The Ladies of MOOCS
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The Ladies of MOOCS

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Daphne Koller, Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University, Co-Founder of Coursera (2012); Genevieve Fioraso, Secrétaire d'État chargée de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche (depuis......

Daphne Koller, Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University, Co-Founder of Coursera (2012); Genevieve Fioraso, Secrétaire d'État chargée de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche (depuis le 9 avril 2014); Queen Rania Al Abdullah of Jordan; Jet Bussemaker, Dutch Minister for Education, Culture and Science in the second Rutte cabinet since Nov 5, 2012.

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  • 1. July 2014 Clay Casati
  • 2. SummarySummary Qu’est ce qu’un MOOC ? Qu’est-ce qu’un MOOC ?  Daphne Koller  Geneviève Fioraso Geneviève Fioraso  Queen Rania Al Abdullah  Jet Bussemaker Jet Bussemaker  Why Women Should Take Business MOOCs  Future of Education & Learning Future of Education & Learning  Credits 2
  • 3. Qu’est-ce qu’un MOOC ?Qu est ce qu un MOOC ? Les MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) sont des t à t t à di tcours ouverts à tous et à distance.  Le « M » de Massive signifie que le cours peut accueillir un nombre en principe non limité de participants.nombre en principe non limité de participants.  Le « O » de Open signifie que le cours est ouvert à tous les internautes, sans distinction d’origine, de niveau d’études, ou d’un quelconque critèreou d’un quelconque critère.  Le « O » de Online signifie que l’ensemble du cours peut être suivi en ligne: cours, activités, devoirs, examens, etc.g  Le « C » de Course rappelle que c’est un cours avec des objectifs pédagogiques, et donc une pédagogie active, et non simplement des ressources diffusées en lignenon simplement des ressources diffusées en ligne. 3
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  • 8. MOOC Provider DistributionMOOC Provider Distribution 8
  • 9. MOOC Subject DistributionMOOC Subject Distribution 9
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  • 12. Daphne Koller 12 Daphne Koller
  • 13. Daphne Koller Professor of Computer Science, Daphne Koller Stanford University, Co-Founder of Coursera (2012) Born: August 27 1968Born: August 27, 1968 Residence: United States Nationality: IsraelNationality: Israel 13
  • 14. Flip Teaching  In 2009, Daphne Koller realized that the way she and other professors on Stanford University campus were teaching their students was backwardstheir students was backwards.  «I would walk into class, deliver the same lecture, tell the same stories, again and again, and never have a chance to, g g , engage with my students in a meaningful way.»  «Why don't I just pre-record the lecture, add interactive elements to make it less boring, and come to class to actually talk to my students?» S D h K ll b ffl di h l t ti t So, Daphne Koller began offloading her lecture time to video so she could spend more time interacting with students in class, a method now widely referred to as the "flipped classroom." 14 Source: http://e-ducate.us/?p=1099
  • 15. COURSERA 15 COURSERA educational technology company
  • 16. Coursera MOOC The student experience in Coursera is that the course starts on a given day and each week a student has access to numerous pieces “access to numerous pieces. One piece is video lecture, and it’s interactive videos, you don’t sit there for an hour just watching video, you get to interact with the videoget to interact with the video. There is rigorous meaningful assessments of different kinds, not just multiple choice but real exercises with real depthreal depth. And there is a community of students that you get to interact with to ask questions and have those questions answered by your fellow students.answered by your fellow students. So that you get both a better learning experience via peer teaching as well as a social experience, where you feel like there is a community of learners surroundingy g this intellectual activity. 16 ” Daphne Koller
  • 17. Integration physical & virtual campus People often ask us whether universities are a thing of the past, whether universities are going to die out,“ and I definitely do not think so. There is something tremendous about getting people t th i l h di it i t titogether in a place where serendipitous interactions can happen. Where you can have face-to-face mentoring betweenWhere you can have face-to-face mentoring between an instructor and students, where students can talk to each other, and create together, and learn to d b t iddebate ideas. So this on-campus physical experience at the moment has no virtual substitute that is equally effective ”has no virtual substitute that is equally effective. 17 ”Daphne Koller
