5th group ( dependent and independent clause )Presentation Transcript
DEPENDENT CLAUSE and INDEPENDENT CLAUSE AGNIYA ULFAH (1188203324) JUNITA (1188203043) LINDA MUSTIKA DEWI (1188203349) NUNU KHAERUNISA (1188203059)5th RIA YUANITA SARI (1188203076)Group FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION ENGLISH EDUCATION 2011-2012
DEPENDENT CLAUSEINDEPENDENT CLAUSE
Dependent ClauseA dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb but does notcontain a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence by it self. Example When he is at a baseball game.
Dependent clauses are often marked with a dependentmarker word. Dependent marker word include:As, Although, After, When, While, Until, Because,Before, If, Since ,Though, Whenever, Where,Whereas, Whether, As if, Unless, Than, That, Sothat, Once, Which etc.
Dependent Clause Examples1.Because the door was open2.When it started raining3.Until your father gets home
Dependent ClauseDependent Clauses can come at the end or at the beginning of a sentence. ExampleThe girl ran to her room when the boy called her. After mother got home, she went to bed.
Dependent ClauseDependent Clauses usually have a comma whenthey are found in the first part of asentence. If found at the end of thesentence, there will not be any comma.1. Before the dance, she went home.2. He hugged her although she was wet.
Independent Clause An independent clause is a group ofwords that contains a subject and a verband expresses a complete thought. It can stand alone as a sentence by itself.. Example Rick eats potato chip
Independent ClauseIndependent Clauses can come at the end or at the beginning of a sentence. Example1. The girl ran to her room when the boy called her.2. After mother got home, she went to bed.
Can you identify the dependent and independent clauses in this sentences?1. While you’re there, pick up another gallon of milk.2. When dad comes home, the house becomes quiet.3. Mrs. Bigbee smiles whenever her kids follow the rules.
Subordinating ConjunctionAfter, although, as, as if, as soon as, because, before, that, eventhough, how, since, if, so that, unless, until, though, when, what,whenever, where, whether, wherever, which, while, whose, whom.Coordinating ConjunctionFor And Nor But Or Yet So ( FANBOYS )Conjunctive AdverbsAccordingly, besides, consenquently, forexample, furthermore, however, in addition, incontrast, indeed, instead, meanwhile, moreover,nevertheless, otherwise, therefore, thus.
Simple Senteces – has one independent clause.• Jim studied in the Sweet Shop in this morning.• Rick eats potato chips. Compoud Sentences – has two or more independent clause. Independent Clause + Coordinating Conjuction + Independent clause Coordinating Conjuction : FANBOYS • My young sister like cooking, and she always making a cake. • My older brother is a college graduate, but he can’t find job.
Complex Sentences – has one independent clause and one dependent clause.Independent clause + subordinating conjuction + dependent clause Subordinate Conjunction : As, Although, After, When, While, Until, Because, Before, If, Since etc.• He closed the window because it was windy.• Mrs. Bigbee smiles whenever her kids follow the rules. Compund Complex Sentences – minimal has 2 independent clause and one or more dependent clause. • Laura forgot her friend birthday, she finally remembered when laura asked to her calssmate. • My father work in the office, he always goes every morning so my father doesn’t ever let.