1. Laws and Regulations No 2813 Radio Laws Electronic Communication Laws No 18183 Radio Regulations No 25482 Radio Operator Qualification and Examination Regulations Spectrum Management Regulations Coast Guard Regulations Turkish Search and Rescue Regulations SOLAS Vol.5No 2813 Radio Laws • This regulation’s name was changed in 10 November 2008. After then, this law’s name was called the law concerning the establishment of BTİK(Bilgi Teknolojileri ve İletişim Kurumu).Electronic Communication LawsFirst Part – General Provisions Rule 1 – Purpose This law’s purpose is; organizing electronic communication sector and supervising competition in this area, protecting consumer rights, generalizing service in all country, using sources effectively and efficiently, encourage new investments and technologies in substructure, network and service areas. Rule 2 – Scope Execution of electronic communication and management of substructure, network and services is subject for this laws. Moreover, communication devices’ manufacture, importation, sale, establishment, operation, frequency planning, authorization, auditing and settlement are also subject for this laws. Rule 3 – Definitions and Abbreviations In this rule there are 61 defitions. Important ones among them are ; - Interference : Various publications, or electromagnetic effects that effect or interrupt all kind of electronic communications. - Ministry : Transportation Ministry. - Committee : BTİK - Institution : BTİK - CEIR : Central Equipment Identity Register - CEPT : European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations
2. Rule 4 – Principles All kinds of electronic communication device, system and network establishment and management is responsible for government. For this situation these principles are using ; - Protect of free and effective competition - Observance of consumer rights - Communication with reasonable fee - Be international - Priority for urgent needs - Information security and privacy of communication - Neutrality in regulationsThird Part – Management of Spectrum Rule 36 – Planning frequency - Frequency planning for not create electromagnetic interference on the radio broadcasts from each other. Rule 37 – Radio establishing and permission to using, radio license - All users must take radio license and permission to use radio devices.These licenses are for 5 years. After then, they must be renovate. Rule 38 – Checking satellite position - In international plannings and criterions framework, satellite position planning, checking is working coordinated BTİK and Transportation Ministry. Rule 39 – Communication with codes and cryptoes - Communication with code and crypto procedures is determined by BTİK. Rule 40 – Spectrum watching and checking -Radio device and systems using is determined and controlled by BTİK. Turkish Coast Guard is responsible for spectrum watching in the open seas. Rule 41 – Process for foreigns - If Ministry of Foreign Affairs sees fit to give permission license to foreign people, BTİK is take care of it. Rule 42 – Coast radio stations - Directorate of Radio Management ( Telsiz İşletme Müdürlüğü )in General Directorate of Coastal Safety (Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Müdürlüğü ) is responsible for coast radio stations to carry out the communication between sea and shore. Rule 46 – Radio Fees - Radio fees are determined and taking by BTİK.7th Part – Penal Provisions8th Part – Final Provisions Rule 69 – Execution - Council of Ministers shall execute the provisions of this law.
3. Regulation on the Procedures and RadioChapter One • Article (1) - The purpose of this regulation, the radio and Radio license granting permission to installand use, permits and radio licance duration, renewal, modification and cancellation ofthe related principles and procedures provided for in this framework with the establishmentof wireless devices and systems, use, transfer, change the type operation, speed and shall besubject to discontnuation of service to identify users. • Article (2) 1-This regulation concerning radio and television broadcasts without prejudice to the provisions of the relevant law, by natural and legal persons in public institutions and organizations and the establishment and use of wireless devices and systems and procedures included work to be done with the procedures and principles to be ap 2-The Turkish Armed Forces, the Gendarmerie General Command and the Coast Guardmission areas specified in laws and institutions, including matters relating to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Telecommunications Department, the General Directorate of National Intelligence Organization and police radio equipment and systems, and the cost paid bythe institutions established by the operators or to be established in all types of marineradio equipment and systems and radio communication and navigational safetyequipment and systems air service outside the scope of this Regulation.Chapter Two : Radio Operations- Application Article (5) 1- Natural and legal persons with public institutions and organizations, depending on thetransaction indicates its intention to use the radio, and a petition to establish. The radio system is planned to be established by taking into account the claimant filled out and signed Application Form with two copies of the requested address of the proposed location of radio equipment in the radio system and geographic coordinate information Real and legal persons; Chamber of Commerce certificate, certificate of the Chamber of Industry, Trade Registry Gazette example, an activity similar to these statutes or articles of association, Public institutions and organizations set up and use wireless equipment and systems thatsupport the basis of special legislation by adding provisions shall apply to the Authority.
4. -Assessment and Permission to Establish Article (6) 1- Natural and legal persons of public institutions and organizations and services needed by the radio operators will be borne primarily by the Agency is authorized. 3- Repeater for amateur radio communication and / or link associated with covering a wide area radio systems applying for a special amateur radio repeaters and similarassociations, are authorized to use these systems to be the responsibility of the amateur radio certificate amateur wireless operator, provided that the permit is issued for installation and use. However, if the separation of the association to replace theresponsible charge of Amateur Radio Amateur Radio within a month must be reported to the Authority by the association. 4- The Authority of the requested type of radio system and the use of radio equipmentneeded to set limits on technical matters such as the location. 6- Before the expiry of the given permission to install and use radio equipment and systemsto continue to use the case of a request for re-evaluation of the applicant to establish andextend the validity of permits, including permit may be canceled or any change infrequency can be made. However, until the end of the period allowed for installation and use do not reach the Agency in case of any request for extension of time without noticeby the Authority, any permit granted to install and use, and a health permit will be canceled.-Setting Up and Using Article (7) 1- The user of radio equipment and systems building permit application form annexed tothe letter and the technical values and system of the Authority establishes the technicalregulations of radio equipment or get established consisting of the appropriate devices. 3- Wireless users who have permission to install and use device or system, or system of a user and wireless devices due to its operations in a place other than where the permission, authorization or permit, except the frequencies assigned for use outside the technical values, if requested by the user must obtain permission from the Authority .-License Article (8) 1- On the Permit, wireless devices and radio equipment used in the system and / or thetype of system, number, allocated frequencies, bandwidth, output power, location,and duration to be determined by the Authority and other identifying information.
