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Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
Blu ray disc complete
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Blu ray disc complete

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Done By:
      Yogesh Kumar Goyal
    • 2. Inside this Article
      foundation
      Disc Characteristics
      Advantages
      Basic Formats
      Techanology
      D
    • 3. Foundation
      The Name
      The blu-ray name is a combination of “blue”, for the color of the laser that is used and “ray” for optical ray.
      The “e” in “blue” was purposefully left off, according to the manufacturers, because an everyday word cannot be a trademark.
    • 4. Foundation
      Blu-Ray
      The first blue laser was developed in 1996 by Shuji Nakamura (Nichia Corporation)
      In 2002, an alliance was formed, called the Blu-ray Disc Association, including the likes of Sony, Samsung, Sharp, Hewlett-Packard, and Royal Phillips
    • 5. Disc Characteristics
      Diameter: 120 mm
      Thickness: 1.2 mm
      Center hole diameter: 15 mm
      Uses GaN laser of wavelength 400 nm
      The smaller laser, compared to the DVD and CD, keeps the process more efficient (~5 mW)
    • 6. Storage Capacity
      A single-layer Blu-ray disc has storage capacity 25GB
      A dual-layer BD can hold data up to 50GB
      5
      10
      Single Sided, Single-Layer
      Single Sided, Dual-Layer
    • 7. Advantages
      Instantly skip to any spot on the disc
      Record one program while watching another on the disc
      Edit or reorder programs recorded on the disc
      Automatically search for an empty space on the disc
    • 8. Advantages
      Blu-ray also has a higher data transfer rate - 36 Mbps than today's DVDs, which transfer at 10 Mbps
      Record high-definition television (HDTV) without any quality loss.
      Access the Web to download subtitles and other extra features.
      Blu-ray Discs unprecedented scratch resistance.
    • 9. Advantages
      Security
      Blu-ray discs are better armed than current DVDs. They come equipped with a secure encryption system -- a unique ID that protects against video piracy and copyright infringement.
      • And many more………
    • Basic Formats
      Unlike DVDs and CDs, which started with read-only formats and only later added recordable and re-writable formats, Blu-ray is initially designed in several different formats:
      • BD-ROM (read-only) - for pre-recorded content
      • 10. BD-R (recordable) - for PC data storage
      • 11. BD-RW (rewritable) - for PC data storage
      • 12. BD-RE (rewritable) - for HDTV recording
    • 13. Need of blu ray technology
      A current, single-sided, standard DVD can hold 4.7 GB of information. That's about the size of an average two-hour, standard-definition movie with a few extra features. But a high-definition movie, which has a much clearer image, takes up about five times more bandwidth and therefore requires a disc with about five times more storage. As TV sets and movie studios make the move to high definition, consumers are going to need playback systems with a lot more storage capacity.
    • 14. THE TECHNOLOGY
      Pits : spiral grooves that run from the centre of the disc to its edges
      Bumps : other sides of these edges.
      Track pitch : it is the distance between the two tracks (of pits) on the surface.
      --------------------------------
      Disc store digitally encoded data in PITS.
      --------------------------------
    • 15. THE TECHNOLOGY
      So, in blu-ray disc:
      Pit size – 0.15 microns ( more than twice as small as the pits on DVD )
      Track-pitch is : 0.32 microns
      Laser needed : blue-violet laser (405 nm)
      Data transfer rate : 36 Mbps
    • 16. Hard-coating technology
      In January 2004 was introduced a clear polymer coating that gives Blu-ray Discs unprecedented scratch resistance. The coating was developed by TDK Corporation and is called "Durabis". It allows BDs to be cleaned safely with only a tissue.
    • 17. Hard-coating technology
      • Hard-coating technology provides resistance to:
      - Finger prints
      - Marks
      - Scratches
      - Dust
      • Various hard coating technologies make Bly ray disc most durable and family -friendly”
      • 18. Much more ROBUST than today’s polycarbonate-based CD/DVD’s (and HD DVD’s)
    • Opinions and the Future of Blu-ray
      Blu-ray discs will definitely change the future of the video industry
      The Blu-ray discs have won the battle against HD DVDs and will continue to grow
      Eventually Replace the DVDs as the standard disc format
      Enjoying the high-definition quality of Blu-rays will become a new form of entertainment in the future
    • 19. How Blu-ray Reads Data
      The Blu-ray disc overcomes DVD-reading issues by placing the data on top of a 1.1-mm-thick polycarbonate layer. Having the data on top prevents birefringence and therefore prevents readability problems. And, with the recording layer sitting closer to the objective lens of the reading mechanism, the problem of disc tilt is virtually eliminated. Because the data is closer to the surface, a hard coating is placed on the outside of the disc to protect it from scratches and fingerprints.
