Homes: Little Things that Make A Big DifferenceWe offer here a thumbsketch of many features we have dem- architects will advice you on the elevations and profiles. Re-onstrated at TownsEnd. Our effort is to showcase as many al- member that the larger the openings for windows and doors,ternate, exciting and enduring technologies as we can. The the higher is your cost.entire effort is aimed at only one thing how do we persuade These pages offer many variations we have worked upon.you to adopt these cost effective and aesthetically attractive 3. The roofs. You can employ many types of roofs as yousystems of architecture in your own homes. will see in the houses people have built at Trans Indus and nowThe pictures here demonstrate well the use of these traditional at TownsEnd or in our other campus, WildGrass, at Mysore.materials. What you dont see in the pictures is the bit of engi- Typically, they are hollow clay block roofs with pre-stressedneering we have had to bring into the restoration as well as clay channels or concrete rafters; Kadapa slab roofs with ainto the construction of these structures. thin sheet of concrete that uses minimum steel and cement;You will see in this presentation how you could cleverly adopt ferro-cement roofs for flat and sloped roofs. For the first floormany of these materials, and engineering skills into your own roofs where you are sure you are not going to build on top,homes with dramatic effect. you could use double tiled roofs or singled tiled roofs with aBuilding alternate requires attention. It also requires more time grid in wood or steel. There are a few other variations that canthan conventional structures. This is because you give your- be effectively used for roofs in your house. We can discussself the opportunity to add a few things beyond what you plan. that in detail if you wish.As a building comes up, many things strike you. Many ideas 4. The floors We have usually opted for material that re-need reworking. This will require a patient architect and pa- quires very little energy in the making of it. For eg, naturaltience from you. You also need a contractor who is willing to stone which requires no energy in the making is preferred tolive with a little madness. ceramic tiles which is highly energy intensive. The followingIn the planning of TimeOut we used more common sense and are floor options which can lend elegance to your house Pol-BCILs cumulative knowledge of resources and much less ar- ished Kadapa or Kota slabs; terracotta tiles, Bethamcherlachitectural skills. You will see that in building your homes, your natural stone in different colour tones, Shahbad, Athanagudidemands will be much the same. (green and brown), machine sliced grey granite (polished orLet us spend a few minutes on how you go about building your rough-hewn), polished granite in a few shades (a more expen-home. Its important that you find the right architect. In turn, sive option), marble (also an expensive option). There arehe should help you find the right contractor. The architect has choices like sandstone which are unique, add elegance but areto be excited by these values and should have had the experi- expensive.ence of doing such homes. 5. Wood work for windows and doors You could avoidBCIL has enjoyed working with In Antis, a firm of architects wood and save cost while being environment friendly. Go withheaded by the talented Mr. Anup Naik whose age belies the metal frames that are available with lovely finishes these days,experience and insight he brings into planning a home and and at costs that are attractive. If you insist on wood, go withincorporating exciting elements that can bring warmth and treated jack wood and neem wood. Another option is to buynatural appeal to your house. antique doors and windows, and save on fresh wood purchase.BCIL also has had the pleasure of working with a few other If you can afford it, you can use wood for staircase treads, andsuch architects who are part of a panel of Architects. for flooring of small areas like the study, and so on.You are at liberty to work with Mr. Anup Naik or with any of the The few other things that you need to take care of are floorsempanelled architects of BCIL. If you know any one else on and walls of washrooms, counters and wash basins, the typeyour own who can create your home for you, that will be even of faucet fittings and sanitaryware; the external facades, paint-more wonderful since TownsEnd will gain from any new talent. ing of internal walls, and so on.Remember, we are always willing to share our knowhow and The costsexperience with you or your architect. When you work with an architect, please get a cost and quan-The important thing is that you simplify the way you look at tities sheet with these five segments clearly marked out. Theyour house. There are only five main aspects to a house. other things will not cause you much concern on costs. The1. Plinth and Foundation. Before you get on with this you only other element that you need to check with the architect,must ensure that you have made your final call on the size of and check carefully, is the cost of structural elements. Mostyour house and of every space you seek. To make any change often architects themselves cannot be certain of this cost. Butafter the foundation is done can prove to be difficult, or expen- you need to persist and secure an educated estimate beforesive. you begin work on your home.2. The Walls There are many types of walls you can build. From here on, it is a professional contractor, and careful su-We recommend a functional blend of soil cement blocks, hol- pervision. Between the architect and you, this needs to below and solid clay blocks, and moulded concrete blocks. The achieved just so to get the house the way you want it.
