Graphene materials for opto &
electronic applications
Technologies, players & market
What is the industrial potential behi...
What is graphene?
Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms that are densely arranged in a hexagonal
honeycomb crystal la...
(Defect-free) graphene = excellent
material!
Graphene has some remarkable properties enabling a large number of applicatio...
Scope of the report

Function/Application

Key graphene
properties used

Devices

Printed&Flexible
circuitry

• High elect...
Samsung’s, LG’s and Nokia’s concepts for
flexible devices
•

The leading mobile phone players are developing flexible unbr...
Comparison of different materials used for
transparent electrodes
Material class

Transparent Conductive
Oxides

Metal mat...
Graphene production methods, materials
produced and their applications
Si Si Si

Synthesis
method

Cu, Ni
Mechanical
Exfol...
Comparison of the main methods for
obtaining graphene films

Method

Mechanical
exfoliation
(“Scotch
Tape”)

Liquid Phase
...
2013-2024 market value for graphene materials (M$)
Base Scenario

2013-2024 market value for graphene materials according ...
CVD Graphene Transfer
Wet Etching Dry Transfer
Wet Etching
Graphene growth on a copper foil

Copper etching and rinsing

D...
Equipment makers
Overview
Company

Country

Company
type

Founded

Type of graphene
equipment

Product name

xxx

Germany
...
Evolution of CVD graphene film size
Foil 300”
longest
dimension ~
~

Limited by the size
of R2R equipment
only

Virtually ...
Where to focus the graphene R&D efforts?
1. Demonstration of new concepts/new applications/fundamental studies
 Better un...
Organizations providing funding for graphene
research
Country

Organization

WEB site

Main funded
activities

Japan

Japa...
R&D projects related to graphene applications
in opto & electronics
Project name

Project keywords

Project leader

Fundin...
Main graphene R&D institutions
Split per geographical area

© 2014 •

16
Graphene Flagship (EU)
The Graphene Flagship is a 10-year research program funded by the European Commission, the
EU membe...
Company profiles
List of companies
Name

Country

Founded

Company type

Business Model

XXXXXX

USA

1882

Public

Materi...
Compound Semiconductors reports from YOLE
Bulk & freestanding
GaN

New!
Sapphire for
Display, Defense,
Consumer…

Diamonds...
Yole Activities
MEDIA

REPORTS

CONSULTING

News portal/Technology magazines/
Webcasts/Communication services

Market & te...
For More Information…
Please take a look at our websites:

www.yole.fr
Yole Développement corporate website

www.i-microne...
Our Offices & Contact Information
Europe Office
• Yves Devigne, Europe Business Development Manager,
Cell: 33 6 75 80 08 2...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Graphene materials for opto and electronic applications 2014 Report by Yole Developpement

3,801 views
3,468 views

Published on

What is the industrial potential behind the graphene academic R&D hype?


$141M GRAPHENE MATERIALS MARKET IN 2024 WILL BE DRIVEN MAINLY BY TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE ELECTRODES AND ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATIONS

Graphene is a two-dimensional (2D) material with exceptional properties, such as ultrahigh electrical and thermal conductivities, wide-range optical transmittance and excellent mechanical strength and flexibility. These properties make it a promising material for emerging and existing applications in printed & flexible circuitry, ultrafast transistors, touch screens, advanced batteries and supercapacitors, ultrafast lasers, photodetectors and many other non-electronic applications.

Although graphene technology is still in its infancy, remarkable progress has been made in the last few years developing graphene production methods. Numerous opto and electronic devices based on graphene have been demonstrated on lab-scale models. However, the numerous challenges of graphene technology should not be underestimated. The lack of bandgap in graphene is its key fundamental challenge. Other technology challenges are related to the development of industrial methods to produce graphene with high and consistent quality at acceptable costs.

Although today there is no graphene-based electronic application in mass production, several companies already offer commercially graphene materials. The graphene material market value in 2013 was about $11 million, represented principally by the demand for the R&D and prototyping. Two scenarios for the future market growth are presented in the report. According to the base scenario, the global annual market value for graphene materials in opto and electronic applications will reach $141 million in 2024, featuring a 2013-2019 CAGR of 18.5%. Accelerated market growth is expected after 2019, with a 2019-2024 CAGR of 35.7%. In 2024, the graphene material market will be represented mainly by the demand for transparent conductive electrodes and advanced batteries and supercapacitors.