5. 2- The number of wireless devices and system devices, and / or renewed permit the alteration of assigned frequencies. Article (9) - Established in accordance with the authorization given to the radio device and thesystem is set up and use, transported to another location, frequency and other technicalusers to modify the properties, are required to have a permit by applying to the Authoritywith a petition. If such application is approved, these changes will be processed in the user license, the user is notified with a letter.-Additional authorization procedures Article (10) 1- Users who have permission to install and use radio equipment systems would furtherneed to get a permit from the Agency for each wireless device or frequency.-Transactions to be Applied to Foreigners Article (14) - Application and authorization procedures are carried out as described below for foreigners: Agreements or treaties with foreign governments be established on the basis of this agreement or agreements shall be subject to radio equipment and systems. Temporarily brought to Turkey with the passenger wireless devices and systems usedwithin the framework of our country is a signatory to international conventions.-Radio equipment and systems used by foreign nationals in prohibited zones Article (15) - Permitted to prohibited zones declared by the General Staff of the devices used for receiving radio and television broadcasting to foreign nationals outside the radiotransmitter, radio transmitter-receiver or receiver devices of the General Staff building and subject to the permission given permission to use the radio with a health permit.-Wireless Devices And Systems within the Authorization Article (16) - Authorized by the Authority, operators of electronic communications networkorinfrastructure are subject to the following points in the radio equipment and systems:
6. Operators for radio equipment and systems for all kinds of infrastructure that make up the application form and lists that contain devices with locations to apply for permission toinstall and use the system. Following an assessment by the Authority under the authorization of the application is allowed to install and use the system. Operators of electronic communications network or infrastructure to all the radio equipment and systems to start with a general permit issued.CHAPTER 3 - Various and Final ProvisionsEffect Article (17) - This Regulation shall enter into force on the date of publication. Article (18) - The provisions of this Regulation shall be executed by the President of InformationTechnologies and Communications Authority.Radio Operators Qualification and Examination RegulationsPART I: General ProvisionsCHAPTER I: Purpose, Scope, Basis and DefinitionsThe purpose of this regulation is granting qualification classes and the qualifications andprocedures, determination of the principles for the radio operators who will use radio stationson the marine crafts within GMDSS or not.ScopeArticle 2 – This regulation scopes radio operators who will establish the GMDSS and otherradio stations in accordance with the law numbered 2813 on the ships that scoped by SOLAS-74.SupportArticle 3 - This Regulation is a party to;- Law No. 3539 dated 04/20/1989 Seafarers Training, Certification and WatchkeepingConvention on Standards of the International 1978 (STCW-78) and the STCW-95 change,
7. -The World Radio Conference WRC-97 Com No. 4-4 of 4745 with the decision of the DecreeLaw on Establishment and Duties of Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs,-The Civil Servants Act,-Per Diem Act and the Decree on the General Staff and Procedure.DefinitionsArticle 4 - In this Regulation;a) Administration: Maritime Undersecretariat,b)IMO: International Maritime Organization,c) Contract: STCW-78 Convention and its amendments,d) The Seafarers Regulation: published in Official Gazette No. 24 832 of 31/7/2002 and itsamendments and related regulations, guidelines,e)GASM: Head office for Examination of Seafarers Organized in the Seafarers Regulation,f)CEPT: European Postal and Telecommunications Administrations,g) WRC World Radio Conference,h)The INMARSAT system: The Maritime Communications System Via Inmarsat Satellites,i)COSPAS-SARSAT: Polar Orbiting Maritime Search and Rescue Satellite CommunicationSystem,j) GMDSS:Global Maritime Distress And Safety Communications System,k) SOLAS-74: International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea and the changes wesupport,l) The ITU / RR: The International Telecommunication Union / Radio Regulation,m)DSC: Digital Selective Calling,n)NBDP: Narrow-Band Direct Printing telegraph system,o)EPIRB: Radio transmitter which is able to promote the place of posting signs of the ship itbelongs,p)NAVTEX: Is a device which consist of the shore transmitter stations and automaticreceivers from the system of marine vehicles and publishes meteorological and navigationalwarning messages formatted in international standards by NBDP technuiqe to the marinecrafts on its sea area,r) Radio: The system works without any physical connection between them but viaelectromagnetic waves to give and receive coded or encrypted voice and data or only forreceive or only for give,s) Interference:Electromagnetic wave that prevents any communication made throughtelecommunication systems within the relevant legislation or radio and television broadcastsand any kind that interferes with or disrupts the quality,t) Area Al: covered by at least one VHF coast station and VHF / DSC alerts can be receivedoffshore areas,u)Area A2 : Beyond A1 area and covered by at least one MF coast station and MF / DSCalerts can be received offshore area,v)Area A3: Beyond the areas A1 and A2, covered by INMARSAT satellites,w)Area A4: Sea area beyond the areas A1,A2 and A3x)Short Range:sea area defined for marine vehicles that outside the GMDSS scope thatcovered by at least one VHF coast station and VHF / DSC distress and safety frequency-heldand is patrolled continuously,y)Long Range:which is outside the scope of GMDSS sea area defined for marine vehiclesz) Sea Craft Scope of GMDSS : within the provisions of SOLAS-74 fitted with GMDSSequipment and personnel required as a tool in the sea,
8. aa) Sea Craft Outside the Scope of GMDSS: within the provisions of SOLAS-74 fitted withGMDSS equipment and personnel, as a non-mandatory, which are subject to other rules of theConvention in connection with communications,ab) Restricted Radio Operator: The proficiency certificate for ROC that given bythe competent authority in accordance with the requirements of International RadioRegulations (ITU / RR)ac)General Radio Operator: The proficiency certificate for GOC that given by the competentauthority in accordance with the requirements of International Radio Regulations (ITU / RR)ad) Radio Electronic Officer: The proficiency certificate for GMDSS First Class RadioElectronic Officer or GMDSS Second Class Radio Electronic Officer that given bythe competent authority in accordance with the requirements of International RadioRegulations (ITU / RR)PART TWO: Granting GMDSS Qualifications, Training and ExaminationIssuance of QualificationsArticle 5 - the radio operators qualifications given by the AdministrationQualifying ClassesArticle 6 - Qualifying classes will be given to operators to work GMDSS ship radio stationslisted below.a) GMDSS 1st Class Radio Electronic Operators Qualification (REO 1)b) GMDSS 2nd Class Radio Electronic Operators Qualification (REO 2)c) GMDSS General Radio Operators Qualification (GOC)d) GMDSS Restricted Operators Qualification (ROC)Exam Dates and LocationsArticle 7 - Radio operator examinations, by the Center for Seafarers Seafarers Examinationspecified in Regulation, of each year in February, July and September to be done three times ayear. In addition, the exam can be done in places and times approved by the Administration.Conditions for Candidates to Take the ExaminationArticle 8 - radio operator examination obliged to meet the candidates, who wish to enter:- must be Turkish citizen or taken education in North Cyprus Turkish Republic,-must be older than 17 years old,-mustn’t sentenced by severe punishments,-must be graduated from high school to be REO1 and REO2-must be graduated from primary school to be GOC or ROC-must have seafarer’s health certificate
9. Application for ExaminationsArticle 11 - In order to enter the radio operator examinations, the candidate will register apetition to the port authority and the appendix,a) Three passport-size photographs,b) TC ID statement,c) Academic status certificate or certified copy of the institution,d) Necessarily health certificateExams and Exam QuestionsArticle 14 - the examinations made by GASM; Shall be prepared in accordance with the qualification levels of radio operators, and done intwo stages, including the written and practical exams. Arranged in one session of multiple-choice written exam.Evaluation of ExaminationsRegional directorates and the Administration over 100 points in the Short Range RadioOperators Qualification test areas for at least 60 points will be successful.Exam Results-Exam results are shown in three days on GASM’s website.-Exam results are shown in four days on Port Ministeries-Practical exam’s results are shown in 15 days after written exam.PART THREE: Outside the Scope of GMDSS Radio Operators and MiscellaneousProvisionsPART ONE: Qualifying Classes, Issuance of Certificates, Adaptation ProcessQualifying Classes-According to SOLAS-74 and STCW 78/95 conventions’ operators who will work at radiostations:a) Short Range Radio Operator Certificate ( SRC)b)Long Range Radio Operator Certificate ( LRC)PART TWO: Miscellaneous and Final ProvisionsIssuance of QualificationArticle 28 After the proclamation of the exam results, successful candidates have completed the age of
