Yomayra Martinó Visitor Scholar Payson Center for International Development Tulane UniversityMarch 28, 2012Multipurpose Room – LawSchool Tulane UniversityNew Orleans, LA
Relational overview: Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. Energy Sector and Regulation Environmental Dispositions related to Energy Final Considerations
http://www.green-the- http://www.green-the-world.net/definition_of_energy.htm world.net/definition_of_energy.html l
Natural resources as raw material of energy production Water use in the energy generation process Hydrocarbons: international market -- delivered through maritime transportation Energy generation produce pollution, by definition Climate changes due to increased energy consumption
Energy is illumination, transportation, production, health, education, economic growth… Directly related to economic and human development worldwide. Affects the sustainability of the natural resources, the biodiversity and the future of the human kind.
Production chain activitiesPower Generation and ClimateChangePro-environmental Policies
Requirement of environmental licenses or permits as a condition of industrial activity in the energy sector Water quality and discharge control Air quality and carbon emissions Periodical reports demonstrating compliance with terms of licenses or permits
Fuel oil dependency Año: 2010 Electric system Hidroelectricida d Biomasa 4% transmission losses 5% Carbón 7% Increase of consumption Gas Natural 11% patterns Petroleo y Lack of knowledge Derivados 73% Absence of an Energetic Efficiency Legal Framework
Principle of Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources: Foreign investment vs. national development and interest. Rio Earth Summit – Rio de Janeiro, 1992 - Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration - Climate Change Convention/Kyoto Protocol and Biological Diversity Convention Millennium Summit - Millennium Declaration - Millennium Development Goals : Goal #7 and #8
Rio + 20: (84 days) UNDPs efforts in energy for SD to support the achievement of: Transition to Green Economy and Poverty Universal access to Eradication modern energy for the poor Institutional Framework Enhanced quality, security and affordability of modern energyhttp://www.green-the- http://www.undp.org/content/undp/enworld.net/definition_of_energy.html /home/ourwork/environmentandenergy /focus_areas/sustainable-energy.html
Climate Change vs. Economic development Power consumption = development stages New job sources or pollution sources? Water access and development Environmental responsibility, energy and economic growth, among others.
How do you contribute to the sustainable development? Can current energy patterns and environmental protection coexist?
Yomayra J. Martinóymartino@firstname.lastname@example.org @Ymartino