AT INFRASTRUCTURE LEVEL .. TimeOut .. The leisure amenities Energy TownsEnd SustainabilityBIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION (INDIA) LTD. ACADEMY FOR MOUNTAIN ENVIRONICS Water AT BUILT LEVELS CREATIVE LAND USE Aesthetic ¨ Healing of degraded lands to health ¨ Technology energy / water Conservation ¨ Built environment Building Materials SENSITIVITIES STEWARDSHIP OF LAND ON HOMES Restoring the ¨ Building systems earths skin that reduce use of - Adding value cement and structural to the habi- steel. tat. - Creating ¨ Identifying and use awareness of of local skills and the immediate human resources environment ¨ Use of low energy - Mapping of building materials and Flora & Fauna effective natural - Restoring lighting and ventila- lands water tion. resources Use of non-forest timber avoid teak
SENSITIVITIES HELPING TRADITION MEET ON INFRASTRUCTURE THE CONTEMPORARY . . . ¨ Roads - Enzyme based roads. - Sand-based clay block paving. - Sand-based stone paving. Walkways made to ensure the land breathes. Recycling of build- ing industry waste. THE ENTRY THE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN IDEOLOGY - AN INSIGHT INTO TOWNSEND ¨ Design Ideology. 1.Transition as a theme. 2.Frames as insights ~ visual connectors. 3.Water ~ as a medium of reflection ¨ Alternate Technology as a Frontier. 1.Stabilised Compressed Earth Blocks. 2.Composite Ferro cement System. 3.Reclaimed Timber. 4.Non Forest Timber. 5.Reducing usage of ceramic and extreme process ..based finishing materials. The beginning .. 6.Usage of MS sections for window. TRANSITION AS A THEME FRAMES AS INSIGHTS ~ VISUAL CONNECTORS¨ Transition isemphasized with light ¨ Frames areas an element ~ an used intention-intentional design ally, to accen-parameter. tuate the green¨ Transition in the outdoors.sense of materialusage has also been ¨ Frame as in a picturetaken particular care frame, has been used as aof ~ a softer feel on precursor to a lot of thethe walls to a harder spaces which unfolds beyondand raw and rugged it. This sets off a constantfeel on the floors. dialogue for the visitor with the surroundings.
BUILT ENVIRONMENT BUILDING YOUR HOME 1] Blend traditional knowledge systems and QUESTIONS WE NEED TO ASK contemporary engineering 2] make every home an example of successful * How to reduce energy use with better mainstreaming of alternate think directions specs and optimal design without in building, land and water management, and energy use compromising performance * How to increase local content to avoid transport energy * How to integrate passive energy components into buildings skylights, materials. * How to understand life cycle energy cost of materials ( manufacture, transport, construction, use, demolition & disposal) BUILDING YOUR HOME BUILD MATERIALS 1] How do we offer blend of traditional Walls knowledge systems and contemporary engineering 2] How do we make the homes an example of successful mainstreaming of an array of alternate think directions in building, land and water management and energy use Country bricks Vertical shaft kiln bricks * interlock earth blocks * stone masonry * composite works * clay blocks solid & hollow * Soil stabilized blocks * concrete blocks solid & hollow STABILIZED COMPRESSED EARTH BLOCKS¨ SCEB are made of mud, stabilizedwith 5% cement and compacted in ablock making machine, and naturallybaked by the sun. ¨ SCEB have compres-¨ It is as good a walling material as sive strength of 30Kg/burnt bricks and is economical, stronger, sq.cm.energy saving and simple to make. ¨ At this strength the¨ The sheen on the walls is a protec- erosion on the blocks is Twisted piers that add structuraltive uv-resistant poly coat that keeps greatly reduced Strength and lend to aesthetics.the walls from eroding.
