Business ethics

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  • 1. Code of coduct and Ethical dilemma Faced by Reliance Submitted by Samir shah
  • 2. Code of conduct & Ethical dilemma faced By reliance industries limited Business Ethics ETHICS = TRUTHFULNESS + TRANSPARENCY + RIGHTEOUSNESS + MORALITY Business ethics which is also known as corporate ethics is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arises in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and it is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations. The study of proper business policies and practices regarding potentially controversial issues, such as corporate governance, insider trading, bribery, discrimination, corporate social responsibility and fiduciary responsibilities . According to investopedia, Business ethics are implemented in order to ensure that a certain required level of trust exists between consumers and various forms of market participants with businesses. Reliance industries Limited Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an Indian conglomerate holding company which is in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The company operates in five major segments: exploration and production, refining and marketing, petrochemicals, retail and telecommunications. RIL is the second-largest publicly traded company in India by market capitalisation and is the second largest company in India by revenue after Indian Oil Corporation. The company was co-founded by Rakesh Ranjan and his cousin Champaklal Damani in 1960s as Reliance Commercial Corporation. In 1965, the partnership was ended and Dhirubhai continued the polyester business of the firm .In 1966, Reliance Textiles Industries Pvt Ltd was incorporated in Maharashtra. In 1985, the name of the company was changed from Reliance Textiles Industries Ltd. to Reliance Industries Ltd. During the years 1985 to 1992, the company expanded its installed capacity for producing polyster yarn by over 145,000 tonnes per annum. The Hazira petrochemical plant was commissioned in 1991-92. In 1993, Reliance turned to the overseas capital markets for funds through a global depositary issue of Reliance Petroleum. In 1996, it became the first private sector company in India to be rated by international credit rating agencies. In 2001, Reliance Industries Ltd. and Reliance Petroleum Ltd. became India's two largest companies in terms of all major financial parameters. ( www.ethics.org.au/ethics-articles/ethical-dilemma-accountants) Code of conduct - A set of conventional principles and expectations that are considered binding on any person who is a member of a particular group. RIL Code of Conduct & ethics Reliance believes that business conduct can be ethical only when it rests on the nine core values of Honest, Integrity, Fairness, Respect, Purposefulness, Trust, Responsibility, Citizenship and
  • 3. Care. Reliance also believes strongly in pursuit of goals which are in national interest. The guiding philosophy being “What is good for India id good for Reliance”. In pursuit of these values Reliance is committed to : • The ethical treatment of all its stakeholders – employees, customers, environment, shareholders, lenders and other investors, suppliers and the Government; & • conducting business in accordance with the highest standards of ethics, complying with all applicable laws, rules and regulations. Ethics and values Ethical behaviour at Reliance is about living and displaying values that form the core of Reliance’s business ethics. A description of how these values are to demonstrated is mention below. Honesty, integrity and fairness Reliance insists on honesty, integrity and fairness in all aspects of its business and expects the same in its relationship with every business associate. The company and its employee shall always honour all commitments.Employees at Reliance are committed to be truthful and trustworthy in all their action. Respect Reliance is committed to treat everyone with respect and dignity. It appreciates and values the skills, strength and perspectives of its diverse workforce and business associates , reliance believes that each employee makes a meaningful contribution in the company’s success. Purposefulness Reliance sees all its activites in terms of higher purpose and ideals. This purposefulness is a way of operating which ties the company to its environment and the community in a mutual beneficial relationship. Reliance always encourages teamwork with open, candid and speedy communication. Responsibility Reliance’s employees ahall be committed to demonstrate highest levels of personal responsibility and continually affirm their responsibility to Reliance in pursuit of excellence. The employees should be committed and enthusiastic to assume responsibility for actions of the organization. Citizenship Reliance is committed to participating and achieving in every conceivable way the progress and integrity of India. Reliance is also committed to obey all the laws of India and the countries in which it does business, and to do its part for the betterment of the communities in which it operates ,better. Care Compassion, sharing and kindness are values that Reliance tries to inculcate in its decision making process to achieve fairness. It is imperative that each one of it’s employees gets intensely driven from the heart towards upholding these values in their day to day conduct.
