Protecting the children,
securing the future
Anslem Wandega; ANPPCAN Uganda
EMERGING GOOD PRACTICES ON INVOLVING
CHILDREN ...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Introduction
 ANPPCAN Uganda is
part of the continent-
wide movement of
chap...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Location of Uganda in
Africa & ANPPCAN areas of
operation in Uganda
Protecting the children,
securing the future
HISTORY
 ANPPCAN has been Implementing anti-child labour
initiatives since 2...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Consolidating Gains in
the past Anti - Child
labour Initiatives
 In 2013 wit...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Understanding
CLFZ
 A child labour free zone is a place where no child
labou...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Rakai CLF Zones
 The program is being
piloted in two Parishes of
Mitukula an...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Process of establish
CLFZ in Rakai
 Working with children, we conducted a ba...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Process Cont.
 These MCSTC built children’s
confidence and motivation to
enr...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Process cont..
 Over 1,600 children
aged 5 to 14 years who
had either never ...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Process cont..
 We also provided technical support to schools to
develop and...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Process cont..
 We undertook advocacy with children at district
level target...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Process ctd
through the letter link boxes strategy. Here, in
school children ...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
What has worked
 Two promising practices 1. Use of the CC Model and
the Lett...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
Community cont..
CCs have brought
adults and children
together to dialogue &
...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
What has worked
ctd…
 The tool has enabled
us to deepen a
community’s
unders...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
What has worked
ctd…
 The group dynamic
processes has
empowered
communities ...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
What has worked
 CCM fitted well in the concept of child labour free
zone si...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
What has worked
ctd…
 We are very optimistic that with the changes in
attitu...
Protecting the children,
securing the future
The end
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Emerging Good Practices on Involving Children in Implementing Child Labor Free Zones in Uganda

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Presentation from international meeting on children's work and child labour hosted by the Africa Child Policy Forum, Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, and Young Lives in Addis Ababa, 20-21 March 2014

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Emerging Good Practices on Involving Children in Implementing Child Labor Free Zones in Uganda

