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Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
Indonesia in brief
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Indonesia in brief

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  1. Indonesia in Brief The Team Hangzhou, January 2011
  2. Agenda 1 Indonesia: Multicultural Country 3 2 Indonesia: Historical Overview 9 3 Photos of Jakarta 17
  3. Indonesia: multicultural country
  4. Indonesia: the biggest Archipelago in the world  A very diverse country:  > 350 ethnic groups  > 650 languages  6 religions:  Catholic;  Christian;  Islam;  Buddhism;  Hinduism  Konfuzianism  Traditional religions More than 17.000 Island Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 4
  5. Ethnic Diversity Others, 14.66 Javanese, 41.71 Toraja, 0.37 Aceh, 0.43 Gorontalo, 0.48 Chinese, 0.86 Major ethnics: Cirebon, 0.94 Makasar, 0.99 1. Javanese (83 mio) Sasak, 1.30 Balinese, 1.51 Banjar, 1.74 Banten, 2.05 2. Sundanese (31 mio) Bugis, 2.49 Betawi, 2.51 3. Melayu (7 mio) Minangkabau, 2.72 4. Maduranesse (6,5 mio) Batakese, 3.02 5. Bataknesse (6 mio) Sundanese, 15.41 Madura, 3.37 Melayu, 3.45 Composition of ethnic groups in Indonesia (Suryadinata, et.al, 2003 p.13) Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 5
  6. Ethnic Diversity Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 6
  7. Religion Diversity Christian 8.92 Hinduism, 1.81 Buddhism, 0.84 Islam 88.22 Others, 0.20 Composition of religions in Indonesia (Suryadinata, et.al.,p.103) Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 7
  8. Religion Diversity Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 8
  9. Indonesian History
  10. Colonialization Period The longest occupation by Dutch colonizer: They conquer Indonesia for 350 years. The practices of Dutch colonies include: Forced labor Divide et impera (Divide and conquer) as a strategy to exploit Indonesian diversity to create divisions amongst people so independence struggle will be more difficult Here’s a hierarchy of Indonesian people created by the Dutch, primarily to create social tension and jealousy: •The most noble: Dutch people •The privileged: Foreign East people (Indonesian people of foreign descent: Chinese-Indonesian, Arab-Indonesian, etc) •The most unworthy: indigenous people Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 10
  11. Colonialization Period 1920s: Ethical politics (Politik Etis) Some visionary Dutch urges the colony to give back to Indonesians for their hard work during the forced labor that contributes a lot to Netherland’s wealth. So a conduct called Politik Etis is implemented with giving Indonesian people education. The education is limited only for wealthy people who has status in society. Eventually the Politik Etis movement backfire the Dutch, because it raises Indonesian people’s consciousness about the Dutch strategy to divide them. Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 11
  12. Colonialization Period Milestone: 1928, Youth Pledge(Sumpah Pemuda ) oath taken to preserve national unity: One archipelago One nation One language October 28, 1928 This has fuelled more efforts to reach independence, and an effort to put national identity above all primordial sentiments. Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 12
  13. SUHARTO’S ERA Sukarno is eventually toppled down after a bloody coup in September 30, 1965, which is usually referred to as the 30 September movement. Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 13
  14. SUHARTO’S ERA • Freedom of political expression were strongly restricted. Issues about cultural / religious differences were considered as a “sensitive issue” that should not be addressed in any form. • The prohibition to speak about SARA -- suku(ethnicity), agama(religion), ras(race), antargolongan(intergroup relations) – Example of SARA implementation The discrimination against ethnic Chinese and Indonesians of Arabic descent is occurring, but never mentioned in public space to “maintain order and stability”. • The cultural diversity in Indonesia is maintained and controlled politically and thereby never acknowledged, much less being managed. So multicultural awareness in never really systematically taught in Indonesia during Suharto’s era. School textbooks reduce culture into songs, artifacts, and dances, without teaching about the different cultural values. • Suharto was toppled after a huge student demonstration in 1998. Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 14
  15. SUHARTO’S ERA Suharto was toppled after a huge student demonstration in 1998. Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 15
  16. Reformation In this era, starting from 1999 with Habibie as Suharto’s successor, the commitment is to create a more democratic atmosphere in Indonesia. A commitment to give space for pluralism to blossom (Suparlan, 1999). A wave of deadly terrorism conducted in the name of Islam is scaring people away, yet Indonesia is applauded with its quick responses to the terrorism and the numbers of captured terrorists to this day, dead or alive. Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 16
  17. Photos in Jakarta
  18. Mall Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 18
  19. Mall Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 19
  20. Mall Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 20
  21. Gathering Content Here Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 21
  22. Traffic Building the Global Competence for Asian Leaders 22
  23. Thank You Contact us via Mail: htjitra@zju.edu.cn Follow: twitter@htjitra Website: http://sinau.me/hcli

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