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RSPO standard – P&C– P1: Transparency– P2: Compliance with laws and regulations– P3: Economic and financial viability– P4: Use of best practices by growers and millers– P5: Environmental responsibility and conservation of natural resources and biodiversity– P6: Employees, individuals and communities affected by growers– P7: Responsible development of new plantings– P8: Commitment to continuous improvement
High Conservation Values within RSPO P&C• Existing plantations: – P 5.2: Rare/threatened spp. and HCVs within plantations or affected by plantations/mills must be taken into account in management.• Plantation expansion: – P 7.3: New plantings (since Nov 2005) do not replace primary forest or areas required to maintain or enhance one or more High Conservation Values.
Some operational definitionsHigh Conservation Value (HCV) – a biological, ecological, social orcultural value of outstanding significance or critical importance at thenational, regional or global scale.HCV Forest or Area – A forest or area which possesses one or moreHCV attributes (1+ of the 6 values defined in HCV Toolkits)HCV Management Area - The area that needs to be appropriatelymanaged to maintain or enhance HCVs
The six High Conservation Values (I) Biodiversity HCV 1 - Significant concentrations of biodiversity values (protected areas and RTE, endemic, migratory species). Landscapes HCV 2 – Large, landscape level ecosystems where most species exist in natural patterns of distribution and abundance. Ecosystems HCV 3 - Rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems.
The six High Conservation Values (II) Ecosystem services HCV 4 - Basic ecosystem services in critical situations. Livelihoods HCV 5 – Basic needs of local populations in critical circumstances Cultural identity HCV 6 – Local communities’ cultural identity.
Practical interpretation• HCV definitions are global, and generic• Applicable in principle to any ecosystem• Need local interpretation
Basic elements of HCV process • What are the potential HCVs in this region?Identify • Which values occur in the area? • Where are these values located? Consultation • What are the existing threats to the values?Manage • What is habitat area needed to maintain the values? • How should habitat be managed? • What needs to be monitored?Monitor • How will monitoring be done? • How will the results of monitoring be used?
Application of HCV approach in the plantation sector
Scales of application• Site scale: – HCV is primarily used as a site-level planning and management approach – Aims to identify conservation priorities, define management targets, mitigate risk through effective participation by stakeholders• “Landscape” scale: – Some HCVs are by definition landscape phenomena – HCV 1,2,3,(4): “exceptional” value depends on wider context incl. landscape configuration, habitat quality etc – Effective management requires taking into account threats and opportunities in surrounding landscape
Sustainable agricultural zoning• Site scale: – Quality site level assessments (biodiversity, social values) – Participation of local communities in decisions – Site scale planning – considering landscape context – No conversion of HCVs or areas required to support them – Good management practices elsewhere• “Landscape” scale – Biodiversity and ecosystem services included in land use planning criteria, balanced with development needs – Trade-offs made explicit, space is made for consultation and participation in decisions – Responsible regional zoning takes account of priorities and threats
Case study:Threatened ecosystems (HCV 3) in Kalimantan Barat HCV Resource Network TP peer-reviewed assessment of a Wilmar Palm Oil concession for RSPO by Daemeter Consulting Maps and photos of W. Kal landscape courtesy of Daemeter Consulting
Making HCV work for the plantation sector• Consistent and credible use of the concept – Appropriate tools and methods for assessment – Training and technical capacity building (assessors, auditors, managers) – Adaptation to non-forest ecosystems• Scientific underpinning for decision making e.g. – Shared maps (esp. ecosystems, species distributions) – Integration of systematic conservation planning principles, landscape ecology – Population and community ecology• Issues of scale and responsibility – Concession zoning – Transboundary conservation – Smallholdings• Legal framework for land use – Permits, taxes, transparency – Communities legal and traditional rights
The HCV Resource Network• A voluntary association of people and organisations using the HCV approach, bound by a Charter – Definition of 6 HCVs – Guiding principles for HCV assessment• Made up of: – Steering Group (17 orgs.) – Technical Panel (24 experts) – Secretariat (ProForest) – Global participants – Regional partners
The HCV Resource Network4 Key Strategic Aims:• Provide a credible central point of reference• Support development and implementation of the HCV concept• Provide a governance and quality control function• Promote the use of HCV in emerging and potential applications