10. 18, provided with the documents shown below in which the port authoritys application forexamination.a) Application form,b) In case of payment of fee receipts,c) Criminal record (not required for public employees),d) seafarers health verification certificate, certified copy of a new,e) Four passport size photographs.Renewal of QualificationArticle 29 - Radio Operators Qualification Certificates are valid for a period of five yearsfrom the date of issue. Radio operator qualification certificates for the renewal of the port ofregistry required to be filed with the documents listed below.a) Application form,b) Two passport-size photographs,c) Copy of original qualification certificate or for indefinite certificate,d) seafarers health verification certificate, certified copy of a new,e) criminal record (not required for civil servants),f) In case of payment of fee receipts,Losing the Radio Operators Qualification certificatesThe person who lost the this certificate must write a petition or make an announcement aboutlost of certificate, then apply to port ministery about renewal of this certificate.Temporary Withdrawal and Revocation of QualificationsArticle 32-Certificate will be temporarily withdrawn or cancelled in the situtations below.a)The situations for temporarily withdrawn of qualification certificates for three months:1) To violate National and International maritime distress, urgency and safetycommunications two times during a year,2) to violate the rules of national and international business other than those referred to in thesubsection three times within a year,3)To use a name or call sign of a ship which is off-service when communicating with coaststations,4)Let some other person use own qualification certificate,
11. b) The situations for cancellation and indefinetly withdrawn of qualification certificates:1) Prohibition from public rights or civil rights,2)Altough the adequacy is temporarily withdrawn, to keep working without certificates,3)Temporarily withdrawn of adequacy two times in a year,4)To make the cases on the 3 and 4 subparagraph of (a) clause of this section twice.c)If there is a health problem to make the job actively according to Seafarer’s HealthDirective, adequacy certifications will be taken back temporarily or cancelled due to healthcondition.d)(Annex:RG-26/09/2006-26301) The adequacy certificate in this regulations can be given tothe applicant for once if the applicant is sentenced from (c) clause of 8. section of thisregulation but the execution of sentence is completed and 2 years passed over it.SECTION 33 - Acknowledge Of Qualification Certificates Issued By Another StateThe principles at the Seafarer’s Regulation are effective on the acknowledge of radiooperator’s competency certificate that edited by another country which is the part of theSTCW 78/95 International Agreement.SECTION 34 – Work Areas Of CertificatesWork areas of certificates on this regulation are stated on the regulation of Ships’ EquippingWith Seafarers that came into effect relative to Seafarer’s Regulation. But, for the radiocapability of ships which aren’t equipped with GMDSS according to 14th table of mentionedregulation will be based on adaption capabilities of this regulation.SECTION 35 – Matters Not Covered By The RegulationITU and IMO judges with CEPT advices and rules and codes of STCW agreement are basedabout radio operator qualification, qualification classes and exam subjects that not covered bythis regulation.Authority To Certificate Of Regional OfficesANNEX 1 – ( ANNEX: RG-26/09/2006-26301)Radio Operator Qualification Cerfiticates that given by General Directorate Of MaritimeTransport can be given by regional offices which are appropriate on technical infrastructure.TEMPORARY CLAUSE 1 – Chance for the enter to examination is given to the candidates -who take this examination before the effective date of this regulation and have a make upexamination from a branch- for the exams that six months after the date of entry into effect of
12. this regulation according to annex and changes on the GMDSS radio operator licenses andexam regulation that came into effect by publishing on the official gazette at the date of18/10/1994.TEMPORARY CLAUSE 2 – If the validity period and refreshing period (1 year ) of acertificate of GMDSS radio operator is over when this regulation came into effect, therefreshing period of operator’s for the certificate is extended for a year after the entry intoeffect date of this regulation. For the refreshing operation, radio operators must make anapplication to the regional offices or port authorities according to 29th section of thisregulation.SECTION 37- EffectThis regulation comes into effect on the publishing date.SECTION 38- ExecutionThe Minister who Undersecretariat for Maritime Affair is connected executes the clauses ofthis regulation.QUESTION DISTRIBUTION ACCORDING TO PROFIENCY LEVEL AND EXAMSUBJECTS Rule and Management English Total regulationGMDSSGeneral Radio 15 35 100 50OperatorGMDSSRestricted Radio 25 40 35 100OperatorLong RangeRadio Operator 25 40 35 100Note: %15 shift is possibleGMDSS GENERAL RADIO OPERATOR ( GOC )
13. EXAM TIME PASSING TYPE DATE BEGINNINGNAME SCORE TIMEExplanationabout 09:00examinationsRule-Regulation 20 minutes 60 points Written 10:00Management 60 minutes 60 points Written 10:00English 40 minutes 60 points Written 10:00GMDSS RESTRICTED RADIO OPERATOR ( ROC )EXAM TIME PASSING TYPE DATE BEGINNINGNAME SCORE TIMEExplanationsabout 09:00examinationsRule-Regulation 30 minutes 60 points Written 10:00Management 50 minutes 60 points Written 10:00English 40 minutes 60 points Written 10:00
14. Regulations About Directorate General of Coastal Safety, Establishment Of Sea AndAir Band Radio Communication Systems, Use Permit Issuance, Licensing AndRegulation Of TarriffsPART 1Purpose, Scope, Resource and DefinitionsPurposeSECTION 1- (1) The purpose of this regulations; establishment, use permit issuance andlicensing of all types of marine and air band radio communication system and to regulatetarriffs and bases of operations for allowance and postponement call code to marine bandradio communication equipments.ScopeSECTION 2- (1) This regulations consist of establishment , operation, licensing of marine andair band communication systems for public institutions and organizations besides regal andreal persons.SECTION 3 - (1) ResourceSECTION 4 – AbbreviationsBTK : Information Technologies And Communications AgencyEHK : The Law For Electronic CommunicationsKEGM : General Directorate Of Coastal SafetyMMSI : Maritime Mobile Service IdentifyMKE : Institution Of Chemical Industry MachineryTİM : Directorate Of Radio OperationSECTION 5 –DefinitionsRadio: The system works without any physical connection between them but viaelectromagnetic waves to give and receive coded or encrypted voice and data or only forreceive or only for give.PART 2The Principles For The Marine Band Radio Communication SystemsSECTION 6 - Permit Application And InstallationSECTION 7 – Granting A License And Permission To Use
15. *MMSI number is given to aerial vehicles for SAR operationsSECTION 8 - In The Case Of Sell And TurnoverSECTION 9 - Marine Navigational InstrumentsMarine Navigational Instruments must be on the list of approved insturments by informationtechnologies and communications agency (BTK) and permission to set up and use and licenseare necessity.PART 3The Principles For The Air Band Radio Communication SystemsSECTION 10- Application And Permission To Set UpSECTION 11 –Giving LicenseSECTION 12 – Air Navigational InstrumentsMarine Navigational Instruments must be on the list of approved insturments by informationtechnologies and communications agency (BTK) and permission to set up and use and licenseare necessityPART 4General PrinciplesSECTION 13 - Principles Of Setting Up And Using The Radio Communication SystemRadio communication systems must be set up according to technical specifications and mustbe used with license.SECTION 14 – Cancellation Of LicenseSECTION 15 – NotificationSECTION 16- Procedures To ForeignersRadio communications systems that established according to agreements with foreigngovernments are ancillary to the specific provisions of this agreement.SECTION 17 – Radio License And Annual User Fees
16. PART 5Final ClausesSECTION 18 – OPERATIVE EFFECTThis regulation comes into operative effect on the date of publication.SECTION 19 – EXECUTIONGeneral Manager Of Coastal Safety executes this regulation’s effects.TİM01 – The First Application FormTİM02 – Change Application Form 2TİM03 – Notification FormTİM04 – Earth LicenseTİM05 – Air LicenseTİM06 - Ship LicenseTİM07 – Radio Fee TariffSPECTRUM MANAGEMENT REGULATIONPART ONEPurpose, Scope, Basis and DefinitionsPurposeARTICLE 1 - (1) The purpose of this regulation, planning and management of the spectrumof frequencies allocation of national and international coordination and registration with theeffective and efficient use of frequenciesneeded to be taken back and re-allocation of frequencies allocated to the procedures andprinciples related to regulate.ScopeARTICLE 2 - (1) of this Regulation, the relevant law regarding radio and televisionbroadcasts without prejudice to the provisions of, the basic principles and scope of spectrummanagement principles, the preparation and updating of the National Frequency Plan, andnational and international frequency allocationcoordination and registration, retrieval and re-assignment of frequencies allocated to theprocedures and inspections.
