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Arnis (pronounced "our niece") is a Philippine martial arts system of martial arts that employs rattan sticks, blade weapons and the empty hands -- no weapons. While Arnis is primarily considered a weapons art, it incorporates empty hand techniques based upon the same movements used with the weapons.
Arnis does not merely combine techniques, the student is encouraged to adapt the principles to one's own feel for each technique and any previous training--martial arts, dance or other body movement disciplines. For this reason, Arnis is referred to as "The Art Within Your Art."
The sport had already become popular in Malaysia and Thailand by the early 1400s. Back then it was called takraw in Thai or sepak raga (literally "kick rattan ball", because the ball is made of rattan) in Malay and played mainly by men and boys standing in a circle, kicking the ball back and forth between them.
In Bangkok , murals at Wat Phra Keow depict the Hindu god Hanuman playing takraw in a ring with a troop of monkeys . Other historical accounts mention the game earlier during the reign of King Naresuan of Ayutthaya .
The game remained in its circle form for hundreds of years, and the modern version of sepak takraw began taking shape in Thailand sometime during early 1740s. In 1866 the Siam Sports Association drafted the first rules for takraw competition. Four years later, the association introduced the volleyball-style net and held the first public contest. By the 1940s, the net version of the game had spread throughout Southeast Asia, and formal rules were introduced. In the Philippines the sport was called " Sipa ", in Myanmar , or Burma, it was dubbed " Chinlone ", in Laos "Kator", "cầu mây" in Vietnam and in Indonesia "Raga." 
The oldest Korean martial art was an amalgamation of unarmed combat styles developed by the three rival Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo , Silla and Baekje .  Young men were trained in unarmed combat techniques to develop strength, speed, and survival skills. The most popular of these techniques was subak , with taekkyeon being the most popular of the segments of subak .
Those who demonstrated strong natural aptitude were selected as trainees in the new special warrior corps, called the Hwarang . Their military training included an extensive weapons program involving swordsmanship and archery, both on horseback and on foot, as well as lessons in military tactics and unarmed combat using subak . Although subak was a leg-oriented art in Goguryeo , Silla 's influence added hand techniques to the practice of subak .
The Taek Kyon trained warriors then became known as the Hwarang . The Hwarang set up a military academy for the sons of royalty in Silla called Hwarang -do , which means "The way of flowering manhood. The guiding principles of the Hwarang warriors were: