Life-Giving Breath of God: Protecting the Sacred Gift of Air (Earth Day 2004)
National Council of Churches Eco-Justice Working Group Earth Day Sunday 2004=EH Life-Giving Breath of God: Protecting the Sacred Gift of Air O Lord, how manifold are your works! In wisdom you have made them all; the earth is full of your creatures . . . When you send forth your breath, they are created; and you renew the face of the ground. – Psalm 104:24, 30 Thanking and praising God for the beauty of Gods creation is an essential part of our ongoing faith journey and worship experience. To help celebrate Gods wonderous works, each year the Eco-Justice Working Group of the National Council of Churches of Christ develops a resource that can be used on Earth Day Sunday. The emphasis for 2004, entitled Life- giving Breath of God, is on Gods gift of air. The following resource highlights a number of ways individuals and congregations can celebrate and protect this integral part of Gods creation. We have included some basics on the state of the worlds air quality; worship resources including a sermon starter and bulletin insert; and ideas for personal, congregational, and community action to protect the air we breathe. We hope these ideas inspire further thoughts, conversations, and actions in answering Gods call to be faithful stewards of creation. The Sacred Gift of Air Stand at the crossroads, and look, and ask for the ancient paths, where the good way lies; and walk in it, and find rest for your soul. – Jeremiah 6:16 As people of faith, we understand our responsibilities to protect the sacred gifts given by God and to heal a world torn by brokenness and human strife. Air pollution, like all human-induced environmental degradation, is a sign of this brokennessa sign of our having stepped away from the ancient paths described in Jeremiah. So that we might find the good way, a place of rest for our souls (and clean air for our lungs), we first must acknowledge our sins and examine where we stand today by delving more deeply into the issues and explore the local, regional, and global connec- tions of our actions and inactions. Only then can we take informed and inspired steps down the right paththe good wayof healing, wholeness, and reconciliation.
Just Breathing Air Pollution as Global WarmingClean air is essential for human life. An average person Earths atmosphere is ideally composed for life, withbreathes in over 3,000 gallons of air each day. At the just the right mix of elements to sustain and supportsame time we inhale life-sustaining oxygen, we also breathe plants and animals. This mix includes small traces ofin the byproducts of our lifestyle choicescar fumes, fine greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane,particulate waste of industrial production, and chemicals and nitrous oxide. While these greenhouse gases areand off-gases from synthetic products in our homes. essential to life on earth, too much of this good The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that thing can be devastating. Human activities arethe United States alone emits 160 million tons of pollution making massive changes in the global atmosphericinto the air each year. And while regulatory enforcement chemistry, which is causing global warming. Theof the Clean Air Act has significantly reduced aggregate major greenhouse gas that humans are adding to theemissions (down 48 percent since 1970),1 over 130 million atmosphere is carbon dioxide, and the second largestUS residents live in counties that violate federal air quality greenhouse gas being emitted by humans is methane.standards. Globally, 1.1 billion people breathe unhealthy Roughly three-quarters of human-caused greenhouseair.2 Furthermore, the accumulation of greenhouse gas warming comes from the burning of fossil fuelsemissions in the upper atmosphere is contributing to global coal, oil, and gas. Global warming not only raises thewarming and climate change. temperature of the Earth, but also increases the likelihood of severe storms, threatens biodiversity,How the Air Gets Polluted contributes to heat-related illnesses, and causesWe can only imagine the purity of the air that existed flooding in sensitive areas such as island nations.when Gods breath first swept across the waters or first Decreasing greenhouse emissions by transformingfilled Adams lungs. Today, our industrialized societies have our energy system from one based on fossil fuels tomade smog, haze, and code red days commonplace. one based on natural, renewable energies is a way to Major contributors to poor air quality include power help eliminate air pollution and curb global warming.plants and industrial factories; mobile sources such as cars, (adapted from The Cry of Creation)3trucks, planes, and trains; and natural occurrences such aswildfires and windblown dust