Higher Education: final countdown


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“For most of the 20th century, lectures provided an efficient way to transfer knowledge, but in an era with a perfect video-delivery platform — one that serves up billions of YouTube views and millions of TED (technology, entertainment, design) Talks — why would anyone waste precious class time on a lecture?,” write Associate Medical School dean, Charles Prober and business professor, Chip Heath, in The New England Journal of Medicine.

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Higher Education: final countdown

  1. 1. inquietamenteinquietamente Clay Casati, July 2012
  2. 2. 2007. MIT OpenCourseWare – “Unlocking Knowledge,Empowering Minds” - celebrates the publishing of the1800th course.2008. MOOC is one way of learning. It is a course open,participatory, distributed, lifelong networked learning, away to connect and collaborate, engaging in a learningprocess.2011. Reinventing Education with Khan Academy andStanford AI Class.2012. MIT and Harvard announce edX. “edX represents a edX. “edXunique opportunity to improve education on our owncampuses through online learning, while simultaneouslycreating a bold new educational path for millions of learnersworldwide,” MIT President Susan Hockfield said. 2
  3. 3. Open Educational Resources 101, Zaid Ali Alsagoff,http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/the-oer-101-workshopOpen Education Revolution: From “Open Access” to“Open Credentialing”, Una Dalyhttp://www.slideshare.net/UnaDaly/open-education-revolution-from-open-access-to-open-participationCover image: revolution_fist.gif, erepublik.comKnowledge in a MOOChttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWKdhzSAAG0edX: The Future of Online Education is Nowhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SA6ELdIRkRU 3
  4. 4. Higher Education RevolutionMIT OCW (Open CourseWare)OCW ConsortiumKhan AcademyCommunity College ConsortiumOER (Open Educational Resources)MOOCPeer-2-Peer UniversityOER University (OERu)Stanford AI MOOCUdacityCourseraedX 4
  5. 5. Coursera, edX, Udacity 2012 Stanford AI MOOC 2011 OER University (OERu) 2010 Peer-2-Peer University 2009 MOOC 2008 2007 Community College Consortium OER* 2006 Khan Academy 2004 OCW Consortium 2002 MIT OCW (Open CourseWare)2001 Creative Commons *OER Open Educational Resources 5
  6. 6. Source: mitocw.png, ddu.edu.et mitocw.png Oct 2002 MIT OCW MIT OpenCourseWare, available at http://ocw.mit.edu, makes the materials used in teaching all MIT subjects available on the Web, free of charge, to any user in the world. 6
  7. 7. MIT OCW (OpenCourseWare) is a free publication of MITcourse materials that reflects almost all theundergraduate and graduate subjects taught at MIT.importantly◦ OCW is not an mit education.◦ OCW does not grant degrees or certificates.◦ OCW does not provide access to mit faculty.◦ materials may not reflect entire content of the course. Source: http://ocw.mit.edu/about/ 7
  8. 8. On April 4, 2001, MIT announced it would publisheducational materials from all of its courses freely andopenly on the Internet. Ten years later, OCW has sharedmaterials from more than 2000 courses with anestimated 100 million individuals worldwide.OCWs Next Decade: Reaching One Billion Minds by2021 8
  9. 9. 2004 OCW ConsortiumMission: To advance formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. 9
  10. 10. Incorporated as an independent non-profit organizationin 2008, the OCW Consortium is a community of over250 universities and associated organizations worldwidecommitted to advancing OpenCourseWare sharing andits impact on global educational opportunity.The mission of the OCW Consortium is to advanceformal and informal learning through the worldwidesharing and use of free, open, high-quality educationmaterials organized as courses.Collectively, OCW Consortium members have publishedmaterials from more than 13,000 courses in 20languages. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Watch. Practice. Learn almost anything for free. With over 3,200 videos on everything from arithmetic to physics, finance, and history and hundreds of skills to practice, were on a mission to help you learn what you want, when you want, at your own pace. 2006 Khan AcademyThe Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization with the stated mission of "providing a high quality education to anyone, anywhere” www.khanacademy.org/ 12