  • 18. Online Education 2 GoalsOnline Education 2 Goals Online education, then, can serve two goals. “For students lucky enough to have access to great teachers, blended learning can mean even better outcomes at the same or lower cost. And for the millions here and abroad who lack d i d i liaccess to good, in-person education, online learning can open doors that would otherwise remain closed ”remain closed. Daphne Koller ” 18
  • 19. Coursera risingCoursera rising Over little more than a year (Feb 2012 - Mar 2013), C h i t d d 328 diff t f 62Coursera has introduced 328 different courses from 62 universities in 17 countries. 19
  • 20. Coursera CertificatesCoursera Certificates Statement of Accomplishment Specialization Certificate VERIFIEDVERIFIED CERTIFICATE 20
  • 21. Coursera MOOC MapCoursera MOOC Map 21
  • 22. Geneviève Fioraso 22 Geneviève Fioraso
  • 23. Geneviève FiorasoGeneviève Fioraso Secrétaire d'État chargée Secrétaire d État chargée de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche (depuis le 9 avril 2014)  Président: François Président: François Hollande  Gouvernement: Manuel Valls  Born: 10 octobre 1954  Residence: France 23
  • 24. Un Contexte PorteurUn Contexte Porteur  Le numérique a révolutionné notre façon de communiquer. Il devrait transformer en profondeur la façon d’enseigner Il devrait transformer en profondeur la façon d’enseigner.  Ainsi, depuis la fin 2011, l’essor des MOOCs redessine peu à peu l’accès à l’enseignement supérieur dans le monde, ainsi que la conception même des formations universitaires.  Selon toutes les études, les cinq prochaines années (2014 - 2018) seront décisives et verront exploser le marché2018) seront décisives et verront exploser le marché mondial de l’e-education.  Deux plateformes, Coursera et EdX ont investi $ 43M et $ 60M ti t d l dé l t d til t60M respectivement dans le développement des outils et des contenus. Plus de trois millions d’étudiants peuvent suivre les cours de Stanford, d’Harvard ou du MIT, grâce à l’ l i d MOOCl’explosion des MOOCs. 24
  • 25. FUN 25 FUN France Université Numérique
  • 26. Ce que France Universitéq Numérique (FUN) va changer L’agenda numérique de l’enseignementL’agenda numérique de l’enseignement supérieur décline 18 actions pour :  aire du numérique une chance pour les étudiants etaire du numérique une chance pour les étudiants et tous les publics désireux de se former,  soutenir les enseignants et les équipes pédagogiques dans la rénovation pédagogiquepédagogiques dans la rénovation pédagogique induite par le numérique,  construire des campus d’@venir et accompagner les ét bli t d l t f ti tétablissements dans leur transformation avec et par le numérique,  renforcer le rayonnement de l’enseignementy g supérieur français à l’international. 26
  • 27. La révolution numériqueLa révolution numérique «La révolution numérique est en marche. Elle est à la fois une chance et un défi pour une université en mouvement. U h ll d l’él b iUne chance, celle de repenser l’élaboration et la transmission des savoirs, de manière interactive, en mettant les étudiants au coeurinteractive, en mettant les étudiants au coeur du projet pédagogique de l’enseignement supérieur. Un défi, celui de construire une université performante, innovante et ouverte sur le monde»monde». Geneviève Fioraso 27
  • 28. Queen Rania Al Abdullah 28 Queen Rania Al Abdullah
  • 29. Q R i Al Abd ll h f J dQueen Rania Al Abdullah of Jordan  a mother, a wife, a boss, an advocate, and a humanitarian.  Born: August 30, 1970  Degree in Business Administration, American University in Cairo  Monday May 19 2014: Monday, May 19, 2014: Queen Rania Al Abdullah launches Edraak, an Arab non-profit MOOC platform 29
  • 30.  EDRAAK, “an Arabic language MOOC portal”, is an initiative of the Queen Rania Foundation for Education and Development.p  Developed based on edX technolo- gy, a leading global MOOC provider founded by Harvard and MIT.  The platform aspires to make quality education more accessible for a population that is thirsty for higher quality education by offering Arab learners access to courses taught at universities such asaccess to courses taught at universities such as Harvard, MIT, and UC Berkeley, amongst others, at no cost to the learner, with the potential to earn certificates of master for certain co rses 30 certificates of mastery for certain courses.