Hollow clay block walls Saving on downstream costs and labour Walls raised without mortar and with Thermal insulation concrete bands at sill, lintel and roof Final overcoat of a polycoat wash Levels. that is U.V. Resistant and enhances life Exposed brick work Mud plastering for external walls With dry masonry that last minimum 4-5 years. Traditional mud scaffolding The only improvisation is use of the and screed concrete U.V. Resistant polycoat wash to enhance life Traditional aesthetics with contemporary materials the walls are stone butch. Blends of terra cotta, ferro concrete rafters,The columns are RCC tie beam is ferro cement and stone good examples of the old blending column brackets are in steel with the new. The roof is kadapa slabs
Stairways in dressed or rough-hewn stone Neem and jackwood railings, with no risers in place of steel They cost less, and take elegant forms. FLOORSTraditional, natural materials make least environ-ment impact no energy in manufactureBethamcherla tandoor kotah shahabad oxide floors executed the traditional way withegg white and iron oxide and cement athanagudi also indian pine wood with cashewoil or linseed oil treatment ROOFS Replace energy-inefficient industrial ceramic 6 variations of these roofs can be triedtiles with natural slate or terra cotta ensure They save 30% on roof coststhat the slate is water-resistant with surface Structural steel used is minimaltreatment that enhances performance It can deal with spans up to 15 feet The screed concrete needed is only 2-3 inches- Not to speak of conventional options You can stack two more floors . These roofs are with Kadapa slabs and ferro Hollow clay blocks for roofs. cement rafters in place of wood These can be executed at as little as Rs 70 per sft.
VAULTS We have con- stantly explored new forms. This country tile is typical of the Tamil Nadu countryside not seen as much in Karnataka. The blend of earth walls, terra cotta and the unimpos- ing metal truss Single tiled roofs and double tiled roofs heralds a soft Where you are not building above, entry to the use double tiles with steel truss or wood TownsEnd campus. truss Composite ferrocement systems¨ CFS is simple to construct and madeof ferrocement i.e. rich mortar rein- ¨ Ferro cementforced with chicken and welded wire channels and shellsmesh. These reduce the thickness of provide an eco- All these options are sensitive to land they belong to.roof slabs while allowing larger spans. nomic solution to the They meet criteria of durability and cost .CFS are trough shaped and are inte- RCC slab by provid-grated to any vertical structural sys- Make sunshades in granite avoid RCC ing 30 40% costtem. They act as a permanent skin. reduction. Mud plaster will hold due to surface treatment Stone and steel pergolas
Non Forest Timber Non Forest Timber¨ Areca Poles are used ascompound walls, which not ¨ Here Bamboo is used as a pergola, offering great ¨ The Entire spa has been ¨ Cane has been used as a semionly enhances the aesthetic constructed using Pine wood, roof covering, which again lendsvalue, but provides a new in- light and shade quality, which again is non-forest itself to great flexibility in de-sight into alternate use of which very easily replaces timber. sign.material. any concrete or steel form. ¨ Pine wood has great struc- ¨ When cane is given a slight¨ Since these poles are ¨ These are forms that are tural strength and is least curvature it attains greatertreated it increases life span demonstrated here prima- affected by termites. structural strength.of the material. rily to excite TownsEnd-ers ¨ Pine wood weathers very ¨ These are elements, again,¨ It also adds to renewable to try these tested options well, and has the least con- that you could use in homes withfactors. for their own homes. traction and expansion co- dramatic impact. efficients. Reclaimed timber This column is an example of use of This stately main door gives the house a reclaimed wood distinct traditional look. They dont warp, they take polish, Carpenters are happy working with them Be careful in the reclaimed wood you buy Avoid encour- aging demolition of sites of heritage value Reclaimed timber Non process-based or zero energy finish materials. ¨ Use of renew- able timber goes a long way in protecting felling of forest lands. ¨ It adds a new dimension to ar- chitecture and ¨ Rough hewn stone is used aesthetics of as column supports, which any building. add greatly to visual quality. ¨ Clay tiles with a coat of ¨ The entrance bay is high- PU is used for the wet ar- lighted with perforated paver eas. blocks, granite trims and tra- ¨ The high-energy-using ditional stone butch work and ceramic tiles are used only mud plastered walls. as highlights.