  • 4. Possible area of violence Health care & social factor Health care and social service, workers face an increased risk of work-related assaults stemming from several factors. These include: The prevalence of handguns and other weapons among patients, their families or friends; The increasing use of hospitals by police and the criminal justice system for criminal holds and the care of acutely disturbed,violent individuals; The increasing number of acute and chronic mentally ill patients being released from hospitals without follow-up care (these patients have the right to refuse medicine and can no longer be hospitalized involuntarily unless they pose an immediate threat to themselves or others); The availability of drugs or money at hospitals, clinics andpharmacies, making them likely robbery targets; Commitments Every Reliance employee shall share the company’s firm belief that the other person’s interests count as much as his/her own. Reliance recognizes that maintaining the trust and confidence of its stakeholders is crucial to its continued growth and success. Commitments to stakeholders In each of its activities, Reliance shall demonstrate a steadfast commitment to the interests of all its stakeholders: Employees Reliance recognizes that its success depends on the total commitment and support of all employees. Reliance is committed to respect the human rights of its employees and strives to treat its employees with honesty, just management, due dignity and fairness. Reliance is committed to providing its employees with a good, safe and healthy environment and competitive terms and conditions of service. Customers Reliance is committed to produce is reliable, world-class quality products and services, delivered on time, at a fair price. Environment Reliance is committed to acting as a concerned and responsible community participant reflecting alla aspects of good corporate citizenship. It is committed to achieving global standards of health, safety & environment. Shareholders Reliance is committed to purse sound growth and earnings objectives and to exercise prudence in the use of its assets and resources. The company will ensure its success by satisfying its customers and increasing shareholder value. The Government Reliance is a fiercely patriotic company and is enthused and proud to be a home-grown enterprise. It is committed to the payment of all applicable taxes & duties and adherence to all applicable laws and regulations. (ref- corporate governance report) (www.ril.com) (www.ffsil.com)
  • 5. Ethical dilemma An ethical dilemma is a situation where one is in conflict between moral imperatives. Often rejecting either solution has major consequences. It is also known as ethical paradox. Ethical dilemma is also known as moral dilemma. An ethical dilemma is typically described as a complex situation that involves a conflict between different morals. Ethical dilemmas are commonly found in medicine. (source- www.ethics.org.au) Dilemma faced by the company Insider trading: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) has fined Reliance Industries group entity Reliance Petro-investments (RPIL) Rs 11 crore for violating the insider trading norms in the shares of erstwhile IPCL before its merger with RIL. "It may be concluded that by virtue of RPIL having control over IPCL, it was reasonably expected to have access to unpublished price sensitive information of IPCL. RPIL being the promoter having control over the company holding 46 per cent shares of IPCL is inherently expected to have access to price sensitive information. The company being in such a position it is unacceptable that it was not aware of such major/ important decisions of the company IPCL," the Sebi order said. Share price of IPCL on March 5, 2007, declined by 8.13 per cent on the BSE when the Sensex declined by 3.79 per cent. However, in a divergence from the index, the scrip witnessed substantial price gain on March 8, 2007, and March 9, 2007, subsequent to the announcement of amalgamation of IPCL with Reliance Industries. The findings of the investigation led to the allegation that RPIL was in the possession of unpublished price sensitive information while trading in the scrip of IPCL prior to announcement of declaration of interim dividend and amalgamation of IPCL with Reliance Industries which resulted in violation of regulation 3 of SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Regulations, 1992. (www.thehindubusinessline.com) (www.indianexpress.com) Decision taken by reliance The Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT) has adjourned hearing to October 11 on RIL's appeal against the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) in the long-running insider trading case. The SAT also declined to allow an intervention petition by an individual who had alleged that there could be collusion between Sebi and the Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries to settle the case.
  • 6. Rejecting the plea, the SAT asked him to approach the Bombay High Court or the Supreme Court, saying the tribunal is not the appropriate forum to hear such a plea. (www.thehindubusinessline.com) CONCLUSION As per the above discussion on the code of conduct and ethical dilemma of Reliance industrial limited . we can say that ethics is a field of interaction between business and ethics. Company are always follow a code of conduct. Reliance is an Indian conglomerate holding company. Ethics and values of reliance is Honesty, integrity and fairness, respect, purposefulness, responsibility, citizenship and care.the company have some commitements towards the employee ,shareholder, commitment to stakeholder, customer and environment. References (1 ) Investopedia , (online) (cited-2010), business ethics defination, Available from <URL : http://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/business-ethics.asp> (2) Reliance communication, (online) (cited-2009), Reliance history, Available from <URL : > (3) corporate governance report, Investor relations, (online) (cited-2012-2103). Available from <www.ril.com/downloads/pdf/code >. (4) corporate news, (online) (cited-2012), code of conduct,(2012), Available from < URL : www.ffsil.com/Corporate%20News/.../Code%20of%20Conduct.> (5) Reliance industries limited, (online) (cited-2010), reliance code of conduct, Available from < URL : http://www.ril.com/downloads/pdf/code_bce_directors.pdf.> (6) The Hindu business, (online) (cited-2013),Insider trading case on reliance. Available from < URL: http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/companies/ril-insider-trading-case-adjourned-tosept-25-on-new-lawsuit/article5075709.ece> (7) ST JAMES ETHICS CENTRE, (online) (cited-2010), AN Ethical dilemma for accountant . Available from <URL : http://www.ethics.org.au/ethics-articles/ethical-dilemma-accountants>. (8) THE INDIAN EXPRESS, (online) (cited-2013) Insider trading case: Sebi slaps Rs 11 crore fine on RIL firm. Available from < URL : http://www.indianexpress.com/news/insider-trading-case-sebi-slaps-rs-11-crore-fineon-ril-firm/1110962/>.