particles. Among the largestsources of air pollution in the United States are coal-fired 90 percent of their time indoors and studies have shownpower plants. These plants emit 67 percent of the sulfur that indoor air levels of many pollutants can be two todioxide, 23 percent of the nitrogen oxides, 34 percent of five times higher than outdoor levels.6the mercury, and 38 percent of the carbon dioxide from In developed countries, indoor air pollution is theburning fossil fuels.4 result of increased use of household chemicals, use of synthetic building and furnishing materials, increasedEffects of Pollution insulation, decreased ventilation, and second-hand smoke.Human health is affected by air pollution through directly In developing countires, 1.8 billion people still rely oninhaled polluted air and also through indirect exposures traditional biomass fuelwood, charcoal, animal dung,such as drinking water or eating foods that have been and crop wastesfor household energy needs includingcontaminated by pollutants emitted into the air, which then cooking and heating, which results in indoor air pollutionfall back down to earth. These pollutants enter our levels many times higher than international air qualitysystems through contaminated water and soil, and can standards allow.7 Promoting cleaner, renewable energybioaccumulate in plants and animals, traveling up the food sources in developing countries would help improve thechain to humans. air quality and health of people living in these regions. Worldwide air pollution causes more than 3 milliondeaths annually,5 mostly because of particulate pollution. Disproportionate ImpactsA great majority of the deaths are among children in While air pollution affects everyone on Gods Earth,developing countries who die of acute respiratory infec- certain populations suffer a disproportionate impact.tions brought on by indoor air pollution from burning Among those who are suffering the most from the burdentraditional biomass fuels for cooking and heating. In the of our lifestyle choices, are often the very ones contribut-United States, escalating rates of asthma, particularly ing least to the problemthe children, the poor, people ofamong children, are being linked to poor air quality. color, and residents of developing nations.Outdoor vs. Indoor Pollution l Pound for pound, children breathe 50 percent more airAs communities struggle to curtail emissions and clean up than adults and therefore inhale a greater proportion ofthe air outside, health experts are looking increasingly at the pollution burden. In the United States, 25 millionthe quality of our indoor air. Humans spend as much as children live in counties that violate national air quality
standards and 35 million children live within 30 miles of a Journey from Awareness to Actionpower plant, areas where the greatest health impacts occur. Jack Chandler, Falcon Heights United Church ofAn estimated 2 million of these children have asthma.8 Christ, believed that protecting air resources and combating climate change was a matter ofl The World Health Organization estimates 2 million faith. So, he worked in his own church as well as children die each year from respiratory ailments making in the larger community to facilitate changes. He air pollution the second leading cause of disease for began his efforts by conducting adult education children under four. sessions and running several information pieces in the church newsletter. The Senior Ministerl Approximately 68 percent of African Americans live supported these initiatives by offering a sermon within 30 miles of a coal-fired power plant. Today, on global warming and challenging the church to asthma attacks send African Americans to the emer- “do its part” by participating in the Minnesota gency room at three times the rate of whites.9 Wind Energy Program. The Church’s Executivel Seventy-one percent of Latinos live in counties that Board has since created an environmental violated federal air pollution standards and are more committee, which includes the church treasurer, than twice as likely as either blacks or whites to live in and signed up for fifty 100-kilowatt hours of areas with elevated levels of particulate matter.10 wind energy.12l According to the World Health Organization, average annual concentrations of particulate matter are four to various denominations of the National Council of six times higher in cities in China and India than in cities Churches of Christ issued a letter to Congress, urging in North America, Western Europe, and Japan. them to meet current energy needs without sacrificing environmental protection for the future.People of Faith Speak OutOver the years, religious leaders and people of faith have Take Action to Protect the Air Protectspoken out to protect clean air and the integrity of Gods