Non process-based or zero energy Materials Lend to Aesthetics finish materials.¨ Kadapa Floor with com- ¨ Silver oak billets have beenposite granite grit trims has used as corbels on the exte-been used. rior walkways alongside the¨ Kadapa has a versatile pool, after treating them withoutdoor and indoor use bitumen for termite resis-property which can be left tance. The patchquilt of wood,as cut hewn or polished. turf-grass and pebble lends a new aesthetic dimension. ROADS & WALKWAYS ¨ - Enzyme based roads. - Sand based clay block paving. - Sand based stone or corbelled paving. Walkways made to ensure the land breathes. Recycling of Signages employ waste wood building industry that is treated to last waste. Waste granite pieces are used The entire deck, vertical columns and roof instead of flagging concrete truss has been built with babul, for homes and pathways a non-forest timber all around the campus are examples of Critical to long-term performance is such use of material that is waste again surface treatment. for some industry
The consciously created split levels leadup to the spa on the far side. The check- Campus lighting avoidserboard of colours that the materials lend conventional material to the area shows the richness of tradi- tional styles. Quarry waste has been used with dry mortar for lending aesthetic to land Use waste casuarina and eucalyptus wood Land management and aesthetic for fencing in as many parts have to hold hands of the campus Street lights blend steel and terra cotta Roofs for most semi-open spaces can be traditional thatch They cost little, and need nominal maintenance
A traditional door executed in a sub-speciesof Jackwood the surface treatment is the key to Another option on walls its durability. TECHNOLOGY All plans relate to - Energy - Water - Ecological landscaping Stone is a good option for walls using stone cubes costs as little as normal brick masonry, and offer cost and aesthetic advantages. STRUCTURAL SLAB COOLING HISTORY FROM DESIGN PEOPLE ENGINEERS The use of radiant heating Gentle temperature conditioning system, and cooling is not new. The Romans, 2000 years ago, exchanges thermal energy to the space used under-floor radiant through convection & radiation. heating and thermal mass heat storage. In Turkey, stream water was run through channels in walls and floors to cool palaces in the warm summers. Even Akbar used it at Fatehpur Sikri. In the 1930s, architect Frank Lloyd Wright piped hot water through the floors of many of his buildings.