  13. 13. All of the sites resources are available to anyone completely free of charge. It doesnt matter if you are a student, teacher, home-schooler, principal, adult returning to the classroom after 20 years, or a friendly alien just trying to get a leg up in earthly biology. Students can make use of the extensiveSource: www.khanacademy.org/ video library (over 3’200 videos covers K-12 math, science topics such as biology, chemistry, and physics, and even reaches into the humanities with playlists on finance and history. ), interactive challenges, and assessments from any computer with access to the web. 13
  14. 14. Source: cccoer-logo.png, oerconsortium.org 2007 Community College Consortium OER14
  15. 15. Founded 2007Growth to 200+ collegesJoined OCW ConsortiumPromote adoption of OER to enhance teachingand learning. Expand access to education Support faculty development to find, create, and reuse OER. Advance community college mission 15
  16. 16. 3-12220918226662.jpg, yaplakal.comsource: post-3 2008 MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) What are the advantages to massiveness? 16
  17. 17. MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) is a coursewhere the participants are distributed andcourse materials also are dispersed across theweb (en.wikipedia). Massive (> 1000 students) Open (enrollment, content) Online (social networks) Course (expert facilitators) 17
  18. 18. MOOCs are large-scale online courses where an expert orgroup of experts from a particular field both1. create the large draw to the course,2. facilitate a multi-week series of interactive lectures and discussion forms on critical issues from that field.Participants are expected to self-organize, to share anddiscuss the course material, and to create and publishnew artifacts that represent their learning.Additionally, MOOC participation is recorded andpublished openly so that those who come upon it latermay follow peripherally. 18
  19. 19. “For most of the 20th century, lectures provided an efficient century,way to transfer knowledge, but in an era with a perfect knowledge,video-delivery platform — one that serves up billions ofYouTube views and millions of TED (technology,entertainment, design) Talks — why would anyone wasteprecious class time on a lecture?write Associate Medical School dean, Charles Prober andbusiness professor, Chip Heath, in The New England Journalof Medicine, May 2012.They call for Flip Teaching, a form of blended learning whichencompasses any use of Internet technology to leverage thelearning in a classroom, so a teacher can spend more timeinteracting with students instead of lecturing. 19
  20. 20. The traditional pattern The student first studiesof secondary education has the topic by himself,been to have classroom typically using videolectures, in which the lessons.teacher explains a topic, In the classroom, the student then tries to applyfollowed by homework, in the knowledge by solvingwhich the student does problems and doingexercises. practical work.The role of the classroom The role of the classroomteacher is to impart the teacher is to tutor theinitial lesson. student. Traditional Teaching Flip Teaching 20
  21. 21. Source: 2012-06-09_1734.png 2012 usergeneratededucation.wordpress.com 3 4 2 121
  22. 22. mozilla-p2pu.jpg, technologysalon.org p2pu.jpg, 2009 Peer-2-Peer University Peer-At P2PU, people work together to learn a particular topic by completing tasks, assessing individual and group work, and providing constructive feedback (p2pu.org). 22
  23. 23. The Peer 2 Peer University (P2PU) is a grassrootsopen education project that organizes learningoutside of institutional walls and gives learnersrecognition for their achievements.P2PU creates a model for lifelong learningalongside traditional formal higher education.Leveraging the internet and educational materialsopenly available online, P2PU enables high-qualitylow-cost education opportunities.P2PU - learning for everyone, by everyone aboutalmost anything. Source: p2pu.org 23
  24. 24. Source: OERU-logic-model.png apletters.blogspot.com OER SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE OER university (#oeru) (#oeru) Towards free learning opportunities for all students worldwide 24
  25. 25. Open Educational Resources OER include full courses,(OER) are materials used tosupport education that may course materials,be freely modules, accessed, textbooks, reused, research articles, modified and videos, and shared by anyone. other materials used toOER creators own the support education.intellectual property andcopyrights of the OER theycreate. Source: Guidelines for open educational resources (OER) - Documents ... unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/.../213605e.p... 25
  26. 26. An overview of the OERuniversity conceptdepicting a stairway tosuccess for OER learners. Source: http://wikieducator.org/OER_ university/About 26