HOW CAN GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES AND APPLICATION POTENTIAL BE TRANSFORMED INTO BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES?

In order to reach the best possible performance on lab-scale devices, high quality materials are required. Material suppliers able to consistently deliver high-quality materials have a competitive advantage on the graphene market.

The booming interest in graphene technologies has led to a high demand on graphene equipment. As shown in the report, CVD equipment makers today mainly focus on the R&D equipment used to produce high-quality graphene.

More information on that report at http://www.i-micronews.com/reports/Graphene-materials-opto-electronic-applications/3/416/

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,801
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
338
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
243
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Graphene materials for opto and electronic applications 2014 Report by Yole Developpement

  1. 1. Graphene materials for opto & electronic applications Technologies, players & market What is the industrial potential behind the graphene academic R&D hype? Dow corning © 2014
  2. 2. What is graphene? Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms that are densely arranged in a hexagonal honeycomb crystal lattice. Graphene is just one of the natural crystalline forms of carbon, alongside diamond and graphite. Graphene Layers of graphene stacked on top of each other form graphite Single-Wall Carbone Nanotube Graphene can be described as one atom-thick layer of graphite or as unrolled Single-Wall Carbone Nanotube. © 2014 • 2
  3. 3. (Defect-free) graphene = excellent material! Graphene has some remarkable properties enabling a large number of applications. However, most of those properties are related to defect-free graphene sheets. Property Application Thickness The thinnest material in the world (just one carbon atom thick – around 0.34 nm) The largest surface area of any material Supercapacitors / Batteries Tensile strength >1Tpa Material reinforcement Thermal conductivity > 5,000 Wm−1K−1 Heat dissipation Optical properties Absorbs about 2.3% of white light per singlegraphene layer Transparent conductive electrodes Solar cells Photonic devices Carrier mobility ~100x that of silicon Transistors, photodetectors Electrical properties Lower resistivity than any other material at room temperature Transparent conductive electrodes Impermeability Completely impermeable to gas molecules Moisture barriers… Chemical inertness © 2014 • Graphene Inert material Sensitive to gas molecules Sensors 3
  4. 4. Scope of the report Function/Application Key graphene properties used Devices Printed&Flexible circuitry • High electrical conductivity • Optical transmittance (optional) • Flexible antennas • RFID tags Semiconductor Electronic Devices Transparent Conductive Electrode 4 Photonics • High carrier mobility • High electrical conductivity • Mechanical flexibility • High optical transmittance • Light weight • Mechanical flexibility • High electrical conductivity • High surface area • Chemical tolerance • High electrical conductivity • High electrical conductivity • Graphene’s wide spectral range • High-frequency transistors • Logic-transistors • • • • • • Li-ion battery • Supercapacitor • Photodetector • Mode-locked solid-state laser • Optical modulator Touch panel E-paper LED, OLED Smart window Solar cell Overview of the applications in a focus of the report © 2014 • Energy Storage Yole Développement
  5. 5. Samsung’s, LG’s and Nokia’s concepts for flexible devices • The leading mobile phone players are developing flexible unbreakable mobile phones, such as “YOUM” concept from Samsung or “The Morph Concept” from Nokia in which graphene is one of the investigated materials for transparent conductive electrode. • In October 2013, LG announced that it will start mass-producing a flexible, curved smartphone screen. • The development of flexible devices increases the market potential for graphene-based transparent conductive electrodes… “YOUM” flexible AMOLED display Samsung Flexible, curved smartphone screen LG The Morp Concept © 2014 • 5 Nokia
  6. 6. Comparison of different materials used for transparent electrodes Material class Transparent Conductive Oxides Metal materials Organic materials Carbon-based materials Material ITO FTO, AZO XXXX Silver Nanowires PEDOT:PSS Carbon nanotubes Graphene Transmittance 90% 90% 88% 90% 90% 92% >95%* >85%** Sheet Resistance (Ohm/sq.) 10-50 50 XXXX 30-50 150 <300 XXXX XXXX Color Slightly yellow Colorless XXXXX Colorless Colorless Colorless Colorless Haze Low Low High High XXXX High Very low Flexibility XXXXX Fair Very good Good Very good XXXXX Very good Environmental/chemical stability Good XXX XXX Fair XXXXX Good Excellent Compatibility with device mfg. process XXXXX Good Good Good Good Good Fair Low volume XXXXXXX Low volume Low volume AZO: Aluminiumdoped zinc oxide FTO: Fluorinedoped tin oxide Development stage Mass prod. Mass prod. High volume Main applications PV, LCD, OLED, touch screen XXXXX XXXXX Touch screen Touch screen Flexible PV Flexible devices XXXXXX *Graphene Suppliers Many suppliers Many suppliers XXXX Cambrios Heraeus, AGFA XXXX XXXXX **Multi-layer graphene material Comparison of different materials used for transparent electrodes © 2014 • 6 Yole Développement
  7. 7. Graphene production methods, materials produced and their applications Si Si Si Synthesis method Cu, Ni Mechanical Exfoliation (“scotch”) Liquid Phase Exfoliation XXXXXX µm-size high-quality flakes µm-size graphene flakes µm-size reduced graphene oxide (RGO) flakes CVD C C SiC C C C SiC Carbon segregation from SiC XXXXX Oriented graphene layer on SiC substrate Oriented graphene layer on SiC substrate Graphene product Potential applications • Research • • • XXXX XXXXX XXXXXX • • • • • Conductive inks Composite materials Batteries Capacitors Thermal management Large area sheets of polycrystalline graphene • • • • • Electronic devices Photonics Displays Solar cells Touch Screens Overview of most studied graphene production methods. Yole Développement © 2014 • 7 • • XXXX XXXXX • Electronic devices C
  8. 8. Comparison of the main methods for obtaining graphene films Method Mechanical exfoliation (“Scotch Tape”) Liquid Phase Exfoliation Chemical reduction of graphene oxide Carbon segregation from SiC and CVD on SiC CVD on metal Average orienteddomain size 10µm - 1 mm XXXX µm 0.1 µm – a few µm 50 µm 30 µm Sample size 10µm - 1 mm XXXX > 6” XXXXX >6’’, up to m2range Scalability No Yes XXXXX XXXX XXXX Carrier mobility XXXXX XXXXX Bad ~4,000 XXXX Transfer step Yes Yes Yes No Yes Costs XXXX Low-cost XXXXX XXXX Low/High Applications R&D XXXX XXXXX XXXX Many Comparison of the main methods for obtaining graphene films © 2014 • 8 Yole Développement
  9. 9. 2013-2024 market value for graphene materials (M$) Base Scenario 2013-2024 market value for graphene materials according to Yole’s Base Scenario © 2014 • 9 Yole Développement
  10. 10. CVD Graphene Transfer Wet Etching Dry Transfer Wet Etching Graphene growth on a copper foil Copper etching and rinsing Dry Transfer Transfer to a target substrate Schematic of roll-based graphene production, picture of the transfer step and final product: a transparent large-area graphene film on a PET sheet © 2014 • 10 SKKU Advanced Institute of technology
  11. 11. Equipment makers Overview Company Country Company type Founded Type of graphene equipment Product name xxx Germany Public 1983 Thermal CVD / Plasma CVD “Black Magic” (BM 300…) xxxxx France Privately Held 2004 Thermal CVD (RTP) AS-micro AS-ONE As-Master xxxxx USA Public 1982 Thermal CVD EasyTube® xxxx JP Privately Held Thermal CVD xxxxxx xxxx KR Privately Held 2012 Thermal CVD xxxx xxxxxx UK Privately Held 1989 Thermal CVD xxx xxxxx DE Privately Held 1994 Thermal CVD xx xxxxx Canada Privately Held 1999 Thermal CVD / Plasma CVD xxxx Equipment makers and products & activities within the diamond business © 2014 • 11 Yole Développement
  12. 12. Evolution of CVD graphene film size Foil 300” longest dimension ~ ~ Limited by the size of R2R equipment only Virtually unlimited scalability CVD graphene on Cu foil 24” ~ ~ Limited by the size of Si wafer 300mm Wafer diameter CVD Graphene on Wafer 8” Limited by the max. size of SiC wafers (6” in 2013) 6” 4” 2” 0 © 2014 • 12 Graphene-on-SiC 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: Yole Développement 2015 2016
