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  • 1. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 0TaaVeeKun fertilizer profileNUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD.SSM NO.: 916234-UBusiness activities: Plantation management Planting materials Fertilizers – granular, foliar, powder & paste Agriculture equipment & machineries Plantation maintenance & upkeep Labours Commodities: oil palm, rubber, paddy,cash crops, fruit trees and flower plantsAddress:P.O. Box 7540, 40718 Shah Alam, Selangor D.E.Lot 3157, Jln Kebun Bunga, Batu Tiga, 40300Shah Alam, Selangor, MalaysiaTel: +603 55233428, 0192141222, 0197707707Fax: +603 55113428Websites:www.cleanagent.net, www.taaveekun.comwww.facebook.com/nusantaraplantationswww.fertilelands.wordpress.comEmail: nusantaraplantations@gmail.com“Agriculture for food & greens”
  • 2. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 1Corporate informationName: NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD.No. SSM: 916234-UIncorporated: 29 September 2010Business nature: Plantation, Consultant and TradingAuthorized capital: RM 1,000,000Paid up capital: RM 1,000,000Directors: Mohd Yunus Bin A. RazakZaini Ithnin Bin Hj. A. RajakOfficers: Zaini Ithnin Bin Hj. A. Rajak, 0192141222CEO, zainiithnin@gmail.comMohd Yunus Bin A. Razak, 0197707707COO, mohdyunusrazak@gmail.comAddress: P.O. Box 7540, 40718 Shah Alam, Selangor, MalaysiaStore: Lot 3157, Jln Kebun Bunga, Batu Tiga, 40300 ShahAlam, Selangor, MalaysiaTelefon: +60 3 5523 3428, 0192141222, 0197707707Facsimile: +60 3 5511 3428Website: www.cleanagent.net, www.taaveekun.comwww.facebook.com/nusantaraplantations.sdnbhdwww.fertilelands.wordpress.comCorporateInformation
  • 3. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 2Name Zaini Ithnin Bin Hj. A. RajakNRIC 640504-01-5819Mobile 0192141222Email zainiithnin@gmail.comAddress 6, Jalan Gedombak 11/5G, Seksyen 11,40100 Shah Alam, Selangor DEEducation M.Sc. Forestry, Purdue University, USA, 1989B.Sc. Wood Technology, University of Maine, USA, 1987Diploma in Wood Technology, UiTM, 1986Experience 1990 – 1995: Lecturer, UiTM1995 – 1997: Chief Executive Officer, F.I.T Center Sdn Bhd.,FITEC, a GLC between KPUN and UNDP.1998 – 2000: General Manager, Malayan Industrial &Engineering Co. Sdn Bhd., MIECO, a GLC ofPerbadanan Kemajuan Ekonomi Islam NegeriJohor2000 – 2005: General Manager, Selectvest Sdn Bhd.2006 – present: Chief Executive Officer, Dynareka Sdn Bhd.2008 – 2010: Chief Executive Officer, Forest PlantationsDevelopment Sdn Bhd, a GLC of Ministry ofPlantation Industries and CommodityAssociatescompaniesTechnicqal Sdn Bhd., founderClean Agent Sdn Bhd., founderNusantara Plantations Sdn Bhd, founderMykenaf Sdn Bhd, founderSynergyzforce Sdn Bhd, CEOChiefExecutiveOfficer
  • 4. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 3No.Description Notes Packing & priceMalaysia1. Soil amendment Bio-SuperCap Pokok Sawit, granular typeN:<2, P:<2, K:<3, Ca:18-22%,MgO:9-12%, TE: Fe, S, Zn, Cu,Mn, B, Cl, Mo, Se, Dolomite +mikrob efektif.25 kg/bag40 bag/tonRM 47.50/bagRM 1,900/ton2. Baja sebatian mineral TaaveekunCap Pokok Sawit, granular typeN:16, P:4, K:20, 2MgO, 1B, TE, HACompound fertilizer with zeolite,dolomite and effective microbs.25 kg/bag40 bag/tonRM 57.50/bagRM2,300/ton3. Taa Vee Kun Super GOLDNitrogen, MgO, Boron,Molybdenum, Manganese, K2O,Organic carbon, Zinc1 liter / bottleRM 150/bottle4. Amino asid Taa Vee Kun Super 3Nitrogen, P2O5,K2O, MgO,Molybdenum, Manganese, Organiccarbon, Zinc1 liter / bottleRM 130/bottle5. Asid amino Taa Vee kun SuperHumic acid, nitrogen, phosphate,potash, magnesium, zink, boron,copper, ferum, manggan,Jibberalin, zytokynin.pH concentrated:4.5-6.51 liter / bottleRM 120/bottle6. TVK Wood Vinegar SuperAcetic acid, tetra hydro fulfury, propionic acid, rata meta cresol, orthocresol, nonan olid, methanol,furfural, furfuryl, ethyl, ethanol,methoxy cresol, cyclopinternon1 liter / bottleRM 120/ bottleFertilizer:Granular&foliar-Taaveekun