Congregations and individual people of faith have thecreation. In 2001, members of the faith community opportunity to put their faith into action to protect ourturned their collective voices to the topic of energy precious air resources and to give glory to Gods creation.production, a process that is one of the greatest contribu- Reduce your energy use both at home and in the office,tors of air pollution. The National Council of Churches use energy efficient transportation such as fuel efficientof Christ joined with other major faith communities cars, and use less toxic substances when purchasing itemsthrough the Interfaith Climate and Energy Campaign to such as carpeting and paint for home and office use.issue a statement that called for energy conservation and Since our energy use is a major contributor to bothclimate justice. The letter, signed by 1,200 religious leaders local air pollution and global warming, reducing ourincluding 41 heads of denominations and senior religious consumption and choosing cleaner, greener alternativesleaders, affirmed the importance of developing a sustain- will help protect Gods gift of air.able energy policy that would protect the future of Godscreation on earth and the quality of life of future genera- For more ideas on how you can help protect God’stions. Recently, in response to proposed energy legislation, sacred gift of air, visit: www.webofcreation.org/ncc. The Four “P”s: Power Plant Pollutants and Human Health Mercury: A metal found in coal, which converts into a Sulfur Dioxide (SO2): A highly corrosive gas that is gas when coal is burned, becomes airborne, and pollutes formed when coal is burned. In addition to contribut- waterways. Bacteria in the water convert elemental ing to acid rain, SO2 mixes with nitrogen oxides to form mercury into methylmercuryits most toxic form fine particulate matter, which can lodge in the lungs which is a bioaccumulating toxin that affects the brain, affecting respiratory and cardiovascular systems. spinal cord, and liver and can impair a fetus or childs ability to learn, speak, feel, see, taste, and move. Carbon Dioxide (CO2): A greenhouse gas emission that builds up in the atmosphere and contributes to Nitrogen Oxides (NOx): A family of chemical global warming. As global average surface temperatures compounds formed when coal is burned. They react in rise, humans will experience an increase in heat-related the presence of sunlight to form ozone smog, which can stress, ozone smog, and the spread of infectious trigger asthma attacks. diseases.
Sermon Starters: Reflections on the Life-Giving Breath of GodThe creation story begins (Genesis 1:2-31) with the Spirit from the sky. But we modern human beings have changedof God moving over the face of the waters. As each act all that. Now, in fact, the rain may bring death because it isof creation takes place throughout the chapter, God sees so acidic. And the air we breathe is full of noxiousit as good. Finally, when the sixth day comes, God looked substances, such as mercury, lead, and soot that areat everything that he had made and saw it as very good. emitted by our factories, our power plants, our incinera- tors, and our vehicles. The air above us, instead of being aWind and Spirit. The Spirit of God in the opening source of blessings from God, has been changed. We haveverses of Genesis (v.2) is also translated as a wind from recreated it in our own imageour fallen human imageGod or a mighty wind. In continuity with this connec- and thus it has become a source of calamity.tion between wind and Spirit, we see Jesus telling Have you ever looked out on the sky on a brightNicodemus in the Gospel of John (3:8), The wind blows sunny spring day, especially from a mountaintop or otherwhere it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do high place? Crystal clear and blue, the sky seems as if itnot know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is goes on forever. That is how the ancients saw it. But wewith everyone who is born of the Spirit. The word for know that it does not. The earths atmosphere is remark-wind and spirit is the same in both Hebrew (ruah) and ably thin and fragile. It is easily damaged, and not easilyGreek (pneuma). Ruah is also the word for the breath of repaired. And the damage that our modern industrialGod that was breathed into the first parents, as they were economy has brought about has become so serious, that itcreated in Genesis. So, the Spirit is all around us, just as is is now hurting us, our children, and the other creaturesthe wind, and within us, just as is our very breath. We are who share this precious Earth with us.sanctified with every breath we take: Gods creation (theair) symbolizes Gods Holy Spirit, who, as the Orthodox Christian Response. Many people might throw up theirpray, is everywhere