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A fighter's lines by marzuki ali
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A fighter's lines by marzuki ali

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  • 1. A FIGHTER’S LINES BY MARZUKI ALI
  • 2. Biography of the author… A lot of his poems have been published in the Utusan Malaysia, Berita Minggu, Dewan He was born in 1945 in Sastera dan Dewan Budaya. He has also Terengganu, Malaysia. He was published a few anthologies which include brought up in Kemaman and Desir Angin Pantai Timur (1984), Lia later Sabah. He has been writing (1988), Mantera (1991), Bangau Payang poems since 1960’s.His poems KolekSekoci (1993), Puisi Duyung Puisi mostly deal with issues regarding Rakyat (1999), Jentan Satwa Luka(2000), his hometown, environment and Rimba Hujan Tropika (2008), Bungkau and patriotism. Sape Lamanta(2009)He is also active in theatre direction in Malaysia and Indonesia. He has set up a theatre group in Terengganu called ‘Grup Teater Asyik’.Among the plays he has directed are Naskhah Sophocles (1991) and Bangsawan Makbeh (1998) (Source: BPK.MOE. [module] Form 3 Poem, A Fighter’s Lines)
  • 3. Synopsis of the poem
  • 4. I am old and worn and have lost all my strength sufferings and the history of the fight for independence have forced sacrifices that know no name or life
  • 5. STANZA 1 (LITERAL MEANING) The persona declares that he is old, tired and has no more strength left in him. He then reflects that sacrifices made when fighting for independence are countless.
  • 6. STANZA 1 (FIGURATIVE MEANING) The persona in the poem is an old soldier. He is tired as he is old and weak. He and his people suffered in the past in their fight for freedom of their country and they made many sacrifices. People lost their lives and some remain nameless or unknown.
  • 7. from the wheelchair of the rest of my days I, body and energy crushed see and cannot do much these times are too big a challenge for the remnants of my crippled years the net of deceit spread everywhere
  • 8. STANZA 2 (LITERAL MEANING) The persona is in a wheelchair. Maybe, he was badly wounded and crippled when he fought for independence or he was very sick or ill. Now he is worried about challenges and deceit in his country. That is deceit like cheating and corruption everywhere. However, he can only sit and watch what is going on around him. He cannot fight anymore because he is powerless. Nobody listens to him.
  • 9. STANZA 2 (FIGURATIVE MEANING) The persona, who believes that he will be in a wheelchair for the rest of his life says he can only watch the happenings around him. Physically, he is helpless and he has no energy left. He was either seriously injured when he was a soldier or he is very ill. He finds that times have changed and being crippled man, it is too challenging for him to fight the injustice he sees around him. He is troubled by the many lies being told everywhere.
  • 10. In the name of justice Wake up and form ranks son of our ancestor Be brave And erect a wall of people Stand up heirs of our freedom
  • 11. STANZA 3 (LITERAL MEANING) The persona wants the younger generation to be brave and stand up for their freedom. He wants them to unite and fight for justice. He tells them to protect this country from threats and problems like corruption.
  • 12. STANZA 3 (FIGURATIVE MEANING) Being highly-spirited, he calls on the younger generation to wake up and fight on. They have to realize that they have to form lines or ranks irrespective of racial, religious and social differences to fight courageously for justice . He want the young people inherited the country’s freedom to be united to fight injustice and denounces lies which may threaten.
  • 13. I have no more voice It is you now who should speak!
  • 14. STANZA 4 (LITERAL MEANING) The persona says nobody will listen to him because he is old and powerless now. He demands that young people speak up for justice and freedom.
  • 15. STANZA 4 (FIGURATIVE MEANING) The persona feels helpless that he is not heard. He urges the younger generation to fight or speak up for what is right because it is now their turn to do so.
  • 16. THE VERSIFICATION AND SOUND PATTERNS THE VERSIFICATION 1) It has 4 stanzas of unequal length 2) Stanza 1 and 2 have 7 lines 3) Stanza 3 has 5 lines 4) Stanza 4 has a couplet (2 lines) THE SOUND PATTERN The poem is free or blank verse with no fixed rhyme scheme and metrical pattern.
  • 17. In this poem, there are two settings arranged. First is in an independent country. This is obviously shown in the Stanza 1(Line 4-7), ‘and the history of the fight for independence have forced sacrifices that know no name or life.’ The word ‘history’ connotes that the persona is reflecting the past he had. The second setting is an old man sitting on a wheelchair inside his abode. This can be proven from the Stanza 2 (Line 8), ‘from the wheelchair of the rest of my days’.
  • 18. Point of view This poem is looking from the first person point of view whom is a retired soldier as the poem uses the pronoun I in it.
