Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation
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Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation

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Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation Presentation Transcript

  • Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation
    Yuuji Izumo
    VATSIM Hong KongStanding Committee on Aviation Resource and Education Development
    http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Objectives:
    At the end of training, trainees should to:
    - Able to understanding different flying rules
    • Able to understanding aerodrome signs and layout
    • Able to identify different navigation aids
    12/25/2009
    MTR Corporation
    VATSIM Hong Kong
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Website : http://hk.vatsea.net
    E-mail: vatsim-hk@live.hk
    VATSIM Hong Kong
    12/25/2009
    MTR Corporation
    http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770
  • Today’s Topics
    Flying Rules
    IFR / VFR
    2. Aerodrome
    Marking
    Signs
    Runway
    Taxiway
    Layout
    3. Radio navigation
    VOR
    NDB
    ILS/DME
    4. Precise navigation
    RNAV / RNP
    Objects:
    At the end of training, trainees should to:
    • Understand and identify foundation of an aircraft
    • Understand how control surfaces working
    http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Ablatives
    DME – Distance Measure Equipment
    RNP – Required Navigation Performance
    r/w – Runway
    ILS - Instrument Landing System
    IFR – Instrument Flight Rules
    NDB – Non-Directional Beacon
    Txy – Taxiway
    VFR – Visual Flight Rules
    VOR – VHF Omni Range
    Objects:
    At the end of training, trainees should to:
    • Understand and identify foundation of an aircraft
    • Understand how control surfaces working
    http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
    Aerodrome layout
  • Runway
    Threshold Marking
    • Provides width of the runway, each stripe represents 5m wide
    • The runways at VHHH has 16 stripes on each end, which they are 16x5=80m wide ->
    Displaced Threshold
    • Can increase TORA
    • Landing is prohibited 
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Runway
    Touchdown Zone Marking [TD zone]
    • Two SOLID blocks of marking
    • A visual reference for pilots to perform touchdown nearby the marking
    Runway Designation
    • Consists of the a magnetic trackof the center-line
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Aerodrome Signs
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Critical Aerodrome Signs
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Runway Boundary
    Runway Boundary Sign (Holding Point)
    • A reference which separate between taxiway and Runways
    • The runway-side are dashed, non-runway-side are solid
    ILS Critical Area Boundary Sign
    • A line reference which notify the traffic is crossing the ILS gild slope path and may cause ILS signal distortion for Approaching traffics.
    • May also serve as Runway Boundary Sign for ILS CAI II / III runway.
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Critical Markings
    Blast Pad Marking
    • Denotes the area of Blast Pad
    • Take-off and landing are strictly prohibited
    Closed Marking
    • The 'X' Indicates that the taxiway/runway is not in service.
    • However runway with the “X” sign can also considered as taxiway.
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Taxiway markings
    Taxiway center-line
    • Solid yellow
    Taxiway edge
    • Double dash yellow
    • Allowed to cross
    • Double solid yellow
    • Not allowed to cross
    Vehicle Roadway Markings
    Mainly for ground crew
    Roadway center-line
    • Dash white
    Roadway edge
    • Solid or zipper style white (same usage)
    Taxiways Marking
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • PAPI Precision Approach Path Indicator
    Precision Approach Path IndicatorPAPI
    • Consist of four lights visible from distance
    • Color pattern changes as aircraft's glide angle from touchdown zone
    • The steepness of the glide path shouldbe usually 3°
    • For visual reference, does not coincide with ILS during final
    What is a glide path?
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Aerodrome Lighting
    Runway Centerline (White, with Red at the end)
    Glide Slope
    Runway Edge (White, with Yellow at the end)
    PAPI (Red and White)
    Threshold (Green bar)
    Approach Lighting System (Varies)
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • Aerodrome Lighting
    Runway end
    Taxiway Centerline (Green)
    Taxiway Edge (Blue)
    Intersecting taxiways
    http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong
  • http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770
    VATSIM Hong Kong