STANDARD COMPETENCY This course aims at able to understand some englishstructure for their use and form correctly.
BASIC COMPETENCY Students understand the form and use of direct andindirect speech
INDICATOR Students are able to understand the reporting verbs and direct speech Students are able to understand reporting verb and indirect speech Students are able to do the exercises correctly
LEARNING ACTIVITY Students study from grammar chart and its examples Students listen to the teacher’s explanation about direct and indirect speech Students learn from the grammar notes Students rewrite the statements as indirect speech
REPORTED SPEECH Reported speech divided into two groups:1. Direct Speech2. Indirect Speech
DIRECT SPEECH Direct speech is a direct sentence from the speakerwithout a changing.Usually direct speech using cite. The sentence beginwith capital letter.Example : She said, “ Don’t leave me”. “Don’t leave me”, She said.
INDIRECT SPEECH Indirect speech is a sentence that not directly whichreport speech tell again what talked by the firstspeaker.Example:David said,” I write the letter”. (Direct)→David said that he wrote the letter. (Indirect).
VERBS FORM 1. Verb 1 → Verb 22. Verb 2 → Had + Verb 33. Is/ am → Was4. Are → Were5. Was/were → Had been6. Will → Would7. Can → Could8. Have → Had
PRONOUNS FORM 1. I → She / He2. My → His / Her3. Me → Him / Her4. We → They5. Our → Their6. Us → Them
TIME FORMS 1. Now → Then2. Yesterday → The day before3. Tomorrow → The following day4. Today → That day5. Tonight → That night6. Last week → The week before7. Two weeks ago → Two weeks before8. Next week → The following week.
EXAMPLESNO DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH1 She said,”I write She said that she the letter”. wrote the letter.2 She said,” I spoke She said that she had english”. spoken english.3 He said,” I am He said that he was going to Bali”. going to Bali. He said,” I will He said that he would4 clean the bag” clean the bag. They said, “We They said that they5 have finished”. had finished.
EXERCISE A. Change these direct speech into indirect speech!1. My Father said” I will go to bogor next week”.2. The postman said” The Manager was meeting the customer”3. Mr. Gugun said” My beloved wife is sick”.
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