  • 5. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 4FertilizersFertilizers are soil amendments applied to promote plant growth; the main nutrientspresent in fertilizer are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (the macronutrients)and other nutrients (micronutrients) are added in smaller amounts. Fertilizers areusually directly applied to soil, and also sprayed on leaves (foliar feeding).A soil conditioner, also called a soil amendment, is a material added to soil toimprove plant growth and health. A conditioner or a combination of conditionerscorrects the soils deficiencies in structure and-or nutrients.The type of conditioner added depends on the current soil composition, climate, andthe type of plant. Some soils lack nutrients necessary for proper plant growth. Somehold too much or too little water, with water conservation aided in the latter. They canbe incorporated into the soil or applied to the surface.Lime is used to make soil less acidic, as is lime-containing crushed stone. Fertilizers,such as peat, manure, anaerobic digestive or compost add depleted plant nutrients.Materials such as diatomaceous earth, clay, vermiculite, hydrogel, and shredded barkwill make soil hold more water. Gypsum releases nutrients and improves soilstructure. Sometimes a soil inoculant is added for legumes.Unless clay is incorporated into a healthy crumb structure, water may bond to it toostrongly to be available to plant roots or run off before penetrating the surface.Mulching is one technique to correct this.HumusHumus has a characteristic black or dark brown color, due to an accumulation oforganic carbon.In soil science, humus refers to any organic matter that has reached a point ofstability, where it will break down no further and might, if conditions do not change,remain essentially as it is for centuries, if not millennia.
  • 6. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 5In agriculture, humus is sometimes also used to describe mature compost, or naturalcompost extracted from a forest or other spontaneous source for use to amend soil. Itis also used to describe a topsoil horizon that contains organic matter (humus type,humus form, humus profile).Fertilizers typically provide, in varying proportions: the three primary macronutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium(K). the three secondary macronutrients: calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), magnesium(Mg). and the micronutrients or trace minerals: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese(Mn), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) and selenium (Se).Fertilizers are broadly divided into organic fertilizers (composed of enriched organicmatter—plant or animal), or inorganic fertilizers (composed of synthetic chemicalsand/or minerals).Organic fertilizers include naturally occurring organic materials, (e.g. manure, wormcastings, compost, seaweed, guano), or naturally occurring mineral deposits (e.g.saltpeter).Benefits of organic fertilizerOrganic fertilizers have been known improve the biodiversity (soil life) and long-termproductivity of soil, and may prove a large depository for excess carbon dioxide.Organic nutrients increase the abundance of soil organisms by providing organicmatter and micronutrients for organisms such as fungal mycorrhiza, (which aid plantsin absorbing nutrients), and can drastically reduce external inputs of pesticides,energy and fertilizer, at the cost of decreased yield.According to UC IPM, all organic fertilizers are classified as slow-release fertilizers,and therefore cannot cause nitrogen burn.TAAVEEKUN fertilizers are organic bio-mineral based.Ammonium Sulphate Ammonium sulphate contains 21 percent nitrogen and 24 percent sulfur. Itblends easily with other ingredients, including urea, to form completefertilizers. It is very stable and can be stored for longer periods since it doesnot melt in humid conditions. It will make the soil more acidic over time so soiltesting is recommended.Diammonium Phosphate Used as a phosphorous component in complete fertilizers, it also contains asubstantial amount of nitrogen, 18 percent to be exact. Another commonphosphorous source that contains nitrogen includes monoammoniumphosphate.
  • 7. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 6SOIL AMENDMENTProduct Soil Amendment Bio SuperCap Pokok SawitActive Ingredients i. Magnesium oxide of mineral-based and plantboosterii. Effective microbes to spur the microorganism andcreates enzymeFunction i. Improve soil pHii. Increase biological and chemical content in the soiliii. Multiplier effect of nutrient content to be absorbedby plantsiv. Strengthen the fertilizing effectiveness via nutrientabsorbency by rootsv. Providing calcium, Ca and magnesium, Mg to plantsApplications i. Broadcast soil amendment fertilizer around thetree trunk, root zones or field plot intended for thesowing about 600 kg – 900 kg / ha.Effect andgoodnessi. Improve fertilizing effectiveness via betterabsorbency potential of the roots.ii. Providing better quality of calcium and magnesiumto soil and plantsiii. Plant boosting elements and improving overallyield.