  1. 1. Protecting the children, securing the future Anslem Wandega; ANPPCAN Uganda EMERGING GOOD PRACTICES ON INVOLVING CHILDREN IN CREATING CHILD LABOUR FREE ZONES IN UGANDA; ANPPCAN- UGANDA’S EXPERIENCES Presentation at East African Regional Symposium on Child Work/Child Labour, 20-21 March 2014
  2. 2. Protecting the children, securing the future Introduction  ANPPCAN Uganda is part of the continent- wide movement of chapters in over 26 African countries  Pioneer African NGO to promote and protect the rights of children in Uganda established in 1992
  3. 3. Protecting the children, securing the future Location of Uganda in Africa & ANPPCAN areas of operation in Uganda
  4. 4. Protecting the children, securing the future HISTORY  ANPPCAN has been Implementing anti-child labour initiatives since 2001  2001 –Addressing worst forms of child labor in Arua, Jinja & Kasese districts  2002 – 2004 – Addressing harmful child domestic work in Rakai district  2005 – 2006 – Addressing child labor through the SCREAM Methodology in Rakai  2007-Integrating the voices of children in the NAP  2010 - 2012 – Support to implement the NAP against child labor in Uganda  2011-2013- Reducing child exploitation in Kampala and Jinja
  5. 5. Protecting the children, securing the future Consolidating Gains in the past Anti - Child labour Initiatives  In 2013 with funding from HIVOS, a much more focused IABA project was started in Rakai district to consolidate further the gains of past anti-child labour campaign. Purpose  To contribute to elimination of child labour in Uganda through the creation of child labour free zones in Rakai district.
  6. 6. Protecting the children, securing the future Understanding CLFZ  A child labour free zone is a place where no child labour exists and where all children go to school. This could be a village or a plantation.  In a child labour free zone everyone is convinced that all children of school going age must be in school on full time and regular basis.  Everyone is in such a zone convinced that a school is the best place for these children to work and get nurtured into a responsible adult  Everyone, including children therefore cooperates to completely eliminate child labour and get all children into school.
  7. 7. Protecting the children, securing the future Rakai CLF Zones  The program is being piloted in two Parishes of Mitukula and Nakatoogo in Rakai district with the expectation of having all children of school going age in the two parishes in school, regularly attending school and on full time basis
  8. 8. Protecting the children, securing the future Process of establish CLFZ in Rakai  Working with children, we conducted a baseline survey and findings showed that 71% of boys and girls in the two parishes had dropped out of school in in the previous year due to heavy child work demands  The process to identify, verify and withdraw affected children to be enrolled back in school was done with active involvement of children.  In consultation with children, we set up and supported two Motivation Centres and Short Term Camps (MCSTC) for 400 older (9-14) never been to school children withdrawn from child labour to join lower classes
  9. 9. Protecting the children, securing the future Process Cont.  These MCSTC built children’s confidence and motivation to enroll and stay school.  In consultation with children, we established and supported two non residential Bridge Centres for Accelerated Learning for 100 withdrawn older out of school children in the age ranges 9 -14 who had chosen not to start in the lowest classes of Primary school.
  10. 10. Protecting the children, securing the future Process cont..  Over 1,600 children aged 5 to 14 years who had either never been to school or dropped out school were enrolled in school and provided with scholastic materials (books, pens, mathematical sets, toilet tissues), and uniforms.
  11. 11. Protecting the children, securing the future Process cont..  We also provided technical support to schools to develop and implement policies and procedures to prevent and respond to violence against children. o This enhanced retention in school  We worked with 50 young persons (15-24) to reach out to children doing exploitative work and their families with anti-harmful work messages.  We strengthened two child labour monitoring committees through training and facilitating them to conduct their duties.  We organized exposure visits for relevant government bodies and CBO leaders to successful child labour free zones
  12. 12. Protecting the children, securing the future Process cont..  We undertook advocacy with children at district level targeting key decision makers to fast track the implementation of relevant laws and policies towards declaring the targeted areas child labour free zones.  We established coalitions of 20 (10 per zone ) CSOs to advocate for policy change, clearer guidelines for parents, schools, police and schools to implement policies and procedures to protect children from violence  We supported children’s initiatives in schools to encourage their colleagues to stay in school
  13. 13. Protecting the children, securing the future Process ctd through the letter link boxes strategy. Here, in school children write letters on various issues affecting them and drop them in boxes which are located in appropriate spaces for support.  Trained community conversations facilitators to conduct ongoing CC sessions to address child labor
  14. 14. Protecting the children, securing the future What has worked  Two promising practices 1. Use of the CC Model and the Letter Link Boxes. I will talk about one:-  Using Community Conversation Meetings to sensitize communities on child harmful child work/ labor o The model has proved to be economic, community issues driven and hence sustainable
  15. 15. Protecting the children, securing the future Community cont.. CCs have brought adults and children together to dialogue & explore the underlying causes of exploitative child work/labor in in their environment and generate local solutions to address the problem.
  16. 16. Protecting the children, securing the future What has worked ctd…  The tool has enabled us to deepen a community’s understanding on child labour, facilitated decision making and taking action in the local context.
  17. 17. Protecting the children, securing the future What has worked ctd…  The group dynamic processes has empowered communities and their members to revise values and cultural practices on positive child rearing practices
  18. 18. Protecting the children, securing the future What has worked  CCM fitted well in the concept of child labour free zone since it involved every community members, including children and sweepingly cleared communities of harmful child work/labour . o It has worked as the most efficient and effective tool for community mobilization and child empowerment.  It enabled us to hinge on indigenous knowledge base to engage communities in the campaign against harmful child work/labour while at the same time teach children roles and socialize them into responsible adults
  19. 19. Protecting the children, securing the future What has worked ctd…  We are very optimistic that with the changes in attitudes and behavior on child labour and involvement of children in decision making on issues affecting them, we are noticing in these two communities, a long lasting solution to addressing harmful child work/labor in these two communities is eminent
  20. 20. Protecting the children, securing the future The end
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