  27. 27. increase access to accelerate learning byeducation providing educational resourcesprovide students with an for just-in-time, direct,opportunity to assess and informal use by both studentsplan their education and self-directed learnerschoices add value to knowledgeshowcase an institution’s productionintellectual outputs, reduce faculty preparation timepromote it’s profile, and generate cost savingsattract students (particularly substantiated forconvert students exploring open textbooks)options into fee paying enhance qualityenrollments generate innovation through collaboration 27
  28. 28. The OER university is a virtual collaboration of like-mindedinstitutions committed to creating flexible pathways for OERlearners to gain formal academic credit.The OER university aims to provide free learning to allstudents worldwide using OER learning materials withpathways to gain credible qualifications from recognizededucation institutions.It is rooted in the community service and outreach mission todevelop a parallel learning universe to augment and add valueto traditional delivery systems in post-secondary education.Through the community service mission of participatinginstitutions we will open pathways for OER learners to earnformal academic credit and pay reduced fees for assessmentand credit. Source: http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/Home 28
  29. 29. Source: 6011286486_e3ca009358.jpg darcymoore.net 2011 Stanford AI MOOCMOOCs are great opportunities to connect with colleagues from around the world and develop a broad understanding of topics from diverse perspectives. 29
  30. 30. 1. It reflects the logical next stage of education and openness: as the course authors state in their intro video, “we want to teach the world”.2. Education is ripe for change and transformation and alternative models, that take advantage of global connectedness, are important to explore.3. When traditional universities such as University of Illinois (eduMOOC) and now Stanford start opening up courses, it’s reasonable to expect that we’ll be seeing more of these in the next several years.4. Finally, learning in a global cohort is an outstanding experience – networking on steroids! Source: http://www.elearnspace.org/blog/2011/08/04/stanford-university-does-a-mooc/ 30
  31. 31. 160,000 registrants worldwide200 on campus studentsHomework, Quizzes, Forums20,000 completion certificatesThe Stanford courses seem to have atechnological innovation in the ability torank individuals’ course performance. 31
  32. 32. … etc 32
  33. 33. Udacity is a totally new kind of learning experience. You learn by solving challenging problems and pursuingudacious projects with world-renowned university instructors (not by watching long, boring lectures). At Udacity, we put you, the student, at the center of the universe. 2012 Udacity: 21st Century University Udacity: 33
  34. 34. Udacity is a private educational organization foundedby Sebastian Thrun, David Stevans, and Mike Sokolsky, withthe stated goal of democratizing education.It is the outgrowth of free computer science classes offeredin 2011 through Stanford University.As of June 2012, Udacity has eleven active courses.Thrun has stated he hopes half a million students will enroll,after 90,000 students had enrolled in the initial two classesas of March 2012.Udacity, announced at the 2012 Digital Life Designconference, is funded by venture capital firm, Charles RiverVentures, and $200,000 of Thruns personal money. 34
  35. 35. “We believe university-level education can be both high quality and low cost. Using the economics of the Internet, weveconnected some of the greatest teachers to hundreds of thousands of students all over the world.” 35
  36. 36. size_590_-20120514101652.jpg, info.abril.com.br 20120514101652.jpg, Coursera, the Other Stanford MOOC Startup 2012 Coursera36
  37. 37. “a social entrepreneurship company that partners with the topuniversities in the world to offer courses online for anyone to take,for free. Technology enables the best professors to teach tens orhundreds of thousands of students.”“Classes offered on Coursera are designed to help you master thematerial: you will watch lectures taught by world-class professors,learn at your own pace, test your knowledge, and reinforce conceptsthrough interactive exercises.”When you join one of Coursera classes, youll also join a globalcommunity of thousands of students learning alongside you.July 2012 Coursera offer 111 courses across 16 categories, spanningthe Humanities, Medicine, Biology, Social Sciences, Mathematics,Business, Computer Science, etc to improve your resume, advanceyour career, or just learn more and expand your knowledge. Source: coursera.org 37