  • 8. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 7Product Mineral-based chemical compound fertilizerCap Pokok Sawit 16 : 4 : 20 + 2MgO +1B + TEActive ingredients i. Nitorogen (16), Potassium (4), Kalium (20),magnesium oxide, Boron, zeolite dan traceelementsii. Effective microbes compoundFunctions i. Improve yield quality and quantityii. Heavier yield, big, solid and shinesiii. Higher oil extraction ratiosiv. Fresher fruits, long lasting and structurally betterv. Increasing soil pHvi. Improving biological and chemical content of thesoilvii. Enrich nutrient content for plants consumptionsApplications i. Broadcast mineral-based chemical compoundfertilizer around the tree trunk or onto the rootzones between 400 kg – 600 kg / ha.Effect andgoodnessi. Improve fertilizing effectiveness via betterabsorbency potential of the roots.ii. Providing better quality of calcium and magnesiumto soil and plantsiii. Plant boosting elements and improving overallyield.
  • 9. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 8ACID AMINOProduct Amino Acid Taa Vee Kun SuperActive ingredients i. Amino acid from bio-extractionsii. Solution pH, 4.5 – 6.5iii. Humic Acid, 5iv. Nitrogen N, 2v. Phosphate (T P205), 2vi. Potash (T K2O), 2vii. Magnesium MgO, 3viii. Trace element, TE (Zn, B, Cu, Fe, Mn); Traceix. Jibberalin, mg/l: 9.1 – 38.1x. Zytokynin, mg/l: 0.9 – 12.8xi. Added fertilizing elementsFunction i. Improving plant growth and diversificationii. Rejuvenating new roots and strengthen root systemiii. Increase biological activities in the soiliv. Strengthening plants insusceptibility to insect andfungus attacksApplications i. Add 1 liter of amino acid to 400 liter of clean waterii. Spray the solution to the leaves, stem and rootzones about 1 liter / tree for mature palm andrubber tree. Every 2 monthsiii. Spray well to new plants in the nursery. Once in 2 –3 weeks.iv. Spray well to cash crops. Once in 2 – 3 weeks.Effect andgoodnessi. Boosting agent for root systemii. Enriching the microorganism in the soiliii. Defusing the insect attack
  • 10. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 9WOOD VINEGARProduct Wood Vinegar TVK VINEGAR SuperActiveingredientso Acetic acid, % : 2.5o Tetra hydro fulfury1 alcohol, % : 0.04o Prop ionic acid, % : 0.1o Rara+meta-cresol, % : 0.07o Ortho-cresol, % : 0.06o Nonan-1.4-olld, % : 0.02o Methanol, % : 0.11o Furfural, % : 0.1o Furfury1 alcohol, % : 0.01o Ethy1-gulalcahol, % : 0.01o Ethanol-alcohol, % : 0.5o Cycloten, % : 0.12o Gulacohol, % : 0.03o Acetone, & : 0.1o 2-Methoxy-4-cresol, % : 0.06o 2-Cyclopinternon, % : 0.02Functions  Protecting plants from diseases, insect and pest attacks Improving the good microbes expansions in the soil Helps germinating new roots and plant growth Additional active chemicals, biomass, sugar, chemicalfertilizer, organic, inorganic and fermentations Helps eliminating bad odor Extend the fruits and vegetable freshness, sweetness, greattaste and appearance Keeping trees from fungus and fungal attacksApplications  Add 1 liter of wood vinegar to 400 liter of clean water Spray the solution to the leaves, stem and root zones about 1liter / tree for mature palm and rubber tree. Every 2 months Spray well to new plants in the nursery. Once in 2 – 3 weeks. Spray well to cash crops. Once in 2 – 3 weeks.
