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Historical buddhism 1 birth of india

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  • 1. Palayāloka Sangha “The Falang Corner” Talks on Buddhism by Buddy Landry 1
  • 2. These talks draw on mainstream historical, linguistic, archeological and anthropological sources to present a very abbreviated nonmythological account of how the Buddhist religion arose. 2
  • 3. Before the Buddha Part 1: India 3
  • 4. I The Birth of India 4
  • 5. • India and Asia were originally separate land masses. • India moved north and collided with Asia some 10 million years ago. 5
  • 6. • The Indian plate slipped under the Asian plate, which is known as subduction. • The Himalaya and Hindu Kush mountains are an ongoing result of this collision. • The Tibetan Plateau is being raised by the underlying Indian Plate. • A trench formed where India dipped down under Eurasia. 6
  • 7. • Runoff from the mountains deposited soil in the lowered area over geological time. • The depressions filled, forming marshlands and later consolidated into two great rivers with many tributaries: the Indus and the Ganges. 7
  • 8. • The Ganges runs nearly due east through northwest India, Nepal, and Bangladesh to empty into the Bay of Bengal. • The Ganges River system is the cradle of Hindu civilization. • The Buddha lived, taught, and died there.
  • 9. s nt ain Khyber# Pass Punjab Region Hi nd u Ku s h] [M ou Hi ma lay aM ou nta ins Indus River • Northwest of the Ganges Plain and due north of the Indus river is the Punjab (“Five Rivers”) region. • To the west of the Punjab is the Khyber Pass thru the Hindu Kush Mountains. • The Khyber Pass is the easiest way into India from Central Asia. Ganges River 9
  • 10. • Southwest of the Gangetic Plain is the Aravalli hill region • South of the Ganges Plain, the Vindhya and Satpura Mountain ranges separate the Ganges River Valley in the north and the Deccan in the south. 10
  • 11. # • The center of India is the Deccan Plateau, which is relatively dry, but not a desert. • The East and West Ghats are inland mountain ranges. • Off the southeast tip of the east coast is the island of Sri Lanka (Ceylon). 11
  • 12. Next: # The Indus Valley Civilization 12