  13. 13. Where to focus the graphene R&D efforts? 1. Demonstration of new concepts/new applications/fundamental studies  Better understanding of fundamental physics in 2D materials  Better understanding of the basic processes during graphene production and processing crucial to speed-up the development of graphene applications  Possible discovery of a killer application for graphene 2. Demonstration of graphene potential by the realization of “super-performing” lab devices  Help to keep the strong interest in graphene technologies 3. Development of low-cost and scalable manufacturing methods for high-quality graphene  Enabling the availability of cost-effective high-quality material  Development of suitable transfer techniques and functionalization methods 4. Process stabilization, achieving reproducible quality, high manufacturing yields…  Prepare the conditions for transfer of graphene technologies to the mass production 5. Standardization and quality control  Higher standardization in graphene technology (terms used…)  Better quality control (defined quality control factors, availability of suitable characterization tools…) © 2014 • 13
  14. 14. Organizations providing funding for graphene research Country Organization WEB site Main funded activities Japan Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) www.jsps.go.jp Universities & governmental Japan XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXX Purpose oriented funding Japan New Energy an Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) www.nedo.go.jp Industrial UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) www.epsrc.ac.uk R&D in engineering and the physical sciences EU European Commission - Graphene Flagship http://graphene-flagship.eu/ Fundamental and applied research NL XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX Fundamental and applied research France ANR (French national Research Agency) www.agence-nationale-recherche.fr Fundamental and applied research South Korea XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX Fundamental and applied research USA XXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX Cutting-edge semiconductor research USA Department of Advanced Research Projects Agency www.darpa.mil High frequency applications USA National Science Foundation www.nsf.gov Fundamental and applied research USA XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXX Military applications Examples of organizations providing funding for graphene research © 2014 • 14 Yole Développement
  15. 15. R&D projects related to graphene applications in opto & electronics Project name Project keywords Project leader Funding institution Budget allocation Term of project Continuously tunable Dual Color DFB Laser System for characterization of epitaxial graphene devices at THz frequencies THz graphene devices Royal Holloway, University of London EPSRC £XXXXX 02/2013 – 09/2013 Electrochemical Energy Storage with Graphene-Enabled Materials Energy Storage The University of Manchester EPSRC XXXXXX 02/2013 – 01/2018 XXXXXXXXXXXX Roll-to-roll XXXXXXXXX (UK) EC 7th FWP €6,900,000 XXXXXX Graphene Flexible Electronics and Optoelectronics Flexible Electronics and Optoelectronics University of Cambridge EPSRC £2,957,286 02/2013 – 01/2018 GRAPHTED XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXX(UK) EPSRC £2,290,948 xxxxxx METROGRAPH Metrology of the Quantum Hall Effect in Graphene Annealsys (FR) ANR €XXXXXX 11/2011 – 10/2014 Nano-RF Development of CNT & graphene based advanced component technologies for wireless applications. Wafer scale epitaxial graphene on SiC XXXXXXXX(FR) EC 7th FWP €XXXXX XXXXXX New manufacturable approaches to the deposition and patterning of graphene materials Graphene deposition and patterning University of Exeter (UK) EPSRC £1,125,790 02/2013 – 01/2016 Transparent organic electronics based on graphene XXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX(UK) EPSRC xxxxxxx 10/2011 – 09/2014 Examples of R&D projects on graphene for electronic applications © 2014 • 15 Yole Développement
  16. 16. Main graphene R&D institutions Split per geographical area © 2014 • 16