  • 11. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 10TAA VEE KUN SUPER 3Product Amino Acid TAA VEE KUN SUPER 3Activeingredientso Nitrogen, N: 13.5%o P2O5: 1.4%o K2O: 5.4%o MgO, ppm: 2810.8o Molybdenum, ppm: 0.1o Manganese, ppm: 197.8o Organic carbon: 4.7%o Zinc, ppm: 137.5Functions  Improve yield quality and quantity. Faster flowering and producing fruits. Bigger size and evenly ripe colors. Last longer of the harvested yields. Slow to degrade andprotecting fruits from insect attacks. Stronger young shoots and fruits not easily to fall, Strengthen the fruits stalks and flowers from falling. Revitalizing plant growth and new cell development forroots and shootsApplications  Spray well the solutions to the plants Fruit trees: 40 – 60ml + 20L water: Every 7 – 10 days. Vegetables: 40 – 60ml +20L water: Every 7 – 10 days Flower trees: 30 – 60ml + 20L water: Every 7-10 days Paddy: 40 – 60 ml +20L air: 40, 60 & 80 days after planting Oil palm, rubber & kenaf: 40 – 50ml +20L water: Every 20 – 30days
  • 12. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 11TAA VEE KUN SUPER GOLDProduct TAA VEE KUN SUPER GOLDActiveingredientso Nitrogen, N: 10.2%o MgO, ppm: 0.32o Boron, ppm: 412o Molybdenum, ppm: 1.0o Manganese, ppm: 0.12o K2O: 17%o Organic carbon: 7%o Zinc, ppm: 0.312Function  Improve yield. Faster flowering and producing fruits.Bigger size and evenly ripe colors. Last longer of the harvested yields. Slow to degrade andprotecting properties from insect attacks. Stronger young shoots and fruits not easily to fall, Strengthen the fruits stalks and flowers from falling. Revitalizing plant growthApplications  Spray well the solutions to the plants Fruit trees: 40 – 50ml + 20L water - every 2 months Vegetables: 30 – 40ml +20L water – 7 – 10 days Paddy: 40 – 60 ml +20L water: 40 -60 – 80 - 90 days afterplanting Rubber, oil palm & kenaf: 50 – 60ml +20L water – every 2months
  • 13. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 12Rub Cure / EH (epi-heal)Product Name EH (epi-heal)Active ingredient Consist of very fine particle [<200 mesh] of inorganicmaterials mineral and plant’s boosterIntended uses i. For young untapped rubber trees for protection fromfungus and pathogen- Apply on the whole rubber stem about 15cmabove the soil to 50cm.ii. For rubber tree been tapping is to rejuvenate thedevelopment of new epidermis (bark)- Apply on the of tapped surface, from the tappingchannel to about 20cm above the channelFunction i. Softening the bark by process of fast creating newcells and healing the cut vesselii. Increase solid rubber contentiii. Protect tapping area from rot pathogenApplicationmethodi. Take 100 gm of EH (epi-heal) and mix with 300 ml ofclean water (1:3 ratio)ii. Stir it well until it properly mixed and forming apaste solutionsiii. Using 10cm brush, apply the paste on to the surfaceof the whole young tree or on the tapping areaiv. One layer only, reapply on the missed areav. Use about 5 ml of the paste on each treevi. 1 kg of EHH can be used for 700 treesvii. Apply every 2 months for best resultsCare i. Please keep below 24⁰C / room temperatureii. Don’t expose to air, the organic material will reactwith air and the product become less effectiveiii. The shelve life is for 12 months.iv. The pot life when in paste form12 hoursSpecific benefit i. Soft bark for easy to tappingii. Increase latex yield foriii. Increase income of farmer.
  • 14. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 13GroYield / Hevea Nutri / EHH (eco-hancer-hormone)Product Name GroYield / Heava Nutri / EHH (eco hancer hormone)Active ingredient N : P : K (major elements)HormoneTrace elementsIntended uses i. For rubber tree been tapping is to enhance themicronutrient supply to the plants, in returnincreasing the latex yield by the active hormone- Apply best between 1 PM to 6 PM in theafternoon- Peel off the hardened layer of dry rubber on thetapping channel- Apply directly one layer of EHH onto the cut-wooden cell vessel using paint brush or toothbrush- Let it dry- Record the increases of latex production within 3days after the application.Function i. Increase the supply of micronutrient to the barkii. Softening the bark by process of hormoneiii. Increase solid rubber content from 28 to33 (or by>5%)Applicationmethodi. Peel off the hardened layer of dry rubber on thetapping channelii. Apply directly one layer of EHH onto the cut-wooden cell vessel using paint brush or tooth brushiii. One layer only, reapply on the missed areaiv. 