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YusoffGulam Information Processing Theory



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  • 1. Information Processing Theory
    Seeks to understand how people acquire new information, how they store information and recall it from memory, and how what they already know guides and determines what and how they will learn.
    (Snowman,McCown & Biehler, 2011)
  • 2. Information Processing Theory
    People process information in stages
    Limitations on how much information can be processed at each stage
    Previously learned information affects how and what people currently learn
    (Snowman,McCown & Biehler, 2011)
  • 3. Framework
    (Snowman,McCown & Biehler, 2011)
  • 4. Teaching Devices (Information Processing)
    Graphic Organizers
    (Orlich, Harder,Callahan,Trevisan & Brown, 2009)
  • 5. Mnemonics
    The use of memory-aiding device
    (Orlich, Harder,Callahan,Trevisan &Brown, 2009)
    Mnemonics teach ways to organise material more efficiently by using rhymes, mental images, spatial location etc
    It aids the information retrieval process which involves the “search” and “decision” processes for finding desired material and assessing its correctness.
    (Sukumar, Gowda N, 2008)
  • 6. Mnemonics in Science
    Example: Mnemonic for the sequence of hues in the visible spectrum:
  • 7. Graphic Organizers
    Graphic Organizers improve students’ creative, analytical and critical thinking skills as it help students of all ages to process information.
    Presenting information in both visual and verbal from improves recall and recognition.
    Graphic organizers ability to show relationships clearly builds upon and increase a student’s prediction on her background knowledge (schema)
    (Housel, 2008)
  • 8. Graphic Organizers in Science-Life Cycle-
  • 9. References
    Jack Snowman, Rick McCown & Robert Biehler (2011) 13th Edition Psychology Applied to Teaching. USA:Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
    Donald C. Orlich, Robert J. Harder,Richard C. Callahan, Michael S. Trevisan & Abbie H. Brown (2009) 9th Edition ,Teaching Strategies: A Guide to Effective Instruction. USA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
    N. SukumarGowda (2010) Learning and the Learner: Insights into Processes of Learning and Teaching. Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt.Ltd.
    Debra Housel (2008) Content Area Lessons Using Graphic Organizers, Grade 5. Teacher Created Resources.