Principles of training


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Principles of training

  1. 1. Seven Principles to Deliver Training Effectivelyvisit: 1
  2. 2. You can download this presentation file at: Visit for more presentations on Human Capital Strategy and Personal Developmentvisit: 2
  3. 3. Seven Principles to Deliver Training Effectively 1. The Principle of The Learning Specialist 2. The Principle of The Learner 3. The Principle of The Language 4. The Principle of The Lesson 5. The Principle of The Teaching Process 6. The Principle of The Learning Process 7. The Principle of Review and Applicationvisit: 3
  4. 4. Principle 1 : The Learning Specialist A learning specialist must know the program, lesson, subject, skill, or truth to be taught.visit: 4
  5. 5. Rules to Apply for Principle 1 • Prepare each lesson by fresh study and review. • Illustrate new ideas, concepts, truths, and facts in terms of the every­day experiences of the learners. • Discover the "natural order" of material or information to be presented.visit: 5
  6. 6. Rules to Apply for Principle 1 • Whenever possible relate the material to the lives of the learners • Set aside a definite time for study for each session or lesson, in advance of the instruction.visit: 6
  7. 7. Rules to Apply for Principle 1 • Learning specialists should not limit themselves to the training aids at hand • It is important to remember that complete mastery of just a few ideas is better than an ineffective smattering of manyvisit: 7
  8. 8. Principle 2 : The Learner A learner must attend with interest to the program, lesson, or subject.visit: 8
  9. 9. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 • Never begin a training session until the attention (active) of the learners has been secured. • Pause whenever attention is interrupted or lost; wait until it is completely regained before you begin again. • Never completely exhaust the attention of the learners.visit: 9
  10. 10. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 • Appeal whenever possible to the personal interests of the learners. • Use a variety of instructional methods to arouse the attention of the learners. • Identify sources of distraction and reduce them to a minimum.visit: 10
  11. 11. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 • Make the presentation as attractive as possible, using illustrations, graphics, and training aids. • Use third-party stories, dialogue, and analogies whenever possible to illustrate the point.visit: 11
  12. 12. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 • Prepare before the session several thought- provoking questions. • Maintain appropriate eye contact with the learners and use appropriate voice inflection and body languagevisit: 12
  13. 13. Principle 3 : The Language The language used as a medium between the learning specialist and the learner must be common to bothvisit: 13
  14. 14. Rules to Apply for Principle 3 • Use the simplest and fewest words that will express the desired meaning. • Study carefully and constantly the language of the learners. • Test the learners understanding of the words frequently to make certain that they are not being incorrectly used.visit: 14
  15. 15. Rules to Apply for Principle 3 • Use short sentences of the simplest construction. • Use illustrations to help the learners understand the meaning of words and symbols. • If the learners fail to understand, repeat the idea or thought in other language, or use an analogy or example.visit: 15
  16. 16. Rules to Apply for Principle 3 • If the learners fail to understand, repeat the idea or thought in other language, or use an analogy or example. • Identify the terms, symbols, and language that the learners are familiar with prior to the session and adjust the program accordingly.visit: 16
  17. 17. Principle 4: The Lesson The information or skill to be mastered must be explicable in terms of information already known by the learner — the unknown must be explained by means of the known.visit: 17
  18. 18. Rules to Apply for Principle 4 • Discover what the learners know of the subject, topic, and material; this is the starting point. • Utilize the learners knowledge and experience. • Relate every lesson—as much as possible— to former lessons as well as to the experiences of the learners.visit: 18
  19. 19. Rules to Apply for Principle 4 • Arrange the presentation so that each step of the lesson leads easily and naturally to the next. • Use illustrations that the learners can identify with.visit: 19
  20. 20. Rules to Apply for Principle 4 • Encourage the learners to make use of their own knowledge. • As much as possible, choose the problems that you assign to the learners from their own activities and interests.visit: 20
  21. 21. Principle 5 : The Teaching Process The teaching process must be arousing, using the learners mind to grasp the desired thought or to master the desired skill.visit: 21
  22. 22. Rules to Apply for Principle 5 • Excite the learners interest in the subject, lesson, and/or material through statement of inquiry or thought-provoking questions. • Consider it a principal responsibility to awaken the minds of the learners and to not rest until each learner demonstrates his or her mental activity and involvement.visit: 22
  23. 23. Rules to Apply for Principle 5 • Place yourself frequently in the position of the learners and join in their search for additional information and knowledge. • Allow learners time to sort out the material and gain understanding.visit: 23
  24. 24. Rules to Apply for Principle 5 • Repress the desire to tell all you know or think about the subject, lesson, or topic. • Be dedicated to beginning each session in a manner that stirs interests and activityvisit: 24
  25. 25. Principle 6 : The Learning Process The learning process must turn ones own understanding of a new idea or truth into an overt habit that demonstrates the new awareness.visit: 25
  26. 26. Rules to Apply for Principle 6 • Help the learners form a clear idea of the work to be done. • Ask the learners to express in words or in writing the meaning of the session or lesson as they understand it. • Answer the questions of the learners in a non-threatening manner.visit: 26
  27. 27. Rules to Apply for Principle 6 • Strive to make the learners self-directed and independent investigators. • Seek constantly to develop in learners a profound regard for truth as something noble and enduringvisit: 27
  28. 28. Principle 7 : Review and Application The evidence of individual development must be reflected through a reviewing, rethinking, reproduction, and applying of the material, information, truth, or skill that has been communicated.visit: 28
  29. 29. Rules to Apply for Principle 7 • Realize that reviews are a part of the instructional process. • Establish a set time for review. • Get into the habit of providing a review at the completion of each lesson as well as after each section or at the close of a topic or subject.visit: 29
  30. 30. Rules to Apply for Principle 7 • Seek comprehensive and complete groupings of material. • Identify as many applications as possible. • Demand that learners rethink material and information into a personal understanding and orientationvisit: 30
  31. 31. Source of Reference: Jerry Gillet and Seteven Eggland, Principles of Human Resource Development, Perseus Development Books Group.visit: 31
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