  17. 17. Graphene Flagship (EU) The Graphene Flagship is a 10-year research program funded by the European Commission, the EU member states and program participants, with a budget of €1 billion. It brings together academia and industry to create new disruptive technologies based on graphene and related layered materials. • Coordinator: Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden (Prof. Jari Kinaret) • The EU’s biggest research initiative ever: – Budget: €1 billion – 61 academic and 14 industrial research groups with hundreds of scientists across 17 European countries – The consortium will be extended with another 20-30 groups through a competitive call. The total volume of the call is over M€ 9 EC funding, which must be spent during the CP-CSA period, i.e., before 31 March 2016. The call closes 5 Feb 2014. • Started: October 2013 • Two separate phases: – A 30 month ramp-up phase under the 7th Framework Program (October 1, 2013 – March 31, 2016) with a total European Commission funding of 54 millions euro – Steady state phase under the Horizon 2020 Program (April 1, 2016-) with expected European Commission funding of 50 millions euro per year. • WEB site: http://graphene-flagship.eu/ • Graphene Flagship is implemented as 16 work packages (WPs), 11 on specific science and technology topics and 5 on operative management aspects © 2014 • 17
  18. 18. Company profiles List of companies Name Country Founded Company type Business Model XXXXXX USA 1882 Public Material supplier (Specialty chemicals and performance materials company) XXXXXXXX USA 2011 Privately Held Material supplier XXXXXXX NO 2012 Privately Held Technology Innovator xxxxxxxxxxx USA 1982 Public Material supplier Equipment maker Products/Services Comments • Graphene nanoplatelets-based additives for Li-ion batteries Silicon-graphene composite material GaAs nanowires on graphene substrate • XXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXX The company operates Graphene Supermarket®. XXXXXXXXXXXX USA Privately Held Material supplier XXXXXX JP Privately Held Material and equipment supplier XXXXXXXX UK 2013 Privately Held Material supplier • XXXXXXXX • XXXXXXXXXXX Parent company: Graphene Platform XXXXXXXX KR 2012 Privately Held Material supplier Equipment maker Consultancy • CVD graphene • Graphene CVD system and other tools Spin-off from Seoul National University © 2014 • 18 • CVD graphene • Graphene transfer services • R&D Raman tools
  19. 19. Compound Semiconductors reports from YOLE Bulk & freestanding GaN New! Sapphire for Display, Defense, Consumer… Diamonds New! Sapphire for LED Status of the LED Industry SiC Market 2013 SiC Market New! LED Packaging New! III-V Epitaxy Substrates & Equipment Market Sapphire CoSim+ LED Front End Manufacturing Technologies © 2014 • 19 GaAs Wafer Market & Applications UV LED MARKET
  20. 20. Yole Activities MEDIA REPORTS CONSULTING News portal/Technology magazines/ Webcasts/Communication services Market & technology/Patent Investigation/Reverse costing Market research/Technology & Strategy/Patent Investigation/ Reverse costing www.yole.fr YOLE FINANCE M&A/ Due Diligence/ Fundraising/ Technology brokerage www.yolefinance.fr SISTER COMPANY Reverse engineering & costing/ Cost simulation tools © 2014 2012 © • 20 20
  21. 21. For More Information… Please take a look at our websites: www.yole.fr Yole Développement corporate website www.i-micronews.com News Portal - free online registration to our publications Our Offices & Contact Information www.systemplus.fr Sister company; expert in teardown & reverse costing analysis www.yolefinance.com Separate Yole business unit dedicated to financial services Follow us on © 2014 • 21
  22. 22. Our Offices & Contact Information Europe Office • Yves Devigne, Europe Business Development Manager, Cell: 33 6 75 80 08 25 - Email: devigne@yole.fr • David Jourdan, Headquarter Sales Coordination & Customer Service, Tel: 33 472 83 01 90, Email: jourdan@yole.fr USA Office • Michael McLaughlin, Business Development Manager, Phone: (650) 931 2552 - Cell: (408) 839 7178 - Email: mclaughlin@yole.fr • Jeff Edwards, Sales Associate, Yole Inc., Cell: (972) 333 0986- Email: edwards@yole.fr Japan Office • For custom research: Yutaka Katano, General Manager, Yole Japan & President, Yole K.K. Phone: (81) 362 693 457 - Cell: (81) 80 3440 6466 - Fax: (81) 362 693 448 - Email: katano@yole.fr • For reports business: Takashi Onozawa, Sales Asia & General Manager, Yole K.K. Email: onozawa@yole.fr Korea Office • Hailey Yang, Business Development Manager Phone : (82) 2 2010 883 - Cell: (82) 10 4097 5810 - Fax: (82) 2 2010 8899 - Email: yang@yole.fr © 2014 • 22

×