5th meeting
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5th meeting

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5th meeting 5th meeting Presentation Transcript

  • Coherence is related to unity. Ideas that arearranged in a clear and logical way arecoherent. The purpose of coherence is to makethe readers can easily understand the mainidea.
  • There are 2 main ways to achieve coherence:1. Coherence from transition signals (To show how idea is related to the next part)2. Coherence from logical order (To arrange sentence in some kind of logical)
  • Transation signals are the words or phrases thatconnect the idea in one sentence with the ideain another sentence.The function to make paragraph smooth so thereader doesnt have problem understanding thewriters ideas.
  • Paragraph 1 Another different among the worlds seas andoceans is that the salinities varies in different climatezones. The Baltic Sea in Northern Europe is only onefourth of saline as the RED Sea in the Middle East. Thereare reasons for this. In warmth climate, waterevaporates rapidly. The concentration of the salt isgreater. The surrounding land is dry and doesntcontribute much fresh water to dilute the salty seawater. In cold climate zones, water evaporates slowly.The runoff created by melting snow adds a considerableamount of fresh water to dilute the saline fresh water.
  • Paragraph 2 Another different among the worlds seas andoceans is that the salinities varies in different climatezones. The Baltic Sea in Northern Europe is only onefourth of saline as the RED Sea in the Middle East. Thereare reasons for this. First of all, in warmth climate, waterevaporates rapidly. The concentration of the salt isgreater. Second, the surrounding land is dry and doesntcontribute much fresh water to dilute the salty seawater. In cold climate zones, water evaporates slowly.Furthermore, the runoff created by melting snow adds aconsiderable amount of fresh water to dilute the salinefresh water
  • Instruction:1. Choose the transition signals that best showsthe relationship between the sentences in eachgroup from the choices given in parentheses.Write the signal in the space.2. Add punctuation and change capital letters ifnecessary.
  • A recent article in Era magazine suggestedways to reduce inflation. The article suggestedthat the president reduce the federal budget;................. It suggested that the governmentreduce federal, state and local taxes.(however, in contrast, furthermore)
  • 1. The article said that the same causes ofinflation were easy to find........to cure forinflation was not so easy to prescribe(however, for example, therefore)2. Era is also suggested that raising wages wereone of the primary causes of inflation......thegovernment should take action to controlwages.(however, therefore,for example)
  • In addition to using transitional signals, asecond way to achieve coherence is to arrangeyour sentences in some kind of lical order.There are two most common kinds of logicalorder:1. Chronological order2. Order of importance
  • Chronological order is the way of organizingthe ideas in the paragraph in the order of theiroccurrence in time. Chronological order is notonly used for historical events but it is also usedin business, science and engineering to explainthe process and procedures.
  • There are two keys to writing a goodchronological paragraph:1. Discuss the events(in a history) or thesteps(in a process) in the order in which theyoccur.2. Use chronological transition signals toindicate the sequence of events or steps.
  • Choose one of the topic sentences below and write the paragraphthat develops it. Use the transitional signals suggested for ecah topicto connect the supporting sentence smoothly.1. Foreign travel is very educational The first reason Another reason In addition Consequently2. Last week, i witnessed a terrible accident First After that Next Finally