1 liter of EHH for 800 – 1,000 rubber treesv. Apply the EHH for every 2 weeks for best results.Care i. Please keep below 28⁰C / room temperatureii. Don’t expose to air, the hormone will react with airand the product become less effectiveiii. The shelve life is for2 yearsiv. The pot life when after it expose to air is 4 hoursSpecific benefit i. Soft bark for easy to tappingii. Increase income of farmers
  • 15. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 14TAAVEEKUN fertilizers pricesFertilizers Packing Price, FOB MalaysiaSoil Amendment Bio SuperCap Pokok Sawit25 kg/bag40 bags/tonRM 47.50/bagRM 1,900/tonUSD 15.85/bagUSD 633.40/tonMineral-based chemical compoundfertilizer16:4:20+2MgO+1B+TECap Pokok Sawit25 kg/bag40 bags/tonRM 57.50/bagRM2,300/tonUSD 19.20/bagUSD 766.70/tonAmino AcidTaa Vee Kun Super1 liter bottle12 bottle/cartonRM 120/liter bottleUSD 40.00/liter bottleWood VinegarTVK Super1 liter bottle12 bottle/cartonRM 120/liter bottleUSD 40.00/liter bottleAmino AsidTAA Vee Kun Super 31 liter bottle12 bottle/cartonRM 130/liter bottleUSD 43.40/liter bottleTAA VEE KUN Super Gold1 liter bottle12 bottle/cartonRM 150/liter bottleUSD 50.00 /liter bottle
  • 16. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 15Seventeen chemical elements needed for all plants1. Carbon2. Nitrogen3. Magnesium4. Hydrogen5. Phosphorus6. Manganese7. Oxygen8. Potassium9. Molybdenum10. Sulfur11. Copper12. Zinc13. Calcium14. Iron15. Chlorine16. Nickle17. Boron
  • 17. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 16Source of elements: air, water, earth & fertilizerNitrogen (N) Phosphorus (P) Potassium (K)Calcium (Ca) Magnesium (Mg) Sulfur (S)Iron (Fe) Manganese (Mn) Zinc (Zn)Copper (Cu) Boron (B) Nickle (Ni)Chlorine (Cl) Molybdenum (Mo)Carbon (C) Hydrogen (H) Oxygen (O)
  • 18. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 17FUNCTIONS OF THE ELEMENTS OBTAINED FROM THE SOIL AND ADDED FERTILIZERA. Primary Plant Food ElementsNitrogen Plants rapidly utilize these elements and unfertilized Phosphorus soilsnormally cannot provide them in quantities needed for Potassium (Potash) bestplant growth.Nitrogen (N)1. Promotes rapid vegetative growth (leaf and stems) hastening recovery aftermowing and imparting vigor to the turf.2. A vital element in the formation and function of chlorophyll–the keyingredient imparting dark green color.3. Synthesizes amino acids which in turn form protein.4. Regulates the uptake of other nutrients.5. Basic ingredient of vital compounds - Nucleic acid and enzymes.Phosphorus (P)1. Stimulates early root formation and growth–gets plants off to a good start andforms a root filter system in the soil to efficiently pick up the other availableplant nutrients and water. Improves the strength and stamina of the plant.2. Hastens maturity (conversion of starch to sugar).3. Stimulates blooming and seed development.4. Causes energy transformation and conversion processes in which sugars areconverted to hormones, protein and energy to grow new leaves and fruit.5. Forms nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).6. Vital for photosynthesis (greening for plants).7. Essential for cell division.Potassium (K)1. Aids in the development of stems and leaves.2. Increases disease resistance and hardiness which helps wear ability.3. Strengthens cell walls, causing grass to stand up and reduces lodging.4. Affects water intake by plant cells–plants with inadequate potassium may wiltin the presence of ample moisture.5. Acts as a catalyst in Iron uptake.6. Essential to the formation and translocation of protein, starches, sugar andoil–improving the size and quality of fruit, grains and tubers.