17. SupportARTICLE 3 - (1) These Regulations 5809 dated 5/11/2008 Electronic Communication thefirst paragraph of Article 6 of the Law (g), paragraph and second paragraph of Article 40 arebased.DefinitionsARTICLE 4 - (1) of this Regulation;a) EU: European Union,b) The bandwidth (channel bandwidth): the range of protection for applications in the sidechannels or a defined frequency band which also includes the communication channelcapacity,c) CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administraions): MailEuropean Conference of Post and Telecommunications Administrations,d) Detail the frequency plan (Allotment): The general frequency allocation plan in accordancewith a specified frequency countrywide or regional basis within the range of terrestrial andspace radio certain conditions communications service for use by administrations handling ofthe National Frequency Plan,d) Electronic communications: signs of all kinds of signs, symbols, sounds,images and data cable, wireless, optical, electrical, magnetic, electromagnetic,electrochemical, and other transmission systems by means of electro-mechanicaltransmission, the sending and receiving,e) the electronic communication infrastructure: electronic communications, or through overperformed switching equipment, hardware and software, including terminals and linesincluding all types of network units, related facilities and their integral parts,f) the electronic communications network: one or more points of electronicwhich forms the connection between these points to ensure that communication switchingequipment and all kinds of transmission system, including lines,g) electromagnetic interference (Interference): made in accordance with the provisions ofrelevant legislation all kinds of electronic communication, interrupt or degrade anypublication or electromagnetic effect,i) Frequency range (Frequency range): the frequency range up to two frequenciesequipment could be adjusted, or a radio frequency range,h) Frequency band (Frequency band) frequency bands defined in frequency plans,i) Frequency Allocation (Assignment): Detail of a frequency allocation plan by the Authorityin accordance with radio station frequencies or frequency channels, output power, certainconditions, including broadcast timesbe allowed to use under,i) Overall frequency plan (allocation) is defined globally by the ITU frequencyparts of the frequency plan in accordance with a specific frequency band according to one ormore with a large number of terrestrial and space radiocommunication services byradyoastronomi servicesNational Frequency Plan for use within certain processing conditions,j) GHz: Giga Hertz,k) Hz: Hertz,l), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization): The International Civil AviationOrganization,m), IMO (International Maritime Organization): International Maritime Organization,n), ITU (International Telecommunication Union): The International TelecommunicationUnion,
18. o) Operator: Any legal electronic communication service providers and / orprovide electronic communications network and infrastructure of the operating company,q) The allowable electromagnetic interference (interference permissible): The radio systemsand allocated in accordance with the terms of the technical regulations that could occur whenthe use of and electromagnetic interference can be permitted,p) Operator: Authorization providing electronic communications services and / orprovide electronic communications network and infrastructure of the operating company,r) channel spacing (channel spacing) spacing between center frequencies of adjacent channels,s) kHz: Kilo Hertz,t) on a subscription, electronic communications services regardless of whethernatural or legal person benefiting from,u) The Board: Information Technologies and Communications Board,ii) Authority: Information Technologies and Communications Authority,v) MHz: Mega Hertz,h) Radio and television broadcasting: terrestrial, cable, satellite, and via other media,encrypted or for the purpose of mass communication and individual communication servicesunencrypted involving image and / or sound transmission,z) Spectrum used for electronic communications, the frequency of 9 kHz to 3000 GHz and thecase of international regulations, including over 3000 GHz frequencies including thefrequency range of electromagnetic waves,aa) permission to install and use radio: radio equipment installed and used under the law andpermission granted by the Authority for the systems,bb) Radio: electromagnetic waves between them without any physical connectionthrough an open, coded or encrypted voice and data to give, to receive or to give or receiveonly for systems,cc) Radio license: radio equipment installed and used under the law, andThe license issued by the Authority for the systems,dd) National registration: The assignment of frequencies, beginning of the usage by the userfollowing the notification process of the Authoritys database,ee) International registration: notification of the beginning to use the assigned frequenciesmember of the international organizations of the subsequent use of such frequency dataprocess to ensure registration of databases,ff) Authentication: providing electronic communications services and / or electronic in orderto ensure communication network of the Authority orprivate electronic communications services to these entities, certain rights andobligations will be issued,dd) The harmful electromagnetic interference: Studies in terms of a radionavigation service orjeopardizing other public safety services, or a radio communicationservice work seriously degrades, obstructs or repeatedly interrupts the electromagneticattempt means.PART TWOFundamental Principles and Procedures for Spectrum ManagementBasic principles and guidelinesARTICLE 5 - (1) The Authority, in spectrum management;a) ensure effective competition in the electronic communications sector and non-discrimination shall be prevented, transparency, as an effective and efficient utilization of thespectrum, the radio without causing harmful interference, and the implementation of the useof publications,b) The country with the current strategies and policies set by the Ministry of Transportationand future needs,
19. c) in the field of electronic communications ITU, IMO, ICAO and CEPT as well asinternational and regional decisions of organizations, bilateral and multilateral agreements andEU legislation,d) research and development activities and investments with the implementation oftechnological innovations encouragement, the requirements of national security and publicorder, and emergencies such as natural disasters and extraordinary situationsgiving priority to the needs of the situation.e) The borders with neighboring countries, frequency allocation and assignment harmfulwhen preventing or minimizing the effects of electromagnetic interference and the reciprocalof the spectrum providing an effective and efficient use oftakes into account.PART THREEPreparation and Updating of the National Frequency Plan, Frequency Assignment,Registration,Change, Coordination, Assigned Frequencies Revocation, CancellationPreparation and updating of the National Frequency PlanARTICLE 6 - (1) the frequency range used for electronic communications from 9 kHz to3000 up to GHz range, and on the case of international regulations of 3000 GHz frequenciesin this range are included.(2) National frequency plan frequency ranges, each of the nine frequency specified in Table 1band divided. Frequency unit Hz because frequencies;a) 3 to 3000 kHz up to (3000 kHz), kHzb) 3 - up to 3000 MHz (3000 MHz inclusive), MHzc) 3 - up to 3000 GHz, GHzis expressed in terms.Table-1: Table of Frequency BandsBand No.Symbol / DescriptionFrequency Range(Except for lower limit, upper limit included)4)VLF (Very Low Frequency)3-30 kHz5)LF (Low Frequency)30-300 kHz6)MF (Medium Frequency)300 - 3000 kHz7)HF (High Frequency)3-30 MHz8)VHF (Very High Frequency)30 to 300 MHz9)UHF (Ultra High Frequency)300 - 3000 MHz10)SHF (Super High Frequency)3-30 GHz11)EHF (Extra High Frequency)30-300 GHz12) 300 to 3000 GHz
20. (3) The National Frequency Plan, in Article 5, taking into consideration the basic principlesand procedures is prepared. The National Frequency Plan, and the general and detailedfrequency plan, the planned channel spacing for systems,output power, the authorization procedure, reference information, consists of remarks.The National Frequency Plan also used in spectrum management and radio services, radiostations and systems, application terms, the joint use of frequency and space-related technicalThe National Frequency Plan, along with terms and abbreviations.(4) the National Frequency Plan, the frequency bands used by the Turkish Armed Forcesbroadcast with frequency bands in order to be granted by the Supreme Board of Radio andTelevision also indicated.(5) The procedures and principles regarding the implementation of the National FrequencyPlan and the Authoritys web In case of necessity, owned and published on the ITU and CEPTas a member of international and regional organizations may also be published on the website.Frequency allocationARTICLE 7 - (1) the Authority who want to establish and operate radio frequency devices orsystems Who must have allocated to operations. However, the Regulations published by theAuthority Setting up and using a walkie-talkie radio license, no permission and without a needfor frequencies used for radio equipment and systems that can be used for the allocationprocess, be made. Any permission to use a walkie-talkie and radio license and a need toestablishbe used without radio equipment and systems, operators are allowed by the Authority or usersof any electromagnetic interference on the wireless device and system Without these devicesand systems used and the frequencies allocated and registered users electromagneticinterference caused by other radio systems also accept work they have to.(2) frequency assignments, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Gendarmerie General Commandand the Coast Needs, including the Turkish Armed Forces Security Command, the NationalIntelligence Organization Police and emergency needs of the Undersecretariat and priority.(3) with the Turkish Armed Forces Radio and Television Supreme Council, the NationalFrequency Plan frequency planning in frequency bands allocated to them by the Authorityunder and applies them.(4) frequency assignments channel plan in ITU, IMO, ICAO, the EU and CEPT as well asinternational decisions are made taking into consideration the organizations.(5) operators, frequency allocations are subject to authorization, the authorization certificateof the right to use is restricted to not more than the specified time.(6) For the users of radio system is not subject to authorization, a maximum of fivebe the year on the basis of common usage, and if necessary set up and radio systemperformed in conjunction with permission to use. Time assignment of frequencies, the systemsetup time and is allowed to use. At the end of the radio system of documenting the need forsystem demands of users, frequency of use period shall be extended by evaluating deemedsuitable.(7) The system installation, and use the item with the registration process with the permissionof Coastal Safety Conducted by the Directorate General of all types of marine and air bandradio communication and navigation frequencies will be allocated to security devices andsystems is determined by the Authority.(8) frequency assignments, enough to enable them to meet the need for wirelesscommunication the number of frequencies to be allocated to the least restrictive measures canbe taken. In addition, the place of use for frequencies allocated to the system, the transmitterpower, antenna type, antenna direction and antennabe required by the Authority in technical parameters such as height restrictions.
