Justice ,justice shall you pursue

417 views

Published on

Yonaan Kay uploads presentation by Yonatan Kay's father on justice. This presentation ws not created by Yonatan Kay but he has full permission to upload this to Yonatan Kay slideshare space

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
417
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Justice ,justice shall you pursue

  1. 1. 1 Justice ,Justice shall you pursue: An Examination of Organizational Justice Issues in Jewish Tradition Dr Avi Kay Presented at Conference on Practical Wisdom from the Jewish Tradition Ben - Gurion University July 4, 2011
  2. 2. 2 Overview  The place of Justice in Jewish Tradition  What exactly is Organizational Justice?  Why study Organizational Justice?  What expressions of Organizational Justice exist?  What Jewish tradition can add to our understanding of Organizational Justice?  Contemporary Topics in Organizational Justice and some thoughts on the what Jewish tradition says
  3. 3. 3 The place of Justice in Jewish Tradition  Centrality of Justice  Abraham chosen  “For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing what is right and just” (Genesis: 18:19).  Noahide law applicable to everyone: Jew and non-Jew alike:  “Just as Israel was commanded to appoint courts of law in every district and city, so were the sons of Noah commanded to appoint courts of laws in every district and city” (Sanhedrin 56b).
  4. 4. 4 The Place of Organizations in Society
  5. 5. 5 What exactly is Organizational Justice? Terms  Organizational justice is the study of the concerns about fairness in the workplace.  Philosophy: Sees “Justice” vs. “Fairness” as two distinct features (ala Rawls, 1971)  Normative, prescriptive approach  Truths by which to live a proper, moral life  Social Scientists: Sees “Justice” as “Fairness” and vice versa in) in the eyes of the beholder)  Empirical, descriptive  Antecedents, consequences
  6. 6. 6 Why study Organizational Justice?  Distributive justice perceptions are also strongly related to withdrawal in which an employee leaves the organization due to perceptions of injustice(Cohen-Charash & Spector, 2001).  Improving justice perceptions improves productivity and performance (Karriker & Williams, 2009).
  7. 7. 7 What Expressions of Organizational Justice Exist? (1): Distributional Justice  This was the first type of justice examined  “Equity theory” (Adams, 1965) – the fairest allocations are those that award people in proportion to their contributions  Lind: “justice was [once] synonymous with Adams’ equity theory Along side the above-there are distributional rules which are based on other calculi:  Equality: people should be rewarded equally  Need/deprivation: rewards should speak to the prior situation of the individual such that those who need more of a benefit or resource will receive more
  8. 8. 8 What Expressions of Organizational Justice Exist? (2): Procedural Justice (a)  Complement to the distributional justice literature  Procedural justice is concerned with making and implementing decisions according to fair processes  individuals responded not only to the outcomes they received but also to the procedures/practices by which outcomes generated.  Initially focused on judicial frameworks  Thibault and Walker (1975)  By 1985 the main focus had moved to organizational frameworks
  9. 9. 9 What exactly is Organizational Justice? (3): Procedural Justice (b)  Interactional justice- Enacting of procedures (Bies&Moag, 1986):  - broken down by Greenberg (1993a) into:  interpersonal justice: sensitivity, politeness and respect people are shown by authority figures  and informational justice: explanation of information given-candid, thorough, timely….
  10. 10. 10 What exactly is Organizational Justice? (4): Procedural Justice  Hiring  Performance appraisal  Salary determination  Disciplinary actions  Layoff implementation
  11. 11. 11 Contemporary Topics in Organizational Justice and some thoughts on the what Jewish tradition says
  12. 12. 12 What Jewish tradition can add to our understanding of Organizational Justice: Centrality of Justice in the Jewish Tradition (2)  Centrality of justice: Noahide law applicable to everyone – Jew and non-Jew alike:  Just as Israel was commanded to appoint courts of law in every district and city, so were the sons of Noah commanded to appoint courts of laws in every district and city (Sanhedrin 56b)
  13. 13. 13  Living wage is a term used to describe the minimum hourly wage necessary for an individual to meet basic needs, including shelter (housing) and other incidentals such as clothing and nutrition, for an extended period of time or a lifetime http://www.livingwage.geog.psu.edu/
  14. 14. 14  Different numbers were found by The Working Poor Families Project, a national initiative that examines the conditions of working families both nationally and at the state level. In 2005, using U.S. Census American Community Survey data, the project found that 2.8 million working families are poor (earn less than 100% of poverty) and that these families constituted 12.2 million people. In addition, 9.6 million, or more than 1 out 4 working families in America (29%), are low-income, earning less than 200% of poverty. The 200% of poverty threshold is considered a reasonable estimate of the amount of earnings needed to be economically self-sufficient
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. 19

×