  • 19. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 18B. Secondary Plant Food ElementsCalcium They are used in somewhat less quantities than the primary Magnesiumelements, but they are just as essential for plant growth and Sulfur quality.Calcium (Ca)1. Calcium is an essential part of cell wall structure and must be present for theformation of new cells.2. Deficiency of calcium causes weakened stemsand premature shedding ofblossoms and buds.Magnesium (Mg)1. Essential for photosynthesis (greening of plant).2. Activator for many plant enzymes required in growth process.Sulfur (S)1. A constituent of three amino acids and is therefore essential in the formationof protein.2. Helps maintain green color in plants.3. Improves alkaline soils.4. Helps compacted soils–making them loose and allowing better waterpenetration. Sulfur Note–There are commonly two types of sulfur applied toplants and soils:Sulfate Sulfur (SO4) Elemental Sulfur (S)1. Sulfate Sulfur (SO4) is the form taken up for plant food. Many plants require asmuch sulfur as phosphate in their growth processes. Sulfate Sulfur (SO4) iscontained in gypsum (CaSO4) and other sulfate fertilizers–Ammonium Sulfate,Ammonium Phosphate Sulfate and many turf fertilizers.2. Gypsum (CaSO4) will help reclaim alkali soils and make them loose andfriable. Alkali soils contain sodium which causes soil to disperse, puddle andseal up. The free calcium from gypsum will replace the sodium on the clayparticle and allow the sodium to be leached out of the soil.3. It also causes the small soil particles to flocculate (join together in smallcrumbs), leaving space between them for air and water movement.C. Micro nutrientsIron (Fe) Necessary for the formation of the chlorophyll Iron deficiencies are most common in wet, cold or high pH soils Aids in the activation of a number of biochemical processes within theplant
  • 20. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 19Zinc (Zn) Zinc is an essential component of several plant enzymes. It is a part ofauxins and controls the synthesis of indoleacetic acid which regulatesgrowth compounds. Zinc also affects the intake and efficient use of water by plants.Manganese (Mn) Manganese serves as an activator for enzymes in plants. WithoutManganese, the plants cannot use theiron which they have absorbed. Itassists the iron in chlorophyll formation which causes yellowish turf togreen up.Copper (Cu) Important in the synthesis of certain plant growth substances Serves as an activator for several essential enzymes Needed only in small quantites; large amounts can be toxic to turfgrassplants Deficiencies are usually only found in highly alkaline (high pH) organicsoils or heavily leeched soilsChlorine (Cl) Although essential for proper plant function, only small quantities arerequired May help in the regulation of osmotic pressure within the plant cell Deficiency is rarely observedChlorophyll in the plant cell (causes turf to maintain a healthy green color). Itserves as a catalyst for biological processes such as respiration, symbiotic fixationof nitrogen and photosynthesis.Applications of iron can correct iron deficiency, but it may be temporary in highpH soils, due to tie up with calcium.This may require acidification of the soil with elemental sulfur or the use ofammonium forms of nitrogen or some other acidification agents.As ammonium converts to nitrate in the soil, it has an acidifying effect. Thisacidifying effect makes iron and many other elements more available in high pHsoils.
  • 21. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 20GROWTH PROMOTERS• Plant Growth Promoters are those substances used for better management ofNutrients and Plant growth. These Plant Growth Promoters play a major rolein seed germination, fruit ripening, enhances uptake of nutrients, boostprotein synthesis, augment immunity and helps to withstand stressconditions, reduce flower and fruit drop and help in better plant growth.• Commonly plant growth regulators are auxins, cytocinin, gibberellins, ethyleneetc.Effect of Amino Acids On PlantsThe requirement of amino acids in essential quantities is well known as a meansto increase yield and overall quality of crops.Amino Acids are also supplied to plant by incorporating them into the soil. It helpsin improving the micro flora of the soil thereby facilitating the assimilation ofnutrients. Amino Acids help to increase chlorophyll concentration in the plant leadingto higher degree of photosynthesis. This makes crops lush Green Increase crop yield and quality. Even though plants have the inherentcapacity to biosynthesize all the amino acids needed from nitrogen, carbonoxygen and hydrogen, the biochemical process is quite complex and energyconsuming. As such, the application of amino acids such as those containedin HYT Nutrition allow for the plant to save energy on this process, whichcan be dedicated to better plant development during critical growth stages. Amino acids are fundamental ingredients in a protein’s biosynthetic processand nearly twenty amino acids types are involved in biosynthetic processes.Studies have shown that amino acids can directly or indirectly in a plant’sphysiological activities.Amino acids are applied through foliar feeding, absorbed through the plant’sstomata or via the root area when incorporated into the soil. This also helpsimprove micro flora, which in turn, facilitates the nutrient assimilation.AuxinsThe term auxin is derived from the Greek word auxein which means to grow.Compounds are generally considered auxins if they can be characterized by theirability to induce cell elongation in stems and otherwise resemble indoleacetic acid
  • 22. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 21(the first auxin isolated) in physiological activity. Auxins usually affect otherprocesses in addition to cell elongation of stem cells but this characteristic isconsidered critical of all auxins and thus "helps" define the hormone.The following are some of the responses that auxin is known to cause Stimulates cell elongation Stimulates cell division in the cambium and, in combination with cytokininsin tissue culture Stimulates differentiation of phloem and xylem Stimulates root initiation on stem cuttings and lateral root development intissue culture Mediates the tropistic response of bending in response to gravity and light The auxin supply from the apical bud suppresses growth of lateral buds Delays leaf senescence Can inhibit or promote (via ethylene stimulation) leaf and fruit abscission Can induce fruit setting and growth in some plants Involved in assimilate movement toward auxin possibly by an effect onphloem transport Delays fruit ripening Promotes flowering in Bromeliads Stimulates growth of flower parts Promotes (via ethylene production) femaleness in dioecious flowers Stimulates the production of ethylene at high concentrationsCytokinins• Cytokinins are compounds with a structure resembling adenine whichpromote cell division and have other similar functions to kinetin. Kinetinwas the first cytokinin discovered and so named because of the compoundsability to promote cytokinesis (cell division).• Though it is a natural compound, It is not made in plants, and is thereforeusually considered a "synthetic" cytokinin (meaning that the hormone issynthesized somewhere other than in a plant). The most common form ofnaturally occurring cytokinin in plants today is called zeatin which wasisolated from corn (Zea mays).A list of some of the known physiological effects caused by cytokinins are listedbelow. The response will vary depending on the type of cytokinin and plantspecies.• Stimulates cell division.
