Web Programming Intro
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Web Programming Intro

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An introductory slide deck for HTML, JavaScript, CSS and web programming

An introductory slide deck for HTML, JavaScript, CSS and web programming

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    Web Programming Intro Web Programming Intro Presentation Transcript

    • Web Programming Intro Ynon PerekTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Whoami Ynon Perek http://ynonperek.com http://apps.ynonperek.com/sapiens/00_web.pdf ynon@ynonperek.comTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Agenda The Web Architecture Hello HTML Hello CSS Hello JavaScriptTuesday, January 29, 13
    • How It All Started While working at CERN in the 90s, Berners-Lee develops WWW 1991 First web site 1994 Berners-Lee founded the W3CTuesday, January 29, 13
    • The Web Architecture Client Side Server Side GET data Here It IsTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Server Side Server side creates the data and returns it to the client All server-side languages return the same result: HTML There are many languages...Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Client Side Client side takes the data and renders it on screen Provides a UX around the data Can send data back to the server Browsers: IE, Chrome, Firefox, SafariTuesday, January 29, 13
    • The Data Data is in a format called HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) Invented by Tim Berners-LeeTuesday, January 29, 13
    • The Data <html> A browser renders <body> HTML document on   <h1>Hello World</h1>   <p>All your base are belong screen to us</p> </body> HTML is a tag-based </html> languageTuesday, January 29, 13
    • The Data Tag-based means you need to use the same opening and closing tag <div>How Do You Annoy A Web Developer ?</span>Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Available Tags Tags (or markup) define the role of their content Headers: h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 Block Sections: div Inline Sections: spanTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Container (Block) Demo Inline vs. Block One Two Three (inline)Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Adding Links Use <a> tag to create a link <a> is an inline element Example: <a href=”http://google.com”>Go To Google</a>Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Adding Images Use <img> tag to create an image <img> is an inline-block element: It flows it text, but has height and width like a block alt attribute tells google what’s in the photo Example: <img src=”http://fc02.deviantart.net/fs21/f/2007/306/ d/6/Chibi_turtle_by_blackcattlc.jpg” alt=”Cool Turtle”>Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Adding Text Use <p> tag to wrap text paragraphs <p> is a block-level element Adds a newlineTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Clickable Images Wrap in <img> in an <a> tag to get an image that is also a link Demo: images, links and text paragraphsTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Lists HTML has two types of lists: ordered lists marked <ol> and unordered lists marked <ul> Inside a list block, use <li> to denote items <ul>, <ol> and <li> are all block elementsTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Lab Create an HTML document for your resume Use correct headers Add an imageTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Pages With Style Introducing CSSTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Cascading Style Sheets Apply styling rules to elements Choose an element with a selector Specify rules using propertiesTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Let’s Start With The Basics Select all h1 elements Write text in red h1 { color: red; }Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Let’s Start With The Basics More CSS styling properties: background-color, color font-weight, font-size, font-family, font-style, text- decoration text-align, line-height outlineTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Let’s Start With The Basics Use #id to find a specific HTML element h2#main { color: red; } And in HTML: <h2 id=‘main’>Red</h2>Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Let’s Start With The Basics Use .class to find a set of HTML elements h2.uppercase { text-transform: uppercase; } And in HTML: <h2 class=‘uppercase’>Red</h2>Tuesday, January 29, 13
    • Block Level Properties Only block (or inline-block) elements have size width and height are only applicable to block elementsTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Lab Using the docs: https:// developer.mozilla.org/ en-US/docs/CSS Style this HTML: http://pastebin.com/ Wm2s8EnHTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Tools Of The Trade Development Tools DOM Libraries UI LibrariesTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Development Tools WebStorm IDE LiveEdit Extract inline CSS Customize TemplatesTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Development Tools Chrome Developer Tools Edit HTML and CSS on any page See Network Activity Set cache and user agent Consider CanaryTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Development Tools BrowserStack maintain a VM for every browser Test and see how your app/site worksTuesday, January 29, 13
    • DOM Libraries jQuery YUI ExtJS CoreTuesday, January 29, 13
    • UI Libraries jQuery UI Kendo UI YUI ExtJSTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Demo: Kendo UI Create widgets from DOM elements http:// demos.kendoui.com/ web/calendar/ index.htmlTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Demo: YUI Widgets are created from DOM elements Library is loaded async and on-demand http://yuilibrary.com/ yui/docs/calendar/ calendar-simple.htmlTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Demo: jQuery UI A collection of jQuery UI Plugins Use DOM elements to create widgets Can integrate with other jQuery Plugins http://jqueryui.com/ datepicker/#inlineTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Demo: ExtJS A UI Comprehensive framework Build everything in JavaScript Ext way or the high way http://cdn.sencha.io/ ext-4.1.1a-gpl/ examples/calendar/ index.htmlTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Choosing Framework Use DOM library for maximum control Use UI library for flexibility AND comfort Use UI framework for maximum comfortTuesday, January 29, 13
    • Thank You Photos From: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ pedrosimoes7/5158386021/ http://123rf.comTuesday, January 29, 13