THE SYSTEM COOLING SYSTEM: TOWNSENDSurface cooling systemswhere the water tubesare placed in the roof slab Air base geothermalabsorbs the heat from cooling for HourGlass, theheat sources in a room. Bar Lounge at TownsEnd.The slab absorbs the heatand exchanges it with thecirculating water.The warm water is then Water based slab coolingpumped here to the pool for conference areasfresh, cool water from thebelow ground is circulated. WATER ~ COOLING THE INSIDES ELECTRICAL ENERGY ¨ Understanding peak load needs and the energy forms needed. ¨ Lighting - Gensets with biodiesel for electricity - Water heating with solar electric systems ¨ Use of EB power in non- peak hours ¨ Vegetable oils as Biodiesel buy seed, crush- ing, oil for fuel, oilcake for manure ¨ Needs no changes to stan- dard diesel engines, and lu- bricants them better. Its biodegradable, non-toxic. The water is aerated with a small efficient Reduces hydrocarbon emis- pump so no mosquitoes! The underwater sions by 70% and Carbon monoxide emission by 50% lights make it a visual delight. ELECTRICAL ENERGYCheck Power Factor of each of your electricitybills.The PF ratio should be more than 0.80.An average home can save anywhere from 3,000to 5,000 a year by maintaining it over 0.80.Use power-saving devices that bust spikes /fluctuations,motion and thermal sensor devices that reduceenergyin times of non-occupancy of rooms and other An energy free exhaust system that helps circulation in large and high ceilinged roomsbuilt areasManage campus lighting better to save on bills
BENEFITS OF RADIENT COOLING BIO-WASTE MANAGEMENT Maximum comfort Draft free, no noise cooling Leafy biomass mulched Lower sensed temperature for vermi compost that Lower investment costs serves as fertilisers,and Lower energy costs pesticides. Architectural freedom Minimal maintenance Use of food and other Problem and mall function free operation organic waste Space conditioning equipments is not - Generation of light- needed at the outside walls simplifying the ing energy with digesters. wall, space and structural systems. No space is required within the air condi- - Creation of circle tioned area for mechanical equipment. gardens with aerobic di- Structural slab radiant system can be used gestion of food waste for for heating and cooling the buildings with plants. same pipes. ENVIRONMENTAL WATER STORM DRAINS WITH A TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED DIFFERENCE AT TOWNSEND COMMON AREAS Prakriti Environment Development Consultancy The Sustainable Urban Drainage System is anThe Sustainable Urban Drainage System alternative approach to conventional drainage.Zero-input Organic Waste-water Treatment System We replicate natural drainage, and deal with run-Harvesting and Utilization of Run-Off and Re-cycledWaste-water off where it occurs. Instead of conventional drains, whose primary function is to carry water away from the site as quickly and efficiently as possible, SUDS carries run-off in swales which are well vegetated, shallow, basin-shaped depressions. WHAT SWALES DO VIEW OF A TYPICAL SWALE· Vegetation in swales slowsthe speed of overland flow of Unlike drains, swales are contoured in contiguity with thewater, and increases infil- surrounding landscape; in dry weather, they are integratedtration into the surrounding land-use. They are thus aesthetically· By virtue of its parabolic pro-file, the carrying capacity of and functionally more advantageous.a swale increases exponen- Swales are punctuated with periodic detention basins attially with the depth of water every road-crossing and intersection. These basins pro-flowing in it, giving it the abil- vide dynamic temporary storage, in order to:ity to handle peak storm loadsmore efficiently · increase the time of concentration of run-off at the exit· Vegetation in swales traps suspended solids in run-offs, pointwhich get embedded in the soil-bed of the swales · hold back and slow down the water, promoting local infil- tration, and enabling irrigation of local area planting.· Swales are effective in removing organic and nutrient · regulate the rate of flow in the swale, reducing peak flowswastes from the water flowing through them; they aretaken up by appropriate vegetation and planting in the to levels that can be handled by the vegetation in the swalebed of the swale bottom without scouring
