. Expand your discussion if you think you can add more. Too much expansion… if you don’t know what you are talking about, it does become obvious. Be careful with opinions. Answer the question – or at the very least, ensure your thesis addresses the question.
Common Mistakes related to the essay…. Not Answering the question asked…we are given very specific marking criteria, and the question needs to be addressed. Some people described the causes and effects or Global Warming, but did not mention that solutions. These essays will not get top marks… no matter how good they are otherwise. GLOBAL WARMING and DEPLETION OF THE OZONE ARE CLOSELY RELATED – BUT NOT THE SAME. They are threats to state of the atmosphere, but are different issues. To confuse you more, CFC’s ARE considered a greenhouse gas, just not the main culprit.
Other mistakes Generally there are two themes of questions… One related to Geography, and one related to National Identity or political autonomy. Occasionally the theme of Discrimination comes up.
Common Multiple Choice Wrongs? A few… will go over more later.
Know your Essay… Study Exam Prep Book Teachers DO look at your marks This is a mandatory exam.
Command words that are commonly used for essay questions: 1. Explain – This is a straightforward command word that is asking you to make clear the reason for a situation, or the reasons why a series of events occurred. 2. Support – When asked to do this, you are being directed to give points in favour of a certain position. With this type of essay, the thesis is basically given to you in the question and you are just asked to support the thesis. 3. Analyze – Here you are being asked to examine the topic by considering and discussing each part or section of the topic. 4. Compare – When asked to do this, it is generally assumed that you will both compare and contrast the topic. Your task is to give similarities and differences for the topic being discussed. 5. To what extent? – If these words are used as the command words in a topic, it is assumed that there are two positions possible on the topic. You are expected to weigh the strength of the two sides, and come to a conclusion about which side presents the stronger argument.
6. Evaluate – In this situation, you are being asked to make a judgment between two positions or arguments. You are being asked to weigh the arguments on both sides of the question, and come to a conclusion about which side represents the stronger position. In this way, it is similar to the ‘To what extent’ question. 7. Assess – Here you are being asked to estimate the value of something. So you have to make a judgment and then use facts to prove your case. It is similar to ‘To what extent’. 8. Discuss – Here you must present the various points of view or ways of looking at a particular topic. 9. Describe – You must give a detailed description or account of an event, situation or topic.
6 point scale at scale point 1: deficient recall of factual content at scale point 2: insufficient recall of factual content at scale point 3: minimal recall of factual content at scale point 4: adequate recall of factual content at scale point 5: proficient recall of factual content at scale point 6: excellent recall of factual content (A mark is assessed, then somehow totaled)
The Scale Explained… hard to get a “6”… very easy to get a “1”. A response may or may not conform to each and every descriptor within a particular scale point. The marker should classify the response into a category based on general impression rather than by checking off each descriptor. NOTE: This is a first draft response and should be scored as such. 6 • A relevant position/thesis is clearly stated. • Excellent recall of factual content; organized in a purposeful and effective manner. • Position is supported with thoroughly developed details and insightful conclusions are drawn. • Expression is clear and fluent with few flaws in communication. 5 • A relevant position/thesis is clearly stated. • Proficient recall of factual content; organized in a purposeful and effective manner. • Position is supported with well developed details and effective conclusions are drawn. • Expression is generally fluent with few flaws in communication. 4 • A relevant position/thesis is evident. • Adequate recall of factual content; generally organized in a purposeful manner. • Position is supported with sufficient details and adequate conclusions are drawn. • Expression is sufficiently fluent; errors do not impede meaning.
6 point scale continued 3 • A relevant position/thesis is attempted. • Minimal recall of factual content; organization is attempted. • Position is supported with some detail and conclusions are weak. • Expression is limited; errors may distract and impede meaning. 2 • A position/thesis is inadequate. • Insufficient recall of factual content; lacks organization. • Absence of supporting details, little or no relevant conclusion. • Expression is awkward; errors interfere with meaning. 1 • A position/thesis is not evident. • Deficient recall of factual content; lacks organization. • Absence of supporting detail. • Expression is full of errors making understanding difficult. 0 • While writing is evident, no attempt has been made to address the topic given or the writing is illegible. No Response - A blank paper with no response given
Autonomy Growth of Canadian independence from 1914 colonial status to full nationhood Evolution of Canada’s status as a “middle power” Canada’s role in the First World War Canada’s role in the Second World War Canada’s role in the Cold War Canada’s role in the UN Security Council, General Assembly, UN agencies, peacekeeping Canada; role in wars since 1945 Canada and human rights issues, 1945 to present
Between 1914 and 1945, Canada moved from colonial status to independent nationhood. Evaluate the accuracy of this statement? (Remember the “autonomy” question!)