    • 20. Laser and optics or physics
      Blu-ray systems use a blue-violet laser operating at a wavelength of 405 nm, similar to the one used for HD DVD, to read and write data. Conventional DVDs and CDs use red and infrared lasers at 650 nm and 780 nm respectively.
    • 21. DO MORE WITH BLU…
      • More capacity, Density and Performance
      • 22. More Industry Support/Consumer Reach (BDA has 140+ members)
      • 23. More Durable
      • 24. More Interactive User Experience
      • 25. More Flexible Content Protection: AAC, BD+ Renewability Technology and ROM Mark
    • Blu-ray Technology
      Name
      Derived from the blue-violet laser used to read and write data.
      Developed by the Blu-ray Disc Association with more than 180 members.
      Dell
      Sony
      LG
    • 26. Blu-ray Technology Cont.
      Data capacity
      Because Blu-ray uses a blue laser(405 nanometers) instead of a red laser(650 nanometers) this allows the data tracks on the disc to be very compact.
      This allows for more than twice as small pits as on a DVD.
    • 27. Blu-ray Technology Cont.
      Data Capacity Cont.
      Because of the greatly compact data Blu-ray can hold almost 5 times more data than a single layer DVD. Close to 25 GB!
      Just like a DVD Blu-ray can also be recorded in Dual-Layer format. This allows the disk to hold up to 50 GB!!
      Because the polycarbonate layer of the Blu-ray disc is so much larger than a DVD because the recording layer is so much smaller it can have even more than two layers.
    • 28. Blu-ray Technology Cont.
      Writing Data
      Blu-ray uses a combination of two lenses to greatly shrink the laser to read the data.
      This also allows for higher data rate transfer close to 36 mbps.
      It could record 25 GB of data in an hour an a half.
    • 29. Description of Blu-ray
      Based on phenomenon that using lasers with shorter wavelengths would enable optical storage with higher density
      Practically, this is done by decreasing the wavelength, increasing the numerical aperture from 0.60 to 0.85 and making the cover layer thinner to avoid unwanted optical effects.
      This allows more information to be stored in the same area.
    • 30. Description of Blu-ray (Cont)
      Standard single-disc size is 25GB compared to DVD’s 4.7GB
      More scratch-resistant compared to DVDs
      Forced in part due to Blu-ray’s data layer being closer to the surface of the disc.
    • 31. History of Blu-ray
      First prototype unveiled at the CEATEC exhibition in Oct 2000
      First consumer devices released in Apr 2003
      First titles released in June 2006
      Toshiba ended support for HD DVD in Feb 2008, effectively ceding format wars to Blu-ray
    • 32. Positive Aspects about Blu-ray
      More data can be stored into fewer discs.
      Higher quality movies
      Incorporated copy protection technology may allow companies to lower costs of discs due to decreased chance of piracy
    • 33. What are Blu-ray Discs?
    • 34. Background Information
      1998 – Release of High-Definition Televisions
      Shuji Nakamura Invents blue LED technology but kept off market due to patent problems
      The first DVR Blue prototypes unveiled at the CEATEC exhibition in October 2000
      The DVD Forum deeply split over whether to develop blue laser technology because of its higher expense.
      Sony includes blu-ray players in PlayStation3 – although HD DVD head starts in the high-definition video market, this changed the game
       By February 2008, Toshiba withdrew its support for the HD DVD format, leaving Blu-ray the victor
    • 35. Red Laservs. Blue Laser
    • 36. Benefits of Blu-ray Discs
      Significantly increased storage space (50GB vs. today's 4.7GB)
      Has the potential to store 500GB on multiple layers
      Has the potential of up to 54MB/s read and write speeds
      Allows for high definition 1080p movies to be marketed
    • 37. Criticisms
      Critics say Sony is more concerned with royalties than creating the best technology for the consumer
      Manufacturing Blu-Ray discs requires new machinery, while alternatives like HD-DVD can be produced on existing DVD equipment
      In the interest of copy-protection, companies have included over-protective DRM that has caused some consumers to experience problems playing purchased discs in their players
      Bill Gates: “the protection scheme under Blu-ray is very anti-consumer”
    • 38. bibliography
      • www.google.com
      • 39. www.bluray.com
    • Thanks for listening
    • 40. On GAURD
      Blu-ray discs are better armed than current DVD’s. They come equipped with a secure encryption system– a unique ID that protects against video piracy and copyright infringement.
    • 41.