  • 19. THEMES PATRIOTISM The people in this country have made a lot of sacrifices to fight for their freedom. They have achieved independence but now there are other threats such as deceit. This affects the country's safety. The persona calls on the younger generation to fight for justice and to speak up against deceit. BEING COURAGEOUS In the past, people made many sacrifices and fought bravely with the country's enemies for their freedom. Now, the persona urges the younger generation to be brave and fight against other threats in the country. He tells them to stand up and speak with courage. UNITY In the past, people were united when they fought for independence. Now, the persona emphasizes that the younger generation who has inherited a free country should unite to preserve their freedom. They should stand united by building a wall of people or forming ranks irrespective of racial, religious and other social differences.
  • 20. We must be brave to uphold justice. The persona urges the younger generation to stand up against the widespread lies which are rampant in society today. This 'net of deceit' worries his as it can destroy the solidarity of the people. Therefore, he urges them to stand united and uphold justice to preserve the freedom and safety of the country. We must be willing to make sacrifices to preserve our independence. In the fight for independence, the persona and other soldiers sacrificed and risked their lives when they fought for independence. Now, he is wheelchairbound because he was either crippled in the war or is now old and sick. Now, he wants the younger generation to make sacrifices too to preserve their freedom. We must be united to preserve our freedom. The persona wants the younger generation to stand united regardless of their differences to ensure their freedom.
  • 21. LITERARY DEVICES Personification Stanza 2, Line 12 “for the remnants of my crippled years” Year is something inanimate and it is given human quality. Metaphor Stanza 2, Line 13 “the net of deceit spread everywhere “ The phrase “the net of deceit” shows the various problems faced by the country. Stanza 3, Line 18 “And erect a wall of people” The phrase “Wall of people” is giving the impression that if the public get together they can win this battle and stop the deceit from spreading.
  • 22. LITERARY DEVICES Alliteration Stanza 1, Line 6 “that know no name” Assonance Occurs internally in the Stanza 3 “And erect a wall of people Stand up heirs of our freedom”
  • 23. LITERARY DEVICES Sight Imagery Old and worn (Stanza 1, Line1) Portrays an image of an elderly person who is weary and weak. body and energy crushed (Stanza 2, Line 9) creates an image of a person who is old, tired and frail. Net of deceit (Stanza 2, Line 13) Symbolizes the evil challenges faced by today’s generation. A wall of people (Stanza 3, Line 18) A life-like picture is created of a line of people fighting for justice and freedom.
  • 24. LITERARY DEVICES Symbols There are two symbols being highlighted in the poem. First is the „wheelchair‟ that connotes the disability. Through this symbol, one manages to imagine the persona’s condition, the hardships he went through before for the sake of achieving the country’s independence. Even though he is now wheelchair- bound, he still has the will and determination to trigger the younger generation from their long asleep on how essential it is to retain the independence achieved from the sacrifices paid by the old generation like him.
  • 25. LITERARY DEVICES Symbols Besides that, another symbol represents in the poem is 'a wall of people‟ which connotes people uniting. In this poem, it refers to a need for the younger generation to unite themselves regardless any races, skin colors or backgrounds to speak for themselves, prohibit from being influenced by the deceits being spread nowadays. It is also essential for the younger generation to erect a wall of people to maintain the independence achieved by the persona’s generation efforts.
  • 26. The poem uses simple language and easy to understand. The poem is written in the style of a monologue. Generally the mode and tone of the poem are serious. The poem creates a patriotism and revolution mood.
  • 27. The persona voices out his hopes through various tones. In S T A N Z A the Stanzas 1 and 2, the persona enhances the tone of frustration as he shares his disabilities and weariness of not being able to fight for the country anymore. They are proven by the line, ‘I am old and worn’. Not only that, the line ‘from the wheelchair of the rest of my days ‘, also symbolizes his disability which leads him to feel frustrated. He is worry of the 1 & 2 deceits that spread everywhere nowadays as what he says in the line, ‘the net of deceit spread everywhere disturbs me’.
  • 28. His tone changes dramatically as in Stanzas 3 and 4, he goes from frustration to a fighting spirit where he eagerly urges the S T A N Z A new generation to stand up and eradicate their fear of voicing out their opinions as stated in the line, ‘In the name of justice wake up and form ranks sons of our ancestor’ and ‘Be brave’. Besides that, he also stresses on the needs for the younger generation to be united and seek for their freedom as he clearly states in his lines, ‘And erect a wall of people’ and ‘Stand up 3 & 4 heirs of our freedom’. In Stanza 4,, again he empathetically urges the younger generation to speak after him as now he is no longer strong to do so hence hopes for their voices to be heard as he stresses, ‘It is you now who should speak!’.