POLISHING AT THE POND SWALES CARRY WATER BETTER DURING A RAINSTORM The network of swales lead to a Collection pond, or Balancing pond [next to the Tennis Court] which has manifold functions. This is at once a: · reservoir from which collected run-off can be pumped for re- use · balancing volume to retain flows from intense rain- This integrated circuit of swales, detention ba- fall and associated flooding, reducing peak flows fur- sins, and collection pond, together with some ther downstream in the regional drainage system other features like porous paving materials for · polishing tank for the removal of solids and sedi- the roads, and roof run-off harvesting systems, ment, as well as nutrients, trace metals, coliforms and organic matter, to a lesser degree together constitute the Sustainable Urban Drain- The water storage capacity of the Collection Pond is age System. up to 400,000 litres. This water can be used for irri- gation of all common areas, as well as irrigation of the home landscapes ZERO-INPUT ORGANIC WASTE- HOW SWALES WORK WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM The plants them-The Zero-input Organic Waste-water Treatment Sys- selves, as well as thetem uses a combination of passive anaerobic-treat- bacteria living on theirment tanks (septic tanks), root-zone treatment, and root-nodules, take upthe wetland effect to completely remove organic con- large quantities oftaminants from the waste water, and make it suit- ornganic contami-able for re-use. nants, and evenIn this system, the sewage is treated anaerobically, heavy metal wastesin septic tanks. The treated outflow from these is (to a smaller extent)mixed with sullage, and passed through a horizon- from the water flow-tal-flow root-zone treatment system. ing through them.In the initial stages of home occupancy, when efflu- The root masses ofent load is very low, the swales themselves can func- the vegetation growing in the swales, also createtion as horizontal-flow systems, when planted with turbulence in the flow, which oxygenates the water,appropriate vegetation such as Typha (Reed-mace, further enhancing its quality. This process can be ac-often wrongly called Bulrush), Crinum (Swamp-lily), celerated by the judicious placement of objects suchZantedeschia (Arum lily), Cyperus (Umbrella plant) as pebbles and boulders to create rills and eddies.and Alocasias. HOW SWALES WORK POLISHING PONDAs home occupancy in the Campus grows and ef- The water flowing downfluent load increases, the mixture of sullage and the swales is given its final stage of treatment,treated sewage outflow can no longer be treated or polishing, in the ter-just by passing down the swales. At this stage, minal collection pond.horizontal-flow reed-beds have to be introduced Here aquatics such asto give initial treatment to the mixture before pass- Hydrilla, Saggittaria (Ar-ing it into the swales, which will then function as a rowhead plant) andsecondary treatment system. Such intensive-treat- Nymphaea (Water-lily)ment sytems use emergent aquatics like Phragmites oxygenate the water(Common Reed) Scirpus (Bulrush) Typha, or some- thoroughly, improving its composition, as welltimes even Cyperus, depending on location and as clarity and appearance, rendering it suitable for re-use as such. The floating aquatic, Water Hyacinthseveral other suitability factors. is also suitable for this purpose; it is, however, highly invasive, and can take over the pond completely to the detriment of all other vegetation.
HARVESTING AND UTILIZATION WATER OF RUN-OFF AND RE-CYCLED WASTE-WATER Conservation in the con- text of watering large num- ber of plants.Vegetating a land area means usually 400 plants to an acre. You can save substantially on The architecture of the TownsEnd cam- fresh water costs. pus provides for the harvesting and re- The drive is to provide moisture for root zone and use of roof run-offs. Besides this, how- not for watering plants. ever, we also try to use recycled water How to harvest rain wa- ter from roof tops and land for all gardening purposes. contours. See models displayed on energy free drip irrigation ADDRESSING WATER NEEDS RAINWATER HARVESTING Water Run-off man- agement with bunding, pitching and revetments. Design buildings that take care of rainwater Percolation pits for storm drains Tanks harnessing and reticulation with network of for other parts of the distribution from static or online facility land Traditional pro- Creating catchments and aquatic lagoons. cesses for maintaining pH Nitrogen and phosphate fixing for soil with value of water us- natural processes. ing crushed drum- stick seeds, for ex- Soil moisture retention. ample for floccula- tion OZONE IN SWIMMING POOL WATER TREATMENT TREADLE FORCE LIFT Swimming pool water has to be of good quality PUMPS PUMPS users sometimes drink it by mistakeWe plan to install in You can use this in Water quality should be near drinking stdthe sum and use the your home to drawenergy for water water from the sump Contaminated water causes ear, nose, throatdrawing or circula- tank below to the and skin infectionstion OH tank. May also cause other infectious diseases
