Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd - 27th, 2014
SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPLICATIONS OF
NANOTECHNOLOGY
DEVEL...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
• What is nanotechnology ?
• What we know and don’t know
• The...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
What is nanotechnology ?
Nanotechnology is the study of
the co...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
One nanometer is 1.10-9 m:
!
Human hair (width): 80.000 nm
!
R...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
What happens at the nanoscale?
Much higher surface area /volum...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Example: GOLD
Yellow and mostly inert
!
Nano gold: ±30 nm
Red ...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Example: Carbon
When engineered in the form of tubes:
Material...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Nano Market
Over 1500 products currently on the market
Electro...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
However…
!
Nano-toxicology is very different
!
Serious ethical...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Nano-Tox: What we know and don’t know
Toxicology of nanopartic...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Malaysia
! Nanotech research centers first established in
2000...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
! Several nano focused graduate and post grad
degrees around t...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Indonesia
! Masyarakat Nanotechnology Indonesia (MNI -
Indones...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
! In 2010, Indonesia invested USD$29 millions
in nano R&D, for...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Thailand
!
See upcoming detailed presentation by
deputy direct...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
India
! Over 170 research institutions and universities
involv...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
! Industry dominated by few major corporations.
! Leading sect...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
Australia
! Considerable investment in nanotechnology research...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
New Zealand/Aotearoa
• No large nanotech industry in NZ
• 2006...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
!
!
More information in the booklet about
almost 20 countries ...
Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014
!
Contact:
David Azoulay
dazoulay@ciel.org
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IPEN, NTN Side Event Presentation: Social and Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology Development in Asia-Pacific Region

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This file was presented at the Side Event of SAICM Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting in Kuala Lumpur, March 23-27, 2014 in conjunction with the launch of the booklet published by IPEN, CIEL, NTN and RLANS highlighting the unknown and potential social and environmental implications of nano technology and nano materials.

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IPEN, NTN Side Event Presentation: Social and Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology Development in Asia-Pacific Region

