4th group ( transitional signal )
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4th group ( transitional signal )






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4th group ( transitional signal ) Presentation Transcript

  • 2. TRANSITIONAL SIGNALSTransition signals are connectingwords or phrases that act likebridges between parts of yourwriting. They link your sentencesand paragraphs together smoothlyso that there are no abrupt jumps orbreaks between ideas.
  • 3. Transition signals act like signposts toindicate to the reader the order and flow ofyour writing and ideas. They strengthenthe internal cohesion of your writing.Using transitions makes it easier for thereader to follow your ideas. They helpcarry over a thought from one sentence toanother, from one paragraph to another,or from one idea to another.
  • 4. The following words and phrases can be used to indicate transitions and to cur your reader about how ideas are logically connected in your writing.To introduce an example: Especially Specifically Frequently In this case To demonstrate Etc.
  • 5. To show To introduce an agreement: additional idea: Of course  Also Certainly  And Admittedly  And then It is true that  Besides No doubt  As well as Etc.  Nor  Finnaly  Again  Etc.
  • 6. To indicate To indicate time: sequence or  Earlier order, or logically  Previously divide an idea:  Afterwards After  at this point Before  Formerly Finally  Soon In this time  Later Last  To this day Next  Then Second  During Meanwhile  Etc. Etc
  • 7. To compare: To contrast: By comparison  And Like  However While  Notwithstanding Balanced against  Conversely Likewise  On the other hand Just like  Yet Similarly  But Etc.  Unlike  Etc.
  • 8. To show cause and To summarise or effect: conclude: and so  In conclusion Consequently  Therefore Therefore  As shown As a consequence  Finally For this reason  Summing up As a result  To conclude Etc.  On the whole  Etc.
  • 9. Different transition signals do different things.1. Some are used to indicate sequence or order, such are "before that," "along with it" and "in the meantime."2. Some are used to introduce an example, such as "for instance," "to illustrate" and "take the case of."3. Some are used to indicate time, such as "immediately," "prior to" and "at that time."4. Some are used to logically divide an idea, such as "initially“ and "lastly."5. Some are used to compare and contrast ideas, such as "in contrast," "on the other hand" and "by comparison."6. Some introduce additional ideas and information, such as "in addition," "furthermore" and "more than that."7. Some introduce an opposing idea, such as "on the other hand," "in spite of" and "even though."8. Some are used to give an example, such as "to illustrate," "for example" and "in this case."9. Some are used to summarize, such as "on the whole," "in summary" and "to sum things up.
  • 10. Below is an example of howusing transitional words andphrases can improve the qualityof a piece of writing. Note howthe ideas flow more smoothly,and the logical relationshipsbetween the ideas expressedare clearer in the secondparagraph.
  • 11. It is true that nothing is known about Adrian’s birth, butwe know that, during his early years, he was raised byhedgehogs in Birmingham, England. Thisupbringingwould have a lasting effect on him; forexample, Adrian is a nocturnal creature who has beenknown to curl himself into a ball on occasion. Inaddition, the diet on which Adrian likely subsisted whenhe was young, namely insects, left him with a phobia foranything with more than four legs.Nevertheless, Adrian was able to lead a relativelynormal life after Mr. and Mrs Smith rescued him fromthe Birmingham hedgehogs. The Smiths set aboutteaching Adrian how to behave in the world of humans.First, they taught him to speak English. Second, theytaught him to read. Finally, they sent him to a school forthe Arts. Adrian quickly became a talented guitarplayer, and he decided As a result, that if he could notbe a professional musician, he would curl himself into aball forever. Ultimately, Adrian met some fellowmusicians who, in comparison, were as talented ashe, and they soon formed a band that became a hugesuccess.