Farriers And Hoofcare


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Farriers And Hoofcare

  1. 1. Farriers and Hoofcare Anastasia Kellogg
  2. 2. Basic Facts of Farrier Work <ul><li>The goal in shoeing is to shape the shoe to the hoof, not the hoof to the shoe </li></ul><ul><li>The horse’s sole should not bear weight </li></ul><ul><li>It is easier to shoe a wide heeled horse than a narrow heeled horse </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Facts Of Farrier Work <ul><li>Factors which determine the type of shoe needed include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hoof shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of work required of the horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The surface the horse will work upon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The front feet are rounder than the hind feet </li></ul><ul><li>The hind feet are narrower than the front feet </li></ul>
  4. 4. Farrier Facts <ul><li>The outside wing or web of a hind shoe is longer than the inside web of the inside web of the hind shoe </li></ul><ul><li>The hoof wall is thicker at the toe than at the heels </li></ul><ul><li>The wings of the front shoe must be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long enough to support the heels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But not so long that they may be pulled off by the hind foot </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Farrier Facts <ul><li>Pressure from the shoe on the sole may result in corns </li></ul><ul><li>Fullering is the creasing of the ground surface of the wings of the shoe </li></ul><ul><li>Fullering makes the shoe lighter and provides some traction </li></ul><ul><li>Driving the nail “too green” means nailing into the sensitive laminae, causing lameness </li></ul>
  6. 6. Farrier Facts <ul><li>Causing lameness by nailing into the sensitive laminae is called pricking </li></ul><ul><li>Coarse shoeing refers to nailing too deep, or “too green” </li></ul><ul><li>Fine shoeing is too shallow, causing the horse to pull the shoe </li></ul><ul><li>Clips hold the shoe more securely on the hoof and reduce the chances that the shoe shifts position after nailing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Farrier Facts <ul><li>Two types of clips are drawn clips and welded clips </li></ul><ul><li>Drawn clips are made by heating the web of the shoe and drawing a portion of it upward, which makes for a more finished job in the long run </li></ul><ul><li>Welded clips are additional parts added to the web of the shoe </li></ul>
  8. 8. Farrier Facts <ul><li>“ Sharp shod” refers to a horse shod with ice caulks </li></ul><ul><li>Keg shoes are pre-sized, and are usually fitted cold </li></ul><ul><li>Steel is used for most horseshoes </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughbred racehorses wear shoes made of aluminum, since it is lightweight </li></ul><ul><li>Aluminum shoes weigh about 3 ounces </li></ul>
  9. 9. Farrier Facts <ul><li>Pads may be used on horses recovering from hoof injuries, such as sole bruises, or on horses with sensitive feet </li></ul><ul><li>A bar shoe is also used on recovering horses, for example in the case of laminitis </li></ul><ul><li>A rolled toe is sometimes used at the point of breakover, especially in cases of navicular </li></ul>
  10. 10. Farrier Facts <ul><li>Borium may be applied to shoe to increase traction on surfaces such as pavement, concrete, and ice </li></ul><ul><li>A horse that scalps or speedy cuts should wear lighter shoes in front </li></ul><ul><li>A Scotchbottom shoe is used on a draft horse, especially in the show ring </li></ul><ul><li>The hoof wall grows faster in warmer weather (faster in June than January) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Farrier Facts <ul><li>A pigeon toed condition can be reduced in a young horse by trimming more off the inside edges of the foot </li></ul>
  12. 12. Shoeing Steps <ul><li>Cutting the clinches of the old shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Removing the old shoes with pullers </li></ul><ul><li>Trimming the dead sole with a hoof knife </li></ul><ul><li>Trimming the hoof wall with nippers </li></ul><ul><li>Rasping the hoof wall level </li></ul><ul><li>Removing burrs or flares around the edges of the hoof wall </li></ul>
  13. 13. Shoeing Steps <ul><li>Shaping the shoe </li></ul><ul><li>Making sure the shoe fits </li></ul><ul><li>Driving the nails </li></ul><ul><li>Wringing off nails and setting clinches </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting clinches </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing off feet </li></ul>