    • 42. FEATURES OF BD
      With BD we can:
      • Record HDTV without any quality loss
      • 43. Instantly skip to any spot on disc
      • 44. Record one program while watching other on the disc
      • 45. Create playlists
      • 46. Edit or reorder programs recorded on disc
      • 47. Automatically search for an empty space on the disc to avoid recording over a program
      • 48. Access to web to download subtitles and other extra features
      • 49. And many more…
    • HISTORY
      • 1st GENERATION:
      Compact disc (CD): --- 650/700 MB
      It is with us for over 20 years.
      Wavelength of laser which reads data: 780 nm
      Color of laser: Red
      • 2nd GENERATION:
      Digital versatile disc (DVD): --- 4.7 GB
      It offers high quality sound and video than CD.
      Wavelength of laser which reads data: 650 nm
      Color of laser: Red
    • 50.
      • 3rdGENERATION:
      Blu-ray disc (BD): --- 25/50 GB
      -Next generation optical disc format.
      -Developed by blu-ray disc association (which includes Apple, Hitachi, HP, LG, Panasonic, Pioneer, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony)
      -Wavelength of laser which reads data: 405 nm
      -Color of laser: Blue-violet which was developed by
      SHUJI NAKAMURA
      at NICHIA CORPORATION
    • 51.
    • 52. ADVANTAGES
      It can store 25 GB of data on each layer
      50 GB on dual layer disc
      There is about 9 hours of high definition video on a dual layer Blu-ray disc
      It can store 30% more capacity than HD-DVD
    • 53. DISADVANTAGES
      Discs are more costly to produce than HD-DVDs
      The cheapest Blu-ray players run about 500-600 dollars at this time and cheaper players such as the Samsung BD-P100 has been getting very mixed reviews
      Discs are still distributed by regions
    • 54. FUTURE
      TDK (Tokyo Denkikagaku Kogyo Corporation) recently announced that they have created a working Blu-ray disc capable of holding 200GB of data (six 33GB data layers).
    • 55. Compatibility
      This issue has introduced a competitor, the HD-DVD, that based its technology around being compatible with the DVD
      Recently the BDA has developed recorders that are BD/DVD/CD compatible
      JVC has advanced the BD by developing a BD/DVD combo disc that stores both DVD and BD data. It is composed of two DVD layers and a third BD layer storing 33.5 GB total
    • 56.
    • 57. Variations and Sizes
      A single-layer Blu-ray disc (BD) has enough storage capacity (25GB) for approximately two hours of high-definition video with audio.
      A dual-layer (50GB) BD can hold enough data for approximately four hours of HD video.
      TDK recently announced that they have created a working Blu-ray disc capable of holding 200GB of data (six 33GB data layers).
    • 58. Disc Characteristics
      Single layer: 25 GBDual layer: 50 GB
      Diameter: 120 mm
      Thickness: 1.2 mm
      Center hole diameter: 15 mm
      Uses GaN laser of wavelength 400 nm
      The smaller laser, compared to the DVD and CD, keeps the process more efficient (~5 mW)
    • 59.
      • record one program while watching another on the disc .
      • 60. automatically search for an empty space on the disc to avoid recording over a program.
      • 61. access the Web to download subtitles and other extra features.
    • Features of blu ray disk
      The design of the Blu-ray discs saves on manufacturing costs. Traditional DVDs are built by injection molding the two 0.6-mm discs between which the recording layer is sandwiched. The process must be done very carefully to prevent birefringence.
      The two discs are molded.
      The recording layer is added to one of the discs.
      The two discs are glued together.
    • 62. Blu-ray discs only do the injection-molding process on a single 1.1-mm disc, which reduces cost. That savings balances out the cost of adding the protective layer, so the end price is no more than the price of a regular DVD.
      Blu-ray also has a higher data transfer rate -- 36 Mbps (megabits per second) -- than today's DVDs, which transfer at 10 Mbps. A Blu-ray disc can record 25 GB of material in just over an hour and a half.
    • 63. Future
      Expect the BD to become more prevalent once the HDTV market establishes its presence
      Audio and video will reach higher qualities with larger storage space
      Look for BD with more than two layers as the technology is further refined
    • 64.
    • 65. TYPES OF BD
      • SINGLE LAYER :
      • 66. Can hold data up to 25/27 GB that means 2 hrs of HD video or about 13 hrs of standard video.
      • 67. DOUBLE LAYER :
      • 68. Can hold data up to 50 GB that means 4.5 hrs of HD video or more than 20 hrs of standard video.
    • 69. BLU RAY ‘S DURABILITY ADVANTAGE
      • Various hard coating technologies make Bly ray disc most durable and family -friendly”
      • 70. Hard-coating technology provides resistance to:
      - Finger prints
      - Marks
      - Scratches
      - Dust
      • Much more ROBUST than today’s polycarbonate-based CD/DVD’s (and HD DVD’s)

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