  • 23. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 22• Stimulates morphogenesis (shoot initiation/bud formation) in tissueculture.• Stimulates the growth of lateral buds-release of apical dominance.• Stimulates leaf expansion resulting from cell enlargement.• May enhance stomatal opening in some species.• Promotes the conversion of etioplasts into chloroplasts via stimulation ofchlorophyll synthesis.Gibberellins• Gibberellins are classified on the basis of structure as well as function. Allgibberellins are derived from the ent-gibberellane skeleton.• The structure of this skeleton derivative along with the structure of a few ofthe active gibberellins are shown above. The gibberellins are namedGA1....GAn in order of discovery.• Gibberellic acid, which was the first gibberellin to be structurallycharacterised , is GA3. There are currently 136 GAs identified from plants,fungi and bacteria.Dolomite: Soil conditioner Dolomite is natural soil conditioner and help stabilizing soil pH to optimumlevel as well as revitalize plant for maximum yield generation, better macroirrigation system and superior resistant against pest. Dolomite, a citric acid inherent properties is being used in agriculture tosupply magnesium, MgO in place of kieserite via slow release (moisturereaction) method benefiting plants for long periods. Use as fillers in TaaVeeKun granular fertilizerZeolite : volcano organic soil• Improve soil water-holding characteristic• Supplying nutrient whenever needed – moisture reaction• Extend fertilizer life performance• Improve soil fertility• Create harmonized conducive physical environment for the root zone• Use as fillers in TaaVeeKun granular fertilizer
  • 24. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 23Chitosan – the versatile & multi functional fertilizer1. Antimicrobial Properties of ChitosanChitosan exhibits a variety of antimicrobial activities which depend on the type ofchitosan (native or modified), its degree of polymerization, the host, the chemicaland/or nutrient composition of the substrates, and environmental conditions. Insome studies, oligomeric chitosans (pentamers and heptamers) have beenreported to exhibit a better antifungal activity than larger units. In others, theantimicrobial activity increased with the increase in chitosan molecular weight,and seems to be faster on fungi and algae than on bacteria.2. Against virusesChitosan was shown to inhibit the systemic propagation of viruses and viroidsthroughout the plant and to enhance the host’s hypersensitive response toinfection. The level of suppression of viral infections varied according to chitosanmolecular weight. Similar observations were reported with the potato virus X,tobacco mosaic and necrosis viruses, alfalfa mosaic virus, peanut stunt virus, andcucumber mosaic virus virus, peanut stunt virus, and cucumber mosaic virusecrosis viruses, alfalfa mosaic.3. Against bacteriaChitosan inhibits the growth of a wide range of bacteria. The minimal growth-inhibiting concentrations vary among species from 10–1,000 ppm. Quaternaryammonium salts of chitosan, such as N,N,N-trimethylchitosan, N-propyl-N, N-dimethylchitosan and N-furfuryl-N,N-dimethylchitosan were shown to be effectivein inhibiting the growth and development of Escherichia coli, especially in acidicmedia. Similarly, several derivatives of chitin and chitosan were shown to inhibitE. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, some Bacillus species, and several bacteriainfecting fish.4. Against fungi and oomycetesFungicidal activity of chitosan has been documented against various species offungi and oomycetes. The minimal growth-inhibiting concentrations variedbetween 10 and 5,000 ppm. The maximum antifungal activity of chitosan is oftenobserved around its pKa (pH 6.0).