21. (9) The Authority, under the right to use the frequencies assigned to the operator and harmfultake necessary measures to ensure that electromagnetic interference.Frequency RegistrationARTICLE 8 - (1) radio frequency equipment or system to the Authority to establish andoperate those who want to Who must have registered operations. However, the Regulationspublished by the AuthoritySetting up and using a walkie-talkie radio license, no permission and without a need forfrequencies used for radio equipment and systems that can be used for the registration processbe made.(2) Allocation of frequencies in;a) install and operate infrastructure or network operators to receive electronic communicationsAfter the notification that,b) radio system installation radio system users and are not subject to authorizationafter giving permission,c) the Turkish Armed Forces, the Gendarmerie General Command and the Coast Guard andorganization, including the laws of the State Department on issues related to the missionfields, Telecommunications Department, the National Intelligence Organization and thePolice General Frequencies allocated to the Directorate, established systems of notification ofSubsequent The period of allocation is done by taking into consideration the nationalregistries.(3) through ITU is an international frequency registration procedures by the Authority. ICAOtransactions initiated at the international frequency registration with the General Directorateof Civil Aviation carried out in coordination.The frequency changeARTICLE 9 - (1) Obtain the allocated frequencies, communication environment, or allocatedto the case solved, despite the interference with the technical regulations frequencies andfrequency bands can be changed by the Authority. In addition, in the art from thedevelopments, the Authority will make arrangements for the effective and efficient use ofspectrum the new arrangements can be made in accordance with international organizations,or owned by National Frequency Plan, which will be held in parallel with changes in theframework of planning,frequencies allocated to the operators and users to the extent possible be protected andregistered and, if deemed necessary by the Agency by taking the opinion of the operator oruser, The frequencies allocated to the operators and users, and cancel the registration of anykind, including changesCan be made by the Authority. Limited number of operators having the right to useIn addition to changing the mandate and the right to use frequencies in the tenderspecifications and provisions are taken into account.(2) in terms of the concession agreements, allocation of frequencies to be taken back changesand additional frequency assignments, the tender specifications and / or contract action shallbe taken within the terms and procedures.(3) In case of any harmful electromagnetic interference, primarily allocated to operatorsfrequencies is essential to protect. In addition, no harmful frequencies assigned to the In caseof intervention of the operator of the first frequency allocation and / or the users frequenciesare preserved.
22. (4) The Authority, the operator or the user gives a reasonable time the frequency changes. Theoperator or user, arising in the process of adapting to changes to the National Frequency PlanAuthority for expenditures may not claim any rights or subscribers.Frequency coordinationARTICLE 10 - (1) land, air, sea, satellite and radio and television broadcasting servicesfrequency coordination in international bilateral or multilateral agreements with neighboringand concerned countries, In the absence of agreement within the framework of the proceduresof the ITU and CEPT frequencycoordination is done by the Authority. The international frequency of ICAOcoordination is carried out in coordination with the General Directorate of Civil Aviation.(2) Operators or systems that are used by users in neighboring countries a harmfulelectromagnetic interference caused by such an undertaking determined or declaredneighboring countries in case of transactions with resolving this issue by the Authority beforeis made.(3) The operator, frequency allocation and related to the registration regulations of theAuthority, the National Frequency obliged to comply with the plan and amendments tothem. Operator, Turkey and In order to prevent harmful electromagnetic interference withother operators in neighboring countries, the national Turkey is a party provided for ininternational treaties, legislation and procedures, criteria and take all necessary measures inaccordance with the frequency coordination. In this context, opinion from the Authority to theAuthority and shall be coordinated with the operators in neighboring countries may signagreements with other operators.Withdrawal and cancellation of assigned frequenciesARTICLE 11 - (1) Technological advances and Turkey is a partywithin the framework of the new plans can be made in accordance with decisions of theAuthority, both by making the coordination of the related sides, national security andintelligence, or manner that does not create weaknesses in the fulfillment of the activitiesconducted;a) limited number of frequencies allocated to operators and users,b) the Turkish Armed Forces Radio and Television Supreme Council of frequencies assignedto bands may withdraw all or part of.(2) the operator owns the right to use frequencies are limited in quantity purchased backmatter, regulated by a certificate of authority and the right to use the tender specifications.(3) Number of authorized operators under the unrestricted right to use,commence within one year from the date of authorization to provide service if the serviceadditional time to provide the Authority may request to begin by stating the reasons. TheAuthority give the operator an additional period not to exceed six months of this. TheAuthority allocated frequency The resource of the operator, to provide service within one yearfrom the date of authorizationbaşlamayıp do not claim any additional time to provide service to or within the grace periodgiven to is contrary to the objective reasons require justifications. In this case, The Authoritysdecision to take back of the frequencies assigned, together with justifications, to the notifiesthe operator will be given to purchase a certain period of time. Operator by the Authoritywithin the period specified, make the necessary arrangements according to the provisions ofthis paragraphobliged.(4) allowed users to install and use radio equipment, time extensionIf not completed at the end of the period, including the frequencies assigned to the permissiongiven also be canceled.