  38. 38. Original partners Johns Hopkins University, Stanford University, University of Toronto, University of University of Illinois, Pennsylvania, University of Washington, Princeton University CalTech, University of Michigan Rice University, Duke University, University of Virginia University of California San Francisco, Georgia Institute of Technology,Source: coursera.org University of Edinburgh, EPFL (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne). 38
  39. 39. edX-1.png, gbacademia.com 1.png, 2012 edXEdX is a joint partnership between The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University to offer online learning to millions of people around the world. 39
  40. 40. Harvard and MIT have ploughed $60m into launching thecollaboration.A range of courses will be made available which willinclude: • video lessons, • embedded quizzes and • online labs. • There will also be opportunities to engage with classmates and the course instructor.More than a million students will be taking part in theexperiment – which certainly looks set to fill edX’sambitions and “revolutionise” the world of education. 40
  41. 41. 18066992_BG1.jpg, stemscholars.com The Future of Online Education for anyone, anywhere, anytime 41
  42. 42. Anant Agarwal, president of edX, called the initiative a“revolution”.“There is a revolution dawning in Boston and beyond.This revolution has to do with the pen and the mouse.It’s unbelievable. We will have students around theworld all collaborating and working together.”Agarwal, who dubbed the partnership the “next bigthing”, says edX will be available to anyone with anInternet connection and is currently absolutely free.“Our goal is to educate 1bn people around the world,”he added. “We’re giving education on a mass scale andwe’re really excited.” 42
  43. 43. “The campus environment offers opportunities andexperiences that cannot be replicated online… EdX isdesigned to improve, not replace, the campusexperience.” Susan Hockfield (MIT President)Daphne Koller, co-founder of edX project, says thedevelopment of online courses will raise difficultquestions: “This is causing universities to rethink their value to students,” “The universities in the middle will really have to think about their proposition.” 43
  44. 44. Private university institute for IT Systems Engineering located in Potsdam, the capital of German state Brandenburg. HPI have around 450 bachelor and master students and about 100 PhD students, most of them are teached in HPI research school. The mission is to teach students to understand, design and run complex IT systems. One of the chairs is led by Prof. Hasso Plattner, one of the founders of SAP, for enterprise systems and integration.Global Team-basedProduct Innovation &Engineering initiative inexclusive partnershipwith Stanford University. 44
  45. 45. • Designed to overcome the limited capacity of HPI physical campus, by taking a very open approach using the channel of the World Wide Web.• With tele-teaching, internet and social network technologies, HPI want to widely open the doors of HPI to anyone in the world who is interested in IT systems engineering, computer science and informatics, to provide them opportunities to learn and understand the techniques behind the digital world and what’s coming up there, like future enterprise computing, emerging database storage technologies, semantic web technology, etc. 45
  46. 46. OpenHPIFirst course: “In-memory Data Management” taught by Prof. Hasso Plattner , started on Sep 3rd 2012. 46
  47. 47. “We’re going to make a revolution”, AnantAgarwal, president of edX says without a trace ofirony. “We’re looking to change the world.”“This is the future, and we must be part of it”.“I have a feeling that (these kind of courses) will bea kind of tsunami in the academic world”, MartinVetterli, dean of EPFL’s School of Computer andCommunications Sciences.“Its moving education from a privilege to a right”.“Its not a question of whether - but how and howquickly”, Daphne Koller, co-founder of Coursera. 47
  48. 48. Six of the top 10 Fortune 500 executives do not have an Ivy League degree, and 19 of the top 100 worked their way up to success without a college degree. Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Richard Branson, Larry Ellison, Mark Zuckerberg, just to mention a few, all dropped out from the traditional educational institutions that stifled their creativity and influence. Today, you advance in the world based on your performance, not a piece of paper declaring your expertise in "knowing a little about a lot of things." Employers are hiring for specific, narrow skills that aren’t fully learned in college and, when they field monotonously similar resumes, they’re thinking "What else have you done other than go to college?”Source: http://www.fastcoexist.com/1679315/does-the-online-education-revolution-mean-the-death-of-the-diploma 48