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Building collaboration among Arab entrepreneurs
 

Building collaboration among Arab entrepreneurs

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    Building collaboration among Arab entrepreneurs Building collaboration among Arab entrepreneurs Presentation Transcript

    • Building Collaboration Arab Entrepreneur Partnership Forum
      April 2-3, 2011
    • 2
      Normally I would have spoken about:
      • Horizontal and vertical integration
      • Networking
      • Innovation and best practice
      • Arab complementarities
      • Competitiveness and regional clusters
      • Corporate social responsibility (CSR)
      …………………But I am sure you know about all that!
      So, instead let’s talk about
    • 3
      AmartyaSen & Sustainable Development
      According to Sen, there are populations today that live in a state of 'unfreedom', unable to realize their capabilities.
      Poverty is “a deprivation of basic capabilities, rather than merely low income"
      Five freedoms:
      Political freedoms
      Economic facilities
      Social opportunities
      Transparency guarantees
      Protective security
    • Population, Corruption and Freedom Indicators
      The Economist
      Ranking of democracy
      ( out of 167 countries )
      Ranking of corruption
      ( out of 178 countries )
      Ranking of press freedoms
      ( out of 196 countries )
    • 5
      Income is positively related to Democracy
      Democracy and GDP per capita in MENA
    • GDP per Capita (PPP, 1000s)
      Source: IMF
    • Economies are dependent on hydrocarbon revenues
      Oil/gas Revenues
      Source: IMF
    • Military Expenditures as % of GDP
    • Foreign Direct Investment as % of GDP, 2009
    • % of Population Under the Age of 30
    • Quality of Education Index
    • Unemployment Rates (%)
    • Youth Employment Rates (%)
    • Youth Unemployment (%) vs. Political Stability
    • % of Population Below the Poverty Line
    • A Thesis…
      Development
      Equitable Growth
      Accountability
      Transparency
      Freedom of Speech
      Democracy
    • Collaboration?
      But…
      Arab countries resorted to intergovernmental approaches to integration due to reluctance of Arab leaders to transfer sovereignty to supranational bodies
    • Areas of Possible Cooperation:
      • Evidence shows there is little gain from cooperating in manufacturing (goods): lack of competitiveness, low value added, little intra industry trade
      • Integration in Services, Labor, FDI flows (Capital) have high potential gains from integration.
      • Newly democratizing economies will most likely see greater economic integration with each other; the trend may spread throughout region.
    • Thank You