23. (5) Allocation in case of abandonment of the use of the frequencies allocated frequencies willbe canceled.(6) The Authority shall incur no liability recapture frequencies or cancellation ofthe bids.PART FOURMiscellaneous and Final ProvisionsAdministrative sanctionsARTICLE 12 - (1) The provisions of this act, or who operateabout the Act, the provisions of Article 63 apply.EffectARTICLE 13 - (1) This Regulation shall enter into force on the date of publication.ExecutiveARTICLE 14 - (1) The provisions of this Regulation, the Board of Information andCommunication Technologies Executed by the President.SOLAS CHAPTER IV RADIOCOMMUNICATIONSPART A- GENERAL1 Application2 Terms and definitions3 Exemptions4 Functional requirementsPART B – UNDERTAKING BY CONTRACTING GOVERNMENTS5 Provision of radiocommunicationservices5-1 Global Maritime Distres and Safety System identitiesPART C- SHIP REQUIREMENTS6 Radio installations7 Radio equipment – General8 Radio equipment - Sea area Al9 Radio equipment - Sea areas Al and A210 Radio equipment - Sea areas Al, A2 and A311 Radio equipment - Sea areas Al, A2, A3 and A412 Watches13 Sources of energy
24. 14 Performance standards15 Maintenance requirements16 Radio personnel17 Radio records18 Position-updatingPART A – GENERAL Regulation 1Application1 Unless expressly providedotherwise, this chapter applies to all ships to which thepresentregulations apply and to cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards.2 This chapter does not apply to ships to which the present regulations would otherwiseapplywhile such shipsare being navigated within the (Jreat Lakes of North Americaand theirconnecting and tributary waters as far east as the lower exit of the St. LambertLock atMontreal in the rrovinceof Quebec, Canada*3 No provisionin this chapter shall prevent the use by any ship, survivalcraft or personindistress, of any means at their disposalto attract attention, make known their positionandobtain help.PART A - GENERALRegulation 2Terms and definitions1 For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings definedbelow:.1Bridge-to-bridge communicationsmeans safety communications between ships fromtheposition from which the ships are normally navigated..2Continuous watchmeans that the radio watch concerned shall not be interrupted otherthanfor brief intervals when the ships receiving capability is impaired or blocked by itsowncommunications or when the facilities are under periodical maintenance or checks..3Digital selective calling ( DSC)means a technique using digital codes which enables aradiostation to establish contact with, and transfer information to, another station or groupofstations, and complying with the relevant recommendations of the InternationalRadioConsultative Committee (CCIR)..4Direct-printing telegraphy means automated telegraphy techniques which comply withtherelevant recommendations of the International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR)..5General radiocommunication
25. means operational and public correspondence traffic,other than distress, urgency and safetymessages, conducted by radio..6INMARSAT means the organization established by the Convention onthe InternationalMaritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT) adopted on 3 September1976..7International NAVTEX Servicemeans the co-ordinated broadcast and automaticreception on518 kHz of maritime safety information by means of narrow-band direct-printing telegraphyusing the English language*..8Locatingmeans the finding of ships, aircraft, units or persons in distress.9Maritime safety information means navigational and meteorologicalwarnings,meteorological forecasts and other urgent safety related messages broadcast toships..10Polar orbiting satellite servicemeans a service which is based on polar orbitingsatelliteswhich receive and relay distress alerts from satellite EPIRBs and which providestheirposition..11RadioRegulationsmeans the Radio Regulations annexed to, or regarded as beingannexedto, the most recent International Telecommunication Convention which is in forceat any time..12Sea areaAl means an area, within the radiotelephone coverage of at least one VHFcoaststation in which continuous DSC alerting is available, as may be defined by aContractingGovernment ..13Sea area A2means an area, excluding sea area Al, within the radiotelephone coverageof atleast one MF coast station in which continuous DSC alerting is available, as may bedefinedby a Contracting Government*..14Sea area A3 means an area, excluding sea areas Al and A2, within the coverage ofanINMARSAT geostationary satellite in which continuous alerting is available..15Sea area A4 means an area outside sea areas Al, A2 and A3..16Global Maritime Distress andSafety System identities means maritime mobile servicesidentity, the ships call sign,Inmarsatidentities and serial number identity which may betransmitted by the shipsequipment and used to identify the ship.2 All other terms and abbreviations which are used in this chapter and which are definedinthe Radio Regulations and in the International Convention on Maritime Search andRescue(SAR), 1979, as it may be amended, shall have the meanings as defined in thoseRegulationsand the SAR Convention.Regulation 3
26. Exemptions 1The Contracting Governments consider it highly desirable not to deviate fromtherequirements of this chapter; nevertheless the Administration may grantpartial orconditional exemptions to individual ships from the requirements of regulations IV/7to 11provided:.1such ships comply with the functional requirements of regulation IV/4; and.2the Administration has taken into account the effect such exemptions may have uponthegeneral efficiency of the service for the safety of all ships.2 An exemption may be granted under paragraph 1 only:.1if the conditions affecting safety are such as to render the full application or regulationsIV/7to 11 unreasonable or unnecessary; and.2 in exceptional circumstances, for a single voyage outside the sea area or sea areas forwhichthe ship is equipped.3 Each Administration shall submit to the Organization, as soonas possible after the first of January in each year, a report showing all exemptions grantedunder paragraphs 1 and 2during the previous calendar year and giving the reasons for grantingsuch exemptions.Regulation4Functional requirements1 Every ship, while at sea, shall be capable:.1 except as provided in regulations IV/8.1.1 and 10.1.4.3, of transmitting ship-to-shoredistress alerts by at least two separate and independent means, each usinga differentradiocom-municationservice;.2 of receiving shore-to-ship distress alerts;.3 of transmitting and receiving ship-to-ship distress alerts;.4 of transmitting and receiving search and rescue co-ordinatingcommunications;.5 of transmitting and receiving on-scene communications;.6 of transmitting and, as required by regulation V/18.104.22.168, receiving signals for locating*;*Reference is made to Resolution A.614(15) on Carriage of Radar Operating in theFrequency Band 9,300 9,500 MHz adopted bythe Organization..7of transmitting and receiving* maritime safety information;
27. .8 of transmitting and receiving general radiocommunicationsto and from shore-basedradiosystems or networks subject to regulation IV/15.8; and.9 of transmitting and receiving bridge-to-bridge communications.PART B - UNDERTAKINGS BY CONTRACTING GOVERNMENTSRegulation 5Provision of radiocommunicationservices1 Each Contracting Government undertakes to make available, as it deems practicalandnecessary either individually or in co-operation with other ContractingGovernments,appropriate shorebasedfacilities for space and terrestrial radiocommunicationserviceshaving due regard to the recommendations of the Organization***. These servicesare:.1 a radiocommunication service utilizing geostationary satellites in the Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service;.2 a radiocommunication service utilizing polar orbiting satellites in the Mobile-SatelliteService;.3 the Maritime Mobile Service in the bands between 156MHz and 174 MHz;.4 the Maritime Mobile Service in the bands between 4,000 kHz and 27,500 kHz; and.5 the Maritime Mobile Service in the bands between 415 kHz and 535 kHz andbetween1,606kHz and 4,000 kHz.2 Each Contracting Government undertakes to provide the Organization withpertinentinformation concerning the shore-based facilities in the Maritime Mobile Service,Mobile-Satellite Service and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service, established for sea areaswhich ithas designated off its coasts.Regulation 5-1 Global Maritime Distress and Safety System identities1 This regulation applies to all ships on all voyages.2 Each Contracting Government undertakes to ensure that suitable arrangements are madeforregistering Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) identities and formakinginformation on these identities available to Rescue Co-ordination Centres on 24-hour basis.Where appropriate, international organizations maintaining a registry of theseidentities shallbe notified by the Contracting Government of these assignments.Regulation 6Radio installations
28. 1 Every ship shall be provided with radio installations capable of complyingwith thefunctional requirements prescribed by regulation IV/4 throughout its intended voyageand,unless exempted under regulation IV/3, complying with the requirements of regulationIV/7and, as appropriate for the sea area or areas through which it will pass during itsintendedvoyage, the requirements of either regulation IV/8, 9, 10 or 11.2 Every radio installation shall:.1 be so located that no harmful interference of mechanical, electrical or other originaffects itsproper use, and so as to ensure electromagnetic compatibility and avoidance orharmfulinteraction with other equipment and systems;.2 be so located as to ensure the greatest possible degree of safety and operationalavailability;.3 be protected against harmful effects of water, extremes of temperature and otheradverseenvironmental conditions;.4 be provided with reliable, permanently arranged electrical lighting, independent of themainand emergency sources of electrical power, for the adequate illumination of the radiocontrolsfor operating the radio installation; and.5 be clearly marked with the call sign, the ship station identity and other codes asapplicablefor the use of the radio installation.3 Control of the VHP radiotelephone channels, required for navigational safety,shall beimmediately available on the navigating bridge convenient to the conning positionand,where necessary, facilities should be available to permit radiocommunicationsfromthewings of the navigating bridge. Portable VHF equipment may be used to meetthe latterprovision.4 In passenger ships, a distress panel shall be installed at the conning position. This panelshallcontain either one single button which, when pressed, initiates a distress alert usingallradiocommunicationinstallations required on board for that purpose or one button foreachindividual installation. The panel shall clearly and visually indicate whenever anybutton orbuttons have been pressed. Means shall be provided to prevent inadvertentactivation of thebutton or buttons. If the satellite EPIRB is used as the secondary means of distress alertingand is not remotely activated, it shall be acceptable to have an additionalEPIRB installed inthe wheelhouse near the conning position5 In passenger ships, information on the ships position shall be continuouslyandautomatically provided to all relevant radiocommunication equipment to be includedin theinitial distress alert when the button or buttons on the distress panel is pressed.6 In passenger ships, a distress alarm panel shall be installed at the conning position.Thedistress alarm panel shall provide visual and aural indication of any distress alert oralertsreceived on board and shall also indicate through which radiocommunication servicethedistress alerts have been received.