  1. 1. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd - 27th, 2014 SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA PACIFIC REGION David Azoulay - ICEL Sarojeni Rengam - PAN AP/Malaysia Yuyun Ismawati - Indonesia Toxics-Free Network Shahriar Hossain - ESDO/Bangladesh Jayakumar Chelaton - Thanal/India Lee Bell - National Toxics Network/Australia Meriel Watts - PAN Aotearoa/New Zealand Side Event Kuala Lumpur SAICM Asia-Pacific Regional meeting 23-27 March 2014
  2. 2. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 • What is nanotechnology ? • What we know and don’t know • The market for Nanotechnology products • Nanotechnology in the Asia-Pacific region (examples from Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Australia, New zealand + Thailand - Many more countries addressed in the booklet) Content
  3. 3. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 What is nanotechnology ? Nanotechnology is the study of the controlling of matter on an atomic and molecular scale.
  4. 4. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 One nanometer is 1.10-9 m: ! Human hair (width): 80.000 nm ! Red blood cell: 1000nm ! DNA strand : 2nm
  5. 5. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 What happens at the nanoscale? Much higher surface area /volume ratio ! ! ! ! Quantum effects (optical, physical, chemical …) And much much more….
  6. 6. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Example: GOLD Yellow and mostly inert ! Nano gold: ±30 nm Red and chemically reactive ! Nano gold 1 to 3 nm range… Green and highly reactive
  7. 7. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Example: Carbon When engineered in the form of tubes: Material with multiple specific phys-chem (and toxicological) properties (e.g. 10 times stronger and 10 times lighter than steel)
  8. 8. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Nano Market Over 1500 products currently on the market Electronic appliances, Cosmetics, textiles, Households products, Sports goods, building materials, food and food contact materials etc… ! ! ! ! Estimated market between 26 millions to 3.1 trillion $ in 2015 (energy production, energy storage, agro-chemicals, soil and water remediation, medical applications etc…)
  9. 9. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 However… ! Nano-toxicology is very different ! Serious ethical and social concerns
  10. 10. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Nano-Tox: What we know and don’t know Toxicology of nanoparticles both for Human health and environment differs severely from same material in the bulk form (e.g. Carbon Nanotubes & Asbestos / Titanium dioxide etc…). Studies have shown: – Certain Carbon Nanotubes behave just like asbestos; – Capacity of certain Nanoparticles to cross the brain/ blood barrier and placenta; – Trans-generational transmission of Ti02 nanoparticles; – Some nanoparticles have shown toxicity to fish species and fresh water ecosystems; – Etc…
  11. 11. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Malaysia ! Nanotech research centers first established in 2000 ! In 2006: Malaysian National Nanotechnology Initiative to coordinate policy, R&D programs and infrastructures and liaise with industry ! Nano Malaysia Pgm (2011-2015) including several excellence centers in some of the main universities of the country ! Approx. 150 scientists and 300 graduate students (2011 figures) ! No specific regulatory nano provisions
  12. 12. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 ! Several nano focused graduate and post grad degrees around the country ! 2 seminars organized in 2011 in KL: –Nanotechnology Awareness Seminar in collaboration with national Science Centre to emphasize nano as an engine of economic growth –Workshop on Safety, health, and environmental implications of nano to assist in the formulation of the upcoming national safety guidelines Malaysia
  13. 13. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Indonesia ! Masyarakat Nanotechnology Indonesia (MNI - Indonesian Society for Nanomaterials) established in 2005 to serve as a communication forum among government, research institutions, university and Industry. ! In 2006 adoption of national nanoscience and nanotechnology development platform ! Focus on nanostructured materials for applications to energy, water treatment and remediation, food and agriculture, medicine and nanobiotech
  14. 14. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 ! In 2010, Indonesia invested USD$29 millions in nano R&D, for over 60 projects. ! 35% of key industries such as textiles, ceramics and chemistry have applied some form of nanotechnology ! No nano regulation and limited (at best) engagement of civil society by government ! European countries have more advanced material structure, but developed Asian countries such as South Korea and Japan are more advanced in nanotechnology for daily needs. Indonesia
  15. 15. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Thailand ! See upcoming detailed presentation by deputy director of Thailand NANOTEC
  16. 16. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 India ! Over 170 research institutions and universities involved in nano research ! Mostly driven by public funding, but growing number of public/private partnership ! Government led initiatives led by Mission on Nano Science and technology from Department of Science and Technology - Over 200 projects since 2002 ! Great variation at the sub-federal level ! Research on water filtration is the one key flagship activity ! India is largely involved in international cooperation on the subject
  17. 17. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 ! Industry dominated by few major corporations. ! Leading sector in terms of patent are health care and textile (for instance, in 2008 Ashima Group exported over one million yard of nano treated fabrics to the US) ! No specific regulation at this point, precautionary approach recommended by some independent commentator and Indian toxicologists. ! Key issue: Lack of coordination between a multitude of government departments ! Public engagement is limited and public debate is muted India
  18. 18. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 Australia ! Considerable investment in nanotechnology research coordinated by Australian research council and CSIRO ! Latest coordination strategy document: The National Enabling Technology Strategy (2009) ! In terms of regulation a report commissioned by the Government in 2008 identified several gaps in the regulatory framework. Legal reform proposed in 2009, but abandoned since ! Civil Society extremely active since 2005, and is calling for a moratorium on the research, development and production of synthetic nanoproduct of nanomaterials until regulation are adopted to protect the health and safety of workers, public, and the environment
  19. 19. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 New Zealand/Aotearoa • No large nanotech industry in NZ • 2006: Nanotech roadmap established by Ministry of Science, Research and technology, acknowledging importance of social research and engagement of communities ….. Very little was done since in this respect • Several university and education programs • Strong engagement of New Zealand Sustainability Council on this topic • In 2012, adoption of the first regulatory labelling requirement for cosmetics (applicable in 2015, with notification in the meantime)
  20. 20. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 ! ! More information in the booklet about almost 20 countries in the region ! ! Upcoming booklet about central Asia
  21. 21. Kuala Lumpur SAICM regional meeting, March 23rd / 27th 2014 ! Contact: David Azoulay dazoulay@ciel.org

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