present and filling all things. The air, hands in despair when faced with the enormity of thethen, is something intimately connected with our very life challenges facing us in cleaning up our environment andand survival; furthermore, it brings to mind the Spirit who restoring the air. As Christians, we know that this is nevergives us life in the first place. an option. Perhaps instead we should lift up our hands in thanksgiving on this Earth Day 2004. For we believe in aFrom Blessing to Calamity. Our ancestors in the faith God who does not choose to leave us. Instead the Holylived in the presence of Gods Holy Spirit, bringing to Spirit calls us to repentance, to a change of mind andthem every perfect gift . . . from above. (James 1:17) heartand lifestylefor the sake of Gods ravagedThey lived lives that were far more integrated with the creation, the very creation that God once declared verynatural world, where each season was a source of thanks- good. As the Spirit of God moves across our hearts, ourgiving, a gift from the God from whom all blessings own spirit is renewed from within, in a revival of faith andflow. They had reverence for all aspects of creation, love. All that we do, in loving care of Gods children andincluding the air, which reminded them of the Holy Spirit. Gods suffering world, we do in fidelity to the Creator, asThey saw the many blessings that rained down upon them a witness to the Kingdom God proclaimed. States Go the Extra Mile: Fuel Eeconomy, Air Pollution, and Global Warming Several Interfaith State Climate and Energy Campaigns are embodying the values of justice, equity, stewardship, and caring for future generations by protecting air and energy resources. These state coalitions of religious leaders, institutions, and individuals, have focused on fuel efficient, low emissions vehicles as an example of responsible purchasing. “In West Virginia, “Go the Extra Mile” educational events were held in four cities and involved representatives from many congregations. Electric-hybrid cars and other fuel-efficient vehicles that cut down on air pollution and carbon dioxide (a contributor to global warming) were prominently displayed. Inspired by the event in Shepherdstown, a city council member challenged the city to become “Kyoto compliant.”11 Eleven states, including Michigan, are urging governors to purchase fuel-efficient vehicles for state fleets. “The faith community of Michigan is con- cerned about the impact that pollution from vehicles has on God’s creation and public health,” said Rev. Dr. Kent Ulery, Conference Minister, Michigan Conference of the United Church of Christ. “With the state’s dollars stretched thin it is clear to us that if we can reduce car pollution and save the state money, it is our moral obligation to do so.” To learn more about the Interfaith Climate and Energy Campaigns or to join the Network, visit www.protectingcreation.org.
Selected Faith-Based Resources and OrganizationsCreation Season Liturgy. This package of materials will Interfaith Climate and Energy Campaignenable a congregation to plan a liturgy or series of liturgies (www.protectingcreation.org)to honor creation. To order, call (800) 762-0968 and ask A coalition of religious American leaders, institutions andfor EJ 8905. ($4) individuals who for over two years have been working in 21 states to educate congregants about the causes andThe Cry of Creation: A Call for Climate Justice. This twenty- effects of global climate change and to speak out aboutfive page booklet and interfaith study guide presents an the religious and moral imperatives to protect Godsintroductory consideration to global warming. To order, creation and all of Gods children. Through this jointcall (206) 632-2426. ($5) effort of the National Council of Churches in Christ and the Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life, overGlobal Warming: A Religious Issue. A resource suited for 1,200 leading religious leaders have joined in calling forpresentations, especially to skeptical audiences. Its Gods federal policies for energy conservation and climateWorld strategy packet listed below included. To order, call justice. 110 Maryland Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002.