29. Regulation 7Radio equipmentGeneral1 Every ship shall be provided with:.1 a VHF radio installation capable of transmitting and receiving:.1DSC on the frequency 156.525 VHz (channel 70). It shall be possible to initiatethetransmission of distress alerts on channel 70 from the position from whichthe shipisnormally navigated*; and.2 radiotelephony on the frequencies 156.300 MHz (channel6), 156.650 MHz(channel 13) and156.800 MHz (channel 16);.2 a radio installation capable of maintaining a continuous DSC watch on VHF channel70which may be separate from or combined with, that required by subparagraph .1.1;.3 a radar transponder capable of operating in the 9 GHz band, which:.1 shall be so stowed that it can be easily utilized; and.2 may be one of those required by regulation III/6.2.2 for a survival craft;.4 a receiver capable of receiving International NAVTEX service broadcasts if theship isengaged on voyages in any area in which an International NAVTEX service isprovided;.5 a radio facility for reception of maritime safety information by the INMARSATenhancedgroup calling system if the ship is engaged on voyages in any area of INMARSATcoveragebut in which an International NAVTEX service is not provided. However, shipsengagedexclusively on voyages in areas where an HF direct-printing telegraphy maritimesafetyinformation service is provided and fitted with equipment capable of receiving suchservice,may be exempt from this requirement*;*Reference is made to the Recommendation on Promulgation of Maritime SafetyInformation,Assembly resolution A.705(17).**Subject to the availability of appropriate receiving and processing ground facilities foreachocean region covered by INMARSAT satellites.PART C - SHIP REQUIREMENTSRegulation 8Radio equpment Sea area Al 1
30. In addition to meeting the requirements of regulation IV/7, every ship engaged onvoyagesexclusively in sea area Al shall be provided with a radio installation capable of initiating thetransmission of ship-to-shore distress alerts from the position from which theship is normallynavigated, operating either:.1 on VHP using DSC; this requirement may be fulfilled by the EPIRB prescribedbyparagraph 3, either by installing the EPIRB close to, or by remote activation from,theposition from which the ship is normally navigated; or.2 through the polar orbiting satellite service on 406MHz; this requirement may befulfilled by the satellite EPIRB, required by regulationIV/7.1.6, either by installing thesatellite EPIRB close to, or by remote activation from, theposition from which the ship isnormally navigated; or.3 if the ship is engaged on voyages within coverage of MF coast stations equipped withDSC,on MF using DSC; or.4 on HF using DSC; o.5 through the INMARSAT geostationary satellite service; this requirement maybe fulfilledby:.1 an INMARSAT ship earth station*; or.2 the satellite EPIRB, required by regulation IV/7.1.6, either by installing the satelliteEPIRBclose to, or by remote activation from, the position from which the ship is normallynavigated.2 The VHP radio installation, required by regulation IV/7.1.1, shall also be capableof transmitting and receiving general radiocommunicationsusing radiotelephony.3Ships engaged on voyages exclusively in sea area Al may carry, in lieu of the satelliteEPIRBrequired by regulation IV/7.1.6, an EPIRB which shall be:.1 capable of transmitting a distress alert using DSC on VHF channel 70 and providingforlocating by means of a radar transponder operating in the 9 GHz band;.2 installed in an easily accessible position;.3 ready to be manually released and capable of being carried by one person into asurvivalcraft;.4 capable of floating free if the ship sinks and being automatically activated when afloat;and.5 capable of being activated manually.Regulation 9Radio equipment Sea areas Al and A2
31. 1 In addition to meeting the requirements of regulation IV/7, every ship engagedonvoyages beyond sea area Al, but remaining within sea area A2, shall be provided with:.1an MF radio installation capable of transmitting and receiving, for distress andsafetypurposes, on the frequencies:.1 2,187.5 kHz using DSC; and.2 2,182 kHz usingradiotelephony;.2 a radio installation capable of maintaining a continuous DSC watch onthe frequency2,187.5 kHz which may be separate from, or combined with, that required bysubparagraph.1.1;and.3 means of initiating the transmission of ship-to-shore distress alerts by a radio serviceotherthan MF operating either:.1through the polar orbiting satellite service on 406MHz;this requirement may be fulfilledby the satellite EPIRB, required by regulation IV/7.1.6,either by installing the satellite EPIRBclose to, or by remote activation from, the positionfrom which the ship is normallynavigated;or.2 on HP using DSC; or.3 through the INMARSAT geostationary satellite service;this requirement may be fulfilledby:.1 the equipment specified in paragraph 3.2; or.2 the satellite EPIRB, required by regulation IV/7.1.6, either by installing the satelliteEPIRBclose to, or by remote activation from, the position from which the ship is normallynavigated.2 It shall be possible to initiate transmission of distress alerts by the radioinstallationsspecified in paragraphs 1.1 and 1.3 from the position from which the ship isnormallynavigated.3 The ship shall, in addition, be capable of transmitting and receivinggeneralradiocommunicationsusing radiotelephony or direct-printing telegraphy by either:.1 a radio installation operating on working frequencies in the bands between 1,605 kHzand 4,000 kHz or between 4,000 kHz and 27,500 kHz. This requirement may befulfilled bythe addition of this capability in the equipment required by paragraph 1.1; or.2 an INMARSAT ship earth station.4 The Administration may exempt ships constructed before 1 February 1997, whichareengaged exclusively on voyages within sea area A2, from the requirements ofregulationsIV/7. I.I.I and 7.1.2 provided such ships maintain, when practicable, a continuouslisteningwatch on VHF channel 16. This watch shall be kept at the position from which the ship isnormally navigated.
