Session 3-2-christopher-stewart-maintaining-hcvs-in-oil-palm-landscapes-1468

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Christoper Stewart discusses the problems mining presents in HCV areas within palm oil landscapes.

Christoper Stewart discusses the problems mining presents in HCV areas within palm oil landscapes.

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  • 1. Maintaining High ConservationValues in oil palm landscapes Zoological Society of London May 2011 Dr Christopher Stewart – HCV Resource Network www.hcvnetwork.org
  • 2. Addressing critical conservationpriorities within the palm oil sector: RSPO and the HCV approach
  • 3. A sustainable vision for palm?
  • 4. RSPO standard – P&C– P1: Transparency– P2: Compliance with laws and regulations– P3: Economic and financial viability– P4: Use of best practices by growers and millers– P5: Environmental responsibility and conservation of natural resources and biodiversity– P6: Employees, individuals and communities affected by growers– P7: Responsible development of new plantings– P8: Commitment to continuous improvement
  • 5. High Conservation Values within RSPO P&C• Existing plantations: – P 5.2: Rare/threatened spp. and HCVs within plantations or affected by plantations/mills must be taken into account in management.• Plantation expansion: – P 7.3: New plantings (since Nov 2005) do not replace primary forest or areas required to maintain or enhance one or more High Conservation Values.
  • 6. What is the High Conservation Value approach?
  • 7. Some operational definitionsHigh Conservation Value (HCV) – a biological, ecological, social orcultural value of outstanding significance or critical importance at thenational, regional or global scale.HCV Forest or Area – A forest or area which possesses one or moreHCV attributes (1+ of the 6 values defined in HCV Toolkits)HCV Management Area - The area that needs to be appropriatelymanaged to maintain or enhance HCVs
  • 8. The six High Conservation Values (I) Biodiversity HCV 1 - Significant concentrations of biodiversity values (protected areas and RTE, endemic, migratory species). Landscapes HCV 2 – Large, landscape level ecosystems where most species exist in natural patterns of distribution and abundance. Ecosystems HCV 3 - Rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems.
  • 9. The six High Conservation Values (II) Ecosystem services HCV 4 - Basic ecosystem services in critical situations. Livelihoods HCV 5 – Basic needs of local populations in critical circumstances Cultural identity HCV 6 – Local communities’ cultural identity.
  • 10. Practical interpretation• HCV definitions are global, and generic• Applicable in principle to any ecosystem• Need local interpretation
  • 11. Basic elements of HCV process • What are the potential HCVs in this region?Identify • Which values occur in the area? • Where are these values located? Consultation • What are the existing threats to the values?Manage • What is habitat area needed to maintain the values? • How should habitat be managed? • What needs to be monitored?Monitor • How will monitoring be done? • How will the results of monitoring be used?
  • 12. Application of HCV approach in the plantation sector
  • 13. Scales of application• Site scale: – HCV is primarily used as a site-level planning and management approach – Aims to identify conservation priorities, define management targets, mitigate risk through effective participation by stakeholders• “Landscape” scale: – Some HCVs are by definition landscape phenomena – HCV 1,2,3,(4): “exceptional” value depends on wider context incl. landscape configuration, habitat quality etc – Effective management requires taking into account threats and opportunities in surrounding landscape
  • 14. HCV 1 HCV 1 HCV 4 HCV 3 HCV 1HCV 5
  • 15. HCV 1 HCV 1 HCV 4 HCV 3 HCV 1HCV 5
  • 16. HCV 1 HCV 1 HCV 4 HCV 3 HCV 1HCV 5
  • 17. New Plantingsprocedure 2011
  • 18. Sustainable agricultural zoning• Site scale: – Quality site level assessments (biodiversity, social values) – Participation of local communities in decisions – Site scale planning – considering landscape context – No conversion of HCVs or areas required to support them – Good management practices elsewhere• “Landscape” scale – Biodiversity and ecosystem services included in land use planning criteria, balanced with development needs – Trade-offs made explicit, space is made for consultation and participation in decisions – Responsible regional zoning takes account of priorities and threats
  • 19. Case study:Threatened ecosystems (HCV 3) in Kalimantan Barat HCV Resource Network TP peer-reviewed assessment of a Wilmar Palm Oil concession for RSPO by Daemeter Consulting Maps and photos of W. Kal landscape courtesy of Daemeter Consulting
  • 20. Images of HCV1 HCV 1 – RTE species
  • 21. Forest cover:• Shows large decreasein lowland forests since1973• Landsat: Very littlenatural forest withinconcession areas•Is any of this really HCVforest?
  • 22. Challenges for implementation
  • 23. Making HCV work for the plantation sector• Consistent and credible use of the concept – Appropriate tools and methods for assessment – Training and technical capacity building (assessors, auditors, managers) – Adaptation to non-forest ecosystems• Scientific underpinning for decision making e.g. – Shared maps (esp. ecosystems, species distributions) – Integration of systematic conservation planning principles, landscape ecology – Population and community ecology• Issues of scale and responsibility – Concession zoning – Transboundary conservation – Smallholdings• Legal framework for land use – Permits, taxes, transparency – Communities legal and traditional rights
  • 24. The HCV Resource Network• A voluntary association of people and organisations using the HCV approach, bound by a Charter – Definition of 6 HCVs – Guiding principles for HCV assessment• Made up of: – Steering Group (17 orgs.) – Technical Panel (24 experts) – Secretariat (ProForest) – Global participants – Regional partners
  • 25. The HCV Resource Network4 Key Strategic Aims:• Provide a credible central point of reference• Support development and implementation of the HCV concept• Provide a governance and quality control function• Promote the use of HCV in emerging and potential applications
  • 26. www.hcvnetwork.org Thank you