  • 31. The Queen Rania Foundation forThe Queen Rania Foundation for Education and Development "What the Arab world needs today is an educational revolution; weis an educational revolution; we need a fundamental change that will fulfill every parent's ambitionf f y p to provide their child with a quality education." Her Majesty Queen Rania Al Abdullah, 2013 31
  • 32. ChallengesChallenges Speaking at the launch, Queen Rania highlighted some of the challenges faced by the Arab world:  poor quality of education and graduates' inability to meet the demands of the job marketto meet the demands of the job market,  the limited number of global scientific publications releasedpublications released  the scarcity of exports in advanced technology  the skills gap in the region the skills gap in the region. 32
  • 33. Transformative shiftsTransformative shifts Queen Rania stressed to the audience that …  “The world around us is speeding toward a future where ideas, knowledge and skills are the founding blocks of prosperity while we drift at the bottom ofblocks of prosperity, while we drift at the bottom of global rankings in terms of knowledge, and in terms of how and what we produce".  “Transformative shifts usually happen when need and opportunity meet. We desperately need quality education and online learning is our opportunity "education, and online learning is our opportunity.  “The Arab world has a chance to acquire capabilities and skills needed to catch up and realize transformative leaps.” 33
  • 34. EDRAAK adoption of the Open edX platform Q R i Al Abd ll h f J d QRF (Q R i F d tiQueen Rania Al Abdullah of Jordan, QRF (Queen Rania Foundation for Education and Development) CEO Haifa Dia Al-Attia. edX CEO Anant Agarwal, at the edX offices in Cambridge, MA , USA.
  • 35. Edraak – availability of knowledgey g  "We launched Edraak as a realization of what we have already missed and as a way to catch up to a futurey y p befitting of us, of our history.“  "Today, knowledge is available for those who seek it, d d ti i th f th h t it ”and education is there for those who want it.”  “Edraak will broadcast the best in the Arab world and it will translate the best internationally”will translate the best internationally  “Although online learning is not a solution to all our problems, quality education that is open to everyone is t it t i k l d d i than opportunity to increase our knowledge, and raise the potential of the region“  “What was exclusively limited to "the few that knew" isWhat was exclusively limited to the few that knew is now open to everybody who wants to know and read”. 35
  • 36. Jet Bussemaker 36 Jet Bussemaker
  • 37. Mariëtte “Jet” Bussemaker  Dutch Minister for Education, Culture and Science in the secondCulture and Science in the second Rutte cabinet since Nov 5, 2012  Born: January 15, 1961  Nationality: Dutch  Political party: Dutch Labour P t /P tij d A b id P dAParty/Partij van de Arbeid – PvdA  Occupation: Politician, Political scientistPolitical scientist  “The use of MOOC will make it possible to improve the quality of d d h leducation and teaching material in the Netherlands”. 37
  • 38. nt In a letter to the Dutch Parliament, Jet Bussemaker amen explains that the deployment of new technologies will provide new possibilities for the design of communica- tion and teaching modes between teachers and Parli students. With a budget of € 1M per year, she would like to stimulate: utch stimulate: 1.the international reputation of Dutch higher education in a number of profiling areas through the toDu p g g development of MOOCs, 2.cooperation between Dutch higher education aimed at improving education through the use of MOOCs and tter improving education through the use of MOOCs and 3.thorough evaluation of the experience with open and online education in the Dutch context (with the Le ( condition that the results are freely available). 38