32. Regulation 10Radio equipment Sea areas Al, A2 and A31 In addition to meeting the requirements of regulation IV/7, every ship engagedonvoyages beyond sea areas Al and A2, but remaining within sea area A3, shall, if it doesnotcomply with the requirements of paragraph 2, be provided with:.1 an INMARSAT ship earth station capable of:.1 transmitting and receiving distress and safety communications using direct-printingtelegraphy;.2 initiating and receiving distress priority calls;.3 maintaining watch for shore-to-ship distress alerts, including those directed tospecificallydefined geographical areas;.4 transmitting and receiving general radiocommunications, using eitherradiotelephonyor direct-printing telegraphy; and.2 an MF radio installation capable of transmitting and receiving, for distress andsafetypurposes, on the frequencies:.1 2,187.5 kHz using DSC; and.2 2,182 kHzusing radiotelephony;Regulation 11Radio equipment - Sea areas Al, A2, A3 and A41 In addition to meeting the requirements of regulation IV/7, ships engaged on voyages inallsea areas shall be provided with the radio installations and equipment required byregulationIV/10.2, except that the equipment required by regulation IV/10.2.3.2 shall notbe accepted asan alternative to that required by regulation IV/10.2.3.1, which shall alwaysbe provided. Inaddition, ships engaged on voyages in all sea areas shall comply with therequirementsof regulation IV/10.3.2 The Administration may exempt ships constructed before 1 February 1997, andengagedexclusively on voyages within sea areas A2, A3 and A4, from the requirements ofregulationIV/7.I.I.I and 7.1.2 provided such ships maintain, when practicable, a continuouslisteningwatch on VHF channel 16. This watch shall be kept at the position from which the ship isnormally navigated.Regulation 12W atches1Every ship, while at sea shall maintain a continuous watch:
33. .1 on VHF DSC channel 70, if the ship, in accordance with the requirements ofregulationIV/7.1.2, is fitted with a VHF radio installation;.2 on the distress and safety DSC frequency 2,187.5 kHz, if the ship, in accordance withtherequirements of regulation IV/9.1.2 or 10.1.3, is fitted with an MF radio installation;.3 on the distress and safety DSC frequencies 2,187.5 kHz and 8,414.5 kHz and also on atleastone of the distress and safety DSC frequencies 4,207.5 kHz,6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or16,804.5 kHz, appropriate to the time of day and the geographicalposition of the ship, if the ship, in accordance with the requirements of regulation IV/10.2.2 or11.1, is fitted withan MF/HF radio installation. This watch may be kept by means of ascanning receiver;.4 for satellite shore-to-ship distress alerts, if the ship, in accordance with therequirements ofregulation IV/10.1.1, is fitted with an INMARSAT ship earth station.2 Every ship, while at sea, shall maintain a radio watch for broadcasts of maritimesafetyinformation on the appropriate frequency or frequencies on which such informationisbroadcast for the area in which the ship is navigating.3 Until 1 February 2005 or until such other date as may be determined by the MaritimeSafetyCommittee, every ship while at sea shall maintain, when practicable,continuouslisteningwatch on VHF channel 16. This watch shall be kept at the position from which theshipis normally navigated.Regulation 13Sources of energy1 There shall be available at all times, while the ship is at sea, a supply of electricalenergysufficient to operate the radio installations and to charge any batteries used as partof areserve source or sources of energy for the radio installations.2 A reserve source or sources of energy shall be provided on every ship, to supplyradioinstallation, for the purpose of conducting distress and safety radiocommunications, intheevent of failure of the ships main and emergency sources of electrical power. Thereservesource or sources of energy shall be capable of simultaneously operating the VHFradioinstallation required by regulation IV/7.1.1 and, as appropriate for the sea area or seaareasfor which the ship is equipped, either the MF radio installation required byregulationIV/9.1.1, the MF/HF radio installation required by regulation IV/10.2.1 or 11.1,or theINMARSAT ship earth station required by regulation IV/10.1.1 and any of theadditionalloads mentioned in paragraphs 4, 5 and 8 for a period of at least:3 The reserve source or sources of energy shall be independent of the propelling power of theship and the ships electrical system.
34. 4 Where, in addition to the VHF radio installation, two or more of the other radioinstallations,referred to in paragraph 2, can be connected to the reserve source or sourcesof energy, theyshall be capable of simultaneously supplying, for the period specified, asappropriate, inparagraph 2.1 and 2.2, the VHF radio installation and:5 The reserve source or sources of energy may be used to supply the electricallightingrequired by regulation IV/22.214.171.124Where a reserve source of energy consists of rechargeable accumulator battery orbatteries:7 The sitting and installation of accumulator batteries which provide a reserve sourceof energy shall be such as to ensure:8 If an uninterrupted input of information from the ships navigational or other equipmentto aradio installation required by this chapter is needed to ensure its proper performance,includingthe navigation receiver referred to in regulation 18, means shall be provided toensure thecontinuous supply of such information in the event of failure of the ships mainor emergencysource of electrical power.Regulation 14Performance standardsAll equipment to which this chapter applies shall be of a type approved by theAdministration.Such equipment shall conform to appropriate performance standards notinferior to thoseadopted by the Organization*.Regulation 15Maintenance requirements1 Equipment shall be so designed that the main units can be replaced readily, withoutelaboraterecalibration or readjustment.2 Where applicable, equipment shall be so constructed and installed that it is readilyaccessiblefor inspection and onboard maintenance purposes.3 Adequate information shall be provided to enable the equipment to be properly operatedandmaintained, taking into account the recommendations of the Organization*.4 Adequate tools and spares shall be provided to enable the equipment to be maintained.5 The Administration shall ensure that equipment required by this chapter is maintainedtoprovide the availability of the functional requirements specified in regulation IV/4 andtomeet the recommended performance standards of such equipment.6 On ships engaged on voyages in sea areas Al and A2, the availability shall be ensuredbyusing such methods as duplication of equipment, shore-based maintenance or at-
35. seaelectronic maintenance capability, or a combination of these, as may be approved bytheAdministration.7 On ships engaged on voyages in sea areas A3 and A4, the availability shall be ensuredbyusing a combination of at least two methods such as duplication of equipment, shore-basedmaintenance or at-sea electronic maintenance capability, as may be approved bytheAdministration, taking into account the recommendations of the Organization.8 While all reasonable steps shall be taken to maintain the equipment in efficientworkingorder to ensure compliance with all the functional requirements specified inregulationTV/4 malfunction of the equipment for providing the generalradiocommunicationsrequired by regulation IV/4.8 shall not be considered as making a shipunseaworthy or as areason for delaying the ship in ports where repair facilities are notreadily available,provided the ship is capable of performing all distress and safety functions.9 Satellite EPIRBs shall be tested at intervals not exceeding 12 months for allaspects of operational efficiency with particular emphasis on frequency stability,signal strength andcoding. However, in cases where it appears proper and reasonable,the Administration mayextend this . period to 17 months*. The test may be conducted onboard the ship or at anapproved testing or servicing station.Regulation 16Radio personnel1 Every ship shall carry personnel qualified for distress and safetyradiocommunicationpurposes to the satisfaction of the Administration. The personnel shall beholders of certificates specified in the Radio Regulations as appropriate, any one ofwhom shall bedesignated to have primary responsibility for radiocommunications duringdistressincidents.2 In passenger ships, at least one person qualified in accordance withparagraph 1 shall beassigned to perform only radiocommunication duties during distressincidents.Regulation 17Radio recordsA record shall be kept, to the satisfaction of the Administration and as required by theRadioRegulations, of all incidents connected with the radiocommunication service whichappear tobe of importance to safety of life at sea.Regulation 18Position-updatingAll two-way communication equipment carried on board a ship to which this chapterapplieswhich is capable of automatically including the ships position in the distress alertshall beautomatically provided with this information from an internal or externalnavigation receiver,
36. if either is installed. If such a receiver is not installed, the ships positionand the time thatposition was correct shall be manually updated at intervals not exceedingfour hours, while theship is underway, so that it is always ready for transmission by theequipment.