  • 25. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 245. Against insectsAs more and more derivatives of chitosan (i.e., N-alkyl-, N-benzylchitosans) aremade available through chemical synthesis, their insecticidal activities are beingreported using an oral larvae feeding bioassay [37,38]. Twenty four newderivatives were shown to have significant insecticidal activity whenadministered at a rate of 5 g·kg-1 in an artificial diet [37]. The most activederivative, N-(2-chloro-6-fluorobenzyl)chitosan, caused 100% mortality of larvaeand its LC50 was estimated at 0.32 g.kg-1. All synthesized derivatives highlyinhibited larvae growth as compared to chitosan by 7% and the most activederivative was the O-(decanoyl)chitosan, with 64% growth inhibition after 5 daysof feeding on the treated artificial diet.6. Applications of Chitosan in Plant Disease ControlChitosan used to control plant pathogens has been extensively explored with moreor less success depending on the pathosystem, the used derivatives, concentration,degree of deacylation, viscosity, and the applied formulation (i.e., soil amendment,foliar application; chitosan alone or in association with other treatments). Forexample, Muzzarelli et al. [42] tested the effectiveness of five Chemicallymodifiedchitosan derivatives in restricting the growth of Saprolegnia parasitica. Resultsindicated that methylpyrrolidinonechitosan, N-phosphonomethylchitosan, and N-carboxymethylchitosan, as opposed to N-dicarboxymethylchitosan, did not allowthe fungus to grow normally.7. Applied as seed coating agentsGuan et al. examined the use of chitosan to prime maize seeds. Although chitosanhad no significant effect on germination under low temperatures, it enhancedgermination index, reduced the mean germination time, and increased shootheight, root length, and shoot and root dry weights in two tested maize lines. Inboth tested lines, chitosan induced a decline in malonyldialdehyde content,altered the relative permeability of the plasma membrane and increased theconcentrations of soluble sugars and proline, and of peroxidase and catalaseactivities.8. Applied as foliar treatment agentsFoliar application of chitosan has been reported in many systems and for severalpurposes. For instance, foliar application of a chitosan pentamer affected the netphotosynthetic rate of soybean and maize one day after application. Thiscorrelated with increases in stomatal conductance and transpiration rate.Chitosan foliar application did not have any effect on the intercellular CO2concentration. The authors reported that the observed effect on the netphotosynthetic rate is, in general, common in maize and soybean after foliarapplication of high molecular weight chitosan. Foliar applications of theseoligomers did not, on the other hand, affect maize or soybean height, Root length,leaf area, or total dry mass.
  • 26. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 25Humic AcidHumic Acid is a bio-stimulant and can be used on turf, trees, shrubs, bushes, beds,gardens and even on indoor plants. Almost anything that grows will benefit fromHumic Acid.Humic Acid increases nutrient uptake, drought tolerance and seed germination. Itincreases the microbial activity in the soil making it an excellent rootstimulator. Humic Acid increases the availability of nutrients that are already inyour soil and will naturally aerate the soil from the inside. It also will help to lowerthe pH of the soil and will flush high levels of salts out of the root zone.Humic Acid has been used by Nurserymen, Landscapers, Golf Courses, and AthleticFields for years. These professionals have found that Humic Acid saves them onfertilizing and watering rates.BENEFITS OF USING HUMIC ACID Increases nutrient uptake. Your turf (plant) will be a richer, healthier green. Smaller amounts of fertilizers will be needed. Increases drought tolerance. Prevent dry spots. Use lower amounts of water. Increase seed vigor. Higher seed germination. Increase beneficial soil microbe activity. Healthier soil means a healthier turf (plant). Chelates and enhances availability of nutrients. Buffers against high fertilizer salts and pH changes. Helps keep fertilizer from leaching through the soil Initiates vigorous root development. Thick aggressive turf. Improves yields and quality. Denser turf.Taaveekun Humic Acid consists primarily of Humic Acid but it also contains minorlevels of minerals.Taaveekun warrants that the product conforms to its chemical description and isreasonably fit for the purpose stated on the label when used in accordance withdirections under normal conditions of use, but neither this warranty ofmerchantability or fitness for a particular purpose express or implied, extends tothe use, storage or handling of this product contrary to label instructions or under
  • 27. NUSANTARA PLANTATIONS SDN. BHD. - TaaVeeKun fertilizerwww.fertilelands.wordpress.com 26abnormal conditions, or under conditions not reasonably foreseeable to seller, andbuyer assumes the risk of such use.GUARANTEED ANALYSISHumic Acids (Dry Basis)....................................65-75%Moisture.............................................................9-13%Organic...............................................................86%TRACE ELEMENTSNitrogen......................1.0% Potassium...................0.07% Phosphorous..............0.20%Calcium.......................3.0% Manganese.................0.02% Sulfur..........................2.10%Magnesium..................0.01% Iron............................1.10% Titanium......................0.20%email us: sales@cleanagent.net

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