  • 39. RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES IN NETHERLANDS THAT OFFER MOOCS Current New University Platform Current MOOCs Students New MOOCS University of Amsterdam Coursera 1 5.000 - lf f 000Delft University of Technology edX 2 54,000 27,000 3 Leiden University Coursera 2 43.000 6Leiden University Coursera 2 26.000 6 Utrecht University Elevate 15 - - Maastricht University - - - 1Maastricht University 1 Eindhoven University of Technology Coursera - - 1 W i U i itWageningen University & Research Centre - - - 2-3 Open Universiteit in th N th l d OpenupEd - - - 39 the Netherlands OpenupEd Source: SURF report as of 16 December 2013
  • 40. Why Women Should Take Business MOOCsWhy Women Should Take Business MOOCs by Laurie | May 2, 2014 | “Hi! I'm Laurie Pickard y | y , | from Kigali, Rwanda. I'm using websites like Coursera, edX, Udacity, and others to put together th i l t f MBAthe equivalent of an MBA degree - for free!” 40 http://www.nopaymba.com/women-take-business-moocs/
  • 41. MOOCs: a great boon to womenMOOCs: a great boon to women 1. “The economic arguments that keep some women out of MBA programs do not apply to MOOCs For womenof MBA programs do not apply to MOOCs. For women who choose to prioritize family, have flexibility in their careers, or take any extended breaks from working, a MOOC-based education makes more sense than a traditional degree program.” 2 “For women who do intend to apply to B-school2. For women who do intend to apply to B-school, taking a few MOOCs can be a great way to build confidence prior to enrolling.” 3. “The number of women-owned businesses grew by 41% between 1997 and 2013. Free online education can provide what an entrepreneur needs to getcan provide what an entrepreneur needs to get started without the debt to weigh her down.” 41
  • 42. Future of Education & LearningFuture of Education & Learning The Future of Learning is far more than new devices, digitalThe Future of Learning is far more than new devices, digital content and online classrooms, it means potentially rewritten relationships between students and information, teachers and instruction, and schools and society.instruction, and schools and society. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=quYDkuD4dMU Video includes commentary from Seth Godin, American authorVideo includes commentary from Seth Godin, American author and entrepreneur, Sugata Mitra, professor of educational technology at the UK’s Newcastle University, Stephen Heppell English educator who specializes in the use of ICT inHeppell, English educator who specializes in the use of ICT in education, Jose Ferreira, adaptive learning technology Knewton founder and CEO, Daphne Koller, online education platform Coursera cofounder as well as input from leaders 42 platform Coursera cofounder, as well as input from leaders bringing connectivity to villages across Africa.
  • 43. Revolutions destroy the perfect and bl th i iblenable the impossible.  “The move from pre-printing press to post-printing press is a ti t iti i hi t f th ld i t fone-time transition in history of the world, in terms of education. Online education is going to be like that as well.” Seth Godin  “One of the revolutions that we’re going to see is where less and less of education is about a conveyer of content, because that is going to be a commodity, and hopefully one that's going to begoing to be a commodity, and hopefully one that s going to be available to everyone around the world.” Jose Ferreira  “And a lot more of what we think of as education is going to go back to its original roots of teaching. Where the instructor actually engages in a dialogue with the students and helps them d l h k k ll bl l k ll f hdevelop thinking skills, problem solving skills, passion for the discipline.” 43 Daphne Koller
  • 44. CreditsCredits  http://edutech4teachers.edublogs.org/2014/03/08 /the-rising-power-of-moocs-infographic/  https://www.coursera.org/  MOOCs in 2013: Breaking Down the Numbers MOOCs in 2013: Breaking Down the Numbers, Dhawal Shah, Dec 22, 2013,  http://www.france-universite-numerique.fr/  dossier-de-presse-france-universite-numerique- dpgf_sc1_sc  http://www queenrania jo/media/press/queen-http://www.queenrania.jo/media/press/queen rania-al-abdullah-launches-edraak-arab-non-profit- mooc-platform https://www youtube com/watch?v quYDkuD4dMU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=quYDkuD4dMU 44