GENERAL DISADVANTAGES OF GENERAL DISADVANTAGES OF CHLORINE CHLORINE Chlorine will form organic chloramines (THMs) Chlorine in any form is explosive and is a safety and other toxic compounds known and proven risk. to cause cancer (long term use) its necessary Chlorine addition - eventually increases salinity to super-chlorinate regularly to reduce the THMs and TDS beyond environmental guidelines Chlorine is very unstable even in solution and Chlorine use will increase pH which will have to be neutralized with acid to maintain the pH. decomposes very rapidly on exposure to sun- light - up to 60% applied in a day. Excess chlorine leaves the user with red eyes GENERAL DISADVANTAGES OF OZONATION OF SWIMMING POOL CHLORINE There is an additional capital equipment cost In small pools a stabilizer is recommended butuneconomical in large pools such as these. but this is only once. Solid bleach is not preferred for large commer- Ozone is generated in situcial water treatment because of sludge problem No excess chemicals have to be ordered, Chlorine dioxide and chlorine gas has been stored or applied incorrectlypreferred. Low dose of residual chlorine necessary to Too expensive in India and bleach is the only make up for ozone being too unstable.alternative along with its intrinsic problems. OZONATION OF SWIMMING ADDING VALUE TO A HABITAT POOL Choice of plant profile endemic species. Avoid for- No smell of chlorine mal landscaping, use shrub No burning of eyes plants Protection of existing flora, No scaling of the skin avifauna and reptiles. No fungal infections Vegetate with a clear eye water quality - drinking water standards on the long term. sparkling clean free of Organic impurities
USER AWARENESS OF THE ENVIRONMENT Subtle education on - the lands eco-val- ues, flora, fauna and natural land forms. - heritage values of the land and local skills. At the campus, we map all species of resident, Appeal to tourist visi- migratory and winter visitors tors of these aspects is Details on living habits of birds is very high fascinating for visitors Reptile species will also be mapped.The butterfly population usually grows with the increase in flowering plants. We need them here at TownsEnd to work. They serve animportant function of cross-pollinating. We willsoon have a few beehive boxes at the campus to help us harvest naturally honey which is uniquely flavoured by the TownsEnd flowers. Vegetable farms can sustain campus needs. Whats important is that the energy waste downstream in securing from outside is also minimised. A variety of groundcover weeds can be plantedVermicomposting will be a feature at TownsEnd. all of them local species, and all aimed at We harvest organic compost every 70 days. helping root soil, and reduce erosion.
TREE SPECIES MEDICINAL TREES WITH BEAUTIFUL FLOWERSThe avenue tree species at the campus are se-lected to offer a profile of medicinal values while Flame of the forestbeing useful to the soil in fixing nitrogen eg:leguminous species like pongamea or Gliricidia;some with potent medicinal properties like Neem,Amla, Haritaki, Vibhitaki. Erithrina IndicaMany of them are known for their beautiful flow-ers like the Cassia, Tabubia, Jacaranda andLagerstroemia [known as the Queen of Flowers].We have a collection of 25-30 species of medici- Indian Laburnumnal and aromatic plants. We have plans to have asmall medicinal park with red listed species. Ashoka [Saraca indica]TREES WITH BEAUTIFUL FLOWERS LEGUMINOUS TREES THAT FIX NITROGEN Pink Cassia Spotted gliricidia The Raintree Queens flower or the Pride of India, Arjuna, Hole dasavala [Lagerstroemia] Pongam Tree, Gulmohar [Dolonyx Honge, regea] Karanji [Pongamea Night shade or Pinnata, Potato tree Glabra] [Solanum grandiflorum] KEYSTONES OF TOWNSEND FOCUS OF ALL PLANS It is important that every member develops these values in terms of building materials, Cost harmony in facades, and conservation plans for water and energy. Aesthetics You must help us bring harmony to the Function TownsEnd microregion with every feature Ease of execution that we add to the campus. As a community, we must all aim to protect and preserve the campus as a habitat.
TownsEnd Biodiversity Conservation India Limited No. 609, 80 Ft. Peripheral Road Block IV, Koramangala Bangalore 560 034 Tel: 5539 300/ 344/ 350COUNTRY HOMES E-mail: email@example.comFOR CITY LIVING Website: www.bioconserveindia.comSurvey No. 110Avalahalli, Yelahanka PostBangalorePh: 2711732/ 733