Isolated from magnoliales and piperales.
Neolignans isolated from stem bark of Magnolia
Neolignan isolated from stem of Piper kadsura
in defensive mechanism
against pathogens due to its antiviral, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal
hormone mainly present in females
but also in men.
Mainly secreted by ovaries, minute quantity
by adrenal cortex.
3 forms: estradiol, estrone, estriol.
Synthesized from cholesterol and transported
by albumin and globulin in plasma.
Role in maturation of sperms in males.
Contribute to development of secondary
distribution, voice, body shape)
Increases osteoblastic activity and thus its
lack lead to osteoporosis.
Increases fat deposition in subcutaneous
Causes the skin to develop a texture that is
soft and smooth
bind with estrogen receptors and
form hormone-receptor complex which in turn
binds with DNA and induces transcription of
2 types of estrogen receptors
1. ER-α (uterus, heart, liver, kidneys)
2. ER-β (ovaries, other tissues)
RECEPTOR – DEPENDENT
Phytoestrogens bind to estrogen receptors and
Mimic the estrogenic effects (low dose)
Antagonizes the estrogenic effects(high dose)
Anti-estrogenic activity is important in
prevention of cancer.
contribute to cause breast cancer
by stimulating the proliferation of breast
blood levels of enterolactone are
associated with a lower incidence of breast
The new study, published in EUROPEAN
JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION reports
that women with high plasma level of
enterolactone was associated with 58%
reduction in breast cancer risk.
in breast cancer cell growth after giving
SDG daily for 30 days.
new study from SWEDEN concluded that
diet rich in lignans could reduce the risk of
prostate cancer risk by 26%
in-vitro study from NEWZEALAND report
that enterolactone may prevent spread of
prostate cancer by regulating genes which
produce important effects on apoptosis of
prostate cancer cells.
a case-control study of lignans and
endometrial cancer, U.S. women with the
highest intakes of plant lignans had the lowest
risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer, but
the reduction in risk was statistically
significant in postmenopausal women only.
balance, researchers have found that it is a safe
and natural alternative to help buffer the hormonal
fluctuations during menopause. This in turn helps
to alleviate the accompanying symptoms of hot
flashes and night sweats.
Lignans exhibit very strong antioxidant
properties, thus it can protect the body
from the effects of oxidation which can
lead to a series of chronic diseases.
blood levels of enterolactone
have been shown to reduce oxidation of
blood lipids and reduce risk of heart
disease by offering antioxidant and antiinflammatory protection.
HAIR LOSS AND ACNE
integration of proviral DNA into
INHIBITION OF PLATELET ACTIVTING
Kadsurenone antagonizes the activity
and magnolol have been evaluated
as antioxidants. These neolignans protected
mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme
activity against NADPH-induced per oxidative
stress and protected red cells against