World War I – Canada proves itself capable of being an independent nation. High industrial output. Hundreds of thousands of Canadians serve in England, France, Belgium Served with distinction at Ypres 1915, Somme 1916, Vimy 1917, Passchendaele 1917, and the final ‘100 days’ 1918. Capture of the Vimy Ridge is hailed as a great victory. Canadians achieve what the French and British had failed to do. 1919 – Prime Minster Robert Borden insists Canada sign the Treaty of Versailles independently from Britain. Canada given an independent seat at the League of Nations
• 1923 – Canada asked by British government to send troops to help defend against the Turkish army at Chanak. Mackenzie King refuses without asking parliament. • 1923 – Canada signs a fishing treaty (Hailbut Treaty) with the US First treaty signed by Canada not in the presence of a British official. • 1926 – King Byng crisis. King fights an election over issue of British Governor General having too much power in the democratic process. • 1926 – Imperial Conference in London concludes with Balfour Report defining status of the British Dominions and Britain. They are ‘autonomous comminutes equal in status’ – essentially the creation of the British Commonwealth. • 1927 – First Canadian ambassador to the United States name (Vincent Massey) • 1931 – Statue of Westminster is passed. It officially gives independence to the Dominions
Same Mistakes as Previous Years
Canada & the Cold War Dropping of first atomic bombs at the end of World War II Cold War espionage cases: The Gouzenko case (1947) Developing conflict between United States and Soviet Union over post-WWII Europe Formation of NATO (1949) Korean War (1950-53) Anti-communism in Canada during the Cold War The nuclear arms race The Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) The debate over the placement of nuclear weapons in Canada The Vietnam War (1960s-70s) The era of détente (1970s) The “second” Cold War (early 1980s) The end of the Cold War (1989-91)
French/English Relations Confederation, 1867, and the creation of the Province of Quebec Riel Rebellion, 1885 Manitoba Schools Question, 1890 Conscription in World War I and World War II Quiet Revolution, 1960 – 1966 F.L.Q. Crises, October, 1970 Election of the Parti Quebecois, 1976 Referendum of 1980 Failure of Meech Lake Accord, 1987 Charlottetown Accord, 1992 (and national referendum) Bloc Quebecois Language Laws – Bill 101, 178 Bill 101/178 and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms Notwithstanding Clause
Avoid Common Mix Ups People commonly confuse… - Global warming with Ozone Layer Depletion Other sometimes do not answer the question properly… Markers will sometimes argue about an essay, and then will refer to the essay topic again. “6” level essays have been reduced to “3”’s Remember, we (and they for secondary marking) do not know who you are, and cannot say…. I think they meant…
Notable Prime Ministers
Robert Borden(Term 1911-1920) - World War I – Conscription Bill - Women the right to vote - War effort continues the theme of autonomy - Passed a War Measures Act - Considered a “Father of Canadian Autonomy”
R.B. Bennett(1930-35) Self made millionaire Served during worst years of Depression Tried to implementing reforms to solve the depression “New Deal” Measures to solve the Depression did not really work, and he was blamed
William Lyon Mackenzie KingTerms (1921-30, 1935-48) Before and After the Depression Kept Canada united World War II PM Some racist policies under King “blockade” of Jewish refugees fleeing Nazis Internment of Japanese Canadians Racist immigration policies until 1962
Louis St. Laurent 1948-57 French Canadian. ( Cold War PM Canada established as a Middle Power PM during Korean War Megaprojects St. Lawrence Seaway Trans-Canada
John Diefenbaker (1957-63) “the Chief” Pro-British, Anti-American Scrapped Avro Arrow 1960 Bill of Rights Dismantled Racist Immigration Policies that used a quota system Waves of Immigration from Asia
Lester Mike Pearson (1963-68) Nobel Peace Prize 1957 UN Peacekeeping – e.g. Suez, Cyprus Notable things Pension Plan Medicare Canadian Flag Internationally Recognized as Canadians have served on Peacekeeping missions around the World. Today – Afghanistan.
Pierre Trudeau (1968-79, 1980-84) Strong Federalist, wanted to secure Quebec’s place in Canda. Very Liberal, state has no place in the bedrooms of Canadians. “Trudeaumania” War Measures Act – FLQ Crisis – “Just Watch Me” “Father of Official Bilingualism” Love him or hate him – He was popular Canadian Constitution of 1982 along with the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Controversial National Energy Policy – Petrocanada!
Brian Mulroney Father of Free Trade – NAFTA GST “Goods and Services Tax”– People still mad! Failure of Meech Lake Accord and Charlottown Conference Father of Ben Mulroney – Canadian Idol host.
Jean Chrétien Not much news, but no news is probably good news. Kyoto commitment was made Jean Chrétien. End of “reign” was tainted by the sponship scandal.
Political Spectrum in Canada(no perfect matches for Parties but they are close)
Socialism: Believes in a more egalitarian society Supports a large role for government in the economy Believes in government ownership of some sectors of the economy Supports government role in social welfare Generally wants to use the tax system to equalize rich and poor in society Believes in equal rights for all members of society Supports change in order to improve the lives of individuals
Liberalism: Supports change if it improves the lives of individuals Believes the government should provide social welfare to individuals Believes in economic freedom for all people Believes in equal rights for all members of society Supports using taxes to redistribute wealth, but also believes that wealthy individuals are needed to create employment for others
Conservatism: Supports traditions in society Believes changes in society should be made very cautiously Believes the government should play a small role in the economy and allow businesses to basically run the economy Supports private ownership of all parts of the economy Believes law and order are important in society, with less emphasis on the rights of the individual Believes in lower taxes and fewer government services for people