(800) 762-0968 and ask for EJ 9955. (four copies for $1) Interfaith Power and Light (www.theregenerationproject.org)Gods Creation and Global Warming. A twelve-minute video An organization working to mobilize religious communitiesdescribing the risks of climate change and why it is a to play a leadership role in weaning the United States fromsignificant religious issue. To order, call (800) 762-0968 its dependency on fossil fuel. 38 Keyes Street, Suites 114/and ask for EJ 0017. ($10) 115, The Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129.Guide to Resource Efficient Church Buildings. This guide helps Its Gods World: Christians, Care of Creation and Globalreaders to understand the need for green building and Warming. Contains five one-hour sessions for adult studyremodeling and provides plenty of resources for doing so. on the Bible, the environment, and the challenges of aTo order, call (406) 549-7678. changing climate. Concludes with suggestions on how congregations can diminish the dangers of global warming.Guide for Energy Stewardship Congregations. This resource To order, call (800) 762-0968 and ask for EJ 9701. ($2)offers your congregation suggestions for using less energyby making your facilities more energy efficient. To order, For the latest web resources and advocacy actions,call (800) 762-0968 and ask for EJ 9960. ($0.75) visit www.webofcreation.org/ncc/Notes and References1 Air Trend Highlights (Washington, DC: Environmental Protection Agency, 2002) 9 Air of Injustice, op. cit. note 42 Children in the New Millennium (United Nations Environment Programme, 10 Clear the Air, Washington, DC, 2003United Nations Childrens Fund and World Health Organization 2002) 11 The Cry of Creation, op. cit. note 33 M. Schut and T. Marcovna Barnett, The Cry of Creation: A Call for Climate Justice , 12 Ibid.(Washington, DC: Interfaith Climate and Energy Campaign, 2003)4 Air of Injustice (Clear the Air, Georgia Coalition for the Peoples Agenda, The This resource was produced by the Eco-Justice Working Group ofSouthern Organizing Committee for Economic and Social Justice, 2002) the National Council of Churches of Christ with support from the5 Children in the New Millennium, op. cit. note 1 National Religious Partnership for the Environment. Sermon notes6 Trends in Air Quality (American Lung Association, 2002)7 Children in the New Millennium, op. cit. note 1 by Father Christopher Bender. Earth Day Resource Subcommittee:8 Children At Risk (Clean Air Task Force, 2002) Shantilal Bhagat, John Hill, and Danielle Welliever. Participate in other Eco-Justice programs designed to help protect God’s creation. q Yes! Please send me information about other programs and resources from the Eco-Justice Working Group. q I have enclosed a donation of $________ to help support Eco-Justice Working Group Programs such as the Earth Day resources (please make checks payable to the National Council of Churches and send to: Eco-Justice Programs, 110 Maryland Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002). Name ___________________________________________________________________________________ Congregation/Denomination __________________________________________________________________ Address _________________________________________________________________________________ City, State, ZIP ____________________________________________________________________________ Email ___ ______________________________________________________________________
Ideas for ActionOur air, the atmosphere of God’s world, is a l Drive smart and drive less: use a fuel efficient car or anglobalcommons. It nurtures and protects all life alternative method of transortantion such as publicand belongs to no one but rather is shared by all. transit, walking, or biking.As a community of faith we understand our moralobligation to protect the air around us—as l Conserve energy: turn off the lights and use compactstewards of creation and as instruments of justice flourescent lights, adjust your thermostat, and investi-and reconciliation for our neighbors, nature, and gate using green energy options such as solar or windgenerations yet to come. Working together, with power.God as our guide and partner, we can restore l Encourage your local, state, and federal public officialshealth and wholeness to our broken world. We to support and use renewable sources of energy andcan clean our air so that future generations will provide attractive public transportation options.inherit a world as pure and clean as the one firsttouched by the life-giving breath of God. To join the Interfaith Climate Change Network, a network of individuals of faith and religious organi- zations who are helping to protect God’s preciousFor ways to take action on the local, state, and gift of air, visit www.protectingcreation.org orfederal level, visit www.webofcreation.org/ncc/. contact firstname.lastname@example.org.Share your innovative ideas and stories with us. Send your photos, liturgies, sermons, and action ideas to Cassandra Carmichael, Directorof Eco-Justice Programs, National Council of Churches of Christ, 110 Maryland Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002, or email:email@example.com.This resource is printed on recycled-content paper with soy-based inks.Eco-Justice Working GroupNational Council of Churches of Christ110 Maryland Avenue, NEWashington, DC 20002“Every perfect gift, is from above” — James 1:17